Ukubheja kwityhefu yamalahle emoyeni eVietnam

Ungcoliseko lwamalahle eVietnam

Ubhejo owamkelwe ngabasemagunyeni baseVietnam izityalo zamalahle ezisebenza ngombane Ukuze kuhlangatyezwane nokunyuka ngamandla kwemfuno yamandla kuza nayo ukwanda kokungcola okungcolisayo, ngaloo ndlela kusenza umoya kwizixeko ezikhulu ungabinampilo.

IHanoi sesona sixeko sichaphazeleka kakhulu, sele sikwi-2017 kuphela ukonwabele iintsuku ezingama-38 zomoya ococekileyo, iphindaphindwe kathathu amanqanaba asezantsi e-WHO (uMbutho wezeMpilo weHlabathi), ngokwengxelo entsha ye-Green ID (iZiko laseVietnam leGreen Innovation kunye noPhuhliso.

Ngelo xesha linye Ukujikeleza kwezithuthi kunye namashishini unento yokwenza nokukhutshwa njengaso nasiphi na esinye isixeko izityalo zamalahle ezingaphezulu kwama-20 zongezwa ejikeleze ikomkhulu.

Ingxelo ekhankanywe apha ngasentla ichaza njengenye yezona zinto ziphambili kule nyaniso, inezinga lomoya kwizikhundla zokugqibela ze-Southeast Asia.

Nguyen Thi Khanh, UMlawuli we-ID eluhlazaUcacise kwinkomfa yakutshanje eHanoi ukuba:

“Amazwe afana neTshayina noMzantsi Korea bayawafulathela amalahle kuba oko kuyingozi empilweni.

Lixesha lokuba sikhethe indlela entsha yophuhliso engabandakanyi ukunikelwa kwendalo nomoya ococekileyo ”.

Nangona kunjalo, amazwi anjengekaKhanh, ngethamsanqa nangakumbi nangakumbi, akazitshintshi izicwangciso zabasemagunyeni baseVietnam, abazibonileyo amalahle ngumthombo wamandla atshiphu ukuhlangabezana neemfuno zeshishini kunye nabathengi ngokwabo, ezikhula ngaphezulu kwe-10% ngonyaka ngamnye.

Ngaphezulu izityalo zamandla amalahle

Inkqubela phambili enkulu yezoqoqosho kule minyaka ingama-3 idlulileyo ibangele ukufunwa kwamandla, ngenxa yoko sinomonakalo omkhulu kwindalo esingqongileyo.

Phakathi kowe-1991 nowama-2012, i-GDP yeli lizwe (iMveliso yeLizwe iyonke) inyuke ngama-315% ngelixa ukwanda kokukhutshwa kwegesi ekrwada kume kuma-937%.

Kwelinye icala, ngezityalo zamalahle ezingama-26 ezisebenza ilizwe, urhulumente wobukomanisi uceba ukongeza enye i-6 ngo-2020 kwaye babe nokusebenza ngo-2030 izityalo zamalahle ezingama-51, Ndiyathemba ngale ndlela ukuvelisa ngaphezulu kwesiqingatha samandla asetyenzisiweyo, kutshiswa malunga ne-129 yezigidi zeetoni zamalahle ngonyaka.

oomatshini abaphambili bamalahle

Kwiphondo laseLong An, kufutshane kakhulu neHo Chi Ming (isixeko esinabemi abaninzi elizweni nalapho umoya ukhula ngendlela eyoyikisayo), ukwakhiwa kwesinye sezona zinamandla kwezi ziko zamandla ombane kucetywayo.

IZiko laseVietnam le-Green Innovation kunye noPhuhliso liqikelela ukuba ukuba ukwakhiwa kwesi sityalo kugqityiwe, umthamo wothuli emoyeni kwezinye iindawo luya kuphinda-phinda nge-11, ukongeza, i-sulfur oxide iya kwanda nge-7 kunye ne-nitrate oxide ngo-4 xa kuthelekiswa namanqanaba asekwe kwi-2014.

Oku kuyakwenza nzima Ukuzibophelela kweVietnam ukunciphisa ukunciphisa ukungcola kwayo ngo-2030 nge-25%.

Ukufa ngaphambi kwexesha

Ngokophononongo olupapashwe yiYunivesithi yaseHarvard naseGreenpeace, ukwakhiwa nokuvulwa kwezi zixhobo zombane ezisebenzisa amandla amalahle kuya kubangela ukwanda ngokukhawuleza kwabantu ababhubha ngaphambi kwexesha kwilizwe.

Kuqikelelwa ukuba ngo-2030 ngaphezulu kwe-20.000 yaseVietnam iya kufa ngonyaka, malunga nokuphindaphindwe kahlanu kunango-2011 kwaye kungaphaya komndilili wamazwe angqongileyo.

UKim Yong Kim, uMongameli weBhanki yeHlabathi ulumkisile kwinkomfa ukuba:

"Ukuba iVietnam iqhubekile nezicwangciso zayo kwaye namazwe alo mmandla alandela indlela efanayo, ingayintlekele kwiplanethi yethu."

Eli qumrhu, elixhase ngemali izityalo ezininzi zamalahle eAsia kule minyaka idlulileyo, izophela ngoncedo lwayo ukusuka kwi-2019. Nangona kunjalo, iVietnam izakubuyela kwinkxaso-mali evela kumazwe afana ne-South Korea, i-Japan ne-China, amazwe apho ilahleko liphulukana nomhlaba kunye neemfuno zokusingqongileyo zingqongqo ngakumbi kwiinkampani.

Ngezi zizathu, enye indlela ezinzileyo efunwa yiBhanki yeHlabathi kunye namaqela okusingqongileyo ngenani leeyure zokukhanya kwelanga kunye namandla omoya kwimimandla ethile kulawulo lweHanoi ayibonakali ngathi iphambili.

U-Hoang Quoc Vuong, Usekela-Mphathiswa Wezamashishinikugwetyelwe ukuba:

"Inkuthazo yokuqhubela phambili izakuqhubeka nokuba yile yamandla aveliswa ngamalahle ngenxa yobunzima bezobuchwephesha kunye nokungabikho kozinzo kwelanga nomoya kweli lizwe."

 


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