Ukuthelekiswa kweentlobo ezahlukeneyo zebhalbhu zokukhanya

Siza kuchaza umahluko iintlobo zebhalbhu ezihlala zisetyenziswa emakhaya okanye eziofisini, zinezibonelelo zazo kunye nezinto ezingalunganga.

Igqityiwe ekukhanyiseni i-18% emakhayeni kwaye malunga ne-30% kwiiofisi , ukhetha uhlobo lwe izibane ezichanekileyo kusetyenziso ngalunye, siya kufumana yonga amandla aphakathi kwama-20% nama-80%.

Imiba yokuqwalaselwa ngaphambi kokwazi iintlobo zeebhalbhu:

1. Ukusebenza ngokukuko, Zeziphi ii-watts (w) ezisetyenziswa ziindidi ezahlukeneyo zebhalbhu zokukhanya.

2. Ubomi obuluncedo, ebhekisa kwixesha apho iintlobo nganye zebhalbhu zihlala khona.

3. UmbalaKuba ukukhanya okuza kukhupha kuya kuba tyheli okanye mhlophe kuxhomekeke ekukhetheni phakathi kweentlobo ezahlukeneyo zeebhalbhu. Oku kuya kuxhomekeka kwitekhnoloji oyikhethayo, kuba inokuba yi-LED, i-eco halogen okanye i-fluocompact.

4. Imijikelo Zikwenye into ekufuneka uyithathele ingqalelo xa ukhetha phakathi kwazo zonke iintlobo zeebhalbhu ezikhoyo, kuba ibhalbhu nganye isungule ukuba mangaphi amaxesha anokuvulwa nokucinywa.

Enye into ekufuneka uyigcinile engqondweni kukuba kwi Ukonga umbane iibhalbhu siwabala ngokokwakho ukukhanya, ngeyunithi yokulinganisa ebizwa ngokuba “ukukhanya"Okanye"izibane”Echaza nje ubungakanani bokukhanya okubonisiweyo.

Endaweni yokuba kungasentla Iibhalbhu ezibengezelayo balinganiswe nge watts (W), ebonisa ukuba ingakanani umbane tya.

Iindidi zebhalbhu

1. I-LED

Ziyisichazi seLight Emitting Diode. Inkqubo ye- Iibhalbhu ezikhokelwayo Zezona zihambelana kakhulu nokusingqongileyo, kuba zibonisa ukhetho lwendalo kunye nokusebenza ngokufanelekileyo.

Kungenxa yokuba azikhuphi i-CO2 eninzi kwindalo esingqongileyo njengezinye iintlobo zebhalbhu zokukhanya, kwaye azinayo i-tungsten okanye i-mercury.

Kananjalo ukuba sihlalutya i ezona mpawu ziphambili kuphawulwe ngentla, ubude beentlobo ezahlukeneyo zeebhalbhu, iibhalbhu ze-LED zinokusetyenziswa malunga neeyure ezingamawaka angamashumi amahlanu. Ugcino ngokwemeko yokusetyenziswa lungaphezulu kokubalaseleyo, kuba sizakube sisebenzisa malunga nama-80% ngaphantsi nayiphi na enye ibhalbhu yemveli.

I-LED

2. IHALOGENS ECO.

Ukukhanya ezikhutshwa zezi ndidi zeebhalbhu kungokwemvelo kwaye zivula kwangoko. Ngokubhekisele kubomi bayo obuluncedo, ihlala iyiyure ezingamawaka amabini, isebenzisa imvulophu isinye kwisithathu ngaphantsi Kunaleyo ye-incandescent, esiza kuphawula ngayo apha ngezantsi.

HALOGENS ECO

Ukulahleka kwamandla ngenxa yesiphumo sobushushu kufuneka kuthathelwe ingqalelo, kuba olu hlobo lweebhalbhu zokukhanya zikhupha ubushushu.

3. AMANDLA.

Ukusetyenziswa kwamandla yeyona nto iphezulu kuzo zonke iibhalbhu, kwaye emva koko ibonakalisiwe kwi Ibhili yombane. Ngethamsanqa, ukusukela ngo-2009 ukubheka phambili ukurhoxiswa kolu hlobo lweebhalbhu zokukhanya kwiimarike, Ukunika indlela kwizisombululo ezingcono ezibonelela ngesiphumo esifanayo ngokukhanya, kodwa ngokusetyenziswa okuphantsi kakhulu. Kwangelo xesha, azivelisi ubushushu, zinemijikelezo embalwa kwaye zivelise kwakhona umbala ngokuchanekileyo.

4. IZIPHUMO ZOKUGQIBELA.

Ziyaziwa njenge comsumption ephantsiUkuba nobomi obuluncedo obuphakathi kwamawaka amathandathu ukuya kwishumi lamawaka eeyure, kwaye usebenzisa amashumi asibhozo eepesenti ngaphantsi kwalapho oosokhaya ngokwesiko.

Iindidi zebhalbhu ye-FLUOCOMPACT

Ngokubhekiselele ekukhanyeni okubonelelayo, ezi iindidi zokugcina amandla iibhalbhu Azikhuthazwa kakhulu ukuba zisetyenziswe kwiindawo zokuhamba. Kuba ihlala ithatha imizuzwana embalwa ngaphambi kokunikezela nge amandla okukhanyisa kwakho.

Zeziphi iimpawu ekufuneka ziqwalaselwe?

a) Ixesha elithathayo ibhalbhu yesibane ukufikelela ukusebenza okuphezuluOko kukuthi, ijika ngokukhawuleza kangakanani.

b) I-angle yokuvula okanye ukukhanya kwesibane, oko kuthetha ukuba kwinqanaba elingaphantsi, ukukhanya kuya kugxila kwinqanaba elithile.

c) Ubomi obuluncedo bebhalbhu, okt iiyure zokukhanya kwebhalbhu.

d) Ukusuka kwimbono yobuhle, siya kuzinyamekela iifom. Singafumana iiglobe, ukujikeleza, ukujikeleza okanye izibane zekhandlela.

e) Kukho iimilo ezahlukeneyo zebushing ngokuxhomekeke kububanzi bayo kunye uhlobo lomtya onayo.

f)  Inani lamaxesha ibhalbhu yokukhanyisa inokuvulwa kwaye icinyweOko kukuthi, imijikelezo yabo.

g) Amandla okukhanya okanye okukhanya, ngendlela enokuthi ubuninzi be Izikhanyiso siya kufumana ukukhanya okukhulu.

 


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
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