Oomatshini bomoya abatsha abangenabala

oomatshini bomoya abangenangqondo

Kwiposi yangaphambili besithetha ngengxaki ye- inkunkuma eveliswa ziincakuba zomoya ojikelezayo yeefama zomoya. Kwixesha elizayo elikufutshane kuya kufuneka banyangwe ngaphezu kwama-4.500 amabala kwaye basebenzise ezo zinto.

Ukuthintela iimpembelelo ezinamakhwiniba kwiintaka, iimpembelelo ezibonakalayo, gcina kwizinto kwaye uphephe ukuvelisa inkunkuma, iiprojekthi oomatshini bomoya ngaphandle kweencakuba. Iinjini yomoya ingawavelisa njani amandla omoya ngaphandle kwamabala?

Iprojekthi yeVortex engenabala

I-Vortex turbine yomoya

Le projekthi izama ukuguqula ii-injini zomoya ezi-3 zangoku zibe ziinjini zomoya ngaphandle kweebhleyidi. Kwimeko apho kukho ukungathandabuzeki ngayo, ezi turbines zomoya ziyakwazi ukuvelisa amandla afanayo nalawo aqhelekileyo, kodwa ngolondolozo kwiindleko zemveliso kunye nokuthintela iimpembelelo zamachaphaza.

Ngokungabinazo iincakuba, indlela yabo yokuvelisa amandla kunye ne-morphology kunye noyilo zahluke ngokupheleleyo kunangoku. Abo bajongene neprojekthi yeVortex UDavid Suriol, uDavid Yáñez noRaúl Martín, amaqabane kwinkampani iDeutecno.

Oku kuncitshiswa kweebhleyidi kunika ithuba lokonga izinto, ezothutho, ezokwakha, iindleko zokugcina kunye nokuvelisa amandla angaphezulu ngama-40% ngemali enye etyalwe kwizinto eziqhelekileyo.

Ukusukela ngo-2006, xa kwakuveliswa ipatent yokuqala yoyilo, umsebenzi sele wenziwe ukuphucula ezi injini zomoya. Ukuvavanya ukusebenza ngokukuko kunye nokusebenza kokuveliswa kwamandla, itonela yomoya yakhiwa ukuvavanya kunye nokulinganisa inyani. Iqinisekisiwe iprototype yomoya ephendulwa malunga neemitha ezintathu ukuphakama.

Iimpawu zomoya ojikelezayo

vortex ayinangqondo

Esi sixhobo senziwe ngesilinda emi nkqo engqingqwa, ebotshelelwe emhlabeni kwaye ekabani izixhobo piezoelectric. Siyakhumbula ukuba izixhobo zepiezoelectric zinokuguqula uxinzelelo loomatshini zibe ngumbane, kunye nombane ube kukungcangcazela koomatshini. I-Quartz ngumzekelo wekristale yendalo ye-piezoelectric. Emva koko, amandla ombane aveliswa kukuvela kwezinto eziya kuthi xa zingena kwisandi somoya. Ngendlela eqondakalayo, isebenza ngokungathi ibhetshi yebhola ijonge ezantsi, ijonge ezantsi, kwaye ijinga.

Oko i-injini yomoya izama ukufezekisa kukusebenzisa Impembelelo yesitalato iVon Kármán. Isitalato i-von Kármán vortex yipateni ephindaphindayo yee-eddy vortices ezibangelwe kukungazimi kwindawo yokwahlula ulwelo njengoko igqitha kwimizimba efakwe emanzini. Ngale nto, i-injini yomoya inokuhamba ukusuka kwelinye icala ukuya kwelinye ukuze isebenzise amandla e-kinetic ayenziweyo kwaye ayiguqulele kumandla ombane.

Izibonelelo zeinjini yomoya

Ezinye zezibonelelo zezi turbines zomoya zintsha zezi:

  • Azenzi ngxolo.
  • Abaphazamisi iiradars.
  • Ixabiso eliphantsi lezinto kunye nendibano.
  • Iindleko zokugcina ezisezantsi.
  • Ukunciphisa ifuthe lokusingqongileyo kunye neempembelelo zomhlaba.
  • Ngokufanelekileyo. Ivelisa amandla acocekileyo acocekileyo.
  • Isebenza noluhlu olukhulu lwesantya somoya.
  • Zithatha indawo engaphantsi komhlaba.
  • Iintaka zikhuselekile ekubhabheni ezikungqongileyo.
  • Ubushushu bekhabhoni buncitshiswe ngama-40%.
  • Zilungele izityalo ezingaselunxwemeni ngenxa yokulula kokufakwa kunye nokugcinwa.

Ngolu tshintsho lwamandla omoya, iimakethi ziya konyusa ukubonelelwa kwezi injini zomoya zintsha ezigcina iindleko kwaye zigcine ukuveliswa kombane okufanayo. Ukufakwa ngokupheleleyo kwetyala kuya kugqitywa ukuphela kwalo nyaka, eziza kudityaniswa namandla elanga kumakhaya ombane eIndiya.

Ukongeza, iprojekthi ibinenkxaso yeRepsol kunye nabanye abatyali zimali babucala abalishumi elinababini abakhethe ukuphuhliswa kwamandla omoya kunye nolwenziwo lotshintsho. Ixabiso lentengiso liya kuba malunga ne-5500 ye-euro ye-12,5 yeemitha zomoya ophephezelayo. Kodwa injongo kukwakha i-Vortex yeemitha ezili-100 ngowama-2018, kuba iphezulu i-turbine, kokukhona iya kusebenza ngakumbi kwaye iya kuba namandla ngakumbi.

 


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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.