Oonobangela kunye neziphumo zongcoliseko lomhlaba

Ungcoliseko lomhlaba

La ungcoliseko lomhlaba okanye ukuguqulwa komgangatho womhlaba kubangelwe zizizathu ezahlukeneyo kwaye iziphumo zawo zihlala zibangela iingxaki ezimandla ezichaphazela izityalo, izilwanyana okanye impilo yabantu ixesha elide.

Ngokusebenzisa ezolimo yenye yeendlela i-ikhosistim engalinganiyo, engcolisa amanzi okusela okanye amanzi okunkcenkceshela, okuthetha ukuba le ngxaki ayinakusoloko isonjululwa kwaye ngamanye amaxesha kuphela yinxalenye yomonakalo enokuphinda ibekho. Kodwa,oonobangela banegalelo kungcoliseko lomhlaba ingasonjululwa njani?

Izinto ezibangela ungcoliseko lomhlaba

Ukungcola komhlaba kunye namanzi ngokuchitheka kwabantu

Izizathu zokungcoliseka komhlaba ziyahluka, umzekelo izinto eziyityhefu phantsi komhlaba ezigcina zingcolise amanzi omhlaba eziya kuthi ke zisetyenziselwe ukunkcenkceshela, ukusela okanye ukugqibela ngokutyhefa ngokutya. Inkqubo elawula ukungazihluphi ngokungazi thina nayo yonke into esirhangqileyo, kwaye eyona ngxaki inkulu kukuba iyakuthatha izizukulwana ezimbalwa ukulungisa oko sikubangeleyo kule nzame yokuvelisa ubukhulu becala ngaphandle kokucinga ngezo ziza kuza kamva. thina.

Ukuqhagamshelana nommandla ongcolileyo akusoloko ngqo. Yinto eyenzekayo xa bengcwatywa izinto eziyityhefu phantsi komhlaba kwaye ezi ziphela zingcolisa amanzi aphantsi komhlaba athi emva koko asetyenziselwe ukunkcenkceshela, ukusela okanye ukugqiba ukutyhefa nge itsheyina lokutyaNgokutya iintlanzi, iinkukhu okanye nasiphi na isilwanyana esingcolileyo.

Amanzi angcolileyo avela kumsele wothando

Ukugcinwa kwenkunkuma ngempazamo, ukulahla ngabom okanye ngengozi (njengenkampani ye-Ercros eFlix) inkunkuma kumphezulu wayo okanye ukungcwatywa okufanayo (iindawo ezininzi zokulahla inkunkuma eSpain), kunye nokuvuza kwiitanki okanye kwiidiphozithi ngenxa yokonakala, iziseko zophuhliso ezingalunganga zezinye zezona zinto zibangela oko.

Iziphumo zongcoliseko lomhlaba

Kwaye, asihlali apha nje ukusukela ngoku Uluhlu lwandisiwe ngeengxaki "ezincinci" ezinje ngokuvuza kwe-radioactive, ukusetyenziswa ngamandla kwezibulali zinambuzane, imigodi, ishishini lamachiza okanye izinto ezifanayo zokwakha ezisetyenziswa namhlanje ngaphandle kokuqonda ifuthe abanalo.

Ukulahlwa komhlaba eSpain

Ingqwalasela encinci ehlawulwa yiSpain ekubuyiseleni nasekunyamekeleni okusingqongileyo namhlanje iyinto ehlazo phambi kwe-European Union, kodwa isongela ukuba umthombo wesohlwayo sezigidi kwiminyaka ezayo. I-Brussels inezicwangciso zokuphinda zisetyenziswe kwakhona ngo-2020, onke amazwe angamalungu ayo kuya kufuneka asebenzise kwakhona i-50% yenkunkuma yabo, kwaye iKhomishini sele izakuvuma ukufikelela kwi-70% ngo-2030. Nangona kunjalo, iSpain ayisasebenzi kwakhona namhlanje 33% yenkunkuma yakho kwaye ukuqhubela phambili kuncinci. Nokuba lelona themba linethemba lokuba ilizwe lethu liya kuyenza imisebenzi yalo kwisithuba seminyaka emithathu.

