ISpain ibuyela ukubheja kumandla ahlaziyekayo

Ukuba sithetha ngamandla akhoyo ngoku kwilizwe lethu, namhlanje sithetha ngeetekhnoloji ezicocekileyo kunye nezixhobo ezihlaziyekayo. Emva kweminyaka eliqela apho kwakubonakala ngathi sisihloko esingafunekiyo, i Urhulumente we-PP Ugqibe kwelokuba aqhubeke kwaye anike izinto ezinokuhlaziywa zityhale kancinci.

Ngaba iya kuba kukunyanzelwa kwe-EU kwaye kuthintelwe isohlwayo esizayo? Ngubani owaziyo

European Union

Kwi-2004, i-European Union ichaze ukuba ngo-2020 i-20% yamandla onke asetyenziswayo kuwo onke amazwe, kuya kufuneka evela kwimithombo enokuphinda ihlaziywe. Ngokwenxalenye yalo, ilizwe ngalinye, kuxhomekeke kwinto yalo zixhobo, Kwasekwa into ekujoliswe kuyo kwakuloo nyaka, kwimeko yeSpain yayiyi-20%.

Ngokwe-Eurostat, inokuba njalo bonisana i-intanethi ngokulula, isinye kwisithathu samazwe angama-28 angamalungu e-EU agqithile kwiithagethi zawo ngaphambi kowama-2015. Ngelishwa, oku bekungenjalo eSpain, nalapho ifikelele kwi-16,15% kuphela, kunye nokonyuka okuncinci kwe-0,01% phakathi ko-2014 kunye no-2015.

amandla elanga kunye nexabiso lokukhanya

Uqikelelo lwe-2020 lwalungathembisi, bekukho kuphela isaphulelo esincinci ekusebenziseni i-biomass, eseleyo kwimveliso yamandla ngokuvuselelwa Bendingaphangeli ukusukela ngo-2012 (Ummiselo we-PP).

España

Ngenxa yengxaki kuye kwakho ukuncipha kwemfuno yombane, into ethetha ukuba kweli kukho amandla afakelweyo angaphezu kwafuneka, ewe, uninzi lwawo luveliswe Izityalo ezisekwe kwifosili, Eyenze ukuba urhulumente we-PP athathe isigqibo sokumisa ukuqhubela phambili kwamandla ahlaziyekayo.

Iintengiso

Kwiminyaka emihlanu kamva, urhulumente omnye we-PP wagqiba ekubeni enze ifandesi yokuqala yezinto ezivuselelekayo, ezingasebenzi kakuhle, kuba, phakathi kwezinye izinto, yanciphisa Megawatts zabelwe itekhnoloji nganyeOko kukuthi, iifama zomoya, i-photovoltaic, i-thermosolar, i-hydraulic okanye i-biomass.

Ngethamsanqa, ubuphathiswa balungisa kwaye nge-17 kaMeyi ka-2017 yathengisa i-megawatts ezingama-3000 kwakhona phakathi kweenkampani ezahlukeneyo kwicandelo laseSpain, ngeli xesha, nganye kuzo zonke iitekhnoloji ukhuphisane ngokufanayoNangona kunjalo, ngokweKhomishini kaZwelonke yeMakethi kunye neKhomishini yoKhuphiswano (i-CNMC), kuphela ngumoya kunye ne-photovoltaic enokhetho lokwenyani.

Ifandesi evuselelekayo eSpain

Njengokuba kuye kwathethwa ngokubanzi kule webhusayithi, ifandesi yayinempikiswano enkulu, iSpanish Photovoltaic Union (UNEF), ithathela ingqalelo ukuba ngemithetho yaloo fandesi ufakelo lwe-photovoltaic Bonzakele ngentlonipho amandla omoya, ngenxa yesi sizathu, ucele iNkundla ePhakamileyo ukuba isirhoxise isisombululo se-Ofisi yoMphathiswa Wezamandla esisekele inkqubo kunye nemithetho yefandesi.

amandla elanga ancitshiswa ngongcoliseko

Oku kuchaze ukuba ibhidi evelise eyona ndleko iphantsi kwinkqubo yombane iya kuphumelela, kwaye kwimeko yokubopha, iiparameter ezinje ngexabiso lotyalo-mali lokuqala, elona xabiso liphezulu leyunithi kunye neeyure zokusebenza ziya kuba kuthathelwe ingqalelo, oku kuyibeka ngokucacileyo intsalela yamandla omoya ukusukela ngokomyalelo wokuvuma imilinganiselo yemivuzo yohlobo lofakelo lwemveliso yombane ovela kwimithombo yamandla ahlaziyekayo, ukuhlanganiswa kunye nenkunkuma, iyonke Iiyure ezingama-3000 zokusebenza umoya kunye neeyure ezingama-2367 kuphela ze-photovoltaic.

INkundla ePhakamileyo (i-TS) igqibile ukwala isicelo, kodwa yanika i-UNEF ukhetho lokufuna imbuyekezo yemali kwimeko apho ekugqibeleni ucalucalulo. Ifandesi yenziwa kulandela le mithetho kwaye ngenene ufakelo lomoya lwagqitywa ngama-99,3% ee-3000 megawatts efandesini.

Imbali yamandla omoya kunye neeMill

Enkosi kwimpumelelo enkulu yefandesi yangaphambili, kwagqitywa kwelokuba ifandesi enye i-kilowatts ezingama-3000, ngeli xesha lilinganiselwe kwiiprojekthi ezibandakanya ukufakelwa kwetekhnoloji yomoya kunye nefotovoltaic. Ibhaso njengoko kuchaziwe, iya kuba lolona khetho lusebenzayo Ngeendleko, kodwa ekugqibeleni kugqityiwe ukwenziwa ngenkqubo efanayo kunye nemithetho efanayo naleyo yangaphambili, bebanga ukuba iziphumo bezanelisile.

Ngeli xesha i-5000 MW idlulisiwe, ukusukela ukuba umgaqo onzima wale fandesi wavumela ukunika amandla ngakumbi kwimeko yokuba unemfuno eyaneleyo. Kule meko, ibhidi iphela ibikhona eyenzelwe ukufakelwa kwe-photovoltaicKuba iinkampani zanikezela ngezaphulelo ezinkulu, zibeka amaxabiso asezantsi aqinisekisiweyo asezantsi kuneefama zomoya, ukuthintela ubudlelwane obunokubakho.

IPortugal iya kubonelela ngeentsuku ezine zamandla ahlaziyekayo

Ngapha koko, umdla omtsha kurhulumente wokuqalisa ngokutsha izinto ezinokuhlaziywa ukufikelela kwinqanaba elibekwe yi-European Union kusengqiqweni. Umbuzo ngulo, kutheni umdla ongaka kunye nokuzinikela kubatyali mali? Ewe kubonakala ngathi, ngokwemigaqo yefandesi, iinkampani Baza kufumana uncedo lwezemali kwi-megawatt nganye yamandla afakiweyo, hayi yamandla avelisiweyo kwaye nanamhlanje iindleko zokufaka ziye zehla kakhulu, ke balindele inzuzo ephezulu kakhulu (enamanani amabini) ee-megawatts ezifunyenwe kwiifandesi zombini.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.