Isityalo samandla eshushu seCompostilla

ICompostilla II eseMbindini

Namhlanje siza kuthetha ngohlobo lwesityalo esisebenzisa i-fuels for this. Imalunga ne- Isityalo samandla eshushu seCompostilla. Ngomnye wojikelezo lwezixhobo ze-thermoelectric ezinamafutha aphambili amalahle. Njengoko sisazi, amalahle ngamafutha asikelwe umda anomhla wokugqibela wokuphela. Ukongeza, siyazazi iingxaki zayo ezinkulu zokungcoliseka kwendalo kunye nokuthotywa kweenkqubo zendalo.

Kule posi siza kuchaza zonke iimpawu kunye nokubaluleka kwesixhobo samandla eshushu seCompostilla.

Iimpawu eziphambili

Isityalo samandla eshushu seCompostilla

Esi sityalo sisebenzisa amandla ombane siqulathe umjikelo oqhelekileyo wokufakelwa kombane oshisa kakhulu ngamalahle. Ime ecaleni komlambo iSil kumasipala waseCubillos de Sí kwiphondo laseLeón. Lo matshini wamandla unamaqela ama-4 ashushu anakho ukuvelisa malunga ne-1300 megawatts. Ubunini benkampani yinxalenye ye-Endesa.

Zimbini iintlobo zeli ziko lamandla obushushu. Kwelinye icala sinesixhobo samandla eshushu seCompostilla, esasisisiqalo sokuqala semveliso sika-Endesa kwaye Yasungulwa kwindawo ephambili yama-50 ePonferrada. Emva kwexesha, ngenxa yemfuno enkulu yamandla kuluntu olukhulayo kunye nophuhliso oluqhubekayo, esinye isityalo samandla eshushu esibizwa ngokuba yiCompostilla II senziwa ngeminyaka yoo 60. Yaqala ukusebenza ngonyaka ka 1972 kwaye yayisisityalo sesibini sombane oshushu esasibaluleke kakhulu kuyo yonke iSpain.

Enye yemiba eyimfuneko ekufuneka yenziwe sisityalo ngasinye samandla obushushu yindawo yokupholisa. Kule meko, kwakuyimfuneko ukwakha isikhongozeli seBácena kwindawo yomlambo iSil ukuze kwenziwe lo msebenzi wefriji. Esi sityalo sineetshimini ezimbini ukuphakama kwezithsaba eziphambili ze-270 kunye ne-290 yeemitha ngokwahlukeneyo kunye nezinye iinqaba ezimbini zokupholisa.

Esi sityalo sisebenzisa amandla ashushu ekuqaleni sasiyilelwe ukusebenzisa amalahle avela kwizitya zase-El Bierzo naseLaciana. Nangona kunjalo, njengoko isityalo samandla ashushu sasifumana udumo kwaye ibango lamandla lalisanda, oku kusetyenziswa kwamalahle kunyuse kakhulu i-coke yepetroleum engeniswa ngaphandle, isenza ungcoliseko luphakame kakhulu kunesiqhelo.

Imvelaphi yezibaso ezivela kumzi-mveliso wamandla ashushu eCompostilla

Iimpawu zeCompostilla yokuTya amandla eMbane

I-70% yamalahle asetyenziselwa esi sityalo sombane oshushu sisizwe. Umthengisi ophambili ohambisa amalahle kwesi sityalo yiCoto Minero Cantábrico yesityalo samalahle, enezigidi ezi-2 zeetoni zamalahle ngonyaka.

Amaqela esi sityalo abala u-3, 4 no-5 Unobungakanani obumanzi bokutshabalalisa okusetyenziselwa ukususa isalfure dioxide Eveliswa kwiigesi zokutsha. Le desulfurization inetekhnoloji ethe xhaxhe kakhulu ekwaziyo ukunciphisa ungcoliseko lomoya.

