Ulwakhiwo lwe-Bio, indalo, ulwakhiwo olusempilweni nolusebenzayo

ngaphakathi kwendlu esekwe kulwakhiwo lwe-bio

Kule mihla, abantu abaninzi bayaqala ukusebenzisa iimveliso eziphilayo ukuze basondele kubomi obunempilo kuba besazi isixa esikhulu seemveliso zeekhemikhali, uninzi lwazo olunetyhefu, luqulathe nakuphi na ukutya esinokukuthenga kwivenkile.

Kwaye sigcwele zizinto ezinetyhefu kule mihla yethu, nokuba kungenxa yokutya, ungcoliseko lomoya okanye ikhaya lethu. Ewe, ikhaya lethu linokuba nobungozi ngenxa yobukho bemichiza esetyenzisiweyo kulwakhiwo lwalo.

Zininzi kangangokuba iGreenpeace inayo iphulo layo elinetyhefu ekhaya.

Ezi zinto zingcolisayo zifumaneka kuzo izinto zokwakha ezinje ngesamente (izindlu ezininzi zakhiwe ngayo), zihlala zinesinyithi esinzima njenge chromium, zinc, phakathi kwezinye.

Iipeyinti ezenziwe nge-oyile kunye neevarnishi ngokwazo zikhupha izinto ezingazinzanga nezinetyhefu ezinje nge-toluene, i-xylene, iitoni, njl

Izinto ze-PVC azisindiswanga nokuba zinetyhefu enkulu xa zenziwe naxa zitshile.

Kungenxa yesi sizathu ukuba Ukuzalwa kweBioconstruction kuyazalwa, ezijolise ekudaleni amakhaya asempilweni kwaye kamnandi abe ngabahlobo bethu.

Ukwakhiwa kwe-Bioconstruction enjalo ayisiyonto intsha, ootatomkhulu noomakhulu bethu babehlala ezindlwini zendalo, nangona uninzi lweenkqubela phambili kunye nentuthuzelo esinokuyonwabela namhlanje zingabonelelwanga.

Ngoko, izindlu zakhiwa ngendlela yobugcisa ngezinto ezinikezwe yindalo uqobo ezinjengomthi okanye ilitye kwaye bakwazile ukunika indawo yokuhlala eyaneleyo kubemi babo kwaye nangona besakhiwe ngezi zinto, uninzi lwazo luye lwafikelela kuthi lukwimeko entle.

Kwakungekho kude kube Inguquko kumashishini esikhokelele kulwakhiwo lwanamhlanje, oobunzima bentsimbi nesamente.

Amakhaya aluhlaza

Izinto ezisetyenzisiweyo kwenye yezi ndlu zenza ukuba zibe nomgangatho ngakumbi.

Uninzi lweemveliso ezinokuthi zisetyenziswe kwisakhiwo esiluhlaza sele zisetyenzisiwe kwaye ziyaqhubeka nokusetyenziswa kwiiprojekthi ezikumgangatho ophezulu ezinje ngokubuyiselwa kwamabhotwe kunye namakhaya aphezulu.

Ewe kunjalo kunjalo ngenxa yayo inqanaba lomgangatho, azibizi kakhulu kwaye zihlala ixesha elide ngakumbi ngenxa yoko sigcina imali ekuhambeni kwexesha.

Ngaba kufuneka siyeke indawo yokuhlala esempilweni kunye nendalo ngenxa yekhaya lwanamhlanje elihlengahlengisiweyo kwiimfuno zanamhlanje?

Akunjalongo noko. Ikhaya lezendalo linokuba nenkqubela efanayo njengesiqhelo kunye nezinye izibonelelo, ukongeza kwizixhobo ezisempilweni.

olungaphambili kwendlu ngezinto zendalo

Izibonelelo zijolise ikakhulu kwi ukonga amandla (oku sisebenzisa i-bioclimatics), ekhokelela kwi ifuthe elisezantsi lokusingqongileyo yendlu yethu kunye ukunciphisa ixesha lokugcinwa yendlu kwaye, njengoko besesitshilo ngaphambili ukonga umbane okukhulu, kuyaqatshelwa yipokotho yethu.

Yintoni ekufuneka siyithathele ingqalelo kwisakhiwo esiluhlaza?

Ukuqala iprojekthi yokwakha ngokutsha, kufuneka kuthathelwe ingqalelo izinto ezininzi, eyokuqala eyiyo ngu Ingcebiso yokuqesha ingcali kule ntsimi kuba iya kusisindisa iintloko ezininzi.

