Iintyatyambo ezingasekhoyo

Iintyatyambo zendalo ezingasekhoyo

Xa sithetha ngeempembelelo ezahlukeneyo zokusingqongileyo ezithi ziveliswe ngabantu kwiplanethi yethu kwaye sibhekisa kwilahleko yendalo, sihlala sicinga ngezilwanyana. Nangona kunjalo, zikhona iintyatyambo ezingasekhoyo zombini ngokwendalo nangenxa yomntu. Iintyatyambo ezingasekhoyo yinto elahlekileyo ebusweni boMhlaba ngenxa yezizathu ezahlukeneyo.

Kweli nqaku siza kukuxelela ukuba zeziphi izizathu zokuba kutheni izityalo nezilwanyana ezinye zingasekho.

Izizathu zokuncipha kwendalo

iintyatyambo ezingasekhoyo

Siyazi ukuba ukwehla kwezinto eziphilayo kumgangatho weplanethi yingxaki esijongene nayo kwaye iya isiba mandundu mihla le. Zininzi izinto eziguquguqukayo ezenza ukuba izinto eziphilayo zande. Izinto ezinje ngemeko yendawo yokuhlala, iimeko zemozulu, umhlaba, njl. Olunye lwempembelelo kwindalo esingqongileyo ethi iveliswe ngabantu kwimisebenzi yabo kwaye echaphazela kakhulu izinto eziphilayo ezahlukeneyo Kukuhlasela kwendalo kunye nezilwanyana.

Indawo yokuhlala yindawo apho iintlobo ziphuhlisa khona ubomi bazo. Ukuba imisebenzi yabantu ithoba isidima okanye itshabalalise ezo ndawo zokuhlala, abantu banokuchaphazeleka. Ukunyamalala kwendalo yayo kuthetha ukuba uhlobo alunakho ukuziqhelanisa neemeko kwaye luyafa. Ukuba inani elikhulu labantu bayasweleka, ukuzala kuyancitshiswa kwaye kancinci kancinci kuphelela ekubeni luhlobo olwahlukileyo. Yile nto yenzekileyo kwinani elikhulu leentlobo zezityalo ezikhoyo namhlanje ngenxa yeempembelelo zabantu.

Iindidi zezityalo ezingasekhoyo

izityalo ezisengozini

Kufuneka kuthathelwe ingqalelo ukuba kukho iintlobo zezityalo ezingasekhoyo ezisuswe zizizathu zendalo. Kwaye indalo ayimiswanga, kodwa iyaqhubeka ngokuguqukayo. Kukho iintlobo ezinokuziqhelanisa ngcono notshintsho olwahlukileyo lokusingqongileyo kunye nolunye olubi. Abo bangazivumelanisi kakuhle baphela beswelekile kwaye belahleka. Kukho iindidi ezininzi zezityalo ezingasekhoyo:

  • Iintyatyambo ezingapheliyo endle: le ntyatyambo yenye icinywe kwindawo yayo yokuhlala. Oko kukuthi, oko akuthethi ukuba akukho mzekelo wolu hlobo emhlabeni, kodwa akukho mntu ngokwendalo. Uninzi lwabantu lulondolozwe ngabantu kwiindawo zokuhlala ezingezizo okanye kwiibhanki zembewu.
  • Iintyatyambo ezingapheliyo kwindawo yazo yendalo: kukho iintlobo zeentyatyambo ezinokubakho nakwi cosmopolitan. I-cosmopolitan kukuba indawo yayo yokuhambisa ihamba phantse kuyo yonke iplanethi. Ke ngoko, ngenxa yomba wendalo kunye nonobangela wabantu, isityalo singanyamalala kwindalo ethile, kodwa hayi kwihlabathi liphela.
  • Iintyatyambo ezingasekhoyo: Eli ligama elinikwe iintlobo zezityalo ezinomntu wokugqibela olahlekileyo ebusweni bomhlaba. Kule meko, akukho ndlela yokubuyisa uhlobo kuba akukho mntu ukhona kwindalo nakwimeko yokufakelwa.