izigidi zeetoni zenkunkuma zeplastiki ziveliswa nyaka ngamnye

Umnxeba wokuqala wokuvuka sele ufikile ngohlobo lwesigwebo esiphindwe kabini kwiNkundla yezoBulungisa ye-European Union (CJEU), egweba iSpain ngobukho kunye nokushiya ngokupheleleyo Indawo yokulahla inkunkuma engalawulekiyo engama-88. Eyokuqala yakhutshwa ngoFebruwari ka-2016 yaza yachonga iindawo zokulahla inkunkuma ezingama-27 ezazisasebenza okanye zingatywinwanga emva kokuvalwa. Eyesibini ifike kwiintsuku nje ezimbalwa ezidlulileyo kwaye ibeka umnwe wayo kwezinye iindawo zokulahla inkunkuma ezingama-61, ezingama-80% zisasazwa phakathi kweCanary Islands kunye neCastilla y León.

Inkunkuma eqokelelwa kwiilwandle ezahlukeneyo

Ngokutsho kweengcali ezahlukeneyo, ukugcwaliswa komhlaba ziibhombu ezisebenzisa ixesha. Xa sele zivaliwe, kufuneka zilawulwe ngokusingqongileyo iminyaka eli-30, Ukubeka iliso kumanzi angaphantsi komhlaba kunye nokukhutshwa komoya, kuba iinkqubo zokubola azimiswa ngokutywina umngxuma.

Uninzi lweendawo ezivalekileyo zomthetho zigutyungelwe zii-millimeter ezintathu ze-polyethylene, enesithintelo sodongwe kwiimeko ezilungileyo, kodwa zihlala zihlatywa yigesi kunye nentshukumo yomhlaba. «Ziyingozi yempilo yoluntu. Ulawulo lufihla emva kwenyani yokuba uninzi luqukethe inkunkuma ye-inert kuphela, kodwa ulumke kakhulu ngokudilizwa kunye nezinto zokwakha, ezinjenge-asbestos okanye imibhobho ekhokelayo, ebonakalisiweyo Ziyi-carcinogenic»

Ukulahla ukungcoliseka komhlaba kunye neengxaki eziza nako

Ukuchithwa kwe-Ercros kwiFlix

Idama laseFlix, kwiphondo laseCatalan laseTarragona, libone ngaphezulu kwenkulungwane yokuchitheka kunye nongcoliseko lomhlaba ngokuqhubeka, ukutyeba kunye neekhemikhali eziyityhefu ngumzi mveliso weekhemikhali wenkampani yase-Ercros. Oku kukhokelele kungcoliseko umlambo ngokubanzi i-Ebro, ukusuka apho ukuya emlonyeni.

Ungcoliseko lubandakanya izinyithi ezinzima ezinjenge-mercury kunye ne-cadmium, okanye i-organochlorine compounds enetyhefu kunye neyoqhubekayo njenge hexachlorobenzene, biphenyls polychlorinated (PCBs) okanye i-DDT kunye nemetabolites.

“I-Ercros, ethathwa njengeyona ndawo ingcolisayo kumlambo i-Ebro, ibisilwa iminyaka ukuphepha ukuhlawulela ukucocwa komlambo, nongumthombo obalulekileyo wamanzi okusela. Umzi-mveliso we-Ercros umi kufutshane nedolophu yaseFlix, ethi inike igama layo kwichibi elichaphazeleke kukungcoliseka kwe-Ercros SA, eyayisakuba yi-Erkimia, apho ivelisa ize ithengise khona iimveliso ezisisiseko kumzi-mveliso wamachiza kunye namayeza.

