Yazi iimyuziyam zenkunkuma

imyuziyam yenkunkuma

Yonke imihla sivelisa inkunkuma eninzi kwaye i-panorama ayiyeki. Injalo inqaku eliye ladala ingcamango entsha yobugcisa eyaziwa ngokuba yi-junk art. Olu hlobo lobugcisa lusekelwe kwintetho yobugcisa usebenzisa izinto kunye nezinto ezithathwa njengenkunkuma. Ukubonisa lonke olu hlobo lobugcisa, iimyuziyam zenkunkuma zazalwa. Zininzi iimyuziyam zenkunkuma zisasazwe kwihlabathi liphela.

Kweli nqaku siza kukuxelela ukuba zeziphi iimyuziyam zenkunkuma ezibaluleke kakhulu kwihlabathi kunye neempawu zabo.

Ubugcisa benkunkuma

iimyuziyam zenkunkuma

Ubugcisa benkunkuma luhlobo lwentetho yobugcisa ebandakanya ukwenziwa kwemisebenzi kusetyenziswa imathiriyeli kunye nezinto ezithathwa njengezilahliweyo okanye ezingenaxabiso libonakalayo. Nangona isenokuvakala iphikisana, olu hlobo lobugcisa lufuna ukuguqula into eqhelekileyo ithathwa njengento engabalulekanga okanye enokulahlwa kwinto yobuhle kunye nexabiso lengqiqo.

Ibonakala ngokugxila ekusetyenzisweni kwakhona kunye nokuhlaziywa kwezinto. Amagcisa asebenza ngolu hlobo ahlala eqokelela izinto ezifumaneka esitalatweni, kwiindawo zokulahla inkunkuma okanye inkunkuma yemizi-mveliso, emva koko bazibandakanye kwimisebenzi yabo yobugcisa. Ezi zixhobo zinokubandakanya yonke into ukusuka kwintsimbi kunye neqhekeza leplanga ukuya kwiiplastiki, iglasi, amalaphu kunye nezinto eziphilayo ezinjengamagqabi kunye namasebe.

Amanye amagcisa asebenzisa ezi zixhobo ukwenza imisebenzi ebonisa ukuthengwa, inkunkuma, kunye nobudlelwane phakathi koluntu kunye nokusingqongileyo. Abanye bafuna ukuphonononga imiba yezentlalo, yezopolitiko okanye yenkcubeko ngokuphinda baxubushelwe izinto zemihla ngemihla.

Enye yeenzuzo zobugcisa be junk Kukufikeleleka kwayo. Ngokungafaniyo nezinye iindlela zobugcisa ezifuna izinto ezibizayo okanye ubuchule obukhethekileyo, nabani na unokuthatha inxaxheba kolu qheliselo ngokusebenzisa nje into ayifumanayo ebangqongileyo. Oku kwenza idemokhrasi indalo yobugcisa kwaye ivumela abantu abavela kwiimvelaphi ezahlukeneyo kunye neemeko zenkcubeko ukuba bathathe inxaxheba kwinkqubo yokuyila.

Ukongeza kumbono wayo wengqikelelo, ibonakaliswa ngobuhle bayo obuphuculweyo kunye ne-eclectic. Imisebenzi inokuba nenkangeleko yesiphithiphithi okanye ephazamisekileyo, kodwa inokuphinda idlulise imvakalelo yobuhle kunye nemvisiswano ngodibaniso olungalindelekanga lwemathiriyeli kunye neemilo.

Kwimeko yangoku, Ubugcisa benkunkuma bufumene ukuqondwa kunye nokwamkelwa kwihlabathi lobugcisa. Iimyuziyam ezininzi kunye neegalari zibonisa imisebenzi yamagcisa asebenza ngolu hlobo, kwaye amanye amaziko ade aseka iinkqubo zokuhlala kunye nezobudlelwane ukuxhasa abadali abenza lo msebenzi.

Iimyuziyam zenkunkuma ehlabathini

ubugcisa bodoti

Imyuziyam yenkunkuma (eStratford, USA)

Kwi-1994, imyuziyam eyothusayo yenziwa eStratford, Connecticut, eyokuqala yohlobo lwayo. Eyona njongo yayo yayikukufundisa nokwazisa iindwendwe malunga izenzo zolawulo lwenkunkuma ngelixa zibanika ithuba elilodwa lokungqina ukuhlenga-hlengiswa kwezinto ezinokuphinda zisetyenziswe. Enye yezona ndawo zinomtsalane kwimyuziyam yayiyi "Trash-o-saurus" eyaziwayo, umfanekiso oqingqiweyo wedayinaso owenziwe ngokupheleleyo kwizinto ezilahliweyo. Ngelishwa, ngenxa yenkxaso-mali enganelanga, imyuziyam iye yanyanzeleka ukuba ivale iingcango zayo ngo-2011.

Imyuziyam yeNkunkuma e-Ibadan (eNigeria)

Ifumaneka e-Ibadan, isixeko sesibini ngobukhulu eNigeria, iMyuziyam yeNkunkuma ime njengeziko loovulindlela eAfrika. Ukudalwa kwayo kubalelwa kuJumoke Olowookere, utitshala wobugcisa waseNigeria, owaqaphela ukukhula utyekelo lwabantu baseNigeria ekusebenziseni izinto ezilahliweyo ngeenjongo zobugcisa nezefashoni. Iziko lolondolozo lwembali lisebenza njengeqonga lokukhanyisa kwiziphumo ezinobungozi zenkunkuma kokusingqongileyo. Amava ka-Oloookere buqu okuvelisa isixa esibalulekileyo senkunkuma ekhitshini lakhe amkhuthaze ukuba aseke le myuziyam, ethe yabakho kulo nyaka uphelileyo.

