Yonke into ofuna ukuyifumana malunga nezitovu zepelete

Isitovu se-pellet

Izitovu zepellet ziye zasetyenziswa ngokubanzi kwaye zaduma ngexesha elifutshane. Iimpawu zayo kunye noqoqosho zenza kube lula kakhulu ukuzisebenzisa kunye nokwenza kakuhle. Uqoqosho lwabo lwamafutha luyabanceda basasaze kwiimarike kwaye bakhuthaze umfanekiso abawunikayo.

Ukuba ufuna ukwazi zonke izitshixo eziyimfuneko ukwazi ukusebenza kwezitovu zepelethi kwaye ukuba isisombululo esifanelekileyo sokufudumeza ikhaya lakho okanye indawo yakho, le yiposti yakho

Zisebenza njani izitovu zepelete?

Igumbi lokuhlala elinesitovu sepelethi

Ukusebenza kwayo kulula kwaye akubizi. Isitovu sinetanki yokugcina ipetroli, kule meko, ipelete. Xa sifaka isixhobo ekusebenzeni, isikrufu sihambisa i-pellet kwigumbi lokutsha ukubasa umlilo ngezinga apho inkqubo yolawulo lwe-elektroniki ibonakalisa. Iipellets ziyatshisa, zikhupha ubushushu kunye nomsi ohanjiswe kwindawo yokuphuma yangasemva apho itshimini yangaphandle idityanisiwe.

Oku kubekwe ngohlobo lokuba umsi uphume ngaphakathi kwindlu okanye indlu apho kubekwe khona isitovu kunye nobushushu buqondiswe ngaphakathi, kunceda ukwandisa ubushushu bendlu.

Xa uthetha ngezitovu zepelete, kuyinto eqhelekileyo ukubona abantu abaziphambanisa nezitovu zemithi zemveli. Nangona kunjalo, umahluko ubaluleke kakhulu, okoko izitovu zepeleth zinomoya. Oko kukuthi, banefeni yangaphakathi ethatha umoya ngaphakathi kwendawo, iyifudumeze kwaye ibuyisele kwakhona kubushushu obuphezulu.

Ekusebenzeni kwesitovu sinako ukwahlula izinto ezimbini zothumelo lobushushu kwiyunithi enye: okokuqala, sine-convection ebangelwe ngumqhubi oqhuba umoya oshushu kwaye, okwesibini, imitha ebangelwa lilangatye uqobo oluvelisiweyo. Ezi zinto zimbini zinokuba luncedo ngaphezu kwezitovu zemithi zemveli, kuba ukuhanjiswa kwamandla ngokuhambisa izinto kubangela ukuba ubume bendalo bushushu ngokukhawuleza.

Ukungancedi kwezitovu zepelete

isitovu se pellet esingathandekiyo

Ayizizo zonke izinto ezikolu hlobo lwesitovu ezintle. Njengesiqhelo, yonke into inezinto ezilungileyo nezingalunganga. Kule meko, ukutshiswa kwezitovu zepelethi kufumana umoya ofanelekileyo kwindalo esingqongileyo. Ukuphela komlilo, loo moya uyagxothwa uguqulwe ube ngumsi ngetshimini. Ukuza kuthi ga ngoku kulungile. Ngale ndlela, ukusebenza kubangela ukuba umoya utsalwe kwigumbi uye ngaphandle, ke siphulukana nenani elincinci lomoya oshushu, ekuya kufuneka ibuyiselwe intwana yokungenisa komoya esitratweni esiya kubanda.

I-gradient yomoya ijikeleza ukusuka apho kukho umoya omninzi ukuya apho kuncinci. Ngesi sizathu, ukuba isitovu sikhupha umoya egumbini, kuya kubakho umoya omncinci ngaphakathi kwaye umoya ovela ngaphandle uza kungena apho ungena khona, nokuba kungokuqhekeka, imingxunya yeefestile, phantsi komnyango, njl. Wonke lo moya ungena uvela esitalatweni uya kuba kubushushu obuphantsi.

Nangona kunjalo, ukunciphisa le ngxaki, zikhona ezinye izitovu zepelethi ezivumela umoya oyimfuneko ukuze kutshe umlilo ngaphandle. Ngale ndlela, ukusebenza kwesitovu kuphuculwe ngokubanzi. Ukubuyela emva kolu hlobo lwesitovu kukuba kufuna ukubhola ifadade kabini, kube kanye kwitshimini kwaye kube kanye ngokutya komoya.

Izixhobo

Isibilini

eziko kwisitovu pellet

Indawo yokubasa umlilo yenye yezona ndawo zinomtsalane esitovini. Nangona kunjalo, kubalulekile ukukhupha yonke imisi eveliswe ngexesha lokutsha. Kubalulekile ukuba indawo yomlilo isebenze ngokufanelekileyo ngawo onke amaxesha ukunqanda imiba yokhuseleko kwaye kunokwenzeka ukuntywila kukuswela ioksijini kunye ne-CO2 egqithileyo.

Ummiselo ufuna ukuba umsi ophuma kwisitovu uphume ngaphezulu kophahla lwezakhiwo kunye nezindlu. Ukuba uhlala ekuhlaleni, kunzima kakhulu ukuba kufuneka ucele imvume kubamelwane ukubeka eziko.

