Umsebenzi weFly kwizinto eziphilayo

Umsebenzi weempukane kwindalo

Ngokuqinisekileyo ngamanye amaxesha okanye amaxesha amaninzi sicinge ukuba impukane ayinamsebenzi ngaphandle kokucaphukisa. Kwaye xa imozulu elungileyo ifika nenqanaba lentwasahlobo nehlobo sineengxaki zokuqhubeka kwesi sinambuzane sincinci sicaphukisayo. Nangona kunjalo, ungalibali ifayile ye- Umsebenzi weempukane kwindalo nokubaluleka kwayo kwezinye iintlobo ezininzi. Kuqhelekile ukubona ukuba iimpukane zizama ukuhlala ekutyeni kwethu kwaye zihamba ngokukhawuleza ukubaleka iinzame zethu zokubabulala. Nangona sicinga ukuba ayizizo izilwanyana eziyimfuneko, akukhuthazwa ukuba ubenzakalise kuba banomsebenzi obalulekileyo.

Kule nqaku siza kukuxelela ukuba yintoni umsebenzi wezinto eziphilayo kunye nokubaluleka kwazo.

Iimpawu eziphambili

ukubaluleka nomsebenzi wempukane kwindalo

Makhe siqale sithethe ngezinye zeempukane. Ukuba ukhe wayibona impukane iyonke, uya kubona ukuba banamehlo enziwe ngamawakawaka eempawu ezibuthathaka ekukhanyeni. Ke, ivumela ukuba babaleke ngokubhabha ebusweni balo naluphi na uhlobo lwengozi. Imilenze yabo icacisiwe amaxesha ama-3 kwaye iyabavumela ukuba bathambise umlomo kunye namehlo ngaloo ndlela uphawu lwezi zinambuzane. Umzimba wayo wahlulwe ngee-tagmas ezahlukeneyo eziyintloko, isifuba kunye nesisu.

Zizinye zezinambuzane ezimbalwa ezingenayo i-eriyali kodwa zinamaphiko amabini abizwa ngokuba ngamaphiko. Umlomo ukulungele ukuncanca, ukukhotha okanye ukuhlaba kodwa awukwazi ukuluma okanye ukuhlafuna. Kukho iintlobo zeempukane ezinokuluma. Lilizwe lethu kuphela elingaphaya kwama-50.000 eendidi ezichongiweyo ebonisa ukuba kukho iintlobo ezininzi zeempukane kwihlabathi liphela. Njengoko uyazi, iintlobo ezintsha zivela kwiminqamlezo eyahlukeneyo phakathi kweentlobo ezenzeka kwindalo yendalo.

Iimpukane zihlala zinobufutshane kodwa ziyasebenza. Phakathi kwenyanga kaMatshi nango-Agasti sifumana ixesha apho banakho ukuvelisa kwakhona ngezigidi kunye nezigidi zabantu. Kuya kufuneka sazi ukuba ekuhambeni konyaka akazukunyamalala okanye balale, kodwa endaweni yoko bayacothisa imijikelo yabo yobomi ngelixa belinde amaqondo obushushu aphezulu ukuba abeke kubomi obufanelekileyo ukuze bakwazi ukuvelisa ngesantya esiphezulu.

Kwiintlobo ezininzi zeempukane, Ukukhula kwayo kuza phakathi kweentsuku ezili-15 ukuya kwezi-25. Kwiimeko ezifanelekileyo impukane ingaphila ukuya kwiintsuku ezingama-60. Ngeli xesha banokubhabha, batye kwaye bavelise kwakhona kuba lelona nqanaba labantu abadala. Phambi kwenqanaba apho inokubhabha khona, kuye kwafuneka idlule kwamanye amanqanaba afana namaqanda, imibungu okanye amanye amanqanaba kuxhomekeke kudidi esilunyangayo.

Umsebenzi weFly kwizinto eziphilayo

Iintlobo zeempukane

Siza kwalatha ukuba yintoni umsebenzi wempukane kwindalo. Kwaye kukuba ezi zinambuzane zibaluleke kakhulu kunoko sikukholelwayo. Isishwankathelo sinokuthi ezi zinambuzane Zingumvumvuzelisi, zibola zezinto eziphilayo, zilawule izinambuzane kwaye zisebenze njengokutya kwezinye izilwanyana ezinobungozi. Umsebenzi we-fly kwi-ecosystems yahlulwe yazonke ezi zinto.