CO2

Uluhlu olude

Ngelishwa, uluhlu lude kakhulu, phantse alunasiphelo. Singachaza ezinye izizathu ezibaluleke ngokulinganayo, ezinje ngemigodi (izinto ezinje nge-mercury, i-cadmium, ubhedu, i-arsenic, lead), ishishini leekhemikhali, ukuvuza okunemitha, ukusetyenziswa okunzima kwezibulali zinambuzane, ungcoliseko oluvela kwiinjini ezivuthayo, umsi ovela kwimizi-mveliso, izinto zokwakha, Ukutshiswa kwe-fuels (amalahle, i-oyile kunye negesi), umjelo wamanzi amdaka amadala akwimeko embi phakathi kwabanye.

Umgangatho womoya kwi-barcelona uyancipha ngenxa yongcoliseko oluvela kwizithuthi

Siyabona ukuba kukho iintlobo ezininzi zemithombo yokungcola komhlaba, oonobangela bamaxesha amaninzi kunzima ukuzifumana, kuba izinto ezingcolisayo zinokufikelela kwizityalo okanye kwizilwanyana okanye, zingcolise amanzi ngeendlela ezininzi ezahlukeneyo, kodwa hayi rhoqo azibalulekanga.

Amanzi angcolileyo, amayeza onyango anceda ukusombulula ingxaki

Kwinyani ebuhlungu Kungenxa yokuba zininzi izizathu, ethi gabalala ibangele ukungoneliseki ekuzameni ukufumanisa ukuba ziyintoni na, kuba ingumsebenzi onzima lowo. Ingathi endlwini yethu sineendawo ezivuzayo ezingama-20 kwaye besingaziboni ukuba ziphi kunye nendlela yokuphelisa okanye yokulungisa. Ingxaki apha ayisiyondlu yethu, sisijikelezi-langa sethu esisemngciphekweni

Enye yeengxaki ezinkulu Kungenxa yokuba zininzi izizathu, ethi gabalala ibangele ukungoneliseki ekuzameni ukufumanisa ukuba ziyintoni na, kuba ingumsebenzi onzima lowo. Ingathi endlwini yethu sineendawo ezivuzayo ezingama-20 kwaye asiboni ukuba ziphi kunye nendlela yokuphelisa okanye yokulungisa. Ingxaki apha ayisiyondlu yethu, sisijikelezi-langa sethu esisemngciphekweni.

Iindidi zenkunkuma

Iimveliso eziyingozi: Ukucoca iimveliso, iipeyinti, amayeza kunye neebhetri zinetyhefu enkulu. Ezi mveliso zifuna iphulo lokuqokelela elingapheleli kwindawo yokulahla inkunkuma engalawulekiyo apho kunokubangela iintlekele kokusingqongileyo ngokungcolisa amanzi nomhlaba.

Izitaki yenye yeefayile ze- iimveliso ezinobungozi kakhulu Umxholo wayo we-mercury kunye necadmium. Xa iibhetri ziphelile kwaye ziqokelelwe kwindawo yokulahla inkunkuma okanye itshisiwe, imekyuri iyavunyelwa ukuba ibaleke, kwaye kungekudala ingene emanzini. Imercury ifunxwa yiplankton kunye ne-algae, ukusuka kwezi ukuya kwiintlanzi kwaye ukusuka kwezi ukuya emntwini. Iseli yeqhosha inokungcolisa iilitha ezingama-600.000. zamanzi. Amayeza anezinto ezinetyhefu ezinokuthi zingene kwiindawo zokulahla inkunkuma kwaye zingene emanzini, ziyingcolise.

Inkunkuma

  • Umsebenzi wasekhaya: inkunkuma evela emakhaya kunye / okanye kuluntu.
  • Imizi-mveliso: imvelaphi yayo iyimveliso yenkqubo yokuvelisa okanye yenguqu yezinto zokwenza imveliso.
  • Ukubuk 'iindwendweInkunkuma edweliswa njengenkunkuma enobungozi kwaye inokuba yinto ephilayo.
  • commercial: ukusuka kwimiboniso, iiofisi, iivenkile, njl., Kunye nokwenziwa kwezinto eziphilayo, ezinjengeentsalela zeziqhamo, imifuno, ikhadibhodi, amaphepha, njl.
  • Inkunkuma yasezidolophini: ehambelana nabantu, njengenkunkuma evela kwiipaki kunye neegadi, ifenitshala yedolophu engenamsebenzi, njl.
  • Ingxubevange yendawoIisathelayithi kunye nezinye izinto zakudala ezinemvelaphi yomntu abathi, ngelixa bekujikeleza komhlaba, sele bebudinisile ubomi babo obuluncedo.
Inqaku elidibeneyo:
Inkunkuma yeplastiki elwandle yingxaki enkulu yokusingqongileyo

