imikhwa yokurisayikilisha

Yintoni erisayikiliswayo

Kule nqaku sikuxelela yonke into ofuna ukuyifumana malunga nokuphinda kusetyenziswe kwakhona, ziziphi izibonelelo zazo kwaye zeziphi iimpawu ezinazo.

ithermoplastics

Thermoplastics

Sikuxelela yonke into ofuna ukuyifumana malunga neempawu kunye nokusetyenziswa kwe-thermoplastics. Funda ngakumbi ngayo apha.

ungcoliseko lwenyukliya

Inkunkuma eqhumayo

Kule nqaku sikuxelela yonke into ofuna ukuyifumana malunga nenkunkuma eqhumayo kunye neempawu zayo. Funda ngakumbi ngayo apha.

ubhubhane kunye nenkunkuma

Apho kuphoswa iimaski

Sikuxelela yonke into ofuna ukuyazi malunga nokuba iimaski ziphoswa phi kwaye ziyintoni na indawo yabo. Funda ngakumbi ngayo apha.

iindlela zokwenza isixhobo somoya ekhaya

Umatshini womoya wasekhaya

Kule nqaku sikuxelela yonke into ekufuneka uyazi ukuze uyenze eyakho imeko yomoya ekhaya inyathelo ngenyathelo.

ukuphinda kusetyenziswe kwakhona iinkonkxa zealuminium

Phinda uhlaziye iinkonkxa

Sikuxelela ukuba kubaluleke ngantoni ukuphinda usebenzise kwakhona iinkonkxa kunye nokuzifaka kwisitya esimthubi. Funda ngayo apha.

Izinto ezinokuphinda zisetyenziselwe ukuphinda zisetyenziswe

Izinto ezinokuphinda zisetyenziswe

Sikuxelela yonke into oyifunayo malunga nezinto ezinokuphinda zisetyenziswe kunye nendlela ezisetyenziswa ngayo. Funda ngakumbi malunga nenkqubo yabo apha.

lenziwa njani iphepha

Kwenziwa njani iphepha

Sikuxelela yonke into ofuna ukuyifumana malunga nendlela iphepha elenziwa ngayo kunye nezinto ezisetyenziswayo.

indawo ecocekileyo yezixeko

Yintoni indawo ecocekileyo

Sikuxelela ukubaluleka kwenqaku elicocekileyo kulawulo lwenkunkuma yasezidolophini. Funda ngakumbi ngayo apha.

Umhlobiso wekrisimesi owenziwe ngokutsha

Imihlobiso yeKrisimesi ehlaziyiweyo

Sikubonisa ezona zimvo zibalaseleyo kunye neengcebiso kwizinto ezihlaziyiweyo zekrisimesi. Funda ukunika umbono wakho kunye nokurisayikilisha.

indlela yokwenza isepha eyenziwe ekhaya

Uyenza njani isepha

Kweli nqaku sikubonisa indlela yokwenza isepha yokwenza ekhaya ukuze uphinde usebenzise ioyile esele isetyenzisiwe. Funda ngakumbi ngayo apha.

ii-ecopark ezihambayo

Ii-ecopark

Sikuxelela yonke into ofuna ukuyifumana malunga ne-ecopark kunye nezibonelelo zazo. Funda ngakumbi ngale modeli yolawulo lwenkunkuma.

Iiplastiki zePET kunye nokurisayikilisheka

Iiplastiki zePET

Kule nqaku sikuxelela yonke into ekufuneka uyazi malunga neeplastiki zePET kunye neempawu zazo. Funda ngakumbi ngayo apha.

inkcubeko

Inkcubeko

Kule nqaku sikuxelela yonke into ofuna ukuyifumana malunga ne-vermiculture, iimpawu kunye nebhayoloji yeentshulube.

iintlobo zeeplastiki

Iindidi zeplastiki

Kweli nqaku unokulufumana lonke udidi lweendidi zeeplastiki. Funda malunga noncedo kunye nokwakhiwa kwayo apha.

I-Ocean Cleanup

I-Ocean Cleanup

Kule nqaku sichaza ukuba yintoni iprojekthi yokuCoca uLwandlekazi ukucoca iiplastikhi eziselwandle. Funda ngakumbi ngayo apha.

Iiplagi zeplastiki

Ukurisayikilishwa kweefowuni zeplastiki

Ukurisayikilisha iminqwazi yeplastiki yenye yezona zigqibo zibalaseleyo onokuzenza kokubambisana kunye nokusingqongileyo. Ngena apha kwaye ufumanise ukuba kutheni.

