Oohola bendlela kunye nophahla lwelanga

 

izembozo zelanga

Ihlabathi libeke iibhetri kukhangelo lwendlela wenze awona mandla acocekileyo. Kule meko, le projekthi inomtsalane ibizwa ngokuba "Inyoka Yelanga", yenziwa ngumyili wezakhiwo Indoda Tham yesixeko saseLos Angeles.

Gubungela iindlela, oohola bendlela kunye noololiwe abanezikhuselo zelanga Sele ikhetho kunye nokufakwa okungaqhelekanga ekusebenzeni, njengoko kunjalo kumgaqo kaloliwe ohamba ngesantya esiphezulu eBelgium egqunywe yinkampani ye-Enfinity kwaye yasungulwa ngoJuni ka-2011.

Kwezinye iindawo zeplanethi kufundwa njenge isisombululo kulondolozo lwezixhobo zothutho ngaphandle kokunyusa irhafu kunye neendlela zokuvelisa amandla acocekileyo ngaphandle kokuchaphazela imbonakalo yomhlaba. Indoda Tham ngumyili waseSweden kunye nomcwangcisi wasezidolophini ocebise kwaye waphuhlisa iprojekthi yophahla lwelanga ngoohola bendlela.

Umyili waseSweden kunye nomcwangcisi wedolophu uphuhlise iprojekthi esebenzayo kuyo yonke imimandla eneeyure ezininzi zokukhanya kwelanga ngonyaka, ezibandakanya basebenzise oohola bendlela ukubabonelela ngophahla lwelanga oluvelisa amandla, ukunciphisa iindleko zolondolozo lwendlela, ukunciphisa ukusetyenziswa kwemeko yomoya kwizithuthi, ukuphucula ukhuseleko ezindleleni kunye nomngcipheko weengozi kunye nokubamba i-CO2 eveliswe yimibhobho yokukhupha.

iipaneli zelanga

U-Olivier Daniélo upapashe isifundo esibhaliweyo seprojekthi ye-Mans Tham ngoFebruwari 2016 kwisiza sase-France I-Techniques-Ingenieur, apho izibonelelo kunye nolondolozo lwenyoka yelanga yeendlela zichaziwe, njengoko umbhali wayo ebiza uphahla ebesiphawula ngalo. Uphahla lwelanga elisebenza njengengxaki yongcoliseko kwingxolo kwiindawo ezikufutshane ezihlala abantu, ukuxhasa izibane kunye neempawu ezime nkqo, ukuvuna amanzi emvula kunye nokunye okuninzi okusongiweyo njengokunciphisa ukusetyenziswa kwepetroli yezithuthi ngokunciphisa ifuthe lomoya, imvula, isichotho okanye ikhephu.

Inkathazo ebangelwe lilanga ekuzeni kokusa kunye nokutshona kwelanga iya kuthintelwa ikakhulu, kunye nobushushu beenjini kwiindawo ezinesidima esinjengentlango kunye namazwe ashushu. Zonke izibonelelo ezikhankanyiweyo ziza ngokuchasene nokungabikho kweminqweno yezopolitiko yokwenza utshintsho olungaphaya kwesininzi ngenxa yoxinzelelo kumacandelo ezorhwebo anokuchaphazeleka kwingeniso yabo: iinkampani zolondolozo lwendlela, iinkampani zombane, iinkampani zokwakha zemisebenzi yoluntu ecinga ezinye ezinye iindlela ezinjengeepaneli zelanga ezifakwe endleleni.

Oorhulumente kufuneka bafunde kwaye bahlalutye iprojekthi.

Ngesindululo saseSweden, uRhulumente okanye iinkampani zonikezelo ezindleleni ziya kuguqula olu lwakhiwo lube ngumthombo omtsha wengeniso. ngaphandle kweerhafu, ezinokuthi zibe negalelo kwiindleko zolondolozo lwale misebenzi yoluntu. Kwiwebhusayithi yeMans Tham uyakufumana ukubala kwemveliso yombane ngekhilomitha nganye yendlela enkulu kunye nenzuzo yayo.

Isisombululo sisebenza kuzo zonke iintlobo zeziseko ezingalunganga zendlela: iindlela, oololiwe, iibhlorho, imizila yeebhayisekile, imikhondo yezemidlalo yangaphandle, ekunokufakwa kuyo oomatshini bomoya abame nkqo kumacala athatha ithuba lomoya kuloo ndawo kunye nomoya osuswe zizithuthi.

iiphaneli zendlela

Amabhunga esiXeko noorhulumente bangawuguqula umhlaba woluntu weziseko zabo zibe ngamaziko emveliso yamandla enenzuzo, bayakunciphisa ubuncinci ekuchitheni kwabo umbane kwaye baya kudala amawaka emisebenzi yolondolozo lolusu lwesibini lwommandla oluya kuba negalelo ekulweni utshintsho lwemozulu kunye neziphumo zalo.

I-Mans Tham ibalwe ukuba ulwakhiwo olunje ngeekhilomitha ezingama-24 ubude ngeemitha ezingama-40 ububanzi lunokuvelisa ukufikelela kwi-115 MW, amandla awaneleyo okuhlangabezana neemfuno zabantu abangama-40.000.

Unobuhlobo ngakumbi nokusingqongileyo.

Le projekthi ikwasebenzisa kwakhona isixa esikhulu se-CO2 esiveliswa ngohola wendlela ukuze kufakelwe ukufakwa kwe-algae kweefama ezinokuvelisa iimveliso zepetroli eluhlaza. Oku kunokuphinda kusebenze imimandla ejikeleze indlela.

inyoka yelanga

Umbono, umbono obonakala ngathi liphupha, kodwa okwangoku siphila ngamaphupha ookhokho bethu, kufuneka silinde kwaye sikwazi ukuhlala ixesha elide ngokwaneleyo ukuze sikwazi ukubona izinto ezinje ngombono weMans Tham.

 


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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.