Izityalo zamandla enyukliya eSpain

izityalo zamandla enyukliya eSpain

Siyazi ukuba eSpain kukho izityalo ezi-5 zamandla enyukliya ezisebenzayo. Ababini kubo baneeyunithi ezimbini ezingamawele, ngoko ke sinako ukubala inani lezinto ezisebenza ngokubonakalayo njenge-7.Sinaso esinye isityalo samandla enyukliya kwimeko yokucima, ngoko ukuvalwa kwaso kusondele. Amandla enyukliya anezibonelelo kunye nezinto ezingalunganga njengalo naluphi na uhlobo lomthombo wamandla. Inkqubo ye- izityalo zamandla enyukliya eSpain Zezo zibonelela ngenxalenye yomxube wamandla kwilizwe lethu.

Ke ngoko, siza kunikezela eli nqaku ukuba likuxelele yonke into ekufuneka uyazi malunga nezityalo zamandla enyukliya eSpain.

Izityalo zamandla enyukliya eSpain

indawo yezityalo zamandla enyukliya eSpain

Kukho amaqela angama-7 emveliso yamandla ombane yeentlobo ezahlukeneyo. Kwelinye icala, sinamaqela emveliso yamandla ombane wamanzi alula aphantsi koxinzelelo kwaye kwelinye icala, lawo amanzi alula abilayo. Siyazi ukuba ngokobudala sinakho ngaphakathi kwiqela lamanzi oxinzelelo lokukhanya uluhlu lwezityalo: IAlmaraz ineeyunithi ezimbini, iAscó ineeyunithi ezimbini, iVandellós II kunye neTrillo. Esi sisityalo sokugqibela esasungulwa kwilizwe lethu.

Ngokubhekisele kwiqela lezityalo zamanzi abilayo, sinelona lidala, eliyi ISanta María de Garoña, elandelwa yiCofrentes. Le yokuqala yeyokupheliswa kokuxhaphaza, ngenxa yoko izakuvalwa kungekudala.

Siza kuhlalutya inyathelo ngenyathelo ezinye zeempawu eziphambili zezityalo zamandla enyukliya eSpain.

Isityalo samandla enyukliya iAlmaraz

ungcoliseko

Ime kumasipala waseAlmaraz, eCáceres kunxweme lasekhohlo loMlambo iTagus. Yenziwe ikakhulu ziiyunithi ezimbini ezisebenza ngenkqubo yenyukliya yemveliso yomphunga ngesixhobo samanzi sokukhanya esinoxinzelelo. Le reactor ibonelelwa yinkampani yaseMntla Melika. Umsebenzi wale mveliso yamandla enyukliya yaqala ngoMeyi 1, 1981, ngelixa lesibini e-Almaraz Wenza njalo nge-8 ka-Okthobha ka-1983.

Siyazi ukuba zombini ezi yunithi zikhulelwe ukuvuselelwa kwegunya lokusebenzisa amandla kude kube ngunyaka wama-2027 nowama-2028, ngokwahlukeneyo.

Isityalo samandla enyukliya i-Ascó

Isityalo samandla enyukliya esiseTarragona kwibhankini lasekunene lomlambo i-Ebro.Njengangaphambili, ikwanamacandelo amabini. Ngamnye wabo usebenza nge inkqubo yemveliso yomphunga wenyukliya equka isixhobo sombane esicinezelweyo samanzi. I-reactor efanayo inikezelwa yinkampani yaseMelika Westinghouse evela e-USA.

Umsebenzi we-reactor wokuqala waqala ngo-1984, ngelixa owesibini wasebenza ngo-1986. Zombini iiyunithi zinikwe ukuvuselelwa kwesigunyaziso sokusetyenziswa kwamandla kude kube ngowama-2021 ngo-Okthobha.

Izityalo zamandla enyukliya eSpain: IiCofrentes

amandla enyukliya

Lo matshini wamandla enyukliya ubekwe eValencia apho emsileni wedama le-Embarcaderos. Zikwibhanki yasekunene yomlambo iJúcar kwaye isebenza ngenkqubo yemveliso yomphunga wenyukliya evela kwisibane samanzi esibilayo. Inendawo ebiyelweyo enikezelwa yinkampani yaseMelika iGeneral Electric Company. Lo mmandla wokuqulatha uhlobo WAMANQAKU 3. Indawo yeCofrentes yamandla enyukliya Iqale ukusebenza ngo-1985 kwaye yahlaziywa de kwango-Matshi 2021.