Zero inkunkuma

Zero inkunkuma

Kule nqaku sichaza ukuba yintoni inkunkuma eyi-zero, ijonge ukwenza ntoni nendlela yokuyenza. Ngena apha ukuze uyazi ngokunzulu.

Xa siphulukana nenkunkuma yethu kwizikhongozelo ezahlukeneyo zokukhetha, sizama ukulawula ukuze sikwazi ukusebenzisa lonke ulwazi olunokubakho.  Umthamo ngokubanzi wenkunkuma eqinileyo edolophini (i-MSW) esiyivelisayo iya isiba phezulu.  Malunga ne-25 yezigidi zeetoni zenziwa ngonyaka.  Uninzi lwezi nkunkuma lunokuxabiswa kwaye lufumaneke.  Nangona kunjalo, ezinye azinako ukwahlulwa ngokulula kwaye wayesazi ukuba ukubuyela kwimeko yesiqhelo kunzima kakhulu.  Ukuthintela ukuba uninzi lwenkunkuma luya kwindawo yokulahla inkunkuma, kwenziwa iinzame zokufumana indlela yokuyilawula.  Le yinto esiyibiza ngokuba kukufumana inkunkuma.  Kweli nqaku siza kukuxelela ukuba yintoni ukubuyiswa kwenkunkuma, kubaluleke kangakanani kwaye kwenziwa njani.  Kwinani elikhulu lenkunkuma yasezidolophini eqinileyo esiyivelisayo ekupheleni konyaka, malunga neepesenti ezingama-40 zinokufunyanwa ngokugqibeleleyo.  Sithetha ngenkunkuma eyahlulwe yodwa kwizikhongozelo zokuqokelela okanye kwizikhongozeli zokurisayikilisha (ikhonkco).  Nje ukuba ezi nkunkuma zahlulwe emthonjeni wazo, zasiwa kwiindawo ezahlukeneyo zokucoca inkunkuma.  Kulapho banokunyangwa khona ngeendlela ezahlukeneyo kwaye banike ubomi obutsha kunye nokudityaniswa kwenkunkuma njengemveliso entsha.  Umzekelo, izinto ezintsha ezingavuthwanga zingafumaneka ngeglasi, iplastiki, iphepha kunye nekhadibhodi yenkunkuma.  Kwelinye icala, enye i-60% yayo yonke inkunkuma esiyivelisayo ekupheleni konyaka akukho lula kangako ukwahlulahlula kwaye ukubuyisa kwayo kunzima kakhulu.  Njengoko zingakulungelanga ukuphinda zisetyenziswe kwakhona, kuya kufuneka zisiwe kwiindawo zokulahla inkunkuma.  Kwiindawo zokulahla inkunkuma abanabo obunye ubomi obuluncedo, kodwa bayangcwatywa.  Ekuphela kwento enokusetyenziswa kule nkunkuma kukukhutshwa kwe-biogas (ikhonkco) eveliswayo ngexesha lokubola kwayo yi-anaerobic bacteria.  Ukuthintela ukuba uninzi lwenkunkuma olungenayo indawo emisiweyo echanekileyo luphelela kwindawo yokulahla inkunkuma, sizama ukufumana indlela yokuyilawula ukuze sifumane izibonelelo kuyo.  Oku kukubuyiselwa kwenkunkuma.  Inkcazo esemthethweni yokufunyanwa kwakhona kwenkunkuma ifunyanwa kumyalelo wenkunkuma ka-2008/98 / EC kwaye koku kulandelayo: Umsebenzi owawufuna eyona njongo iphambili yokuba inkunkuma inokusebenza ngenjongo efanelekileyo yokutshintsha ezinye izinto ebezisetyenziselwa ukuzalisekisa into ethile. umsebenzi.  Imalunga nokulungiselela indawo yokuhlala ukuzalisekisa umsebenzi othile, kokubini kumaziko nakuqoqosho ngokubanzi.  Iindidi zokubuyiswa kwenkunkuma Xa ujonge ixabiso elitsha elinokubakho inkunkuma, kukho iindlela ezahlukeneyo nohlalutyo ekufuneka zinikwe kuqala.  Uhlobo lwentsalela kufuneka luhlolisiswe, luhlobo luni lomsebenzi onalo kwaye luhlobo luni lomsebenzi oluza kunikwa.  Siza kuhlalutya iintlobo ezahlukeneyo zokubuyiswa kwenkunkuma ezikhoyo: • Ukubuyiselwa kwamandla: oku kulungiswa kwenzeka ngenxa yomsebenzi obizwa ngokuba kukutshiswa kwenkunkuma.  Ngeli xesha lokutshiswa yonke inkunkuma iyatshiswa kwaye ifunyenwe ngexabiso elincinci loku kunye namandla avela kwizinto abanazo.  