I-Electrolineras

izitishi zombane kunye nezithuthi

Itekhnoloji iyaguquka kwaye ukufika kwemoto yombane ezindleleni zethu yinto entle. Ukulawula ubukho bezi zithuthi ngobuchwephesha obutsha, kufuneka senze inkqubela kulwakhiwo lwezi zinto. Inkqubo ye- i-electrolineras Ziindawo zokutshaja kwakhona apho sinokuhlawulisa khona ibhetri yezithuthi zethu zombane.

Kule nqaku siza kukuxelela ukuba zeziphi izikhululo zombane, zisebenza njani kwaye zibaluleke ngantoni.

Iimpawu eziphambili

i-electrolineras

Siza kubeka imeko yesitishi segesi esiqhelekileyo ebomini. Kufuneka sitshintshe kuphela izixhobo zokuhambisa amafutha kwiindawo zokutshaja ngombane. Esi sisikhululo sombane. Akukho ngaphezulu kwe isikhululo segesi esinamandla omoya kwaye lijongene nokuhambisa intlawulo eyimfuneko kwisithuthi sombane ukuze sikwazi ukuqhubeka nokuhamba.

Njengakwizikhululo zegesi, banokufumaneka kuhola wendlela kunye nakwezinye iindawo ezinezithuthi eziphezulu zokufaka amafutha. Zizithuthuthu kunye neemoto zombane kuphela ezinokusebenzisa izitishi zombane. Kwaye zezi zizithuthi ezifuna amandla ombane njengamafutha.

Iindidi zokugcwaliswa kwakhona kwizikhululo zombane

ukuvuselela umbane

Njengoko kulindelekile, njengokuba kukho iintlobo ezahlukeneyo zezibaso esizazisa kwizithuthi eziqhelekileyo, kukwakho neendidi ezahlukeneyo zokutshaja ngokutsha kwizikhululo zombane. Uhlobo olufanayo lomthwalo alusoloko lufuneka ngokuxhomekeke kwimfuno. Makhe sibone ukuba zeziphi izinto eziphinda zenziwe kwakhona kwizikhululo zombane:

  • Ukuhlawulisa ngokukhawuleza-Iyaziwa njengemodi yokuhlaziya 4. Luhlobo lokugcwalisa kwakhona oluvumela i-70% yebhetri ukuba ihlawulwe ngaphantsi kwesiqingatha seyure. Oku kuyenziwa ngenxa yokuba inokufikelela kwi-50kWh. Ukulungiselela le nto, i-CHAdeMO okanye isinxibelelanisi seCSS sisetyenziselwa ukuxhomekeka kuhlobo lwesithuthi sombane, kwaye ukuphinda kwenziwe kwakhona kwenziwa ngoku ngqo
  • Ukulayisha ngokukhawuleza: Amanqaku okutsha okukhawulezayo ayancedisana ne-CHAdeMO egutyungelwe i-electrolineras. Ngokungafaniyo nendlela edlulileyo, yenziwe ngokutshintsha okwangoku. Yaziwa njengemowudi yokulayisha kwakhona 3.

Umbono weziseko zophuhliso kukuba isithuthi sombane sinokutshajiswa ngokukhawuleza kangangoko ukuze singenzi uluhlu olude lokulinda lweemoto zombane. Nanamhlanje azikho zininzi izithuthi zombane endleleni, kodwa inani liyanda ngomzuzu. Ayifani nemoto yepetroli enokugcwalisa itanki iye kwi-100% kwimizuzu eliqela. Esi sizathu sokuba izibonda zokutshaja ngokukhawuleza zibalasele kwizikhululo zombane.

Umahluko phakathi kwezitishi zegesi nezitishi zombane

iindawo zokwakha kwakhona

Umahluko ophambili phakathi kwezi bhlorho zimbini zokutshajisa iimoto lolu hlobo lonikezelo. Kuya kufuneka uyazi ukuba izikhululo zegesi zibonelela ngedizili okanye ipetroli, ngelixa izitishi zombane zikhuthaza umbane. Ngaphandle kwamathandabuzo, izitishi zombane yindawo ekhuthaza ukuhlonipha okusingqongileyoKuba umbane uvela kumandla omoya. Amandla omoya luhlobo lwamandla ahlaziyekayo asebenza ngenxa yentshukumo yomoya.

