Ngaba ubutyebi obuveliswa ngokuvuselelwa bubalulekile kwi-GDP eSpain?

Ifandesi evuselelekayo

Ngethamsanqa, kunyaka ophelileyo, nakwiminyaka yesibini elandelelanayo, amandla aluhlaza andise igalelo labo kuqoqosho lwesizwe kwaye zathamba ngokukodwa amaxabiso entengiso yombane.

Ngelishwa, kwaye njengoko kuphawuliwe kweli phepha lewebhu, i intshabalalo yengqesho kweli candelo, ibanga ngaphezulu kwemisebenzi engama-2.700 XNUMX.

Ingqesho eSpain

Ngobuchwephesha, ezenza eyona misebenzi mininzi ngo-2016 yayingumoya (535), i-solar photovoltaic (182), i-solar thermoelectric (76), i-enthalpy geothermal ephantsi (19), ulwandle (17) kunye namandla omoya omncinci (15) Ishumi elinesihlanu). Nangona kunjalo, uninzi lwemisebenzi kwicandelo ligxile kwindawo ye- isizukulwana amandla e-biomass. Ilandelwa ngumoya, ine-17.100, kunye ne-solar photovoltaic, kunye ne-9.900, ngokweedatha ebonelelwe nguIrena (iArhente yaMandla aHlaziyiweyo yeHlabathi).

Kwilizwe liphela, i-solar photovoltaic yeyona yona isentlokoNgokuqesha abantu abazizigidi ezi-2,8, nto leyo emele i-11% yawo wonke umsebenzi oveliswe ngokutsha. Ilandelwa kukufakwa komoya, kunye nemisebenzi eyi-1,1 yezigidi.

Umsebenzi ohlaziyiweyo

U-Irena uzibekele injongo yokuhambelana nemigaqo-nkqubo yokutshintsha kwemozulu eya kuthi ngo-2030 ukwenziwa kwezinto ezihlaziyiweyo kwihlabathi kuphindwe kabini. Oko kuya kuthi, ngokwezibalo zakhe, kwenziwe abantu abazizigidi ezingama-24 unokuqeshwa kweli candelo ngelo xesha.

Ngokuka-Irena, osebenzisa uMbutho weeNkampani zeMandla aVuselelweyo (APPA) njengomthombo, icandelo livela ukutshabalalisa ingqesho ukusukela ngo-2008, xa izinto ezivuselelekayo zaziqesha abantu abamalunga ne-150000, ngaloo nyaka elona nani liphezulu larekhodwa kwilizwe lethu.

uphuhliso oluhlaziyiweyo

UIrena usola le meko "kwimigaqo-nkqubo emibi kwi icandelo lombane«, Obangela ukuba inani labasebenzi ngumoya, ilanga kunye ne-biomass ukuba liqhubeke nokuhla.

I-GDP eSpain

Emva kweminyaka yokuhla, kubonakala ngathi imithombo yamandla ehlaziyekayo iqala ukwanda kancinci kancinci, ubunzima bayo kuqoqosho lwelizwe lethu. Ngokwophononongo lwamva nje lweMpembelelo yezoQoqosho lweMandla aVuselelekayo eSpain olungiswa minyaka le nguMbutho weeNkampani zeMandla aVuswayo (i-APPA), kwi2016 icandelo linikele nge-8.511 yezigidi zeerandi kwi-GDP, ebimele i-0,76% yetotali kunye nokwanda kwe-3,3 % xa kuthelekiswa nonyaka ophelileyo.

Umceli mngeni wamandla ahlaziyekayo

Ngobuchwephesha, eyona inegalelo kakhulu yayililanga le-photovoltaic (32,37%), ilandelwa ngumoya (22,38%) kunye nelanga lombane (16,45%). Ukongeza, yongeze i-1.000 yezigidi kwi irhafu Umnatha kunye nemali eseleyo yokuthumela ngaphandle enye i-2.793 yezigidi yabhalwa.

Izizathu zoku kuhluma kufuneka zifumaneke kulwandiso lomsebenzi kolu shishino, olwalubangelwa ikakhulu yi Ifandesi zomoya (500 MW) kunye nebiomass (200 MW) kunye nokubhengezwa kweebidi ezintsha esele zenziwe ngo-2017 neziphumo zazo, ngokuqinisekileyo, ziya kubonakala kwingxelo yonyaka ozayo.

Ngaphandle kwale datha intle (ekude kwigalelo lerekhodi kwi-GDP ngo-2012 -10.641 yezigidi, i-1% yetotali-, umbutho ufuna ukuqaqambisa ukukhubazeka Amandla ahlaziyekayo ahlala eSpain, kuba kuyo yonke i-2016 kuphela i-43 MW yamandla afakiweyo amatsha ongezelelweyo, ubuncinci benani ukuba siyithelekisa namanye amazwe kwangelo xesha linye.

Ugcino 'oluhlaza' kwimarike yombane

Ngaphandle kwempembelelo yabo kwinqanaba lezoqoqosho olukhulu, imithombo ecocekileyo ikwachaphazele ikamva lentengiso yombane kwilizwe lethu ngo-2016. Ndiyabulela kubo, ixabiso leyure nganye ye-megawatt (MWh) elithengiweyo lehle nge-21,5 euro, ethi ekugqibeleni wema kwi-39,67. Ngokwolu phononongo, ngaphandle komoya, amandla elanga okanye umbane ophehlwa ngamanzi, i-MWh nganye yayiya kuxabisa i-61,17 euro, ke ubukho babo kumxube babonisa ukonga okupheleleyo kwezigidi ezingama-5.370 kunyaka wonke. Inani elibaluleke ngaphezu koku

Kwelinye icala, izinto ezivuselelekayo zithintele ukungeniswa kweetoni ezingama-20.000 5.989 ze-oyile, ezithintele ukuhlawulwa kwenye i-52,2 yezigidi zeerandi, kwaye kuthintele izigidi ezingama-XNUMX ze iitoni ze-CO2 Ungcolisa umoya wethu, okwakhokelela ekongeni izigidi ezingama-279 kumalungelo okuphuma.

Silindele ukuba ngeifandesi ze-mega ezi-3 zokugqibela kurhulumente, ubunzima bezinto ezivuselelekayo kwi-GDP ziya kukhula, kwaye kakhulu kule minyaka-2 okanye 3 izayo.

 


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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.