Ngo-2008 u-Endesa wabhengeza ukuba bazokutshintsha amaqela 1, 2 kunye no-3 ukuze batshintshe imijikelezo yabo ibe yimijikelezo yegesi yendalo. Eyona njongo iphambili yolu tshintsho kukukwazi ukuphucula onke amaziko kunye nokuziqhelanisa nemigaqo emitsha yefuthe lokusingqongileyo. Kuba amalahle sesinye sezona zinto zibasayo ezingcolisa umhlaba kwaye abangela ubuninzi bempembelelo yendlu eluhlaza kwaye, njengesiphumo esiphambili, utshintsho lwemozulu, kwagqitywa ekubeni kutshintshelwe kwirhasi yendalo.

Ukongeza, enye yeenzuzo eziphambili ezibonelelwa ngokufaka umjikelo wendalo odityanisiweyo wegesi kukuba kuya kwenzeka ukufezekisa kabini amandla akhoyo ngoku. Ngo-2007 umbindi Sele inabasebenzi abangama-238 bebonke abayenze yenye yezona mveliso zibalulekileyo kulo lonke usingasiqithi. Nangona kunjalo, ngenxa yepetroli yamalahle yayikwindawo yesihlanu engcolisa amalahle kwilizwe liphela.

Ukulungiswa kwesityalo samandla eshushu seCompostilla

Endesa

Ngenxa yale migaqo ilandelayo yokuthintela umngcipheko emsebenzini kunye nokulungiswa kwexesha, isityalo samandla eshushu seCompostilla kuye kwafuneka siziqhelanise nommandla omtsha. Ngo-2012, kwavulwa inkqubo entsha eyayithintela umlilo. Ubutsha bolu hlobo lwenkqubo kukuba khange kube yingozi kuluhlu lweozone.

Kufuneka sikhankanye notshintsho lwemijikelezo edityanisiweyo nerhasi yendalo ukufumana amandla kabini ngelixa sinciphisa ukukhutshwa kwegesi.

Olunye uhlengahlengiso kumzi-mveliso wamandla ashushu weCompostilla kukunyuka kwalo ngenxa yenkxalabo nokwazisa ukukhuthaza inkcubeko yendalo. Kwaye kukuba esi sityalo sisebenzisa amandla ashushu sithathe amanyathelo amaninzi emfundo ukukhuthaza uzinzo kunye nokusebenza kwamandla. Ngale ndlela, yenzelwe ukufundisa ngendlela yokusingqongileyo ukunciphisa ifuthe lokusingqongileyo kuyo yonke imizi-mveliso nasezidolophini.

Asimele silibale ukuba isiseko semfuno yamandla kukusetyenziswa kokugqibela kunye nomgangatho wokuphila. Ukhethe ukwenza imisebenzi emininzi kule ndawo kugxilwe ekukhuthazeni uzinzo kwicandelo lezamandla. Kukho imisebenzi embalwa ejolise ngokukodwa ekunciphiseni iimpembelelo zokusingqongileyo kwimisebenzi yezorhwebo. Ukongeza, into abazama ngayo kukukhuthaza inkcubeko yendalo kuwo onke la manyathelo emfundo ayo yonke iminyaka. Ukusebenza kakuhle kwamandla kwindalo yasekhaya yenye yezona nyusiso ziqhelekileyo kwiziko lamandla ombane weCompostilla.

Konke oku kungenxa yento yokuba, ngapha koko, ikhaya kulapho kuyeyona mfuno yamandla inkulu iveliswayo kwinqanaba ledolophu iphela. Eyona njongo iphambili kukuqeqesha zonke ezi ntsapho zisemngciphekweni wokusetyenziswa ngendlela eyiyo yamatyala ombane. Le yindlela ekunokwenzeka ngayo ukuba inike iingcebiso malunga nokusetyenziswa kwamandla ngendlela enoxanduva kunye nokwehliswa kwexabiso lemali yokugqibela yombane. Ukuza kuthi ga ngoku, ngamakhaya angama-241 athe axhamla kule nkqubo yokunqongophala kwamandla kwikhaya ngalinye fumana uqikelelo olugciniweyo lokonga lwama-36% kwityala lakho.

Njengoko ubona, esi sityalo sinegalelo kungcoliseko olukhulu eSpain.Ndiyathemba ukuba ngolu lwazi ungafunda okuninzi malunga neCompostilla yamandla ombane.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.