Iziphumo zongcoliseko lomhlaba

La ungcoliseko lomhlaba ibonisa uthotho lweziphumo kunye neziphumo eziyingozi kokubini emntwini, kunye nakwizityalo nakwizilwanyana ngokubanzi. Iindidi ngeendidi zeempembelelo zetyhefu zixhomekeke kakhulu kwinto nganye ethi yonakalise impilo yomhlaba.

Eyokuqala isiphumo Olu ngcoliseko luchaphazela utyani, izityalo zithotyiwe kwaye iintlobo ngeentlobo zeentlobo zincitshiswe kakhulu, ezo zisaphilayo ziya kuthi zibonise izinto ezibuthathaka kwaye inkqubo yazo yendalo iya kuba nzima.

Ungcoliseko lomhlaba luthintela ukukhula kobomi be inyamaNgaphandle kokutya okanye amanzi acocekileyo, iintlobo ziyafuduka okanye zifumane umonakalo ongenakulungiseka kwikhonkco labo lokuzala. Ngale nkqubo ke oko kubizwa ngokuba "kukuthotywa komhlaba" ngenxa yokoilahleko ngexabiso lomhlaba”, Imisebenzi yezolimo iyayeka, izilwanyana ziyanyamalala kwaye umhlaba awunamsebenzi.

Ukuphulukana nomgangatho womhlaba kubandakanya uthotho lweziphumo ezibi ukuqala kuwo ukwehla kwamaxabiso, njengoko besesitshilo, nokuba akunakwenzeka ukuba kusetyenziswe ukwakha, ukuhlakulela okanye, ngokulula nangokulula, ukugcina i-ecosystem esempilweni.

inkunkuma kunye neziphumo zayo

Iziphumo zinokubandezeleka cwaka, zibangele Ukuhla rhoqo kwamaxhoba, nokuba ngabantu okanye izilwanyana kunye neentlobo zezityalo.

Umzekelo ocacileyo yayisisityalo samandla enyukliya eChernobyl, okanye esona sitsha ukuvuza kwemitha okuvela kwisityalo saseJapan de Fukushima, kuba ungcoliseko lomhlaba luchaphazele ezolimo, imfuyo kunye nokuloba. Kuye kwafunyanwa ubutyobo obunemitha yeathom elunxwemeni Ukusuka eFukushima, ngokukodwa kulwandle lwaselwandle kuloo ndawo ichithekileyo, ngokwezifundo ezahlukeneyo zeZiko lezeNzululwazi ngezoShishino kwiYunivesithi yaseTokyo, kwiDyunivesithi yaseKanazawa kunye neZiko loPhando kuZwelonke.

ukuchitheka kunye nokuzama ukuzilawula

Kwelinye icala, kunye nokudodobala ngokwendalo komhlaba ngenxa yentlupheko yendalo, ihlala ilahleko engenakulungiseka, ukungcoliseka komhlaba kuthetha Oosozigidi balahlekelwa Ngokuthintela ukuxhaphazwa kwale meko yendalo ngabemi bemveli okanye abatyali mali mveliso.

ukushiywa ngenxa yongcoliseko, injani ichernobyl

IChernobyl kwiminyaka engama-30 kamva

Kwiminyaka engama-30 ukusukela kwengozi yenyukliya eChernobyl, ubuKomanisi bawa, iSoviet Union yaphela, kwaye babekhona Iinguqu ezimbini kunye nemfazwe efihlakeleyo engagqitywanga eUkraine.

