Yintoni amandla?

yintoni amandla

Amandla. Yiyo ehambisa umhlaba kunye nento esithetha ngayo malunga nezigidi zamaxesha kule bhlog. Imithombo yamandla ehlaziyekayo y Ayinakuhlaziywa, umbane, amandla oomatshini, kineticsnjl. Yonke into esoloko sithetha ngayo ngamandla. Kodwa, Yintoni amandla Sihlala sihlalutya okusingqongileyo kwaye sibone indlela ezikhula ngayo, izilwanyana ezihamba kunye nokuzala, sivelisa oomatshini kwaye siphuhlise itekhnoloji. Konke oku kunenjini efanayo kwaye amandla.

Ngaba uyafuna ukwazi ukuba yintoni amandla nayo yonke into ehambelana nayo? Qhubeka ufunda ukuze wazi ngakumbi.

Amandla njengendlela yobomi

ukujonga amandla

Zonke iinkqubo endizichazileyo ekungeneni kweposti, njengokukhula kwezityalo, ukuveliswa kwakhona kwezilwanyana, ukuhamba kwazo, into yokuba siphefumla sidinga amandla. Amandla ipropathi enxulunyaniswa nezinto nezinto ezibonakalisa kutshintsho olwenzeka kwindalo. Ngamanye amagama, kukukwazi komzimba ukwenza isenzo okanye ukusebenza kunye nokuvelisa utshintsho okanye utshintsho.

Ukuze amandla okuzibonakalisa kufuneka adlule asuka komnye umzimba aye kwelinye. Ke ngoko, umzimba unombulelo wamandla kwintshukumo eyenzayo okanye inkcaso ejongene nayo yonke imikhosi esebenza kuyo.

Singajonga utshintsho olwahlukileyo lwamandla ngokutshintsha komzimba nakwinguqu yemichiza. Umzekelo, xa sisela iglasi yamanzi sisebenzisa amandla omzimba. Sinokuphuhlisa kwaye sisebenzise amandla ukukhubaza into okanye ukuyiguqula ibe yenye. Ezi zibonakaliso ezibonwayo ngamandla omzimba. Ngamandla anokususa ngokwasemzimbeni, ashukumise, aguqule okanye abumbe into ngaphandle kokutshintsha ukwenziwa kwayo.

Kwelinye icala, sinamandla ekhemikhali. Sinokuyigcina xa kutsha iinkuni, umzekelo. Oku kuvelisa utshintsho ekwakhiweni kwemithi kwaye sinokubona ngokugqibeleleyo inkqubo yokutsha. Kule nkqubo kukhutshwa isixa esikhulu samandla. Ukutsha kusetyenziselwa owona mthombo wamandla kwizinto ezininzi.

Sebenza emzimbeni

amandla oomatshini

Xa sisithi amandla anamandla okwenza umsebenzi, sibhekisa kuloo msebenzi njengenye yeendlela zokuhambisa amandla. Umsebenzi uthathwa njengamandla aqhutyelwa emzimbeni ukuze uhambe. Kuyacaca ukuba, ukuba sifuna ukuba umzimba usuke endaweni yawo, kufuneka senze ngokuwunika amandla. Amandla avela kumandla. Umzekelo, ukuba ndifuna ukuhambisa ibhokisi, amandla am angaphakathi avela kwimetabolism kunye nokusetyenziswa kwe-ATP (i-molecule yokutshintsha amandla emzimbeni) kwaye yiyo enika amandla emzimbeni.

Ukujonga umsebenzi owenziwe emzimbeni, kuyafuneka ukuba uthathe ingqalelo kwimikhosi yentshukumo kunye nemikhosi esebenza kwinto enye. Oko kukuthi, ukuba into iphakame, siyakuthathela ingqalelo amandla anokubakho kwaye xa into iqala ukushukuma, kuyakufuneka ukukhankanya amandla okruthakruthwano asebenza ngaphezulu kwaye asebenze njengokumelana ukuze bangawenzi hamba ngaphandle kwalo naluphi na umzamo.

Kwisithuba esingaphandle akukho mandla womxhuzulane okanye ukungqubana, ke ukuba sisebenzisa amandla ukwenza umsebenzi emzimbeni, loo mzimba uya kuhamba ngesantya esiqhubekayo kuzo zonke iinkulungwane. Oku kwenzeka ngenxa yokuba akukho nanye into emenza ayeke ukufana nomxhuzulane okanye ukungqubana.

Amandla kunye namandla oomatshini

amandla obushushu

Amandla ubudlelwane phakathi komsebenzi owenziwe emzimbeni kunye nexesha elichithwe ukwenza oko. Icandelo layo kwiNkqubo yeHlabathi Watt. Elinye lawona manyathelo asetyenziswa kakhulu kwicandelo lamandla ombane ngu amandla ombane. Kwaye kukuba amandla ngawaphi amanyathelo isantya owenziwa ngaso umsebenzi. Oko kukuthi, isantya sokudluliselwa kwamandla esenzeka ukusuka kwelinye umzimba ukuya kwelinye.

Kwelinye icala, sinamandla oomatshini. Isekwe kwimikhosi esebenza ngoomatshini, njengokuqina kunye namandla omxhuzulane. Le mizimba, ngokuhamba kunye nokususwa kwindawo yabo yokulingana, ifumana amandla oomatshini. Amandla oomatshini anokuba ziindidi ezimbini: nokuba amandla e-kinetic okanye amandla anokubakho.

Iindidi zamandla

amandla ombane

Nje ukuba sichaze ukuba yintoni na amandla kwaye zonke izinto ezingena kuwo, siya kuqhubeka nokuphuhlisa iintlobo zamandla ezikhoyo. Zezi:

  • Amandla obushushu. Imalunga namandla angaphakathi emizimba. Kungenxa yokuhamba kweengqungquthela ezenza into. Xa umzimba ubushushu obusezantsi, amasuntswana angaphakathi kuwo ahamba ngesantya esisezantsi. Esi sisizathu esaneleyo sokuba amandla obushushu emzimbeni obandayo asezantsi.
  • Amandla ombane. Olu hlobo lwamandla lwenziwa xa kushukunyiswa intlawulo zombane zenzeka ngaphakathi kwezinto eziqhubayo. Amandla ombane enza iintlobo ezintathu zeziphumo: ezikhanyayo, ezinamandla kunye nezifudumeleyo. Umzekelo ngamandla ombane ezindlwini zethu anokubonwa ngokusebenzisa ibhalbhu yesibane.
  • Amandla aqaqambileyo. Ikwabizwa ngokuba yimitha ye-electromagnetic radiation. Ngamandla amandla amaza ombane anawo ngaphakathi kwimbonakalo. Umzekelo, sinokukhanya okubonakalayo, amaza erediyo, imitha ye-ultraviolet okanye ii-microwave. Ezona mpawu ziphambili zala mandla kukuba unakho ukusasaza ngaphandle kokungafuneki kwawo nawuphi na umzimba ukuwuxhasa.
  • Amandla ekhemikhali. Yinto eyenzekayo ekuphenduleni kweekhemikhali. Umzekelo, kwibhetri kukho amandla ekhemikhali ngaphandle kwamandla ombane.
  • Amandla enyukliya. Amandla afunyanwa ngaphakathi kwi-nucleus yee-athomu kwaye akhululwe ekuphenduleni zombini ukuqhekeka njengokudibana.

Ndiyathemba ukuba ngolu lwazi ungafunda ngakumbi malunga namandla.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

Shiya uluvo lwakho

Idilesi yakho ye email aziyi kupapashwa.

*

*

  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.