Kwimeko yenkunkuma yasekhaya, zisetyenziswa ngandlela thile ngokuxhomekeke kumanqanaba okusebenza kwamandla kwinkqubo.  Kuya kufuneka sivavanye ukuba ngaba amandla esiwasebenzisayo ukutshisa le nkunkuma angaphezulu okanye mancinci kunalawo siza kuwenza kunye nokutshisa ngokwako.  Enye yezibaso ezifumaneke kule nkqubo zizibaso ezifumanekayo (CSR).  Ukubuyisela kwimeko yesiqhelo: luhlobo lokubuyisela kwimeko yesiqhelo apho kufunyanwa khona izinto ezintsha.  Kunokuthiwa kufana nokurisayikilisha inkunkuma ukuthintela ukusetyenziswa kwezinto zokwenza imveliso ezintsha.  Siyakhumbula ukuba, ukuba sinciphisa ukusetyenziswa kwezinto ezingavunyelwanga, siza kunciphisa ukusetyenziswa gwenxa kwezixhobo zendalo (ikhonkco) kunye neempembelelo kwindalo esingqongileyo.  Ngesi sizathu, olunye lwamaxabiso abaluleke kakhulu kukuxabisa kwezinto eziphathekayo.  Kolu hlobo lokubuyisela kwimeko yesiqhelo, izinto ezixabisekileyo kukupakisha okulula, iphepha, ikhadibhodi, izinto eziceliweyo kunye nezinto eziphilayo.  Ngezi zixhobo kuvavanywa ukuba ngaba uhlobo oluthile lomgquba okanye lokugaya i-anaerobic lunokwenziwa.  Njengokhetho lokugqibela, ukuba akukho ndlela yimbi yokufumana kwakhona le nkunkuma, zithunyelwa kwindawo ezilahliweyo apho ziphela zilahlwa khona.  Olu khululo kufuneka lukhuseleke kwaye amanyathelo athile kufuneka amkelwe ukuqinisekisa ukhuseleko lwempilo yabantu kunye nokusingqongileyo.  Ukubuyiselwa kwenkunkuma eSpain Ilizwe lethu liqhube izifundo ezahlukeneyo ezibonisa indlela amazwe e-European Union alawula ngayo inkunkuma yasezidolophini.  Kwezi zifundo, iipesenti zenkunkuma ezimiselwe ukwenza umgquba, ukutshisa, ukuphinda zisetyenziswe kwakhona kunye nokugcwaliswa komhlaba.  Indawo nganye ikhethelwe iintlobo ezahlukeneyo zenkunkuma.  Into yokuqala evavanyiweyo ngenkunkuma nganye kukuwaxabisa ukuze ufumane inzuzo kuwo.  Kwimeko apho kungekho luhlobo lwezoqoqosho okanye oluvelisiweyo lunokufunyanwa, inkunkuma imiselwe ukugcwaliswa komhlaba okulawulwayo apho kunokukhutshwa khona kuphela i-biogas.  ISpain, xa kuthelekiswa namanye amazwe afana neJamani, iDenmark okanye iBelgium yabela ipesenti enkulu yayo yonke inkunkuma kwindawo yokulahla inkunkuma.  Le pesenti ikwi-57%.  Njengoko ubona, liphezulu kakhulu inani.  Injongo yolawulo lwenkunkuma oluchanekileyo kukwenza okuninzi ukunciphisa ukusetyenziswa kwezinto ezingafunekiyo.  ISpain ayinalo ulawulo olufanelekileyo lwenkunkuma malunga noku.  Olu phononongo lukwaveze ukuba yi-9% kuphela yenkunkuma eya kutshiswa.  Ngale datha kunokugqitywa kwelokuba iSpain ayithathi thuba lamandla aqulethwe kule nkunkuma kwaye isebenzisa izinto zokwenza izinto ezintsha ezinokuthi zithathelwe indawo zezi zinto ziphinda zisetyenziswe.  Ukufunyanwa kwenkunkuma yindlela esetyenziswayo esetyenziswayo kuba inokunika ixabiso kwezoqoqosho.  Kufuneka sibe nombono woosomashishini apho inkunkuma inganiki sibonelelo, ingasayi kuphinda isetyenziswe okanye iphinde iphinde isetyenziswe.  Ngesi sizathu, kufuneka ucinge ukuba ukubuyiselwa kwenkunkuma sisixhobo soqoqosho.

Ukubuyiselwa kwenkunkuma

Kule nqaku sikubonisa ukuba yintoni ukubuyiswa kwenkunkuma kunye nendlela eyenziwa ngayo. Funda ngolawulo lwenkunkuma apha.