Ngokwexesha lembali, kubonakala ngathi umhlaba ujike ngaphezulu kokuyimfuneko ukusukela ngala ntsasa imbi, apho iqela lamagcisa laqhushumisa isixhobo sesine sombane. Vladimir Lenin, ngaphandle kwento yokuba besenza uvavanyo ebelifanele ukomeleza ukhuseleko lwabo.

Kodwa okusingqongileyo-umoya, amanzi, umhlaba kunye nayo yonke into ebiphila kwaye eya kuhlala kuyo - ngokungathi izandla zewotshi azishukumi ngokoqobo. Inkqubo ye- Ungcoliseko lomhlaba osasazeka ngemitha luthatha amawaka eminyaka ukuthotywa. Ke amashumi amathathu eminyaka ayisiyonto xa kufikwa kwintlekele enkulu yenyukliya emhlabeni.

chernobyl namhlanje (idolophu yesiporho)

IChernobyl isekhona kwiziqhamo zasehlathini nakumakhowa, kubisi nakwimveliso yobisi, kwinyama nakwiintlanzi, kwingqolowa. Kwaye kwiinkuni ezisetyenziselwa ukwenza umlilo nothuthu olushiyekileyo emva koko. Ngamanye amagama, kwimpilo yabo bonke abantu. Into enoxanduva-nanamhlanje- iya kuba kukuya kwimarike nge Ikhawuntari yeGiiger, Oomatshini abancinci abenza ingxolo ephazamisayo xa besondela kwi-radioactivity, ukwazi ukuba iimveliso oza kuzithatha kwitafile yakho zinenqanaba elifunekayo lokhuseleko ukungeniswa. 

Izilwanyana kufutshane nezityalo zamandla enyukliya eChernobyl.

Izisombululo kungcoliseko lomhlaba

Uthintelo Esona sisombululo sisiso, fundisa omncinci ukuba afake isandla. Ukusuka ekulahleni inkunkuma kwindawo yakho ukuya ekuthatheni inxaxheba ekuqhubeni nokucoca uluntu.

ukuphinda kusetyenziswe abantwana, ukuthintela yeyona nto ilungileyo ngokuchasene nongcoliseko emhlabeni

Kodwa kuyinyani ukuba awunakuhlala (kwaye awufuni) ukunqanda ungcoliseko lomhlaba. Ngamanye amaxesha kwenzeka iingozi, zisenza nzima ukulawula, xa kungenakwenzeka.

Ukuba siya ngqo kwingcambu yengxaki, a Utshintsho olukhulu kwimodeli yokuvelisa okanye ukuthintelwa kwezinto ezithile njengomsebenzi wamashishini athile avelisa inkunkuma enetyhefu, ukukhutshwa emgodini, ukusetyenziswa kwezichumisi ezingezizo ezisekwe kwioyile.

Ngelishwa, olu khetho alukho ngaphezu kwephupha. Ke ngoko, ebusweni be fait accompli, kufunwa izisombululo ezizahlula ukusuka ekucoceni indawo ukuya kumda olula wendawo eyonakeleyo kunye ukuthintela ukusetyenziswa kwayo kwimisebenzi ethile. Kwiimeko ezinzima, ezifana neFukushima okanye iChernobyl, iindawo ezichaphazelekayo azifanelanga ubomi bomntu.

IChernobyl emva kweminyaka engama-30

Kwaye, kuba ungcoliseko lonyukile kumashumi eminyaka akutshanje njengesiphumo sophuhliso lwamashishini kunye nophuhliso lweedolophu, izisombululo zivela ngokuchanekileyo kulawulo lwale mithombo. Ngokwesiqhelo, iintshukumo zijolise ekuphuculeni ukuphinda zisebenze izityalo ukunciphisa ungcoliseko lomhlaba kwaye, kwangaxeshanye, lwamanzi, kuba iphelela ekungcoliseni.