Ngelishwa, abakhi bezakhiwo eziqhelekileyo kulo mbandela banolwazi oluncinci malunga ne-eco-architecture, ke kuya kufuneka sijonge ingcali, ezi zimbalwa, kodwa zikhona kuwo wonke umhlaba wesizwe kwaye sinokuyifumana.

Into yesibini yile isifundo sejogoloji yelizwe apho indlu izokwakhiwa khona.

Kolu phononongo, utshintsho olunokwenzeka lwe-geophysical kufuneka lucaciswe, ngale ndlela siya kuba nakho ukuthintela okanye ukunciphisa utshintsho olunokwenzeka lwe-geophysical olunokuthi luphazamise kwixesha elizayo, ezinje iziphene zejoloji, ukuphuma kweradon, izikhululo zefowuni eziphathwayo, iitafile zamanzi apho kuhamba khona imisinga yamanzi, amasimi ombane abangelwa ziintambo zombane kunye nexesha elide njl.

Nje ukuba umhlaba uhlalutye kuphononongwe imeko yejografi, inkcubeko, kunye neemozulu zommandla ogqityiweyo, iprojekthi iyenziwa ukulungelelanisa iimfuno zokwenyani abanini bexesha elizayo abanalo.

Izixhobo

Ukuqala isakhiwo sokwakha Sinokukhetha kwizinto ezininzi ezinjengeebhloko zeekheram kunye nezitena, ilitye, umhlaba (iibhloko zomhlaba ezizinzileyo, i-adobe, umhlaba onamakhonkco) kunye neenkuni, oku kunokuqina okanye kwiiphaneli.

Ukukhethwa kweenkuni kuya kuxhomekeka kuyilo olwenziwe ngokusekwe kwizinto ezinokufunyanwa kwindawo leyo.

Izinto zokwakha

Kwimeko ukwahlulwa, ebaluleke kakhulu kulwakhiwo lwe-bio, izixhobo zendalo zisetyenziswa kulwakhiwo oluninzi njengemicu yemifuno (ihempe, ukhuni, ilineni, ifayibha yekhokhonathi, umqhaphu kunye nengca), iselulosi nekhokho.

Ikhokho yeyona isetyenziswa kakhulu kweli candelo, nangona iselulosi kunye nefayibha yomthi zenza indlela yazo, ebonakala ngathi izinzile.

IindongaNokuba kungaphakathi okanye ngaphandle, zinokwenziwa njengodaka lwekalika, iiplastikhi zendalo okanye udongwe. Zombini iiplastari kunye nodaka kulula ukuzifumana nokuzisebenzisa.

Kwindaba ye imiqadi, iingcango kunye neefestile Ezi kufuneka zenziwe ngomthi ophathwe ngemveliso yendalo kwaye kunjalo, ngomthi ovela ekulawuleni okulawulwayo. Eyona nto ilungileyo kukuba zizatifikethi zehlathi ezinje nge-FSC.

Ezinye izinto zendalo ezisebenza kulwakhiwo oluhlaza ziipeyinti zangaphandle kunye neevanishi. Ukongeza, kufuneka ziphefumle kwaye azikhuphi iigesi eziyityhefu, kuba iipeyinti zokwenziwa zithintela ukubila.

Ukubila kwisakhiwo kubaluleke kakhulu ukusukela ukuba abanawo umbilo owoneleyo, iingxaki zomswakama kunye nokufuma ziqala, zibangele zonke iingxaki ezikufutshane.

Kwelinye icala, ngexesha le ufakelo lombane Kuya kufuneka sikuthathele ingqalelo ukubaluleka kokuba nonxibelelwano oluhle lomhlaba, ufakelo olumise okwe-spike kwaye ungabeki iintambo zombane entlokweni yeebhedi ukunqanda intsimi yombane.

Impembelelo yezinto ezisetyenzisiweyo kulwakhiwo lwezakhiwo

Kulwakhiwo lwe-bio, indalo iyongamela kwaye ke ifuthe elisezantsi lokusingqongileyo, le mpembelelo kwindalo ayiqali xa ulwakhiwo sele lukhona okanye ngelixa umsebenzi usenziwa, kodwa ke le mpembelelo ikwizigaba zawo zonke: ukukhupha, ukuhambisa, ukuphatha, ukugunyazisa, ukusebenza, kunye nokuphela kobomi kunye nokulahlwa. 

Kwaye ndithetha kuphela ngempembelelo yezixhobo eziveliswa kokubini kwindalo esingqongileyo nakwimpilo yabantu (izifo nezifo zasemsebenzini).