Phinda usebenzise iphepha

Phinda usebenzise iphepha

Kule nqaku sikubonisa ingxaki yokusetyenziswa kwephepha kwihlabathi liphela kwaye sikufundisa inyathelo ngenyathelo ukuba uphinde ulisebenzise njani iphepha ekhaya.

Njengoko sisazi, ikhadibhodi iye okanye iba yinto efanelekileyo yokwenza ifanitshala.  Nangona ekuqaleni oku kunokubonakala ngathi kuyaphikisana, ifanitshala yekhadibhodi ikhona kwaye iya isanda ngokufaneleka.  Eyona nto iqhelekileyo kukucinga ukuba ezi fenitshala azinako ukuxhasa ubunzima obukhulu kuba zenziwe ngento enqabileyo.  Nangona kunjalo, ikhadibhodi ephathwe ngokukodwa ukwenziwa kwefanitshala yinto enganyangekiyo, enoqoqosho kwaye ezinzileyo.  Kule nqaku siza kuchaza zonke iimpawu zefanitshala yekhadibhodi, kunye neenzuzo zayo eziphambili kunye nokungahambi kakuhle.  Ifenitshala yekhadibhodi kunye nokusingqongileyo Phakathi kwezinto eziphambili esinazo ngoku malunga nokulondolozwa kwayo kunye nokusetyenziswa okufanelekileyo kwezixhobo zendalo (ikhonkco).  Ukwakha, imboni, njl.  Kubalulekile ukufumana izinto ezithi, ngexesha lokukhutshwa kunye nokusetyenziswa kwazo, zingcolise kancinci kangangoko.  Inkcitho yamandla ekufuneka isetyenziselwe ukwakhiwa nokusetyenziswa kwayo kufuneka ilawulwe, ukusukela ngoko iya kuba yingxaki efanayo.  Ukuphinda kusetyenziswe kwakhona yenye yeendlela eziphambili onokukhetha ukuzisebenzisa kwakhona izixhobo ongenalo elinye ithuba njengemveliso.  Uninzi lweembono zinikezelwe kwi-upcycling (ikhonkco).  Nangona kunjalo, ifanitshala inxulunyaniswa neenkuni ebomini kwaye kunzima ukutshintsha imeko yengqondo yokuba izinto ezinokuphinda zisetyenziswe okanye izinto ezinokuthi zisebenze kakuhle kwezi zinto zisetyenziswayo.  Njengokuba sizama kule nkulungwane, ukuvela kwezinto ezintsha kudlala indima ebalulekileyo kuphuhliso lweembono kunye nasekwenzeni iimveliso ezintsha.  Umzekelo, ifenitshala yekhadibhodi luhlaziyo oluya kuthulisa ukuthandabuza okungaphezulu kwesinye kunye nokusebenziseka kwayo.  Kuyenzeka ukuba uyile kwaye uvelise zonke iintlobo zefanitshala ngekhadibhodi ehlaziyiweyo, kuba, nokuba ucinga ngenye indlela, yinto enqabileyo.  Iimpawu eziphambili zekhadibhodi zizinto ezenziwe ngamacwecwe aliqela ephepha.  Oku kuyinika amandla amakhulu kunephepha eliqhelekileyo.  Ukubonakala kwekhadibhodi kunqunyanyiswe ngumaleko ongaphezulu okuyiloo nto siyibonayo ngeliso lenyama.  Ukugqitywa kwabo kunokuhluka kwaye banokuprintwa kunye nepeyinti.  Enkosi kwiimpawu zangaphakathi zekhadibhodi singenza uyilo lwefanitshala olunomdla olungazalisekisi kuphela umsebenzi wazo wokugcina izinto, kodwa zikwabonelela ngokuhombisa kwendlu okuqinileyo.  Njengoko kucacile, ifanitshala yekhadibhodi kufuneka igcinwe kude kangangoko ukufuma okanye ukunxibelelana ngqo namanzi.  Njengoko kulindelekile, akukho khadibhodi ifenitshala yasekhitshini, apho ngesiqhelo, amanzi abakho mihla le.  Iziphumo zokwenza uyilo lwefanitshala yekhadibhodi ziyonwabisa kwaye ziyonwabisa.  Yifenitshala onokuzenzela ngokwakho okanye uyithenge esele yenziwe.  