Ukongeza, kwisikhululo sombane asifumani dizili kunye nepetroli, ke olu hlobo lwesithuthi alunakufikwa apha ukubonisa. Iimoto ezinokungena kwisikhululo sombane ziipesenti ezingama-100 zeendleko zombane okanye iplagi-yeebhotile. Ezi zithuthi zezityalo zinokuzimela okuthile kwimowudi yombane.

Kuzo zombini izikhululo zeenkonzo umsebenzisi ubhatalela into ayisebenzisayo. Kwimeko yezikhululo zombane, umbane osetyenzisiweyo ngumbane osetyenziselwa ukugcwalisa isithuthi sombane, kufuneka kuthathelwe ingqalelo ukuba Ixabiso lokutshaja kwisikhululo sombane liya kuba sezantsi kakhulu. Kwaye kukuba inani lamandla emotweni yombane lifuna ukugcwalisa ubuninzi kutshiphu ukuvelisa ngamandla omoya avela kwii-fuels eziqhelekileyo.

Izikhululo zegesi zombane

Enye indlela kwizikhululo zombane zizikhululo zegesi zombane. Kufuneka iqatshelwe into yokuba olu lwakhiwo alukabikho njengoko kufanelekile ukukhuthaza ukusetyenziswa kwezithuthi zombane. Abasebenzisi bezi zithuthi kufuneka bachithe ixesha elininzi bekhangela indawo yokubiza iibhetri zabo kunomnye umsebenzisi onesithuthi sepetroli. Ke, Ngaphaya kwezitishi zombane, kwilizwe lethu kukho uthungelwano lokugcwalisa kwakhona indawo ukuze isetyenziswe luluntu. Umzekelo, sifumana koomasipala abaninzi iindawo zokutshaja kwakhona kwiindlela zikawonkewonke ukukhuthaza inguqu ukusuka kwindlela yesiqhelo iye kwizithuthi zombane.

Ukongeza, inethiwekhi yokutshaja iyenziwa kumaziko abucala. Kukho amaqonga asimahla okufumana iindawo zokutshaja esidlangalaleni. Kwezi nethiwekhi unokufumana iihotele ezininzi, amaziko okuthenga kunye neeresityu ezifake itshaja kwaye zibonelela ngexabiso elongeziweyo kubathengi babo. Nangona kunjalo, uninzi lwazo lufumaneka kwizikhululo zegesi ezinentlawulo yombane. Nangona ukutshaja kuhamba kancinci, la manqaku anokufumaneka ezivenkileni ngokulula.

Ixabiso

Makhe sithethe ngoku ngexabiso ekufuneka lihlawulwe ukuze ubenakho ukugcwalisa kwakhona imoto yombane kwizikhululo zombane. Ixabiso le-kWh lihlala liphakathi kwe- € 0.2 kunye ne- € 0.55, nangona kubalulekile ukwazi ukuba imali iyahluka kwaye ixhomekeke kwiimeko ezithile njengala manqaku alandelayo:

  • Isantya siyakwenza ufune ukulayisha. Ukukhawuleza, kubiza kakhulu.
  • Umahluko kwiindleko zombane. Oku kubandakanya ixesha elenziwa ngalo ityala.

Nangona kunjalo, kufuneka kukhunjulwe ukuba ixabiso lezitishi zombane libiza kakhulu kunelo lezitishi zegesi eziqhelekileyo. Bonke abasebenzisi beenqwelo-mafutha zombane bahlala becetyiswa ukuba bagcwalise ngokutsha izithuthi zabo kwigaraji yabo okanye kwiindawo ezinesantya esikhawulezayo sezitishi zokutshaja. Kucetyiswa kuphela ukusebenzisa iirhafu ezikhawulezayo ngamaxesha athile ukunciphisa iindleko.

Ukuhlawula kwakhona ekhayeni lakho kwenziwa nge 3-imo itshaja kuzo zombini-isigaba kunye ufakelo-zigaba ezintathu ukuya ku-32 Amps. Le ndawo yokutshaja okanye ibhokisi yodonga yenzelwe ngokukodwa ukugcwalisa ngokutsha izithuthi zombane, nazo zonke iinkqubo zokukhusela ukuqinisekisa ukhuseleko oluphezulu.

Ndiyathemba ukuba ngolu lwazi ungafunda ngakumbi malunga nezikhululo zombane kunye nokusebenza kwazo.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.