Iinkqubo zokugcina amandla

Ukugcinwa kwamandla

Ukusukela oko amandla ahlaziyekayo aqala ukusetyenziswa, ingxaki ibikhona kwaye iyaqhubeka. Iinkqubo zokugcina yamandla. Amandla ahlaziyekayo anokusebenza kakuhle xa kuziwa ekuveliseni iincopho zamandla. Nangona kunjalo, ingxaki eyibonisayo kukugcina kwayo. Kancinci kancinci, inzululwazi iphucula iinkqubo zokugcina ezifanelekileyo ezinceda ukukhula okuvuselelekayo.

Ngaba ungathanda ukwazi ukuba ugcino lwamandla avuselelekayo lusebenza njani? Kule nqaku siza kukuxelela yonke into. Kufuneka uqhubeke ufunda 🙂

Zithini iinkqubo zokugcina?

Iinkqubo zokugcina

Ezi ziinkqubo ezisetyenziselwa ukugcina naluphi na uhlobo lwamandla kwaye zikwazi ukuwukhupha xa kukho imfuneko. Xa kuziwa ekukhululeni amandla, akufuneki ukuba ibe ngendlela efanayo eyagcinwa ngayo. Umzekelo, ibhetri yobomi bakudala luhlobo lwenkqubo yokugcina amandla.

Ngale ndlela, silawula ukugcina amandla Ungayimoshi kwaye uyisebenzise ngokufanelekileyo kangangoko. Kubaluleke kakhulu kwiinkampani zombane ukuba umsebenzisi akwazi ukusebenzisa amandla xa ewufuna. Ke ngoko, ezi nkqubo kufuneka ziphucule ixesha ngalinye ukwandisa ukubakho.

Isisombululo sokugcina amandla sinokusetyenziswa kumacandelo amaninzi. Ayicingelwa kuphela into yokuba amacandelo okuhlala nawabathengi ayimfuneko. Ngokuchasene noko. Iinkqubo ezinkulu zemveliso, ezinje ngezityalo ezenziwayo, nazo zifuna iinkqubo zokugcina.

Iindidi zeenkqubo zokugcina

Inkqubo yokugcina ibhetri yeLithium

Kuxhomekeke kubungakanani obukhoyo xa kufikwa ekugcineni amandla, sahlula phakathi kweenkqubo ezi-3 ezahlukeneyo:

  • Ukugcinwa okukhulu. Le nkqubo isetyenziselwa ezo ndawo apho kusetyenziswa izikali zeGW. Kwezi ndawo kubalulekile ukugcina amandla kwiinkqubo zokuvelisa, iinkqubo zongxamiseko kunye nezincedisayo. Umzekelo, isetyenziswa kwizityalo zombane ukukhuthaza impophoma.
  • Ukugcinwa kwenethiwekhi. Kuyaziwa kakhulu ngamandla ahlaziyekayo nakwigridi yombane. Igcina amandla kwisikali se-MW. Umzekelo, sifumana ii-superconductors, ii-flywheels okanye iibhetri. Ezi zokugqibela zisetyenziswa kakhulu kwihlabathi lamandla elanga kangangeentsuku ezingaphantsi kwemveliso.
  • Ugcino lokugqibela lwabathengi. Zizikali ezincinci kwicandelo lokuhlala apho usebenza khona ne-kW. Singafumana iibhetri kwaye ziyafana nezangaphambili kodwa ngexabiso elincinci lamandla agciniweyo. Ibhetri yefowuni ephathekayo, umabonwakude, umzekelo.

Izizathu zokuba kutheni kufuneka ugcine amandla

I-Smart Grid

I-Smart Grid

Kuko konke oku, amandla kufuneka agcinwe kwaye zezi zizathu zintathu zokuba kutheni kubaluleke kakhulu:

  1. Ukuba sigcine amandla singawasebenzisa ngaphandle kokufuna igridi yombane. Oku kubangela unikezelo ube nesiqinisekiso esingcono kunye nomgangatho.
  2. Amandla ahlaziyekayo aya esenza indlela eya kwiimarike njengoko iinkqubo zokugcina zanda. Khawufane ucinge xa ​​ukwazi ukuvelisa onke amandla onawo ngendlela engenamda, phantse ukhululeke, ucocekile kwaye ngaphandle kongcoliseko kwaye, ngaphezu kwako konke, ukwazi ukuwugcina. Ngale ndlela inokusetyenziswa nanini na ifunwa ngaphandle kweengxaki. Amandla ahlaziyekayo kufuneka asebenze nzima kweli candelo ukuze aguquke nangakumbi.
  3. Iyakhula iSmartGrid. Yigridi efanelekileyo esivumela ukuba sinike amandla kumandla amabini. Oko kukuthi, ukukwazi ukuguqula amakhaya kunye namashishini abe ngabavelisi abancinci. Ngamandla ahlaziyekayo, umbane unokuveliswa kwaye intsalela inikezelwe kwigridi yombane okanye ifunyenwe kwimeko yebango.

Ibango kunye nokugcinwa

Uphuhliso lwezixhobo zokugcina amandla

Ngokubanzi, amandla kufuneka agcinwe kuba asilunganga kwaphela phakathi kokuveliswa kunye neenkqubo zokusetyenziswa. Injongo yamandla kukuba sibe nawo xa siwufuna. Akuncedi nganto ukuba nesilawuli selanga esisibonelela ngombane emini, kodwa singasebenzi ebusuku. Enkosi kwiinkqubo zokugcina, singagcina amandla aveliswe emini kwaye siwasebenzise xa kungekho langa.

Kwimeko yamandla ahlaziyekayo, ukugcinwa kuxhomekeke ngokupheleleyo ekuhambeni kwendalo. Oku kubangela ukuba imveliso yayo ayitshintshi kumzuzu apho siyifuna khona ngokwenene. Omnye umzekelo woku ngamandla omoya. Kuya kufuneka ucinge ukuba akusoloko kusenza ulawulo lomoya omnye. Nangona sikwindawo apho umoya uvuthuza rhoqo, ayisoloko inamandla afanayo. Kule meko, ukuba sikhe sanomoya olungileyo kwaye sinokugcina amandla, ngekhe sibe nangxaki kunikezelo xa kungekho moya ungako. Ke sinokonwabela umbane ngaphandle kweziphazamiso.

Injongo yokuba iinkqubo zokugcina zigcina engqondweni ukukhuthaza nokwenza uninzi lwezinto ezinokuhlaziywa.

Ukugcina amandla akuyona into entsha

Ukugcina amandla ayisiyiyo itekhnoloji entsha kwaphela. Kukho iibhetri ze-asidi kunye namandulo ngaphezu kweminyaka eyi-100. Kule minyaka idlulileyo, ngokuziphendukela kwetekhnoloji, iinkqubo ziye zaqulunqwa kwaye zaphuculwa. Ukusebenza ngokukuko kunye nokusetyenziswa kuye kwaphindaphindeka ukubonelela ngeyona ntuthuzelo kunye nokuguquguquka xa kufikwa kumandla afunekayo.

Kungenxa yokuba ezi nkqubo zokugcina sele zifikelele kwilizwe elihlaziyiweyo kwaye zizama ukuziphucula. Ikamva lamandla lisekwe kwezi nkqubo nangona linganikwanga ukubaluleka elikudingayo. Ngamandla ahlaziyekayo akhoyo njengamandla aqhelekileyo, unikezelo lunokuhlala luqinisekisiwe. Ukongeza, ngekhe kungcolise nantoni na kwaye siza kuba silwa neziphumo ezibi zotshintsho lwemozulu kwihlabathi liphela.

Enye yeenkqubo zokugcina ezifumana amandla, kwaye ezimiselwe ukuba lixesha elizayo ekuqokeleleleni amandla ahlaziyekayo (kwaye mhlawumbi nezithuthi zombane) Lithium ion ibhetri. Ixabiso layo liphezulu kakhulu. Kodwa ngenxa yobunzima bayo obuphantsi kunye nokusebenza ngokukuko okuphezulu kunokuphelela ekubeni lilungu elinye.

Njengoko kunokubonwa, ukugcina amandla yinto ebalulekileyo kwiinkqubo zombane zexesha elizayo. Ayisiyiyo yekamva kuphela, kodwa ikwangoku apho amandla ahlaziyekayo efuneka ngakumbi.


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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.