Imoto yombane: yonke into ekufuneka uyazi

Imoto yombane

Amafutha asefossil sele ehla ezembalini. Ukutshintsha kwamandla kufuna ukwalathisa ikamva lethu kwihlabathi apho Izinto ezinokuphinda zisebenze zikhona. Ke ngoko, izithuthi kufuneka zizinze ngokupheleleyo kwaye zingangcolisi moya. Imoto yombane sisithuthi esixhotyiswa ngenjini enye okanye ezingaphezulu ezisebenzisa umbane ogcinwe kwiibhetri ezinokuphinda zisebenze kwaye siziguqula sibe ngamandla e-kinetic. Kukho uninzi lweenjini kunye neentlobo zeemoto zombane.

Ukuba ufuna ukwazi yonke into enxulumene neemoto zombane, le yiposti yakho. Uya kufunda kwindlela esebenza ngayo imoto yombane kwezi zibonelelo zinayo.

Imbali yemoto yombane

imoto yokuqala yombane

Ngaba uyazi ukuba isithuthi sokuqala esasiyilwe sasisebenza ngombane? Ukuveliswa kwayo kubuyela umva ukuya kwiminyaka ye-1832-1839 xa uRobert Anderson Uyilelwe imoto yokuqala yombane. Inikwe amandla yibhetri engenako ukutshaja kwaye yafikelela kwi-6 km / ngeyure.

Ukubona ukuba ukusebenza kakuhle kwesithuthi ibingeyonto intle (ukuhamba ungahamba ngokukhawuleza) iprojekthi ishiywe. Kude kufumaneke iteknoloji ephambili yezithuthi zombane namhlanje. Kukho iibhetri ze-lithium ion ezinokubonelela ngokuzimela okukhulu. Iimoto zingafikelela kwisantya esiphezulu.

Ngombulelo kwiibhetri ezinokuphinda zisebenze, iimoto zombane ziveliswa ngobuninzi kwaye ziya zisonga ngakumbi kwaye zinenzuzo.

Iimpawu zeMoto yoMbane

imodeli entsha yemoto yombane

Ezona mpawu ziphambili zesithuthi kukukwazi ukuqhuba umbane. Oku kuthetha ukuba kufuneka senze ngaphandle kwezibaso ezifana ne-petroli kunye nedizili kwaye, ukongeza, masingangcolisi iatmosfera. Ungcoliseko lwendalo yingxaki enkulu ebangela utshintsho lwemozulu. Ukongeza, inoxanduva lokufa ngaphambi kwexesha ngonyaka kwizifo zokuphefumla nezentliziyo.

Namhlanje unokufumana iindidi ezahlukeneyo zeemoto zombane zazo zonke izinto ezenziwayo kunye nobukhulu. Kukho ezinye ezizuzayo kubunzima bazo obuncinci kwaye zilula.

Kuqhelekile ukucinga ukuba ukuba zilungile kutheni zonke iimoto zingumbane. Ewe, okokuqala, bayachaphazeleka kukuzimela kwabo okuncinci xa kuthelekiswa nepetroli okanye idizili. Azibizi kangako, kuba itekhnoloji isaphuhlisa kwaye akukho khuphiswano lungako. Azikho kwakhona ii-recharge ezaneleyo kuyo yonke indawo kwaye iibhetri zifuna iiyure ezininzi ukuba zihlawuliswe ngokupheleleyo.

Ngaphandle kwayo yonke into ekhankanyiweyo, iimoto zombane ngokuthe ngcembe ziya zisondela kweziqhelekileyo.

Icandelo lemoto yombane

Umahluko weemoto

Ukuba siqala ukuthelekisa iinxalenye zangaphakathi kwisithuthi sombane nesiqhelo, azifani kangako. Ukusebenza kwayo kuyafana. Ezi zizinto eziphambili ezenza imoto yombane:

  • Imoto yombane. Lijongene nokuguqula amandla ombane agcinwe kwiibhetri zibe ngamandla e-kinetic. Ngale nto, imoto inokuhamba. Iimoto nazo zinokwenza ngokuchaseneyo, oko kukuthi, kumathambeka okwehla bathabathe amandla e-kinetic afunyenweyo kwaye bawugcine ngohlobo lombane.
  • Amagubu. Yiyo egcina amandla ombane asetyenziselwa ukwenza ukuba imoto isebenze. Kukho ezinye izithuthi ezinebhetri encedisayo ukunqanda ukuxinga emhlabeni.
  • Ilayisha izibuko. Ibiyintoni iplagi apho imoto iqhagamshelwe kumthombo wamandla ohlaziya kwakhona ibhetri.
  • Abaguquleli. Banoxanduva lokuguqula iiparameter zombane zibe yinto eyimfuneko yokutshaja iibhetri. Kukho izithuthi ezisebenza ngoku kutshintshana okwangoku kunye nezinye ezinangoku ngqo. Ziyasebenza ukupholisa imoto, kuthintela ukuchitheka kunye nokudubula.
  • Abalawuli Zilawula igalelo lamandla kwibhetri. Ngale ndlela unokulinganisela ukutshaja ngendlela efanelekileyo yokwandisa ubomi obuluncedo kwaye ungabonakalisi.