I-Ecovidrio kunye nezibonelelo zokurisayikilisha

I-bioremediation yomhlaba sisicwangciso esifuna ukubuyisela i-ecosystems engcolileyo kusetyenziswa izinto eziphilayo, ezinje ngebhaktiriya, izityalo, ifungi ... ngumlungelelanisi. Ukusetyenziswa kwayo kubanzi, kuneziphumo ezinomdla kwimihlaba engcoliswe yiradioactivity okanye, umzekelo, yimisebenzi yezemigodi.

Njengeendlela ezilungileyo, ukuphinda kusetyenziswe inkunkuma kunye nenkunkuma, i ukumiliselwa kwamandla ahlaziyekayo, unyango lwenkunkuma yamashishini kunye neyasekhaya okanye ukukhuthazwa kwezolimo kwendalo kuya kunceda ekugcineni imihlaba ingenalo ungcoliseko. Gcina uthungelwano lwelindle lukwimeko elungileyo kwaye uphucule ukucocwa kwamanzi amdaka, kunye nokunyangwa kokukhutshwa kwemizi-mveliso okubuyiselwa kwindalo.

amandla elanga kunye nazo zonke izibonelelo zawo

Ezinye izisombululo ezinokuthi zithathelwe ingqalelo zezi:

Unethiwekhi yothutho loluntu elungileyo

Abantu basebenzisa iimoto kungekuphela ukulungiselela, kodwa nangenxa yokuba kunzima kangakanani ukuhamba ngezithuthi zikawonke-wonke kwizixeko ezininzi. Ukuba oorhulumente batyala imali kwizithuthi zikawonke-wonke ezifanelekileyo, abantu baya kuba madolw 'anzima ukuzisebenzisa

izithuthi zikawonkewonke eBarcelona

Sebenzisa iimoto zombane

Iimoto zombane sele zixhaphake kakhulu ezixekweni kwaye, ngenxa yokuba zixhotyiswe kuphela ngumbane, azikhuphi naluphi na uhlobo lokungcola kwindalo esingqongileyo. Ngelixa iifayile ze ukuzimela kwakuqhele ukuba yingxakiNamhlanje, iibhetri zemoto zombane zihlala ixesha elide, kwaye kunokwenzeka ukuba ufumane izikhululo zokutshaja kwiindawo ezahlukeneyo zeedolophu.

Imoto yombane kunye nazo zonke izibonelelo eziza nayo

Kunqande ukuba imoto yakho ibaleke kakhulu xa umile

Umlinganiselo onokuwuthatha ngoku. Kuphephe ukuma ngxi nemoto yakho ibaleka, kuba ngalo mizuzu isithuthi sisebenzisa isixa esilungileyo sepetroli, kunye nokukhutshwa kwayo okufanelekileyo

Gcina imoto yakho ikwimeko entle

Imoto engasebenzi kakuhle ithambekele ungcolisa ngakumbi. Ukuba uqhuba ulondolozo oluhambelanayo kwisithuthi sakho, uqinisekisa kungekuphela ukunqanda iingxaki zokusebenza, kodwa unciphisa ukuphuma kwegesi

iimoto zingcolisa iidolophu

Nceda ukuthintela ukugawulwa kwamahlathi

Ukuthintela ukungcoliseka komhlaba, amanyathelo okugawulwa kwamahlathi kufuneka enziwe ngokukhawuleza okukhulu. Tyala imithi. Ukhukuliseko lomhlaba lwenziwa xa kungekho mithi yokuthintela ungqameko oluphezulu lomhlaba ekubeni luhanjiswe ziiarhente ezahlukeneyo zendalo, ezinjengamanzi nomoya.

Khetha ngakumbi kwiimveliso eziphilayo.

Alithandabuzeki elokuba iimveliso eziphilayo zibiza kakhulu xa kuthelekiswa neekhemikhali. Kodwa ukhetho lweemveliso eziphilayo luya kukhuthaza a imveliso ngakumbi organic. Oku kuya kukunceda ekuthinteleni ungcoliseko lomhlaba.