Olu phuhliso lobuchwephesha sele lukhankanyiwe lwenze ukuba kube lula ukuphucula iimpawu zobugcisa zezixhobo, nangona kunjalo, "ihlawulwa" ngeempawu zebhayiloji kunye nokhuseleko lokusingqongileyo.

Oko kukuthi, ngokubonakala kwezinto ezintsha zokwakha, iingxaki ezintsha ziye zavela kunye nabo, ezinje: iindleko eziphezulu zokusingqongileyo, i-radioactivity ephezulu, ityhefu, ukunqongophala kokubila, ukuphazamiseka kumandla ombane kunye nemagneti yendalo, njl. Konke oku kukhokelela kulwakhiwo oluchasene nendalo, lungonwabisi kwaye alunampilo.

Kungenxa yesi sizathu ukuba ukwakhiwa ngokutsha kwezinto eziphilayo kumele ukuba kukhule kwaye kukwenze oko ngokucacileyo, kusetyenziswa izinto zendalo njengoko sele kuchaziwe apha ngasentla kwaye zisebenzisa ezinye Eyona ndlela ifanelekileyo yokwakha kwaye ujonge:

  • Impembelelo kwindalo esingqongileyo ngexesha lomjikelo wobomi.
  • Iziphumo kwimpilo yabantu.
  • Ibhalansi yamandla ngexesha lomjikelo wobomi.
  • Izibonelelo zentlalo.

Izinto eziluncedo ezifunyenwe ngokwakha ngokusemthethweni (kubantu abazakhelayo)

ESpain kulwakhiwo lwezindlu (nokuba loluphi ubungakanani) iprojekthi ibalulekile wegcisa lokwakha okanye elinye ingcali elinazo ezi zakhono, ezinje: iinjineli zeshishini, imisebenzi yoluntu, njl., Kuxhomekeka kwiimpawu kunye nobungakanani bomsebenzi.

Ke ngoko, ukuba ufuna ukuzakhela elakho ikhaya kweli lizwe, akufuneki ungalibali le nkcukacha ibalulekileyo.

Kwangokunjalo, kulula ukuba ube negcisa onokuthi ubhenele kulo xa unokuthandabuza nakwezinye izinto onokuzibala ngenxa yokuba ungenamava ngokwaneleyo.

Kubo bonke oomasipala nako Kuyimfuneko ukucela imvume kwangaphambili kuzo zonke iintlobo zolwakhiwo kwaye kuthathelwa ingqalelo ukuba kuxhomekeke kumasipala ngamnye uhlobo lwemvume lunokwahluka, ngubani ekufuneka akunike imvume, umntu onelungelo lokuveza iprojekthi ...

Nangona kunokuba nzima, ukuba ubeka ngokusemthethweni iprojekthi yokwakha ngokwakho ungafumana olu luhlu lwezibonelelo:

  • Ukupheliswa komngcipheko wokudilizwa ngenxa yokungathobeli imigaqo.
  • Ukuphelisa ubunzima ekunikezelweni kweenkonzo zonikezelo lwamanzi, umbane kunye nonyango lwamanzi amdaka.
  • Ukupheliswa kobunzima ekufumaneni imali mboleko yempahla ehambelana nolwakhiwo okanye ukubakho kokufumana inkxaso-mali kunye nokwamkelwa kuthungelwano lweendawo zokuhlala emaphandleni kunye / okanye uncedo kwimisebenzi yezolimo kunye / okanye ngoncedo lokonga umbane kunye nokufakwa kwamandla ahlaziyekayo.
  • Iimeko ezingcono zentengiso ekugqibeleni yekhaya okanye yolwakhiwo.

Iprojekthi yeBala-box

Njengolwazi olongezelelekileyo, kuya kufuneka ndikhankanye iProjekthi yebhokisi yeBala, equlathe ukwakhiwa kweprototype yendlu encinci kusetyenziswa iibhloko ezenziwe ngomthi nangeendiza.

Ngale projekthi, Kujongwe ukuba kusasazwe esidlangalaleni izibonelelo zolondolozo lwendalo, impilo nolwakhiwo.

Abakhuthazi bale projekthi nguAlfonso Zavala, uyilo, kunye noLuis Velasco, umchweli kunye nomakhi, onomdla kwiindlela zeBioconstruction. UPaloma Folache, obuyisela izinto kunye nobuchwephesha kwizicelo zodonga, ingcali yokugqitywa kwendalo, kunye noPablo Bernaola, umakhi wezinto eziphilayo ojolise kwizitovu ze-inertia, ugqibezela iqela.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.