Yintoni uxanduva lokusetyenziswa

Yintoni uxanduva lokusetyenziswa

Xa kuziwa ekulondolozeni okusingqongileyo, i ukusetyenziswa ngokufanelekileyo ngumba osisiseko kwinxalenye yoluntu. Siyaqonda ukusetyenziswa okunoxanduva njengesimo sengqondo sabathengi kunye nabasebenzisi, oku kuthetha ukusetyenziswa ngokuqaphela kunye nokugxeka, okunokusebenzisa ngokufanelekileyo izixhobo ezikhoyo xa kuthengwa iimveliso okanye iinkonzo zokurenta kunye nasekhaya.

Kweli nqaku siza kukuxelela into enoxanduva lokusetyenziswa, yintoni ukubaluleka kwayo kunye neempawu zayo.

Yintoni uxanduva lokusetyenziswa

ukusetyenziswa ngokufanelekileyo

Ukongeza ekuqondeni amalungelo abo, abathengi abanoxanduva kunye nabasebenzisi nabo bakhokelwa yimigangatho yentlalo kunye nokusingqongileyo ukuze benze indawo efanelekileyo kubo bonke kunye nokuqinisekisa ukusetyenziswa okunempembelelo encinci kokusingqongileyo. Injongo kukuphucula ubomi kwesi sijikelezi-langa. Yiba negalelo kumgangatho wobomi babantu behlabathi nakwizizukulwana ezizayo.

Ukusetyenziswa okunoxanduva kusekelwe kwimilinganiselo emibini, eyile, ukusebenzisa kancinci kwaye into esiyidlayo izinzileyo kwaye iyasixhasa kangangoko sinakho. Esi simo sengqondo sisekwe njengenye yemigaqo ekhokelayo yemigaqo-nkqubo yoluntu "kuMthetho wokuZimela waseAndalusia". Isiseko esisemthethweni sokusetyenziswa okunoxanduva kunye nemveliso ezinzileyo inokufumaneka kumanqaku e-191 kunye ne-193 yeSivumelwano sokuSebenza se-EU.

Ukuthenga kuthetha ukwanelisa iimfuno okanye iimfuno, kodwa kuphinda kusebenze uthotho lweenkqubo zoqoqosho, ezentlalo nezokusingqongileyo. Ngaloo ndlela, ukwenza oku ngenkathalo kuthetha ukuthenga into etyiwayo nengatyiwayo; yintoni ukufumaneka kwethu ngokwenene kwezoqoqosho, kwaye emva koko ukhethe iimveliso, kungekhona nje ngexabiso okanye umgangatho wazo, kodwa nangenxa yokuba bayayihlonela imo engqongileyo kuba iinkampani ezizivelisayo zilawulwa yimigaqo yamalungelo oluntu kunye nobulungisa bentlalo.

Ukongeza, ukusetyenziswa ngokufanelekileyo sisimo sengqondo esinokuthi sisetyenziswe ekhaya nakwindlela yokuphila. Ekukhathaleleni nasekuphuculeni okusingqongileyo, abemi kufuneka bafake uxanduva lwabo njengabantu ngabanye. Iintshukumo ezilula ezifana nokonga umbane, ubushushu, amanzi okanye amafutha angaphucula umgangatho wobomi ekuhlaleni.

Iimpawu eziphambili

Yintoni ukusetyenziswa okunoxanduva kwaye kwenzelwa ntoni?

Nje ukuba sazi ukuba yintoni into efanelekileyo yokusebenzisa, masibone ukuba zeziphi ezona mpawu ziphambili:

  • Yiyo yenziwe zingqondweni kuba icwangciswe kwangaphambili, ibeka inkululeko yokuzikhethela phambi kwentengiso kunye nokunyanzeliswa koxinzelelo lwefashoni.
  • Kubalulekile kuba ibuza ngeemeko zentlalo nezendalo apho imveliso okanye inkonzo iveliswa phantsi kwayo.
  • Ilungile, kwaye isekwe kumaxabiso anjengoxanduva, ubungqongqo njengenye indlela yokuchitha inkcitho kunye nokuthenga okanye ukuhlonelwa kwamalungelo abavelisi kunye nokusingqongileyo.
  • Yindalo kwaye ugweme ukuchitha izibonelelo zendalo, kuba imveliso yobuninzi iya kunciphisa indalo.
  • Kusempilweni kuba ikhuthaza indlela yokuphila esekwe kukutya okusempilweni kunye nokulinganayo kunye nokuthengwa kweemveliso ezisemgangathweni ezihloniphayo okusingqongileyo.
  • Izinzileyo, kuba ukunciphisa ukusetyenziswa okungadingekile kunokuphucula umgangatho wobomi kwiplanethi kunye nokulinganisela kokusingqongileyo, kwaye kuya kuvelisa inkunkuma encinci.
  • Iyaxhasa, kuba imanyene nabanye abantu kunye nezizukulwana ezizayo, kuba amalungelo abo bangaphambili ayahlonitshwa kwaye amalungelo abo aqinisekisiwe.
  • Es ubulungisa kwezentlalo ngenxa yokuba isekelwe kwimigaqo yokungacalucalulo kunye nokungaxhatshazwa.
  • Inamandla okutshintsha kwentlalo. Abathengi banesakhono sokuguqula indlela yokuziphatha yabathengi esulungekileyo ibe yindlela yokuziphatha yabemi bokwenyani. Ngale ndlela, ngokusebenzisa izijeziso zemihla ngemihla, kunokwenzeka ukufaka isandla kwiinguqu ezibalulekileyo kwimithetho kunye neepatheni zemveliso yoluntu kunye nokusetyenziswa.
  • El Amandla oluntu anoxanduva ukuyila izithethe zokwenza uqoqosho luzinze, luxhase kwaye luhloniphe amalungelo oluntu, kodwa ukhetho olungenankathalo okanye indlela yosetyenziso ngumthengi ngamnye.