Iingxowa zeplastiki

Sebenzisa iingxowa zelaphu. Gwema ukutya iiplastiki njengoko zithatha ixesha elide ukuba zidilizwe. Ngethamsanqa kuba kufuneka behlawule ukusetyenziswa kwabo kuye kwehla kakhulu.

kubangela ungcoliseko

Ukuchongwa ngokuchanekileyo kwenkunkuma

Kuya kufuneka sihlele inkunkuma ngokwendlela eyakhiwe ngayo:

  • Inkunkuma yemvelo: yonke inkunkuma yemvelaphi yebhayoloji, eyayikade isaphila okanye iyinxalenye yesidalwa esiphilayo, umzekelo: amagqabi, amasebe, amakhoba kunye neentsalela zokwenza ukutya ekhaya, njl.
  • Intsalela engaphiliyo: nayiphi na inkunkuma yemvelaphi engeyiyo eyendalo, evela kwimizi-mveliso okanye enye inkqubo engeyoyendalo, umzekelo: iplastiki, amalaphu okwenziwa, njl.
  • Iintsalela eziyingozi: nayiphi na inkunkuma, nokuba ivela kubomi bendalo okanye hayi, leyo inokuba yingozi enokubakho kwaye ke kufuneka iphathwe ngendlela ekhethekileyo, umzekelo: izinto zonyango ezosulelayo, inkunkuma eqhumayo, iiasidi kunye neekhemikhali ezonakalisayo, njl.

 

 


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

Izimvo ezi-15, shiya ezakho

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.

  1.   UDalila Rolón del Puerto sitsho

    Inomdla kakhulu, ifundisa, kubonakala kum ukuba lo msebenzi, kufuneka siwazise amaziko emfundo, kuba kulapho kufuneka sinyanzelise ikhonkco lezizathu kunye neziphumo! Enkosi, yenza kube lula kakhulu kum ukufumana umntu ondixhasayo
    Umsebenzi oqhubekayo wokwazisa.

    1.    UManuel Ramirez sitsho

      Wamkelekile, Dalila!

  2.   lukyyyy sitsho

    uphambene 🙂

  3.   ICelso sitsho

    Siza kubona iziphumo zesikhululo samandla senyukliya saseFukushima kwixa elizayo, kwaye iya kuba mbi kakhulu. Konke ngokungazilandeli iingcebiso zokhuseleko. Elinye ityala elibalulekileyo kukungcola kobomi baselwandle ngokuchitheka kweoyile. Inqaku elilungileyo, eliyimfuneko ukukhulisa ulwazi phakathi kwabantu.
    Phendula nge quote

    1.    UManuel Ramirez sitsho

      Enkosi kwakhona! : =)

  4.   Ikhonkco encinci sitsho

    Ingcaciso yakho inomdla kakhulu

    1.    UManuel Ramirez sitsho

      Enkosi! Umbuliso omkhulu!

  5.   Ikhonkco encinci sitsho

    Ndiyinika i-1000

  6.   Miguel sitsho

    Enkosi, undincedile ngomsebenzi wasekhaya.

  7.   isofi sitsho

    Andithandanga

  8.   luismi sitsho

    intle kakhulu le ngxelo yigcine ukuze ubone ukuba sinokwazi sonke ngomonakalo esiwenzayo

  9.   I-rosysela saldaña villacorta sitsho

    oonobangela bengxelo zezi:
    izinto eziyityhefu phantsi komhlaba
    ukuchitheka ngabom okanye ngengozi
    ukuvuza okusebenzayo

  10.   xwisile sitsho

    Mholweni. Inkcazo elungileyo kakhulu ...

  11.   myo2012m sitsho

    oonobangela bangela ukukhohlela kwezilwanyana

  12.   Ivili eliluhlaza sitsho

    Kuyathakazelisa kakhulu ukuba bayifundisa kweli nqaku libalaseleyo, ukuphinda kusetyenziswe kunokugcina iintaba, izixeko, imilambo kunye nolwandle lwethu.
    Kuya kufuneka sibethelele kwindalo esingqongileyo ixabiso lokurisayikilisha.