Amandla elanga anokulawula izinto ezivuselelekayo ngo-2030

Amandla esola

Malunga namandla acocekileyo, i amandla yelanga, emngciphekweni wophuhliso olukhawulezileyo kule minyaka mihlanu idlulileyo, ihlala isezantsi kwihlabathi liphela, isemva kakhulu amandla umoya, i-biomass ngakumbi i-hydropower. Ndiyabulela kwinkqubela phambili yezobuchwephesha kunye nokuqhubela phambili kwezobuchwephesha, amandla elanga kungenzeka ukuba ngawona mandla acocekileyo nahlaziyekayo anomda omkhulu wokuqhubela phambili phakathi kwangoku nakwiminyaka embalwa ezayo, kunye namandla ezinokwenzeka ukuba ngumthombo wokuqala wamandla eluntwini, phambi kwale nkulungwane.

Ngokwemigaqo iipaneli iisola lungelozi, izinga lokuguqulwa kokukhanya libe ngumbane yinto ephambili kuphuhliso kunye nenzuzo. Lo mqobo uphakamileyo usandula ukudlula kwi-46%, irekhodi elitsha lehlabathi. Lo mgangatho uphunyezwe iseli yelanga ngokudibeneyo iphuhliswe yi-CEA-Leti, inkampani yaseFrance iSoitec, kunye neFraunhofer Institute yezinkqubo zamandla elanga eJamani.

Ngokuchasene ne- iipaneli lungelozi ezisetyenziswa ngokubanzi namhlanje, ezi seli zintsha azenziwanga nge-silicon, kodwa zisebenzisa ezinye iisemiconductors, ezivela kwizinto ezibizwa ngokuba yi-III-V kuba zenziwe izinto imichiza ibekwe phakathi kwekholamu yesithathu neyesihlanu yetafile yamaxesha kaMendeleev.

Ezi zintsha abaqokeleli Ukusebenza okuphezulu kweepaneli zelanga zenziwe yinto ephezulu yokumahlula, nganye nganye iphendula ekukhanyeni kubude obuthile. Olunye uncedo, olu hlobo lutsha lweseli yelanga lunokuveliswa ngoncedo lwe te knoloji ilawulwa ngokugqibeleleyo ngumzi mveliso kangangeminyaka engama-20. Ezi seli ze-III-V ke zinokusetyenziselwa ubukhulu becala kwizityalo ezikhulu zelanga ezikwiindawo ezishushu okanye entlango ezinazo ilanga ngqo.

Ukusetyenziswa okwenyani, ebaleni, ukusebenza kuya kuba sezantsi kancinci, kodwa kufanele kudlule kwi-40%. Ireyithi ye- ukuguqulwa amandla ngaphezulu kwenqanaba langoku le-25% yeeseli zokugqibela kwisilicon.

Ngokwenxalenye yayo, iqela AIntlungu thaca ubuchule bayo bamvanje kwiiveki ezimbalwa ezidlulileyo, a ibhayisikobho lukhanylo ibhityile kwaye i-organic ekufuneka ivumele ixesha elide ukuba iguqule imiphezulu emininzi, kungasetyenziswanga okwangoku, kwiipaneli zelanga ezivelisa umbane.

Ukudweba ekusebenzeni kwakhe kweinki kunye nokushicilela ubuchwepheshe, Zixhobo iphuhlise indibaniselwano neCambrios Technologies, a ibhayisikobho eziphilayo lukhanylo. Ibhityile kakhulu, inokuziqhelanisa nalo naluphi na uhlobo lobuso. Ngokuqinisekileyo, le filimu yelanga ngoku inentsebenzo ephindwe kabini enesiqingatha kunepaneli yeklasikhi, kodwa oku kukhubazeka ikakhulu kuhlawulwa ngokulula kwemveliso kunye nofakelo.

Ngala iifilimu iisola bhetyebhetye, Singacinga ukuba wonke umntu uya kuba nakho, kwiminyaka embalwa ukusukela ngoku, ukuvelisa ngokulula nangokusisigxina amandla ombane afunekayo okusetyenziselwa izinto ezincinci, ezinjengezo zeetheminali kunye izixhobo zombane ngombane umzekelo. Ngapha koko, ngokuchasene neephaneli zangoku ze-silicon eziqinileyo, ezi bhanyabhanya ziguquguqukayo azisebenzisi mhlaba unqabileyo, ukukhutshwa kwawo kubeka umngcipheko wokudinwa kwiminyaka embalwa.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.