Nangona kubonakala ngathi akukho nto bayenzayo ngaphandle kokubhabha kunye nokungena ngaphakathi ekutyeni kwethu, ziluncedo kuthi sonke kuba banomsebenzi ofaka impova. Ingasetyenziselwa ukulawula ezinye izitshabalalisi, ngenxa yoko ingasinika izibonelelo ezinkulu zeendawo zendalo, izitiya kunye nezolimo. Enye into apho impukane incede abantu lihlabathi lemfuza. Ngombulelo kumjikelo wobomi obukhawulezileyo walezinambuzane, uMendel ukwazile ukubonisa ithiyori eziye zaguqula umhlaba wesayensi.

Siza kubona enye into ebalulekileyo yokusebenza kweempukane kwindalo.

Ukungcola izinambuzane

Owona msebenzi uphambili we-fly kunye ne-ecosystems ngumungu. Njengazo zonke izinambuzane ezifana neenyosi, iimpukane ziyindlela yokuhambisa umungu kwezinye iintlobo zezityalo. Lo mungu unamathela emilenzeni yabo nakumanye amalungu omzimba uze uzibeke kwezinye iintyatyambo xa zifika kuwo.. Olu hambo phakathi kweentyatyambo lukhokelela ekusasazeni inani elikhulu leentlobo zezityalo.

Kufuneka kuthathelwe ingqalelo ukuba iimpukane azityi ngqo kwi-pollen njengezinye iintlobo zezinambuzane, ke iinyosi zinenxalenye yalo msebenzi ubaluleke ngakumbi.

Izinto zokubola zezinto eziphilayo

iimpukane

Siyazi ukuba iwebhu yokutya inzima kakhulu kwaye kukho amanqanaba ahlukeneyo ngokuxhomekeke kwimisebenzi yento nganye ephilayo kwi-ecosystem. Iimpukane zinendima yokubola kwezilwanyana zezinto eziphilayo. Oku kuthetha ukuba ngexesha lesigaba sokubungu zizilwanyana ezinobuncwane. Oku kuthetha ukuba isondlo seempukane xa zingumbungu kunikwa ikakhulu ngentsalela yezinye izinto eziphilayo okanye eziphilayo, nokuba ziyintsalela yemifuno okanye yezilwanyana. Umzekelo, iimpukane ezibhabhayo zitya izidumbu zezilwanyana ezifileyo, lonke ilindle lezinye izilwanyana, iintsalela zamagqabi afileyo, njl.

Zikwasebenza njengokutya kwezinye izinto eziphilayo izidlo esinokutya. Oku kuyenza ibenomsebenzi obalulekileyo kulungelelwaniso lwendalo lwendalo. Zizivelisi zeentsholongwane, ngenxa yoko zinokusasaza ii-parasites kunye nezifo kwezinye izilwanyana. Lo msebenzi Inokuba yingozi ebantwini kuba ikwanokudlulisa izifo ezinjeni nasemahashe, izilwanyana ezikufutshane nabantu.

Indima yeempukane kwindalo: ulawulo lwezinambuzane

Umsebenzi obaluleke kakhulu wokubhabha kwindalo ephilayo kukulawula izinambuzane. Ezi zinambuzane zinoxanduva lokulawula ezinye zezilwanyana ezinobungozi kwizityalo nakwizilwanyana. Ezinye zezi zilwanyana zizi- mites, aphids, bed bugs, njl. Gcina ukhumbula ukuba Iimpukane zingaba zizonakalisi phantsi kweemeko ezithile.

Izinambuzane zezi zitya izinambuzane. Inani elikhulu leempukane kunye nezinye izinambuzane zeqela laseDiptera zezinye zezinto eziphambili zokutya kwezi zilwanyana.

Ndiyathemba ukuba ngolu lwazi ungafunda ngendima yeempukane kwindalo kunye nokubaluleka kwazo.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.