ISaudi Arabia isusa oovimba bayo kunye neentloko eziya kwintlekele

Sawudi Arabhiya

ISaudi Arabia Isebenzisa ubuncwane bamanzi aphantsi komhlaba kakhulu, ukuphuhlisa ezolimo ezingahambelani nemvelaphi yenkunkuma eyoyikekayo. Ukupheliswa ngokukhawuleza kweefayile zakho imilambo emanzi ibeka umngcipheko wokukhokelela kwimbalela kweli lizwe kule minyaka izayo, ulumkisa owayesakuba ngumphathiswa wezolimo eSaudi.

Owayesakuba nguSekela Mphathiswa Wezolimo eSaudi wakhupha esi silumkiso: “I-Saudi Arabia isemngciphekweni wokubandezeleka a intlekele ukuba ezolimo azitshintshi. Kubalulekile ukugcina amanzi aphantsi komhlaba ”.

ISaudi Arabia lilizwe elibanzi elingaphezulu kwezigidi ezibini zeekhilomitha, elinabemi elingaphezulu kwezigidi ezingama-30 zabantu, kodwa ngokuyinxalenye yindawo eyintlango. Ngaphantsi kwama-60 mm emvula ngonyaka, izibonelelo zamanzi amatsha ziethe-ethe kwaye azihlaziyeki kuba zivela phantse zonke ukubhuka phantsi komhlaba. Imilambo kunye namachibi ambalwa eSaudi Arabia.

Ngequbuliso, ukubakho kwe amanzi ehlaziyekayo yelizwe ingaphantsi kwe-500 cubic metres ngomntu ngonyaka, imeko yoxinzelelo lwamanzi.

Arabia Saudi isebenzisa i-5.100 yeelitha zamanzi umntu ngamnye ngosuku, kuba i-66% ingenisiwe elizweni, kwaye oku kuphezulu kakhulu kunokusetyenziswa naliphi na ilizwe kwi-European Union. Esi salathisi senza ukuba kube nokwenzeka ukulinganisa iimfuno zamanzi zabemi ukuya hydrateEwe kunjalo, kodwa nakwezolimo, ukuvelisa iimpahla, amandla, njalo njalo.

kunjalo, Arabia Saudi ichitha oovimba bayo bamanzi kwiiprojekthi ezingazinzanga, ngakumbi ezolimo. Ewe, oovimba bamanzi bangaphantsi komhlaba bancipha ngesantya esothusayo, ama-40% amanzi amoshakeleyo avela ngaphantsi komhlaba.

La ingxaki yamanzi Ivela kakhulu kwisigqibo sokungenisa kakhulu ukulinywa kwengqolowa ngo-1983. Ukuba urhulumente wagcina ekunqande ukulinywa kwengqolowa, la masimi omhlaba ngoku alinyelwe ukuvelisa ukutya kokutya kwezilwanyana, into entsha Ndimosheo Ngelixa izityalo ezimiselwe umntu zisebenza ngakumbi ngakumbi ukuzondla.

Ukwengeza, izityalo zomnquma nemithi yesundu isebenzisa izixa ezikhulu zamanzi aphantsi komhlaba. Lilonke, i-88% yamanzi asetyenzisiweyo kweli lizwe isetyenziselwa ezolimo.

Ngokufanelekileyo, kuya kufuneka usebenzise iindlela ze ukunkcenkceshela, kwaye ungasebenzisi unkcenkceshelo lwezikhukula. Kumashumi ambalwa eminyaka, oovimba bamanzi kumbindi weSaudi Arabia bayakuguqulwa babe zii-quagmire, kwaye oovimba kwinxalenye esempuma balandele indlela efanayo. Ukujongana nesoyikiso sembalela, ubukhosi bamaSilamsi obuqinisekileyo buqalisile ukurhafisa ukusetyenziswa kwamanzi yabemi, ngelixa amaxabiso eoyile ehla kakhulu.


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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
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