Ngokukhethekileyo kungcono kunombandela ekwakhiwa kuwo indawo yokubasa umlilo yenziwe ngentsimbi engenasici kwaye igqunywe ngodonga oluphindwe kabini. Oku kuthintela ukufuma komsi ngenxa yokunxibelelana nomoya obandayo nobandayo. Kwindawo esezantsi yetshimini kuyimfuneko ukufakela i-T ngeplagi yokukhupha amanzi.

Elona nani liphezulu lokugoba anokuba nalo umqhubi wetshimini ezintathu kuma-90 degrees ubuninzi. Kuyacetyiswa kakhulu ukuba kufakelwe ukungena komoya ukuphucula ukusebenza.

Ukunikezelwa kombane

unikezelo lwamandla kwisitovu pellet

Ukukhetha indawo endlwini apho siza kufaka isitovu kufuneka sazi ukuba sizakufuna indawo yombane. Izitovu zifuna umbane ukuhambisa iifeni, isikrufu samandla, kunye namandla okuqala.

Ukusetyenziswa kombane ihlala i-100-150W, ifikelela kwi-400W Okwangoku isixhobo sivuliwe.

zithutha

Ixabiso lepelethi

Ngamafutha aya kusinika amandla isitovu kwaye aya kusinika ubushushu. Ipellet fuel ixabisa ngaphezulu okanye ngaphantsi kwe- € 0,05 kw kWh nganye esiyisebenzisayo. Iingxowa ezili-15 zeepellets zibiza malunga ne-3,70 euro.

Kukho iintlobo ezahlukeneyo zamabakala eepelethi kwaye nganye ihlengahlengiswa kumandla okuvelisa ubushushu. Khetha leyo ekufaneleyo ngokusekwe kuhlahlo-lwabiwo mali.

Into eqhelekileyo kukufuna ukwazi ukuba zingaphi iipellets ezisetyenzisiweyo. Nangona kunjalo, kunzima ukubala, kuba kuxhomekeke kwizinto ezininzi njengamandla esitofu, uhlobo lwepelethi esetyenzisiweyo, umgaqo wangoku, njl.

Idatha ebonisa ukuba isitovu se-9,5kW sisebenzisa phakathi kwe-800gr kunye ne-2,1 kg yeepellets ngeyure, kuxhomekeke kwindlela elawulwa ngayo. Ke ngoko, ibhegi ye-15kg ekhankanywe apha ngasentla, ingasigcina malunga neeyure ezisixhenxe ngesitovu ubuninzi. Ixabiso lesitovu liya kuba phakathi kweesenti ezingama-20 kunye neesenti ezingama-52 ngeyure.

Oku kusenza sibone ukuba ingxowa yeepellets ayonelanga. Ukuba asifuni ukuba sibabini rhoqo kwisithathu siyokuthenga okanye abasishiyi silele phantsi, kubalulekile ukuba ufumane isixa esihle seepellets.

Iindidi zezitovu

Izitovu zepellet ezinokutsalwa

Isitovu se-ductile pellet

Le yimodeli evumela ukuba kuqhutywe umoya okwesibini kunye nokuphuma kwesithathu ukuya kumagumbi akufutshane usebenzisa imibhobho yomoya. Ngale ndlela sinokuba namagumbi ashushu ngakumbi.

Kuya kufuneka kuthathelwe ingqalelo ukuba lo mjikelo womoya awuzukusebenza ngokuchanekileyo, kuba owona mthombo wamandla iseyimitha kunye nokuhambisa kwigumbi eliphambili.

Izitovu zehydro

isitovu sehydro esibekwe kwigumbi lokuhlala

Olu hlobo lwezitovu luthathelwa ingqalelo indawo ephakathi phakathi kwebhoyila kunye nesitovu. Isebenza njengesitovu se pellet esiqhelekileyo, kodwa ngaphakathi sinomtshintshi esivumela ukufudumeza amanzi kwaye sihambise iiradiyetha okanye ezinye izinto zendlu.

Ngolu lwazi uya kuba nakho ukuqonda ngcono ukusebenza kolu hlobo lwezitovu ukukhetha olukufaneleyo.

 


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.

  1.   IsiJamani sasePortillo sitsho

    U-Andrés olungileyo. Enkosi ngengcaciso yakho.

    Umba wongcoliseko lwebiomass uxoxwa kule posi: https://www.renovablesverdes.com/calderas-biomasa/

    Kwaye i-aerothermal kwenye: https://www.renovablesverdes.com/aerotermia-energia/

    Ukuba unayo nayiphi na imibuzo, ndingavuya ukuyisombulula.

    Nibuliso!

    1.    Andrés sitsho

      Molo, bendifuna ukuphendula impendulo yakho kodwa andazi ukuba kwenzeka ntoni ngomyalezo ongapapashwanga okanye naluphi na uhlobo lwempazamo okanye inkcazo. Ndilawula oku kufutshane ukuvavanya ukubona ukuba inde kakhulu, uphawu olungaqhelekanga okanye into efanayo. Konke okugqibelele.

  2.   Pedro sitsho

    Oogqirha abanazo izitovu zepelethi emakhayeni abo. Ngoba? Kuba ukuhlala umsi ixesha elide ungagqibelelanga ukutshiswa kweenkuni ezicinezelweyo kubangela umhlaza, oku kufihliwe ngocwangco.

    Ungayichazanga ingxaki yokugawulwa kwemithi eveliswa yimizi-mveliso yeepelethi. Akukho nto iphilayo malunga nale nkqubo.