Yintoni umahluko phakathi kokusetyenziswa kwakhona kunye nokurisayikilisha?

Uthini umahluko phakathi kokusetyenziswa kwakhona kunye nokurisayikilisha

Ngelixa amagama asetyenziswa kwakhona kunye nokuphinda asetyenziswe ehlala esetyenziswa ngokutshintshanayo, kubalulekile ukuqonda umahluko phakathi kwawo. Ukurisayikilisha kubandakanya ukudilizwa kwemveliso kwimathiriyeli eyiyo kwaye emva koko isebenzise ezo mathiriyeli ukwenza iimveliso ezintsha. Kwelinye icala, ukusetyenziswa kwakhona kubandakanya ukusebenzisa i-asethi ekhoyo kwinjongo entsha. Abantu abaninzi bayazibuza Uthini umahluko phakathi kokusetyenziswa kwakhona kunye nokurisayikilisha.

Ke ngoko, kweli nqaku siza kukuxelela ukuba yintoni umahluko phakathi kokusetyenziswa kwakhona kunye nokurisayikilisha.

Umahluko phakathi kokusetyenziswa kwakhona kunye nokurisayikilisha

Phinda usetyenziswe

Ingxoxo yangoku phakathi kwabathandabuzayo kunye nabathetheleli ijikeleza kumbuzo wokuba ingaba ukurisayikilishwa kwakhona, okwafumana ukuthandwa ngoo-1980, ngenene kuyinzuzo kwindalo esingqongileyo. Izinto eziluncedo zokurisayikilisha kwinqanaba elisisiseko ziyabonakala: yehlisa umthamo wenkunkuma etshisiweyo okanye egalelwe umhlaba, ngelixa igcina ubutyebi bomhlaba obunokuphela., ezifunyanwa ngeendlela zokutsalwa eziyingozi kwindalo esingqongileyo. Nangona kunjalo, kubalulekile ukuqonda ukuba ukurisayikilishwa kwakhona akukho ziphumo zokusingqongileyo.

Ngelixa ukusebenzisa kwakhona iintambo ezikhoyo kunika isisombululo se-100% esihambelana nokusingqongileyo, ukuthutha iimveliso ezinokuphinda zisetyenziswe kwiilori zazisa imfuno yamandla kunye nokuveliswa kongcoliseko. Ukongeza, inkqubo yokuhlaziya ngokwayo ifuna amandla ongezelelweyo kwaye iphumela ekuveliseni ungcoliseko njengoko imveliso iguqulwa ibuyele kwizinto eziluhlaza.

Kubalulekile ukuqwalasela iindidi zeemveliso ezinokuthi zenziwe ngezinto ezihlaziyiweyo. Ukuphinda kusetyenziswe i-loop evaliweyo, njengaxa ibhotile yeplastiki iguqulwa ibe yenye ibhotile yeplastiki, iyasebenza kakhulu kwaye ivumela ukuqhubeka okungapheliyo kwenkqubo. Nangona kunjalo, i-loop evaliweyo ihlala iphazamiseka xa izinto zihlaziywa zibe yimveliso engathandekiyo engasakwazi ukuphinda isetyenziswe. Umzekelo, ibhotile yeplastiki iphinda isetyenziswe ukwenza imicu yeplastiki yempahla.

Ukusebenza kwamanyathelo okuhlaziya

phinda usebenzise izinto

Ngelixa iqhinga lokuphinda lisetyenziswe lihlala lihambelana nokusingqongileyo, okufanayo akunakuthethwa ngokurisayikilishwa. Ukusebenza kokurisayikilisha kohluka kakhulu ngokwendawo, njengoko imimiselo, iinkqubo kunye nezibonelelo zahlukile kwilizwe nelizwe, urhulumente nelizwe, kunye nomasipala ngomasipala. Umahluko phakathi kwamazinga okurisayikilisha unokuba mkhulu kakhulu. Idatha ye-Eurostat esuka kwi-2016 ibonisa ukuba I-Sweden iphinde yarisayikilisha phantse i-50% yenkunkuma yayo, ngelixa i-Romania ikwazile ukurisayikilisha malunga ne-13%.

Ukongeza, uhlobo lwemathiriyeli eyenziwa ngokutsha yinto ebalulekileyo ekufuneka iqwalaselwe. Ialuminiyam, umzekelo, isebenza kakuhle kakhulu kwaye ifuna malunga nama-90% amandla angaphantsi xa iveliswa kwizinto ezisetyenzisiweyo. Ngakolunye uhlangothi, iglasi ehlaziyiweyo inikezela kuphela malunga nokunciphisa i-20% ekusebenziseni amandla.

I-EPRA, umbutho ongenzi nzuzo, ibonelela ngeenkqubo ezilawulwayo zokurisayikilishwa kwee-elektroniki ezingafunwayo. Injongo yayo kukurisayikilisha iintambo neengcingo ngokukhupha iintsimbi ezixabisekileyo kwaye kuthathelwe ingqalelo amalungu angeyiyo isinyithi njengenkunkuma.

