Sebenzisa kwakhona isikhokho esimhlophe

polyexpan

ISpeyin ililizwe lesibini ngobukhulu emhlabeni kwaye inekota yehlabathi kwimioki yezikhonkwane. Ngoko ke, ukuba nomkhwa woku hlaziya ikhonkco elimhlophe Inokuba yindlela entle yokuxhasa eli shishini kunye nokuphucula indawo esingqongileyo. I-Cork isengozini kuba idla ngokutshintshwa zizinto ezenziweyo. Xa ii-oki ze-cork zingasebenzi ngokwezoqoqosho ziba sengozini kwaye zinokuba sisisongelo.

Ke ngoko, siza kukuxelela yonke into okufuneka uyazi malunga nokuphinda usebenzise i-cork emhlophe, iimpawu zayo kunye nokubaluleka kwayo.

Sebenzisa kwakhona isikhokho esimhlophe

phinda usebenzise isikhokho esimhlophe kwisingxobo

Njengoko kuchaziwe yi-Ecoembes (inkqubo yolawulo lokupakisha lokurisayikilisha), abathengi kufuneka bagcine iimveliso ezenziwe nge-cork yendalo kwi-organic packaging, ukupakisha okumdaka, ukuze bangathinteli ukupakishwa kwakhona, kodwa baqinisekisa ukuba bafumana izithinteli ezimbalwa kakhulu. Inkampani yokuhlaziya inoxanduva lokuyilawula kwaye iyithumele kwindawo yokulahla inkunkuma elawulwayo okanye inkqubo ethile yokubuyisela amandla.

Izikhonkwane ezikhe zasetyenziswa azinakuphinda zisetyenziswe, ngakumbi ukuba ziqulathe ulwelo okanye zishiya iintsalela zidibene nokutya okanye ezinye izinto eziphilayo okanye ezingaphiliyo, ngenxa yokuba ziye zonakaliswa okanye ziye zadibana neentsalela zemveliso kwaye ishishini alinakuphinda libamkele. Nangona inokuphinda isetyenziswe, oko kukuthi, izinto eziphathekayo zingasetyenziswa emva kokunyanga okufanelekileyo.

Nangona kunjalo, iiglasi okanye iisistim zokurisayikilisha iikhonteyina azikho, nangona kukho amava athile kulo mmandla, okwangoku akukho sakhiwo silungileyo sokuphinda sisetyenziswe i-cork, ebiza imali eninzi ngoku kwaye inokubangela ungcoliseko olungakumbi.

Ukurisayikilisha isikhokho esingasetyenziswanga kuneenzuzo zokusingqongileyo kunye nezoqoqosho. Ithatha ulondolozo lwemithombo, ukuguqulwa okanye ukuthutha. Ukongeza, xa i-cork yendalo inokuphinda isetyenziswe okanye isetyenziswe, ukongeza kwiingenelo esele zikhankanyiwe, ishishini liya kuvelisa imisebenzi eluhlaza.

Nangona kusenzima ukuphinda usebenzise izithinteli ze-cork ezisetyenzisiweyo, sikunika iimbono ezininzi zokuphinda usebenzise izithinteli zikakhokho, enye yeemveliso ezisetyenziswa kakhulu kwesi sithinteli zizithinteli.

Iimpawu eziphambili

hlaziya ikhonkco elimhlophe

Isikhokho esimhlophe okanye i-polystyrene eyandisiweyo (EPS), ekwabizwa ngokuba yi-polystyrene okanye i-polystyrene, yimathiriyeli yeplastiki enogwebu ephuma kwi-polystyrene, esetyenziswa ekwenzeni izikhongozeli kunye nokupakishwa okanye njengemathiriyeli yokugquma i-thermal kunye ne-acoustic.

Phakathi kweempawu zayo bagxininisa ukukhanya, ucoceko, ukuxhathisa ukufuma, ukuxhathisa ityuwa, ukuchasana ne-acids okanye amafutha; kunye nokukwazi ukufunxa izothuso, kuyenza ibe yinto efanelekileyo yokupakisha iimveliso ezibuthathaka. Kwakhona, ekubeni akusiyo i-substrate enesondlo kwii-microorganisms, ayiyi kubola, ibumba okanye ibole. Oku kuyenza ibe yinto efanelekileyo yokupakishwa kweemveliso ezitsha, ngoko ke sinokufumana ngokulula iimveliso kwifomathi yetreyi kwimifuno, iziqhamo, iibhula, abathengisi beentlanzi okanye iiparlors ze-ayisikrimu. Kwiivenkile ezinkulu sinokuyifumana ngokulula ngendlela yeetreyi kubathengisi beentlanzi, iibhula, iziqhamo, imifuno kunye ne-ice cream parlors.

Indlela yokurisayikilisha isikhokho esimhlophe

biodegradable

I-cork emhlophe okanye i-polystyrene yinto enokuphinda isetyenziswe ngokupheleleyo kunye ne-100% yezinto ezinokuphinda zisetyenziswe. Ngayo, unokwenza iibhloko zezinto ezifanayo kwaye wenze izinto eziluhlaza kwezinye iimveliso. Emva kokusetyenziswa, kufuneka igcinwe kwisitya esityheli esinikezelwe kwizikhongozeli zeplastiki.