ISanta María de Garoña isityalo samandla enyukliya

Enye yezona zinto ziphikisanayo namaqela ezendalo anikwe iminyaka. Ime kumbutho woomasipala baseValle de Tobalina kwibhankini lasekhohlo lomlambo i-Ebro.Inenkqubo yemveliso yomphunga wenyukliya eyenziwe ngumbane wamanzi obilayo. Ikwanayo neXESHA 1 lokugcina indawo ebiyelweyo enikezelwa yinkampani yaseNyakatho Melika iGeneral Electric Inkampani. Isikhululo samandla senyukliya siphelile ukusebenza ukusukela ngo-2013. Oku kungenxa yobudala baso kwaye asinakuphinda sihlaziywe. Ngoku ineendlela ezahlukeneyo zonyango zokuqhubeka nokusebenza kwenkunkuma eqhumayo.

Isityalo samandla enyukliya iTrillo

Lo matshini wamandla enyukliya ubekwe eGuadalajara kunxweme loMlambo iTagus. Inenkqubo yokuvelisa umphunga wenyukliya eyenziwe sisixhobo samanzi sokukhanya esinoxinzelelo. Esi sixhobo sombane sinezinto ezintathu zokupholisa kwaye sinikwa yinkampani yaseJamani iKraftwerk Union AG. Esi sityalo saqala ukusebenza ngo-1988 kwaye sanikwa Ukuhlaziywa kwesigunyaziso sokusetyenziswa kwamandla kude kube ngu-2024.

Isityalo samandla enyukliya iVandellós

Ime kumasipala we-L'Hospitalet del Infant, kunxweme loLwandle lweMeditera. Basebenza enkosi ekusebenziseni inkqubo yenyukliya yemveliso eyenziwe ngesixhobo sokuhambisa amanzi esicinezelekileyo. Le reactor inikwa yinkampani American Westinghouse (USA). Umsebenzi wayo waqala ngo-1988 kwaye wanikwa ukuvuselelwa kwegunya lokuxhatshazwa kwamandla kude kube ngumnyaka wama-2030. Kunokuthiwa sesona sityalo samandla senyukliya sanamhlanje esinexesha elide lokuphila.

Izityalo zamandla enyukliya eSpain kunye nezibonelelo zazo

Kufuneka kuthiwe amandla enyukliya anezibonelelo ezintle kwaye uneengxaki ezimbalwa. Amandla enyukliya acoceke kakhulu ngexesha lokudalwa kwawo, kuba uninzi lwee-reactors zikhupha umphunga wamanzi kuphela. Ukuveliswa kwamandla akubizi kwaye isixa esikhulu samandla sinokuveliswa ngesityalo esinye kuphela. Kungenxa yokuba igalelo lamandla enyukliya linamandla.

Kwizityalo zamandla enyukliya eSpain sinokuthi imveliso yamandla ihlala ihleli. Ngokungafaniyo namandla amaninzi ahlaziyiweyo, imveliso inkulu kwaye ihlala ihleli kumakhulu eentsuku zilandelelana. Sinokuthi kwakhona luhlobo lwamandla olungenakuphela. Kukho iingcali ezijonga ukuba masizichaze njengezihlaziyiweyo kuba oovimba be-uranium basivumele ukuba siqhubeke nokuvelisa amandla afanayo ngoku kumawaka eminyaka.

Nangona kunjalo, ineengxaki ezithile:

  • Inkunkuma yayo iyingozi kakhulu. Ziyingozi kokubini kwimo engqongileyo nakubantu.
  • Iingozi zinokuba nzulu kakhulu.
  • Zijolise ekujoliseni. Siyazi ukuba iintlekele zendalo okanye isenzo sobunqolobi kwindawo yamandla enyukliya sinokudala umonakalo omkhulu.

Ndiyathemba ukuba ngolu lwazi ungafunda ngakumbi malunga nezityalo zamandla enyukliya eSpain kunye neempawu zazo.


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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
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