Ukurisayikilisha akuquki zonke iintlobo zenkunkuma

Ayiyiyo yonke inkunkuma eyenziwa ngokutsha, njengoko kukhankanyiwe ngasentla. Xa imibutho itshintshela kwitekhnoloji ye-IP, bahlala beyifumanisa iyimfuneko yokuphucula iziseko zabo zekhebhula ukuxhasa iisiphelo zabo. Umzekelo, makhe sibe nomfanekiso-ngqondweni wenkampani ejonge ukutshintsha iziseko zayo zefowuni zangoku. Le nkampani isebenza ngaphakathi indawo engama-40.000 yonyawo lwesikwere kwaye iqeshe abantu abangama-200. Kule meko, malunga nama-22,000 eenyawo zocingo zinokuphelela kwindawo yokulahla inkunkuma.

Kwelinye icala, izibonelelo ezinkulu, ezinjengeenqanawa zokuhamba ngenqanawa, inokuba neemitha ezingama-750.000 zentambo yomnxeba, ivelise ngaphezulu kweetoni ezili-11 zenkunkuma.. Kubalulekile ukuqaphela ukuba iindawo ezininzi zokuphela kwe-IoT azifuni i-bandwidth ephezulu, ukwenza ukuphuculwa kwe-Ethernet cabling entsha yinkcitho kunye nomthwalo wokusingqongileyo.

NgokweNgxelo ye-Environmental ye-EPRA ka-2017, umbutho ugxininisa ukuba awona mandla abalulekileyo okubuyisela ixabiso lezixhobo ezisetyenzisiweyo kusesenzo sokuphinda zisetyenziswe kwaye ziphinde zisetyenziswe. Ngelishwa, amashishini amaninzi athambekele ekulahleni amaziko awo amiselweyo, athembekileyo ukuze amkele i-Intanethi yeZinto.

Yintoni ukusetyenziswa kwakhona kunye neenzuzo zayo

Sebenzisa kwakhona

Isenzo sokuphinda sisetyenziswe sibandakanya ukusetyenziswa kwento okanye imathiriyeli ngenjongo enokuthi ifane nenjongo yayo yantlandlolo okanye eyahlukileyo. Le nkqubo isenokuquka ukuguqulwa, ukuphuculwa, okanye ukulungisa loo nto, ngaloo ndlela isongezela ukusebenziseka kwayo nokulondoloza ubuncwane obuxabisekileyo. Intelekelelo kunye nobuchule bokuyila budlala indima ebalulekileyo kolu qheliselo, ngokuqhelekileyo lubandakanya iindlela ezahlukeneyo zobugcisa. Ngokomzekelo, emva kokutya i-cocoa cream yakho, Ungaphinda usebenzise ingqayi engenanto njengesibambi sepensile, isiphatho sekhandlela okanye njengesikhongozeli esitsha sokutya.

Kukho iinzuzo ezininzi ezinxulumene nokusebenza kwakhona. Ngokuqwalasela usetyenziso olulolunye olunokubakho kuyo nayiphi na imveliso phambi kokuba uyilahle, unokuba negalelo kulondolozo lwendalo esingqongileyo, ukugcinwa kobutyebi kunye nokugcinwa kwamandla.

Ngokunciphisa ukuveliswa kwenkunkuma, wandisa ngokufanelekileyo ubomi beendawo zokulahla inkunkuma ngelixa uphepha imfuno entsha. Ngaphandle koko, Isebenza njengenyathelo lothintelo ngokuchasene nongcoliseko kunye nomonakalo we-ikholoji onokuthi ngenye indlela ube nesiphumo sokutsalwa kobutyebi obutsha.

Ngokuyeka ukusebenzisa amafutha, amanzi kunye nemathiriyeli ngexesha lokudalwa kwemveliso entsha, unegalelo elibonakalayo ekukhuleni koqoqosho lwesizwe. Le ndlela inciphisa ngokufanelekileyo imfuno yokuthenga iimveliso ezongezelelweyo, ngaloo ndlela inciphisa iindleko. Lo msebenzi uthile awunagalelo ekukhutshweni kwegesi ye-greenhouse.

Yintoni ukurisayikilishwa kunye neenzuzo zayo

Inkqubo yokurisayikilisha ibandakanya ukuguqula izinto ezisetyenzisiweyo zibe yimveliso entsha, evumela ukuba zisetyenziswe kwakhona. Oku kubandakanya izinto ezahlukeneyo ezifana neglasi, iphepha, iplastiki, ialuminiyam, nokunye.

Ngokunciphisa ukwenziwa kwenkunkuma, Ubomi obuluncedo beendawo zokulahla inkunkuma bude kwaye imfuno yokumisela iindawo ezintsha zokulahla inkunkuma iyaphetshwa. Ukongeza, isebenza njengokhuselo ngokuchasene nongcoliseko kunye nomonakalo owenziwe kwi-ikhosistim ovela ekutsalweni kobutyebi obutsha.

Ukurisayikilisha akugcinanga amandla nje kuphela kodwa kukwangqina ukuba yeyona ndlela inenzuzo enkulu ekuveliseni imathiriyeli emitsha. Ukongeza, idlala indima ebalulekileyo ekuxhaseni uqoqosho lwasekhaya, njengoko amaziko athile okurisayikilisha ade anike inkuthazo yemali kubantu abazisa imathiriyeli enokuphinda isetyenziswe.

Ndiyathemba ukuba ngolu lwazi unokufunda ngakumbi malunga nomahluko phakathi kokusetyenziswa kwakhona kunye nokurisayikilisha.


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