Kwabanomdla ngakumbi okanye abakuthandayo, olu lukhetho oluhle kakhulu ukwenza ifanitshala yakho kwaye ungafi uzama.  Ukufumana uyilo oluhle, khuphela ngokulula iitemplate ze-pdf zezinye zefanitshala yoyilo oluyimpumelelo kwi-intanethi.  Ezinye zeetemplate zisimahla, kodwa ezinye kufuneka zihlawulwe.  Icala elisezantsi elinokuba nalo le nto kukuba lihlala lingaphantsi komthi okanye ialuminium.  Kodwa ke, oku kulindeleke ukuba ibe yikhadibhodi emva kwayo yonke loo nto.  Ngokwesiqhelo, ubukhulu bexesha ekufuneka sibuyise ngalo ifanitshala bungaphezulu kwefenitshala eyenziwe ngomthi okanye ngealuminium.  Nangona kunjalo, isabiza ngexabiso eliphantsi, ayonakalisi okusingqongileyo kwaye ayingcolisi nto.  Kunokuthiwa, ukuvavanya iindleko zawo onke amanqanaba, ifenitshala yekhadibhodi kubiza kakhulu.  Ukhetho oluzinzileyo Ukuba awuyithandi imisebenzi yezandla okanye uziva ungayithandi okanye awunalo ixesha lokuhamba usenza ifenitshala yakho, ukhetho oluzinzileyo kukujonga ifanitshala yekhadibhodi esele yenziwe wedwa.  Kukho amawaka oyilo olwenziweyo kwaye lwathengiswa ngokungathi yinto eqhelekileyo yefenitshala.  Kungenxa yokuba ifanitshala yekhadibhodi iya isiba yinto yokuhamba.  Umzekelo, kukho iivenkile ezikuvumela ukuba ukhethe ifenitshala yamagumbi abantwana.  Kukho iitafile, izitulo, ifanitshala, iilokhwe, njl.  Ngale ndlela, awuyi kunceda okusingqongileyo ngokungangcolisi okanye ukonakalisa ubutyebi bendalo, kodwa uya kuba unika nemfundo elungileyo abantwana besebancinci kwimicimbi yezendalo kunye nolondolozo.  Kukho iishelufu ezimile okomthi, izitulo ezigqitywe kakuhle, njl.  Singayifumana ifanitshala enesitayile ngakumbi kuneqhelekileyo kwaye ngexabiso elihle kakhulu.  Okuqinisekileyo koku kukuba, nangona kufuneka zitshintshwe rhoqo, oko kuyanceda ukuba indlu ihlale ihonjiswe ngendlela efanayo kwintlungu yokulahla ifanitshala entsha.  Ifenitshala entsonkothileyo eneshelfu yemodyuli nayo yenziwe.  Zihlala zilula kodwa zichasene kwaye ziyasebenza.  Unokwenza indawo yokugcina oyithandayo.  Iinkampani ezininzi sele zibheja kwikhadibhodi ehlaziyiweyo kwezinye zeengcezu zefanitshala.  Nangona kubonakala ngathi ayiloncedo konke konke, izitulo zengalo okanye ii-consoles zenziwe ngesakhelo sezinto zekhadibhodi eziphinda zenziwe zasebenza.  Olunye ulwenziwo lufanelekile ukuba lubekwe kumagumbi okulala, ukungena okanye nayiphi na indawo yendlu.  Ezi zinto ziya kunika umnxeba wangoku kunye nobuchule kwikhaya lakho ngelixa unokuqiniseka ukuba zizinzile ngokupheleleyo.  Izinto eziluncedo nezingeloncedo kwifanitshala yekhadibhodi Ezona zinto ziluncedo zifanelekileyo zifunyanwa kwezi:  • Ziyanyangeka.  • Iimodeli zabo zinokuba nezinto ezintsha kunye noyilo olukhulu.  • Ungawuhlaziya umhombiso wasekhaya amaxesha ngamaxesha.  • Ungazenza ngokwakho.  Kwelinye icala, izinto ezingalunganga ngefanitshala yekhadibhodi zezi: • Zihlala ixesha elincinci, ke kufuneka zitshintshwe rhoqo.  • Azizixhasi iindawo ezinomswakama, ingakumbi amanzi.  • Ezinye izinto zoyilo azinayo yonke into eluncedo enokufunyanwa yifenitshala eqhelekileyo.