Imyuziyam eyenziwe ngenkunkuma yeplastiki eGrisik (eJava, eIndonesia)

Kwisixeko saseGrisik, esiseMpuma yeJava, i-NGO ye-Ecological Observation and Conservation of Wetlands of Indonesia (ECOTON) yakhe imyuziyam ephawulekayo ngokupheleleyo kwinkunkuma yeplastiki eqokelelwe kwindawo ejikelezileyo. Injongo yale projekthi intsha, igqitywe ngo-2021, kukufundisa ngokusebenzayo abantu basekuhlaleni ngeziphumo ezibalulekileyo zokusingqongileyo ezibangelwa kungcoliseko lweplastiki.

Ukuphumeza oku, ngaphezu kwe-10.000 yezinto zeplastiki ezilahliweyo, ukusuka kwiibhotile kunye neengxowa ukuya kwiindiza kunye nezikhongozeli, zaqokelelwa ngobuchule kwimilambo ekufutshane kunye namanxweme. Phakathi kwemiboniso ekhangayo yemyuziyam ngumfanekiso oqingqiweyo kaDewi Sri, isithixo esihlonelwayo saseJavane esinxulunyaniswa nenkqubela phambili, eyenziwe ngobuchule kwiingxowa ezisetyenziselwa enye.

Imyuziyam yenkunkuma yaseMorón (eArgentina)

Kumda osentshona weBuenos Aires yidolophu yaseMorón, apho iMyuziyam yeNkunkuma ikhoyo. Isekwe kwi-2016 yi-NGO Abuela Naturaleza, le myuziyam izimisele ukufundisa abantu bayo yonke iminyaka malunga nokusingqongileyo. Izibonelelo zayo ezahlukeneyo zijolise ekukhuthazeni uluvo lokuba inkunkuma kufuneka ithathwe njengento exabisekileyo, ngelixa ibonelela ngeendawo zokuzonwabisa kunye neendibano zocweyo zemfundo.

IMyuziyam yePlastiki (eMadrid)

ubugcisa ngenkunkuma

IMyuziyam yePlastiki, eyakhiwe ngokupheleleyo ngeplastiki ngenjongo yokukhuthaza ukuphinda isetyenziswe, yenze imbali njengemyuziyam yokuqala yolo hlobo lwayo. Ukusukela ngoMeyi 8 ukuya kwi-16, 2021, Le myuziyam yethutyana yema ngokuzingca eMadrid Plaza de Juan Goytisolo, ecaleni kweMyuziyam edumileyo yaseReina Sofía. Nangona kunjalo, nge-17 kaMeyi, uSuku lweHlabathi lokuSebenza kwakhona, imyuziyam yachithwa ngenjongo yokuphinda isetyenziswe kunye nokuhlaziywa kwezinto zayo.

Eli nyathelo litsha, elikhokelwa ngu-EsPlásticas, iqonga elimele ishishini leplastiki eSpain, elijolise ekuboniseni ukubuyiswa kunye nokuhlaziywa kwamandla oluhlu olubanzi lweeplastiki ezisetyenziswayo ngoku. Ukufumana ukuqonda okunzulu ngalo mzamo umangalisayo, jonga le vidiyo ingezantsi:

Imyuziyam yeNkunkuma yeSOS eMorelia (eMexico)

Ukuzalwa kwale myuziyam yenkunkuma kunokunxulunyaniswa nenkqubo yeSanitary, Organic and Separated (SOS) eyaqalwa libhunga lesixeko saseMorelia eMexico ngo-2015. Eyona njongo yale myuziyam kukubethelela eluntwini ukubaluleka kokwahlula inkunkuma kwi. indlela elungiselela ukurisayikilisha. Yahlulwe yangamacandelo amane ahlukeneyo, imyuziyam Inika iindibano zocweyo, iinkomfa, ukhenketho olukhokelwayo kwaye inomyezo omncinci onomtsalane.

Imyuziyam yeHatillo yokurisayikilisha (ePuerto Rico)

Kwiminyaka emibini emva kokukhulelwa kwayo kwi-2016, i-Hatillo Recycling Museum yabonakala kumantla ePuerto Rico. Umboniso wawo wokuqala, onesihloko esithi "Plasticuario," unika ukukhanya kwiziphumo ezinobungozi zenkunkuma yeplastiki kwizinto eziphilayo zaselwandle. Eyona njongo yemyuziyam kukwazisa abantu ngengqikelelo kunye nokuziqhelanisa nokurisayikilishwa, igxininisa indima yayo ekufezekiseni umjikelezo wezoqoqosho kunye nokulwa nokutshintsha kwemozulu. Ukuzalisekisa lo msebenzi, imyuziyam inikezela ngemiboniso eyahlukeneyo yezemfundo kunye neendibano zocweyo.

Ndiyathemba ukuba ngolu lwazi unokufunda ngakumbi malunga nobugcisa benkunkuma kunye nokuba zeziphi iimyuziyam ezibalulekileyo ezikhoyo.


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