Yintoni enokurisayikilishwa kumabonakude?

oomabonakude

Oomabonakude bakudala bakho kuyo yonke indawo ezindlini, nakumashishini nakwiinkampani ezininzi kwihlabathi liphela. Ezi zixhobo zombane, ezisebenza njengowona mthombo wolwazi nolonwabo, zinenjongo eyahlukileyo. Umbuzo ke uvela wokuba yintoni enokurisayikilishwa kumabonakude.

Kweli nqaku siza kukubonisa into enokurisayikilishwa kumabonakude.

Inkunkuma evela kumabonakude

iTV eyaphukileyo

Izityalo ezigunyazisiweyo zifunwa ngumthetho ukuba zisetyenziswe ngokutsha zonke izixhobo zombane ngenxa yobukho bezinto ezinobungozi kokusingqongileyo nakwimpilo efana nephosphorus, imekyuri kunye necadmium. Kule meko, iinkampani ezikhethekileyo zivela ezenza imali ekuhlaziyweni koomabonakude bakudala, ukufumana inzuzo yezoqoqosho ngokufunyanwa kwezinto ezintsha nezinokusetyenziswa ngokutsha.

Malunga nesiqingatha se-e-waste yehlabathi jikelele siquka izixhobo zobuqu, kuquka iikhompyutha, izikrini, ii-smartphones, iitafile kunye nomabonakude. Ukongeza kwiiyunithi zokufudumeza kunye ne-air conditioning, ezinye zenziwe ngezixhobo ezinkulu.

Ubalo lonyaka lwemveliso yezixhobo ezitsha luyothusa kakhulu. Ngaphaya koko, icandelo le-elektroniki alibonisi zimpawu zokucothisa ukwanda kwalo. Ngokwe-Ofisi yeZizwe eziManyeneyo yoPhuhliso lwezoShishino (UNIDO), ishishini lombane linoxanduva lokuvelisa iitoni ezingaphezu kwezigidi ezingama-40 zenkunkuma ye-elektroniki ngonyaka, eyaziwa ngokuba yi-WEEE (Inkunkuma yoMbane kunye neZixhobo zoMbane).

Izinga lokunyuka kulindeleke ukuba libe phakathi kwe-16% kunye ne-28% kwisithuba seminyaka emihlanu, ephantse ibe nkulu ngokuphindwe kathathu kunomthamo wenkunkuma oveliswa yimizi nganye. I-United States ne-China zinoxanduva lokuvelisa esona sixa sikhulu senkunkuma ye-elektroniki kwihlabathi jikelele, ngokuhlangeneyo inegalelo kwi-32% yetotali yenkunkuma ye-elektroniki eyenziweyo.

Rhoqo ngonyaka eSpeyin imarike igutyungelwa zizikhukula ezingaphezu kwesiqingatha sesigidi seetoni zezixhobo zombane neze-elektroniki, kubandakanywa noomabonakude abaninzi. ESpeyin Kuqikelelwa ukuba kuyimfuneko ukulawula ngokukuko ubuncinane iitoni ezingama-225.000 zenkunkuma ngonyaka.. Ngelishwa, oku akuyonyani. Ukubuyiswa okwaneleyo kunye nokurisayikilishwa kwayo yonke inkunkuma akufikelelwa.

Endaweni yokuba zihlaziywe ngokufanelekileyo, oomabonwakude abaninzi baphelela kwindawo yokulahla inkunkuma. Ishishini lokurisayikilisha liya likhangela izisombululo zokulawula le nkunkuma intsha kunye nokuphepha ukuncipha kobutyebi bendalo, ekugqibeleni kuthomalaliswe impembelelo yokusingqongileyo kunye nongcoliseko.

Yintoni enokurisayikilishwa kumabonakude

izikrini ezindala

Kubalulekile ukuqonda inkqubo yokurisayikilishwa kombane kwaye ube nezixhobo eziyimfuneko ukuze uzisebenzise ngokufanelekileyo. Zeziphi iinxalenye zikamabonwakude ezinokurisayikilishwa? Uninzi lwamacandelo afunyenwe koomabonakude anokuphinda asetyenziswe kwaye aquka uluhlu olubanzi lwamalungu:

  • La isikrini seglasi kunye neebhodi zeesekethe zangaphakathi.
  • Las Iibhokisi zangaphandle zenziwe ngeeplastiki ezahlukeneyo, ngelixa ingaphakathi liqulethe iintlobo ezahlukeneyo zenkunkuma yensimbi, kuquka ubhedu, ubhedu kunye ne-aluminium. Ukongeza, kukho izixa ezincinci zeentsimbi ezixabisekileyo ezifana negolide, isilivere kunye neplatinam.
  • Iintambo kunye namalungu ombane ezahlukeneyo ezingasetyenziswayo.

Inkqubo eqhelekileyo ibandakanya ukunyibilika kwezi zinyithi zibe ngamacandelo amatsha okanye iimveliso. Ngokufanayo, uninzi lweglasi efunyenwe kwizahlulo zinokuphinda zisetyenziswe kwaye ziphinde zisetyenziswe kwizicelo ezitsha ezahlukeneyo.