Ifenitshala yekhadibhodi

Kule nqaku sikubonisa ukuba yintoni ifenitshala yekhadibhodi kunye neempawu zayo eziphambili. Unokufunda malunga nokuhonjiswa okuzinzileyo.

Zininzi kakhulu iisimboli zokurisayikilisha kwiimveliso esizithengayo.  Zininzi iilogo kwaye ukuziqonda zonke kunzima ngakumbi.  Kwiyogathi kukho enye, kwisitena kukho enye, iibhotile zamanzi enye ... Inye ithetha enye into kwaye ibonisa ukuphinda isetyenziswe.  Phakathi kwale miqondiso sifumana ichaphaza eliluhlaza.  Ithetha ntoni le ngongoma kwaye iluncedo kangakanani kwimveliso yokurisayikilisha?  Kweli nqaku siza kukuxelela zonke iimpawu z ichaphaza eliluhlaza kunye nokubaluleka kwako kokurisayikilisha.  Yintoni ichaphaza eliluhlaza Into yokuqala eyenzekayo kukwazi ukuba ichaphaza eliluhlaza liyintoni kwaye uliqaphele ngeliso lenyama.  Umfanekiso endicinga ukuba ngowakho okanye nawuphina umntu awaziwa.  Olu phawu lukhona ixesha elide okoko ukuphinda kusetyenziswe kwakhona kuye kwanda ngokubaluleka.  Isangqa esenziwe ngeentolo ezimbini ezinqamlezayo zijikeleze i-axis ethe nkqo.  Kumbala oluhlaza okhanyayo lutolo kwicala lasekhohlo nakwimbala emnyama mnyama kumhla oya kwicala elilungileyo.  Ngokwesiqhelo, kwifomathi esemgangathweni ekufunyanwa kuyo uninzi lweemveliso, inophawu lwentengiso.  Imibala esemthethweni yiPantone 336 C kunye nePantone 343 C, kwaye kuyacetyiswa ukuba uyisebenzise xa ipakethe yemveliso okanye ilebhile iprintwe ngemibala emine.  Olu phawu luyasetyenziswa kwaye luyabonakala xa kukho imveliso kwindawo emhlophe okanye enemibala.  Mhlawumbi ukhe walubona olu phawu amaxesha amaninzi.  Kodwa kuthetha ntoni?  Siza kukucacisela ngokweenkcukacha ezingakumbi.  Ithetha ntoni Umsebenzi walo mqondiso yeyona ilula kodwa uyabonisa.  Kuthetha ukuba imveliso enamachaphaza aluhlaza iyakuphinda isetyenziswe xa ithe yaba yinkunkuma kwaye ishiya umjikelo wobomi weemveliso.  Inkampani ejongene nemveliso ekhankanyiweyo inenkqubo emanyanisiweyo yolawulo lwenkunkuma (i-SIG) ehlawula kuyo ukuze iphinde iphinde iphinde iphinde iphinde iphinde iphinde isebenze.  Oko kukuthi, xa ubona ibhotile yeplastiki enechaphaza eliluhlaza, oko kuthetha ukuba le mveliso iya kuphinda isetyenziswe emva kokuba isetyenzisiwe.  Luphawu olumisela isiqinisekiso esithile kwaye lubonisa ukuba iinkampani zinoxanduva lokupakisha ezivelisa.  Ukongeza, ezi nkampani kufuneka zithobele i-European Directive 94/62 / CE kunye nomthetho wesizwe 11/97 wokuPakisha kunye nokuPakisha inkunkuma.  Ngokwesiqhelo, eli ichaphaza liluhlaza lidla ngokubonakala kwiplastikhi, intsimbi, ikhadibhodi, iphepha kunye nezikhonkwane zezitena.  Zezona ntsalela zixhaphakileyo ziphethe olu phawu.  Inkqubo edibeneyo yolawulo lwenkunkuma ephatha iimveliso ezinolu phawu kunye nokurisayikilisha kwazo ngokuhambelana eSpain yiEcoembes.  Zikwabonakala kwiziphathi zeglasi ezinje ngeebhotile, njl.  Kule meko, inkqubo edibeneyo yolawulo lwenkunkuma yi-Ecovidrio.  Ukuze inkunkuma ithwale ichaphaza eliluhlaza, kufuneka ihlangane nemigangatho ethile emiselweyo.  