Amandla omoya ngo-2017 kunye noqikelelo luka-2018

amandla omoya

Kunyaka ophelileyo, amandla omoya ngo-2017 ibingowesibini umthengisi yenkqubo yamandla yelizwe lethu. I-23 GW yamandla omoya ivelise ngaphezulu kwe-47 TWh, ebimele malunga ne-20% yombane uwonke osetyenzisiweyo.

Amandla omoya ebekhona iziphathe kakuhle, ngokubonelela ngombane ongaphezulu okanye ongaphantsi kunowama-2016

Ipaki ye-eolico

Amandla omoya

Okwangoku, kukho ngaphezulu kwe-20.000 iiturbine zomoya ezifakwe eSpain, zisasazwa ngaphezulu kwe-1.000 yeefama zomoya. Ubukhulu becala banayo ziphatha Ukugqwesa kwiintsuku eziphambili.

NgokukaRed Eléctrica Española (REE), irekhodi lokuveliswa kwamandla omoya lenzeka ngoDisemba 27, 2017, ngemveliso ye-330 GWh, eyile Itekhnoloji yokuqala kumxube wokuveliswa, kunye nokufunwa kombane ngama-47%.

Ngapha koko, uDisemba 2017 uphele eyinyanga kaDisemba nge isizukulwana ngakumbi amandla omoya wembali.

iifama zomoya

Ngaphandle kwalo mnikelo wamandla omoya ngoDisemba ophelileyo, ixabiso eliphakathi lemarike yombane ngele lifike kwi-20 / MWh ephezulu, ke inyusa Ukuveliswa komoya kuthetha ukonga i-30-35% xa kuthelekiswa nonyaka ophelileyo (Malunga ne- € 400 yezigidi)

Kukwakhona amashishini angama-210 asasazeke kulo lonke ilizwe laseSpain, ebeka iSpain njengomvelisi wesine ngobukhulu emhlabeni. Ngelishwa ngenxa yemimiselo ye- Iqela elidumileyo, la maziko anikezele yonke imisebenzi yawo kumazwe angaphandle.

Umoya wonxweme

Ukusukela kunyaka ophelileyo, icandelo lomoya laseSpain liyonyusa kwintengiso yomoya elunxwemeni. Ukusuka kwiQonga leTekhnoloji yeCandelo laMandla oMoya waseSpain, i-REOLTEC, uphando, uphuhliso kunye nezenzo zokuyila ziye zahlanganiswa zalungelelaniswa zaphendula iimfuno yecandelo lomoya laseSpain. Kwi-2017, ukusebenzisana kwi-R & D & i phakathi kwamacandelo oluntu kunye namashishini anyukile kwimakethi enokhuphiswano oluninzi, ukuququzelela isikhundla sayo kumandla omoya aselunxwemeni kushishino lomoya waseSpain.

Ifama yomoya kude nonxweme yokufumana amandla ahlaziyekayo

Iifandesi ezihlaziyiweyo

Ukuhambelana nemiyalelo yaseYurophu, urhulumente wenze iifandesi ezi-3 ezivuselelekayo, ezimbini ngo-2017 kunye nomnye ngo-2016. Ezi zinike ukhuthazo olubalulekileyo kwicandelo lamandla omoya waseSpain emva kweminyaka embalwa edlulileyo apho kuphela i-65 MW yamandla omoya ifakiwe.

Imbali yamandla omoya kunye neeMill

Ukutshintsha kwamandla

Ukuhlangabezana nomceli mngeni wokucwangcisa utshintsho lwamandla, I-AEE ulungiselele uhlalutyo oluqokelela indawo yecandelo ngokubhekisele kuqulunqo loMthetho woTshintsho lweMozulu kunye noTshintsho lwaMandla.

Ngenxa yohlalutyo lwe I-AEE, amandla omoya afakelwe ngo-2020 ayakufikelela kwi-28.000 MW (kuthathelwa ingqalelo iifandesi ezintsha esele zinikiwe kunye nesabelo somoya waseCanarian), ukuze amandla omoya anyuke nge-1.700 MW ngonyaka ngokomndilili phakathi kokuphela kuka-2017 nasekuqaleni 2020.

Ukufakwa kwe Windmill

Kule minyaka ilishumi ilandelayo iya kunyuka nge-1.200 MW ngonyaka kude kube ngu-2030, ukufikelela i-40 GW yamandla afakiweyo.

Enkosi kwezi jini zomoya zintsha zivela kufundo lwe I-AEEUkukhutshwa kwecandelo lombane laseSpain kuya kuncitshiswa nge-2020% ngo-30 xa kuthelekiswa no-2005 (unyaka wesalathiso wenkqubo yokurhweba yokukhutshwa kweYurophu, i-ETS kwisicatshulwa sayo ngesiNgesi) nangaphezulu kwama-40% ngo-2030.

Ngokutsho kwe IPREPA, Ukongeza, umxube wombane waseSpain ungafikelela kwi-100% yokugubungela ibango ngo-2040, 40% ngo-2020, 62% ngo-2030 no-92% ngo-2040.

Imiceli mngeni kwikamva

  • A Umxube wombane elungeleleneyo.
  • Ukulungelelaniswa kwemizimba eyahlukeneyo enobuchule boku inqanaba lesizwe kunye nokuzimela kwamandla.
  • Fumana ibhalansi phakathi kokunciphisa iindleko zombane kunye notyalo mali lwexesha elizayo. Iindlela kuya kufuneka zifumaneke ukwenzela ukuba imeko uzinzeezinjengeekhontrakthi zexesha elide zamazwe amabini okanye iihedges zamaxabiso.
  • Ukuseka inkqubo-sikhokelo yolawulo oluzinzileyo evumela umtsalane utyalo mali iyimfuneko.
  • Kwimeko yeziqithi zeCanarian, kubalulekile ukubheja kumandla omoya ukunciphisa iindleko zokuvelisa kwezi ziqithi (okwangoku iindleko ngaphezu kokuphindwe kabini kunokuba usingasiqithi, ngenxa yokuxhomekeka kwizibaso).
  • Ezona njongo ziphambili zophando zijolise ekunciphiseni iindleko nasekuphuculeni umgangatho wemveliso, ukudityaniswa kwenethiwekhi kwiimeko ezifanelekileyo zokhuseleko nokuthembeka, kunye nokuphucula inkqubo yemveliso. Konke oku kufuneka kube siseko ukugcina iSpain njengenkokeli kwitekhnoloji ye-offshore kunye nokuseka iimeko eziyimfuneko zokuphunyezwa kwamandla omoya elwandle.

Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.