Iintlobo zeentyatyambo ezingasekhoyo

izityalo ezanyamalalayo

Phakathi kwezityalo esele ziphelile sifumana iintyatyambo, imithi, amatyholo kunye nezinye iintlobo zohlaza ezenziwe kudala indalo yethu. Ngezizathu ezahlukeneyo, banokukhula babuyele kwimihlaba yethu. Kufuneka kuqatshelwe ukuba uninzi lweentlobo esiza kudwelisa kwaye sichaze ukuba ziphelile kuphela kwamanye amazwe. Makhe sibone ukuba zeziphi iintlobo zeentyatyambo ezingasekhoyo:

  • Nesiota: Luhlobo oluthile lweentyatyambo olubizwa ngokuba ngumthi womnquma waseSanta Helena. Yayiyityholo lomthonyama elivela kwisiqithi esingenamagama esikulwandle lweAtlantic. Inxalenye yenani elikhulu lezityalo ezathi zanyamalala ngenxa yokutshatyalaliswa kwendawo yazo. Kuba babengenakuphila kwezi meko, bancipha de baphele belahleka.
  • IPaschalococos isasazeka: Igama eliqhelekileyo nguPalma de Rapa Nui. Sisityalo esasiseChile kwaye ukuphela kwaso kwenzeka ngonyaka we-1650. Ngeli xesha le mithi yagawulwa ukwenza amaphenyane. Ngenxa yesidingo esikhulu sephenyane, aba bantu baphela belahleka.
  • Sophora toromiro: sisihlahla esikweli qela leentyatyambo lingasekhoyo. Ngokukodwa, luhlobo lwearboreal olunokufikelela malunga ne-3 yeemitha ukuphakama kwaye isiqu sayo silinganiswe malunga neesentimitha ezingama-50.
  • I-Astragalus algeriaus: Olu hlobo luhlobo lwesityalo esine-herbaceous esizalelwa e-Afrika, nangona sithathwa njengeentlobo zezityalo eSpain. Yenye yeentlobo esinokuyifumana entlabathini kwaye ixhaphake kakhulu eMorocco naseTunisia.
  • I-Astragalus baionensis: Sisityalo ngokukodwa esivela eSpain naseFrance kwaye siqhelekile kwiindawo ezinesanti. Yenye yeentlobo zezityalo ezisandula ukubakho elizweni lethu. Kwaye yahlulwa yaphela eSpain ngo-2018.
  • IAraucaria mirabilis: luhlobo olufumaneka ePatagonia. Ngumthi owawungowendidi yeeconifers kwaye wawuninzi kakhulu kwiplanethi yethu. Ikho kwiplanethi yethu kangangezigidi ezili-160 leminyaka.

Ezinye iintlobo

Sizakuqhubeka noluhlu lweentlobo zezityalo ezingasekhoyo kunye nezizathu zokuba inyamalale:

  • IFranklinia: Ifumaneka kwingingqi yeGeorgia kwaye sesinye sezityalo ezingasekhoyo kwindalo. Oku kuthetha ukuba iyasinda kuphela kubume babantu ngendlela yokulima yokuhombisa. Awuyi kuba nakho ukufumana naluphi na uhlobo lwendalo ngokwendalo. Ukusukela nge-1803 iye yaphela ngokwendalo ngenxa yokonakaliswa okuqhubekekayo kwendawo yayo yendalo.
  • eNormania naba: Luhlobo oluvela kwilizwe lethu kwaye lwalusaziwa ngegama likaTomatillo de Tenerife. I-semi-shrub yemitha enye ethe yanyamalala ngenxa yobunzima bayo bokuzala. Olu hlobo ngumzekelo ocacileyo wokubona ezinye zeentlobo zeentyatyambo ezingasekhoyo zinyamalale kuba azikwazi ukuziqhelanisa nendalo.
  • ULaelia gouldiana: Ibonakaliswa ngokuba yintyatyambo ebonakalayo efana ne-orchids. Sesinye sezityalo ezingasekhoyo eMexico kwaye sasisaziwa ngokuba neepetali ezimfusa kunye namagqabi anombala oluhlaza ocacileyo. Yayisisityalo esizalelwe kwiphondo laseHidalgo.

Ndiyathemba ukuba ngolu lwazi ungafunda banzi ngezinye zezona ntlobo zintyatyambo zaziwayo nezaziwayo ukuba zaye zanyamalala.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.