Inzuzo

Imodeli yemoto yombane iBMW

Iimoto ezizimeleyo zinezibonelelo ezithile kunezinye iintlobo zezithuthi. Zezi zilandelayo:

  • Kuba bazolile, ukunciphisa ungcoliseko lwengxolo ezixekweni. Ukuba zonke izithuthi ezihamba kumbindi wedolophu bezinombane, ngekhe ibekho loo ngxolo. Ngokuqinisekileyo iteksi yombane idlulile ecaleni kwakho namhlanje kwaye khange uve nokuva ngayo. Ingxolo ikwachaphazela impilo yabantu. Ke ngoko, kubalulekile ukunciphisa.
  • Azingcolisi, ukuphucula umgangatho womoya ezixekweni. Ngexesha lokusetyenziswa kwazo azikhuphi iigesi zegreenhouse ezingcolisa umoya ezixekweni kwaye zonyusa iziphumo zotshintsho lwemozulu kunye nokufudumala komhlaba. Amawakawaka abantu asweleka minyaka le ngenxa yezifo zokuphefumla ezibangelwa kukungcoliseka komoya.
  • Ukukhupha amandla okuphuma. Ukuvelisa amandla ombane, ukuba sisebenzisa i-fossil fuels, asizukukhupha iigesi zisetyenziswayo, kodwa kwimveliso. Ke ngoko, iimoto zombane ziyakwazi ukukhupha zero. Oku kwenzeka ukuba amandla ahlaziyekayo afana nelanga kunye nomoya asetyenziselwa ukuvelisa umbane.
  • Injini inamandla kwaye ayibizi. Zihlala ziphantse zibe namandla alinganayo njengesiqhelo kwaye zihambelana kwaye zithembekile. Ingxaki ilele ngokuzimela kwebhetri. Injini ayinazo izinto ezibangela ukuba isilele.
  • Ukusebenza ngakumbi kunye nokusetyenziswa okuncinci. Ukusebenza kakuhle kweemoto zombane kufikelela kwi-90% xa kuthelekiswa ne-30% yeendlela eziqhelekileyo. Zitya kancinane kwaye sigcina ngaphezulu. Bafuna amandla amancinci ukwenza umzamo ofanayo, kuphela ukuba iibhetri zibonelela ngalo mandla ixesha elifutshane.

Iintsilelo

iibhetri zemoto zombane

Okwangoku, kwaye nangona ziguquka kakhulu, zinezinto ezininzi ezingalunganga. Nazi ezinye zazo:

  • Ukuzimela okuncinci. Njengoko bekutshiwo amatyeli aliqela kuyo yonke iposi, ukuzimela okuncinci kwezi zithuthi kuyicothisa inkqubela phambili. Akukho ndlela unokuthatha ngayo uhambo olude ngaphandle kokuchitha iiyure uyitshaja kwakhona ibhetri. Umzekelo, kuhambo olusuka eSeville luye eMadrid, kuya kufuneka ume malunga namaxesha amahlanu ukuze uphinde uphinde uphinde uzenzele. Ukugcwaliswa kwakhona nganye ziiyure ezininzi zokulinda. Ke ngoko, uhambo olufutshane ngokwentelekiso luya kuba lude kakhulu.
  • Azonelanga iindawo zokutshaja. Azikabikho iindawo zokutshaja kwiindawo ezaneleyo zokuzimela.
  • Amandla aphantsi. Amandla esithuthi anciphile kakhulu. Kufundwa ngendlela yokuyonyusa, kuba iyingozi emotweni. Abaqhubi abanakho ukufikelela kwisantya okanye kufutshane nezithuthi eziqhelekileyo.
  • Ixabiso leebhetri liphezulu kakhulu kwaye alihlali ngaphezulu kweminyaka esi-7.

Ngalo lonke olu lwazi unokufunda ngakumbi malunga neemoto zombane kwaye ulungiselele ikamva elisilindeleyo.

 


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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
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  1.   IAlvaro sitsho

    Kodwa ntoni??? AMANDLA APHANTSI? luvela phi olu lwazi? Ngokwenyani, ayisiyiyo kuphela i-injini torque ephezulu kakhulu (ekukho kuyo ukukhawulezisa okungcono kwangoko) kodwa amandla anokuphakama kakhulu (kuxhomekeke kakhulu, njengakwiinjini zomlilo, kwixabiso lesithuthi ... ukuya kwi-1.000 XNUMX kwenye i-cv) ...