Ngokufanayo, iibhodi zeesekethe eziprintiweyo, eyaziwa ngokuba PCB, banokuphinda bangene kwiinkqubo zokurisayikilishwa ukuze bafumane iintsimbi ezixabisekileyo ezifana negolide, isilivere neplatinam. Nangona kunjalo, eyona ntsilelo ingundoqo yale ndlela yokurisayikilisha ziindleko zayo ezinkulu kunye nesidingo sokusetyenziswa kwamandla amaninzi.

Inkqubo yokurisayikilisha

Yintoni enokurisayikilishwa kumabonakude

Ngelixa inkqubo yokurisayikilisha kukamabonwakude ayintsonkothanga kakhulu, ifuna ukusetyenziswa kwezixhobo ezifanelekileyo zokurisayikilisha, itekhnoloji ephezulu kunye noomatshini bokuqinisekisa ukuphunyezwa kweeprothokholi zokhuseleko eziyimfuneko.

Kubalulekile ukukhumbula ukuba ayizizo zonke iithelevishini ezifanayo. Inkqubo esetyenziselwa ukwenza umabonakude weplasma, umzekelo, iyahluka kumabonakude wetyhubhu endala. Ngokuqhelekileyo, izigaba eziphambili ezibandakanyekayo kufakelo ngalunye lwe Ukurisayikilishwa kwakhona kuquka ingqokelela yoomabonakude abalahliweyo kwiindawo ezichongiweyo zokurisayikilisha kwiindawo ezahlukeneyo.

Ekufikeni kweendawo ezichongiweyo zokurisayikilishwa kwakhona, oomabonakude bafumana unyango kwaye bahlelwa njengenxalenye yesigaba sokuqala sokuqokelela. Ayingabo bonke oomabonakude abaphathwa ngokufanayo ngenxa yeempawu zabo ezahlukeneyo. Oomabonakude beDijithali, kubandakanywa oomabonakude beplasma, kunye noomabonakude be-analog, abanjengomabonakude betyhubhu yecathode, banezinto ezahlukeneyo, ezinye zazo ezinokuthi ziqulathe izinto eziyityhefu.

Xa udiliza umabonwakude, inyathelo lokuqala lidla ngokususa izikrini. Ubuchule obuthile obusetyenzisiweyo kulo msebenzi buyohluka ngokuxhomekeke kuhlobo lukamabonwakude oluqhawukayo. Ukuqhaqha umabonwakude we-analog, inyathelo lokuqala libandakanya ukususa zombini iKinetoscope kunye nobhedu ngaphakathi kwayo. Kubalulekile ukuba uqaphele ngexesha le nkqubo ngenxa yobukho beegesi ezinobungozi kunye nezinto ezinobuthi.. Ekugqibeleni, i-glass casing ye-kinetoscope iya kuphuka.

Inkqubo yokurisayikilishwa kwee-Smart TV, ezaziwa ngokuba ngoomabonakude bedijithali, yohlukile kwindlela yangaphambili. Endaweni yokuhlaziya iTV yonke, izikrini ngoku zahlulwe ngononophelo kwiiphaneli ezenza umabonwakude. Isikrini se-LCD, iibhodi ze-LED okanye ipaneli yangaphambili ziyasuswa kwaye zingaphinda zisetyenziswe kwezinye iithelevishini.

Inkqubo yokurisayikilisha intsonkothile ngakumbi xa isiza kwiibhodi zesekethe zombane, ezikwaziwa ngokuba ziiPCBs. La macandelo antsonkothileyo afuna ingqalelo ekhethekileyo ngenxa yokuntsonkotha kwawo. Njengenxalenye yenkqubo yokurisayikilisha, Ezi PCB zahlulwe ngononophelo kwezinye izinto, kubandakanywa izinto ezine-ferrous kunye ne-non-ferrous. Zakuba zahluliwe, ziyacunyuzwa ukuze kube lula ukuqhubekeka phambili.

Ukulandela iisekethe, iingcingo kunye noqhagamshelo zahlulwe ngobuchule ukuze kukhutshwe izinto ezixabisekileyo ezifana nobhedu kunye nobhedu, kunye nezinye izinto ezibalulekileyo.

Inkqubo yokutyumza

Ukubuyisela ngokufanelekileyo iindawo ezithile zeTV, kubandakanywa iibhodi ze-elektroniki kunye nesinyithi esilahlwayo kunye neplastiki ukusuka kwi-casings kunye neengcingo, inkqubo ekhethekileyo yokutyumza usebenzisa izixhobo ezikhethekileyo iyimfuneko. Igolide, isilivere kunye neplatinam zitsalwa ngokomlinganiselo omncinci kusetyenziswa iimagnethi kunye nezinye iinkqubo emva kokuba iPCB iphinda isetyenziswe.

Akukho mabonwakude unokuphinda asetyenziswe ngokupheleleyo, njengoko kukho iqhezu lezinto eziyingozi okanye iibhetri ekufuneka zithuthwe zisiwe kwiindawo ezikhethekileyo ukuze zilahlwe ngokufanelekileyo, njengoko zingenako ukuphinda zinyangwe.

Ndiyathemba ukuba ngolu lwazi unokufunda ngakumbi malunga nento enokuphinda isetyenziswe kumabonakude. oomabonakude


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