Ngale ndlela, into eyenziweyo kukuba ukuqondwa kwayo kuququzelelwe kwaye ukufundeka kwayo kumthengi wokugqibela kube lula.  Imigangatho ekufuneka imveliso ihlangabezane nayo yile: • Ayinakuguqulwa nangayiphi na indlela.  • Ushicilelo kufuneka lwenziwe malunga nokuthembeka kwemveliso.  • Umlinganiso kufuneka uhambelane neekhonteyina.  • Ayinakugqitywa ngezinto zemizobo.  • Ayinakuguqulwa ngaphandle kwemvume ye-Ecoembes.  Imvelaphi kunye nokubaluleka kw ichaphaza eliluhlaza Imvelaphi yeli lichaphaza liluhlaza yaqala ngo-1991.  Inkampani yaseJamani engenzi nzuzo yayila ngaloo nyaka kwaye yangeniswa ngokusesikweni njengomfuziselo wokupakishwa kwenkunkuma yaseYurophu ngomyalelo wonyaka we-1994.  Yafika eSpain ngo-1997, xa i-Ecoembes ityikitye isivumelwano ne-Pro Yurophu ukuba ikwazi ukwenza ilayisenisi yokusetyenziswa kwegama elichaphaza eliluhlaza kweli lizwe.  Ukubaluleka kwesi simboli kubaluleka kwii-3Rs (ikhonkco).  Eyokuqala kukunciphisa.  Imekobume yosapho yiyo ekufuneka iguqule imikhwa yokusetyenziswa ukuba ufuna ngenene ukufezekisa iziphumo zokwenyani.  Umzekelo, ukunciphisa ukusetyenziswa kweemveliso esingazidingiyo kubaluleke kakhulu ukunciphisa ukusetyenziswa kwezinto ezingezizo zokuvelisa.  Oku kunceda ukunciphisa iimpembelelo zokusingqongileyo kunye nongcoliseko.  Ngaphandle koko, akukho namnye kuzo zonke iisimboli oya kuba nengqondo.  Enye into ebalulekileyo kukusetyenziswa kwakhona.  Imveliso ephethe ichaphaza eliluhlaza nayo inokusetyenziswa kwakhona.  Umzekelo, iibhotile zamanzi zinokugcwaliswa kaninzi ngaphambi kokuba zilahlwe njengenkunkuma.  Oku kuyasinceda ukuba sandise ubomi obuluncedo beemveliso ngaphambi kokuba siziphinde sizisebenzise okanye sizishiye njengenkunkuma.  Okokugqibela, iR yesithathu kukusetyenziswa kwakhona.  Ukurisayikilisha, nokuba kuyaziwa kakhulu kwaye kukhankanyiwe, kufanele kube ngowona mthetho ubalulekileyo.  Kungenxa yokuba, nangona enkosi kwinkqubo yokurisayikilisha singayifumana imveliso entsha kwinkunkuma njengempahla eluhlaza, kwinkqubo sisebenzisa amandla, oomatshini kwaye nayo iyangcoliseka.  Uku-odola ngokubaluleka kwe-Rs ukuze ichaphaza eliluhlaza libe nengqondo kwiimveliso, ii-3R ziyinto ebaluleke kakhulu.  Eyona nto ibalulekileyo kukunciphisa.  Ewe, ngokunciphisa ukusetyenziswa kwemveliso, iinkampani ezinkulu aziziboni izibonelelo ngokunciphisa ukuthengisa kwazo.  Iyaphikisana kancinci kwimodeli yezoqoqosho esinayo namhlanje.  Ukuba sifuna ukuvelisa ngengeniso, kufuneka siphinde sisebenzise kwakhona ukuze sibe nezinto ezingasetyenziswanga.  Unciphiso lolona lubalulekileyo R lokusingqongileyo.  Nangona kunjalo, yeyona nto incinci yokuthetha kwezoqoqosho.  Kwimeko yeenkampani ezihlawula ezi nkqubo zimanyanisiweyo zolawulo lwenkunkuma, bayazibophelela ekuqinisekiseni ukuba, xa benikwe umsebenzi wabo njengemveliso, inkunkuma iphathwa ngokufanelekileyo kwaye iphinde isetyenziswe kwakhona.  Sisiqinisekiso sokuba, njengenkampani, awungcolisi iimveliso abazenzayo.  Ukongeza, uqinisekile ukuba, ngenkunkuma kunye nokurisayikilisha kwayo, baya kuba nakho ukuyinika ubomi obutsha njengeemveliso ezintsha.