Iindlela ezintathu eziphambili zokurisayikilisha zaziwa ngesikhokho esimhlophe:

  • Eyona ndlela iphambili yokurisayikilishwa isetyenziswe amashumi eminyaka, okubandakanya ukukrala ngoomatshini izinto kwaye emva koko zixutywe nezinto ezintsha ukwenza iibhloko ze-EPS eziqulathe ukuya kuthi ga kwi-50% imathiriyeli ehlaziyiweyo.
  • Obunye ubuchwephesha obusetyenziselwa ukurisayikilisha ngoku kukuxinaniswa koomatshini, okubandakanya ukusebenzisa amandla obushushu kunye noomatshini kwi-foam ukuyiguqula ibe ngamasuntswana axineneyo ngakumbi kwaye kulula ukuwaphatha.
  • Kwakhona Iindlela ezintsha zokunyibilikisa i-foam kwii-solvents ezahlukeneyo ziyafundwa ukuququzelela ukuphathwa kwayo.

Indawo apho isikhokho esimhlophe sihlaziywa khona sisikhongozeli esimthubi. Njengoko sonke siyazi, isixa esikhulu senkunkuma yeplastiki, iitoti, iitreyi ze-aluminium, iingxowa zeplastiki, njl njl. Yiyo loo nto eyona ndawo ilungileyo yokugcina inkunkuma yepolexpan sisikhongozeli esimthubi. Iinkampani ezirisayikilishwayo ziza kuyichitha kwakamsinyane kwaye zenze ukusetyenziswa okutsha kwayo.

Icandelo lesikhokho eSpain

Njengoko besitshilo, iSpain yenye yabakhiqizi abakhulu be-cork emhlabeni, kwaye amahlathi e-oki aphambili afumaneka kunxweme lweMeditera, e-Extremadura naseAndalusia. Ishishini le<em>cork lishishini elikhethekileyo elinceda neentlobo-ntlobo zezityalo nezilwanyana eziphilayo, kuba ukunyamalala kwe<em>cork oak kuya kubangela umonakalo omkhulu kwimekobume. Njengokuba, iintlobo ngeentlobo zezinto eziphilayo zamakhulu ezilwanyana nezityalo ziya kuchaphazeleka, okusingqongileyo kwendalo kuya kuba sesichengeni ngakumbi sokhukuliseko kunye nokuba yintlango, amandla okufunxa icarbon dioxide aya kulahleka, izinga lengqesho kwiindawo ezisemaphandleni liya kuncipha, okanye indawo entle yeMeditera iya kutshatyalaliswa.

Ngokomntu ophetheyo, bamalunga nama-3.000 abasebenzi kweli shishini. Ukongeza ekuveliseni i-bottle caps (i-85% ye-turnover), amashishini ahlukeneyo asebenzisa i-cork kwiipropati zayo zokukhusela, i-buoyancy kunye nokukhanya.

Ukurisayikilishwa kwepolyexpan

Emva kokuba siqonde apho isikhokho esimhlophe sasilahlwe khona, saqalisa ukuqonda indlela esebenza ngayo inkqubo yokubuyisela izikhokho ezimhlophe. Okwangoku, kukho iindlela eziya kuthi zintathu zokuphinda zisetyenziswe isikhokho esimhlophe.

Eyangaphambili yeyona idumileyo kwaye sele ikwimveliso iminyaka emininzi. Le ndlela ibandakanya ukwahlula i-cork emhlophe kwiindawo ezincinci. Esona sizathu siphambili kukuba kwixesha elizayo iinxalenye ezincinci ezitsha ziya kudityaniswa ukuze zenze iibhloko ezintsha ze-cork ezimhlophe. Kufuneka kuqatshelwe ukuba le nkqubo yenye yezona zinto zikhawulezayo kwaye zisebenza kakhulu ngokubhekiselele kuhlaziyo.

Kufanelekile ukukhankanya ukuba, xa kuthelekiswa nenkqubo yangaphambili, kwiimeko ezininzi kuqikelelwa ukuba i-50% yeebhloko ezintsha ze-cork ezimhlophe ziya kuphinda zisetyenziswe izithinteli ze-cork. Ngale ndlela siqhubeka nengxoxo yethu yendlela yesibini. Inkqubo isekelwe ekuxininiseni koomatshini.

Ekugqibeleni, kuqaliswa indlela yokusebenzisa imichiza njengezinyibilikisi. Unenjongo efanayo nendlela yangaphambili, esebenzisa imichiza ukuququzelela ukuthuthwa kwe-cork entsha emhlophe.

Ndiyathemba ukuba ngolu lwazi unokufunda ngakumbi malunga nendlela yokuphinda usebenzise i-cork emhlophe.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

Shiya uluvo lwakho

Idilesi yakho ye email aziyi kupapashwa.

*

*

  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.