Izityalo zelanga ezidadayo

Isityalo selanga esidadayoIplanethi yethu ifumana elangeni inani lamandla elilingana nama-89.000 terawatts (TW, one trillion watts), inani eli amawaka amathandathu amakhulu kunamandla asetyenzisiweyo kwihlabathi liphela, aqikelelwa kwi-16 TW.

Ngapha koko, kwanamandla omoya anokubakho kuphela anokubonelela phantse ngama-25 ombane ngaphezulu (370 TW) kunoko kufunwa lihlabathi. Ibaliwe Ukuba iipaki ezinkulu zelanga ezintandathu ezinkulu zibekwe ngobuchule (zibekwe ngendlela yokuba ubuncinci kuzo zifumane ilanga ngqo ngalo lonke ixesha), umbane owaneleyo ukuhlangabezana neemfuno zehlabathi.

Chile

Kwiminyaka yakutshanje, ishishini lamandla ahlaziyekayo ikhule ngokucacileyo, nangona ikude kuloo ndlela kwaye yaphuhliswa ngendlela eyiyo, esasaziweyo. Indawo yomhlaba ehlala ufakelo lwelanga kunye nomoya iyaqhubeka nokukhula kwaye oku kufuna ukuba kuphakanyiswe iifomula ezintsha, ngakumbi kwimimandla nakumazwe anomphezulu ongafumanekiyo. Ngokubanzi, imithombo yamandla ehlaziyekayo ihlala ngokulinganayo indawo eninzi kakhulu kunemithombo eqhelekileyo yamandla; ngakumbi xa kuthelekiswa namandla enyukliya okanye amandla obushushu.

Izityalo zelanga ezidadayo

Izityalo zelanga ezidadayo yenye yeefomula ezintsha eziqale ukuphuhliswa kule minyaka idlulileyo. Indlela yayo iyafana naleyo ye- iifama zomoya zonxweme (kude nonxweme), ezixhaphakileyo ngokuxhaphakileyo.

I-Aeolian eDenmark

Ukufaka iiinjini zomoya elunxwemeni kunezibonelelo ezininzi. Eyona nto icace gca kukuba ubukho bakhe ayichaphazeli imbonakalo yomhlaba. Ngaphaya koko, elwandle, oomatshini bomoya banokuba bancinci kwaye bade kwaye kwangaxeshanye babe nokusebenza ngokufanelekileyo okanye ngakumbi ngakumbi kunabalingane babo emhlabeni ngenxa yokuba ubukhulu becala uburhabaxa bolwandle bungaphantsi kobomhlaba othe tyaba.

Uburhabaxa buthetha imiqobo (enjengotyani, ulwakhiwo lomntu okanye izitenxo zendalo kwimeko) kuchaphazela ukuhamba komoya, Kungenxa yeso sizathu sokuba ii-injini zomoya emhlabeni zithande ukuba nokuphakama okukhulu. Ukurhabaxa kolwandle kuyanda xa kukho amaza, kodwa ngaphandle kwalapho kulwandle oluvulekileyo umoya awufane uhlangane nezithintelo kwindlela yawo.

Ezi zibonelelo ziyasebenza nakwizityalo ezidadayo zelanga, zithatha indawo ekuyo azisetyenziswa: njengolwandle oluvulekileyo, amachibi angenalo ixabiso lendalo okanye amanzi amdaka ukuvelisa umbane kwizityalo zombane.

iiphaneli japan

Izinto eziluncedo zeepaki ezidadayo zelanga

Isityalo esidadayo selanga sinezinto ezininzi eziluncedoUkuma kwayo emanzini kwelinye icala kunciphisa umphunga, ngelixa kwelinye icala indawo epholileyo iphucula ukusebenza kweepaneli kwaye yenza ukuba ukugcinwa kwazo kube lula.

iiphaneli zelanga elase korea

E-China, lelinye lawona mazwe angcolileyo emhlabeni, abasemagunyeni bathatha amanyathelo ukuphelisa amafutha ezinto ezaziphila mandulo kwaye uwanike amandla ahlaziyiweyo, anje ngesisombululo "sesityalo esidadayo selanga". Urhulumente uthembise ukubonyusa ngama-20% kule minyaka izayo.

Ukukhutshwa kwegesi eChina

I-China ngokungxamisekileyo kufuneka iguqule umgaqo-nkqubo wayo wamandla ukuba inqwenela ukusombulula le ngxaki iingxaki zemeko esingqongileyo. Ingxelo elungiswe liSebe laseTshayina loKhuselo lokusiNgqongileyo, ngentsebenziswano ne-UN, iqikelela ukuba i-90% yemijelo yamanzi kwiindawo ezisezidolophini zelizwe. zingcolile kwaye ungcoliseko lomoya lunegalelo ekufeni ngaphambi kwexesha kwabantu abayi-1,2 yezigidi ngonyaka.

Ungcoliseko lomoya e China

Ngokwedatha evela eGreenpeace East Asia kweli lizwe malunga nezigidi ezingama-200 zabantu baphantsi kwamanqanaba ayingozi kakhulu longcoliseko.

iTshayina

Ngesi sizathu, i-China, eyona ndawo iphambili ekhupha iigesi ze greenhouse, yamkela irhafu entsha yongcoliseko, nangona kunjalo, ayibandakanyi ukukhutshwa kwekhabhoni dayoksayidi (CO2).

Imiceli mngeni yeepaki ezidadayo zelanga

Amaza amakhulu sesona sisongelo sicacileyo kwizityalo ezihamba elangeni. Kodwa kunye ne-saltpeter kunye umhlwa ngolwandle ityuwa zimele ukuphazamiseka okubonakalayo.

Ingxaki yamaza iyancitshiswa kunye namaziko adadayo abekwe kwindalo yendalo okanye eyenziweyo kunye namazibuko. Iimodeli zepaneli yelanga edadayo ephuhliswayo kunye nezo sele ziqalisile ukusetyenziswa zinokuxhasa Umahluko kubude bolwandle ukuya kuthi ga kwi-10 yeemitha, amaza ukuya kwiimitha ezi-2 kunye nemimoya ukuya kwi-190 km / h.

Kodwa i-saltpeter ekhoyo emoyeni kufutshane nolwandle inokubangela ukonakala kulwakhiwo lwesinyithi ebambelela kulo kunye neepaneli zelanga, ukunciphisa ukusebenza kwayo kunye nobomi bayo obuluncedo.

Ngokutsho abavelisi abahlukeneyo, Nasiphi na isiseko esifakiweyo solu hlobo kufuneka simelane nokubola okubangelwa yityuwa kunye ne-nitrate, kubandakanya iipaneli zelanga kunye neeinjini zomoya. Nangona kunjalo, "kubonakala ngathi uninzi lwabenzi beepaneli zelanga Abaqinisekanga ukuba basenako na ukubonelela ngeziqinisekiso ezinjalo ukuba iiphaneli zifakelwe elwandle ”.

oomatshini bomoya baselwandle


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.

  1.   Yima sitsho

    Kuyandibetha ukuba akukho nto ikhankanyiweyo kwinqaku lakho malunga nefuthe leephaneli zelanga kubomi baselwandle. Ukuba uyazi naliphi na inqaku ngalo, kungakuhle ukuba ulifunde. Enkosi.