Isiphumo sokudilika kwezikhalazo malunga nokusikwa kwezinto ezihlaziyiweyo

ICalifornia ivelisa amandla elanga amaninzi

Ibhanki yaseburhulumenteni yaseJamani i-WestLB, iye yaba liziko lokugqibela elinike isimangalo ngokuchasene nobukumkani baseSpain phambi kwe ICiadi (Iziko laMazwe ngaMazwe lokuHlaliswa kweNgxabano zoTyalo-mali) ngokunqunyulwa kwemivuzo yamandla ahlaziyekayo aqhutywa nguRhulumente we-PP.

Ngale nto, sele ikho kukho ngaphezulu kwe-30 arbitrations ngokuchasene nelizwe lethu kwimibutho eyahlukeneyo yamazwe aphesheya yamatyala afakwe ngabatyali mali bamanye amazwe eSpain: enye, phambi kwe-Uncitral (iKhomishini yeZizwe eziManyeneyo); ezintathu, phambi kwe-Arbitration Institute ye-Stockholm Chamber of Commerce, kunye ne-28 phambi kwe-ICSID (iBhanki yeHlabathi).

Ukusukela ityala lokuqala, elalifakwe kwiminyaka emi-6 eyadlulayo, ngokuchasene nokuhlengahlengiswa kwecandelo okwenziwe ngurhulumente kaZapatero kude kube namhlanje, zintathu kuphela izigwebo esele zisonjululwe. Ababini kwi Stockholm, Ilungele ilizwe lethu, kwaye enye kwi-ICSID, eyona yamva nje kwaye enjalo njengoko kuphawuliwe kweli phepha lewebhu, iyathandeka kwingxowa-mali ye-Eiser.

I-ICSID igwebe iSpain ngoMeyi ophelileyo ukuba ihlawulise i-128 yezigidi zeerandi, kunye nenzala, ngomonakalo osuswe kwiipremiyamu ezibangelwe izityalo zayo ezintathu zelanga elitshisayo imi emazantsi eSpain.

amandla elanga

Ukusikwa okuninzi ngaphandle kwembuyekezo

UMiguel Ángel Martínez-Aroca, Umongameli we-Anpier (Umbutho weSizwe wabavelisi bamandla ePhotovoltaic), iqinisekisa ukuba zimbini izinto ezibalulekileyo ezahlula amabhaso amabini eNkundla yaseStockholm kuleyo ye-ICSID. “Kwelinye icala, amatyala aseStockholm abhekisa kutshintsho lwecandelo elivunyiweyo ngurhulumente wobusoshiyali kaRodríguez Zapatero naleyo yeICSID kuhlaziyo lwamva nje lwePP.

Kwelinye, kwaye okona kubaluleke kakhulu, urhulumente kaZapatero ubuyekeze iminyaka emithathu yokusika neminye iminyaka emihlanu egcina umvuzo, Oko kukuthi, imbuyekezo wawungaphezulu kunokusikwa. Nangona kunjalo, uRhulumente waseRajoy akakhange abeke mbuyekezo ngokusika kwakhe okuphezulu kakhulu.

UMnu Martínez wongeza ukuba, Ungquzulwano oluhlaziyiweyo lubeke iSpain njengelinye lawona mazwe mathathu emhlabeni elinezona zimangalo zininzi zichaseneyo. Kwaye yintoni ebaluleke nangakumbi, uRhulumente angajongana nembuyekezo eya kuthi izuze i-7.000 yezigidi ukuba ezinye izigwebo ziyavumelana nabatyali zimali. "Oku kuyakushiya ilizwe lethu linomfanekiso olusizi."

Kwelakhe icala, Umphathiswa wezaMandla, uKhenketho kunye neAgenda yeDijithali, u-vlvaro Nadal, uxele esidlangalaleni ukuba ezi mbuyekezo abamkhathazi kakhulu, kuba ziya kuhlala zisezantsi kunokonga okwenziwe lutshintsho kwicandelo lombane.

Emva komgwebo we-ICSID ogweba ubukumkani baseSpain ngesohlwayo se-128 yezigidi, urhulumente uvumile umthetho apho intsalela yenkqubo yombane izakusetyenziswa ukuhlawula kakhulu kulungile njengezinye ezizayo.

rajoy kunye ne-esteban

Esi sigqibo sasingathandwa kwaphela kwicandelo, emva kweminyaka elishumi elinambini yentsilelo, inkqubo yayiqokelelekile ukusukela ngo-2014 intsalela emalunga ne-1.130 yezigidi kude kube ngo-2016.Kusebenzisa intsalela yecandelo ukuhlawula imbuyekezo ekusikeni kubatyali mali bamazwe aphesheya kulusizi.

Kwelinye icala, kolu ngquzulwano kukho into exakayo yokuba abatyali mali baseSpain abanakho okwangoku ukubuyisa utyalo-mali olwenziwe kwizityalo ezihlaziyekayo kuba zombini iNkundla yoMgaqo-siseko kunye neNkundla ePhakamileyo zinike isizathu kurhulumenteNgelixa abatyali-mali bamanye amazwe kwizityalo ezifanayo banokufumana imbuyekezo ngenxa yolamlo lwamanye amazwe (olunokusetyenziswa kuphela zizinto zangaphandle).

Unozikhalazo ukuhlangula

Le meko yagxekwa liqela labo bachaphazelekayo phambi kwe-Ombudsman, eyacebisa ukuba uRhulumente "amkele amanyathelo afunekayo ukuze abatyali mali baseSpain kumandla e-photovoltaic abawubonayo umvuzo wabo bangafumani mpatho imbi kunabo batyale imali kumazwe asayinileyo. Isivumelwano kuMqulu waMandla.

Ukongeza, kufuneka iseke iindlela ezibonakala zilungile ukubuyekeza isininzi umbingelelo othetha ukuba utshintsho kubasebenzi lubhekisa kubasebenzi. Abatyalomali baseSpain«.

Izinto ze-LPP zeepaneli zelanga

ICiadi

Ngokubhekisele kulamlo lwamanye amazwe, kufanele kuqatshelwe ukuba ziinkqubo ezicothayo kwaye izigqibo zazo zezokugqibela. Kwityala le-ICSID, ngamatyala angama-27 kwangama-28 asele echonge inkundla engqinelanayo ngumongameli kunye noosompempe ababini, omnye okhethwe liqela ngalinye. Bobathathu bavela kumazwe ahlukeneyo nalahlukileyo. Iindleko zokulamla kwe-ICSID zamva nje, ezinike isizathu kwi-Eiser yase-Bhritane, yafikelela phantse kwi-900.000 ye-euro, apho i-255.000 yayihambelana nomongameli wenkundla, i-American John Crook, i-163.000 ye-euro kumlamli wase-Bulgaria u-Alexandrov, owayekhusela Ummangali, kunye ne-114.000 kwiNew Zealander McLachlan, owayekhusela iimfuno zoBukumkani baseSpain.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

Shiya uluvo lwakho

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.