Indawo eluhlaza

Funda yonke into oyifunayo malunga nokubaluleka kw ichaphaza eliluhlaza. Ngena apha ukuze ufunde okungakumbi malunga nophawu lokurisayikilisha.

Phinda uhlaziye iimpahla

Kweli nqaku sikufundisa ezona ndlela zingundoqo zokuphinda usebenzise iimpahla ekhaya kwaye uzinike usetyenziso olutsha. Sukuphoswa yiyo!

Inkunkuma eqinileyo

Inkunkuma eqinileyo zezo zenziwa mihla le kwihlabathi liphela. Kule posi sichaza ukuhlelwa kwabo kunye nendlela abalawulwa ngayo.

Phinda usebenzise iiplastiki

Phinda usebenzise iiplastiki

Kule nqaku sichaza ngokweenkcukacha indlela yokusebenzisa kwakhona iplastiki ngendlela echanekileyo. Ngena apha ukuphendula imibuzo yakho.

Isikhongozelo senkunkuma

Isingxobo esingwevu

Andiqinisekanga ukuba yeyiphi inkunkuma efakwe kwisitya esingwevu? Kule nqaku siyakuchaza ngokweenkcukacha. Ngena uze ufunde ngayo.

upcycling

Upcycling

I-Upcycling yindlela yokurisayikilisha apho sinika khona inkunkuma enkulu kunangaphambili. Apha sichaza yonke into ngokweenkcukacha

Isikhongozeli esimdaka ngebala

Isikhongozeli esimdaka ngebala

Kule nqaku uza kukwazi ukusombulula onke amathandabuzo malunga nekhonteyina emdaka. Uya kufunda ukuba kufuneka uyiphose kwaye yintoni esetyenziselwa yona.

Ukubaluleka kwe-3

Okwesithathu

Kule posi sikubonisa ngendlela eneenkcukacha ezona zinto ziphambili ze-3r. Ngale ndlela sichaza indlela yokunciphisa, yokusebenzisa kwakhona kunye nokurisayikilisha.

Ikhonkco elityheli

Ikhonkco elityheli

Sichaza iintlobo zenkunkuma zokufaka kwisitya esimthubi. Ngena ukuze wazi ezona mpazamo zixhaphakileyo kunye nezinto ezithile onomdla kuzo.

Iibhotile zeglasi

Ibhotile yeglasi yokurisayikilisha

Ibhotile yeglasi yokurisayikilisha ngumyalelo wosuku. Kweli nqaku uza kuba nakho ukwazi ukuba yintoni inkqubo yokurisayikilisha kunye namathandabuzo avelayo.

ukuphinda usebenzise iisimboli

Ukurisayikilisha iisimboli

Kule posi uya kuba nakho ukwazi zonke iintlobo zeempawu zokurisayikilisha ezikhoyo kunye nentsingiselo yazo nganye yazo. Ngaba uyafuna ukubazi?

kwakhona

Ukurisayikilisha kusanda kuba lula

Sinokwenza izijekulo ezilula nezilula zokuphinda sizisebenzise kwakhona, ngaphandle kokuyiqonda, siza kuba sinceda umhlaba wethu. Ngaba uyafuna ukwazi ukuba zeziphi izijekulo zomzimba?

Imveliso yehlabathi yeplastikhi

Imveliso yehlabathi yeplastikhi inyuka minyaka le (i-288 yezigidi zeetoni, oko kukuthi, ngaphezulu kwe-2,9% ngo-2012), ngokunxulumene ngqo nokukhula kwabemi, kwaye ngenxa yoko, kunye nokunyuka kwenani lenkunkuma.

Ukuphinda kusetyenziswe kwakhona iphepha kunye nekhadibhodi yenkunkuma

Iphepha kunye nekhadibhodi zenziwe ngomthi, kokukhona isixa sephepha kunye nekhadibhodi esetyenzisiweyo, kwaye kokukhona ukutshatyalaliswa kwamahlathi. Uncedo lwephepha kunye nekhadibhodi kukuba inokuphinda ifumaneke iphinde iphinde isetyenziswe ukwenza amanye amaphepha kunye nekhadibhodi.

Ubomi benkunkuma kwindalo

Ukulahla inkunkuma kwindalo kuneziphumo ezininzi esingazaziyo ukuba zingalinganiswa kanjani konke konke ... kwaye zihlala zihlala ixesha elide kunokuba sicinga de zitshatyalaliswe.

Izibonelelo zokuphinda zisetyenziswe ioyile

Xa sigalela ioyile yokupheka okanye ioyile yemoto ezantsi esinkini, senza umonakalo kwiilwandlekazi nakwiilwandle njengoko zisenza ifilimu engenamanzi ethintela ukuhamba kwelanga kunye nokutshintshiselana ngeoksijini kubomi baselwandle.

Ukuvuna amanzi emvula

Ungawasebenzisa njani amanzi emvula

Amanzi emvula anokuba luncedo kwimisebenzi eyahlukeneyo ekhaya, ungayiqokelela kwaye uyijolise ukunciphisa ukusetyenziswa kwamanzi okusela ekhaya, ukunceda okusingqongileyo.

Abashicileli abanobuhlobo

Ukuprintwa ephepheni kuyaqhubeka nokuba yinkxalabo kwindalo esingqongileyo. Ukongeza kwimikhankaso yokonga, iinkampani zizama ukwenza ubuchwepheshe obubavumela ukuba basebenzise iphepha ne-inki encinci.