Ukusetyenziswa koxanduva kuluntu

ukunyamekela imo

Indlela esitya ngayo ngunobangela kunye nesiphumo seengxaki ezininzi zokusingqongileyo ezijongene neplanethi namhlanje: ukugawulwa kwamahlathi, ukuhlasela kweplastiki, ukutshintsha kwemozulu kunye nokulahleka kweentlobo-ntlobo zezinto eziphilayo, ngoko ke senza izigqibo ezincinci malunga nokuba sitye ntoni, sithenge phi okanye singakanani na yonke imihla. Kubaluleke ngakumbi kunokuba sicinga.

Iinkampani ziye uxanduva olubalulekileyo ekuthinteleni imithombo yongcolisekoNangona kunjalo, babheja ngokuqhubeka nokwenza okufanayo kuba yile nto kanye abathengi babo abayifunayo.

Imigangatho esisiseko yokusetyenziswa ngendlela efanelekileyo yile: urhwebo lwasekhaya, ikharbon dayokhsayidi ephantsi (CO2), umgama osondeleyo phakathi kwabavelisi kunye nabathengi; iinkqubo zemveliso ezihlonipha okusingqongileyo, basebenzisa iqanda okanye imichiza emincinane, bakhuthaza ukwahlukahlukana kwezinto eziphilayo kunye nokukhusela umhlaba Amanzi asebenzayo, azinzileyo, ulawulo nokugcinwa kwenkqubo yendalo, kunye nokunciphisa ukupakishwa; urhwebo olunobulungisa nolunoxanduva lwentlalo, ukuqinisekisa intlonipho yenkcubeko, iimeko ezilungileyo zokusebenza kunye neenkqubo ezibandakanyayo nedemokhrasi zokwenza izigqibo kubudlelwane boshishino olusekwe elubala.

Izigqibo kunye nesazela

Kukangaphi sijonga konke oku ngaphambi kokuthenga? Kukangaphi sithanda ukwenza iiparithi zokutya kwimarike yasekhaya ukuxhasa uqoqosho losapho okanye uthungelwano lwamafama? Sijonga ukuba le mveliso ayinayo iplastiki elahlwayo, ngaba sikhetha iivenkile ezinkulu? Ngaba siyakhathala ukuba iimveliso esizithengayo ziveliswa ngeendleko zokuxhaphazwa ngokugqithiseleyo kwemithombo yendalo kunye nabantu abahluphekileyo kweli lizwe?

Ezi zigqibo zenza umahluko phakathi inkqubo yokuvelisa uxanduva esekelwe kwiimfuno zangempela zabemi kunye nenkqubo yokuvelisa ngeendleko zokuphuhliswa kwempahla yendalo, inkcubeko kunye nomsebenzi wabantu abahlala emaphandleni okanye iimeko ezihlwempuzekileyo zokuphila.

Kufuneka sicamngce ngezi meko rhoqo, baqonde, qinisekisa ukuba zeziphi ezinye iindlela ezingcono zokusingqongileyo kwaye ziqale ukutshintsha izigqibo zethu, kuba le mbalelwano phakathi kwezigqibo zequmrhu kunye nezigqibo zokuthenga zityhila amandla abathengi.

Njengoko ubona, kusezandleni zethu ukuba sikwazi ukwenza ukusetyenziswa okuchanekileyo okuchanekileyo ukonakalisa okusingqongileyo kubomi bethu bemihla ngemihla. Ndiyathemba ukuba ngolu lwazi unokufunda ngakumbi malunga nokuba yintoni usetyenziso olunoxanduva kunye nokubaluleka kwalo kulondolozo lwendalo esingqongileyo.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.