IFinland iya kuthintela ukusetyenziswa kwamalahle ukwenza umbane ngaphambi kowama-2030

ekupheleni

Ngokuchaseneyo noloyiko lokuba ezendalo zivakalelwa ngoloyiso lukaTrump kunyulo lwase-United States, siyabona ukuba amanye amazwe aqhubeka njani nokusizisela iindaba ezimnandi ngokuzingisa kwindlela yabo eya kwilizwe eliluhlaza kwaye liluhlaza. Kule meko, yiFinland leyo izifundo zokuthintela, ngokomthetho, amalahle ukuvelisa umbane ngaphambi kowama-2030. Ngelixa kumazwe afana neSpain, ukutshiswa kwamalahle kunyuke nge-23% kunyaka ophelileyo, iFinland ifuna ukukhangela ezinye iindlela eziluhlaza, icinga ngekamva lelizwe.

NgoDisemba ophelileyo, uRhulumente waseFinland wazisa ngesicwangciso esiliqili sesizwe secandelo lezamandla esibona kwangaphambili, phakathi kwamanye amanyathelo, ukuthintela ngokomthetho ukusetyenziswa kwamalahle kwimveliso yombane ukusuka ngo-2030.

Imephu yendlela kaRhulumente waseFinland

Ukuba yamkelwe yiPalamente, apho iSigqeba sesininzi sikhululekile, eFinland iya kuba lilizwe lokuqala emhlabeni ukwenza umthetho wokushiya ikhabhoni iyonke njengomthombo wamandla, ukuze kuhlangatyezwane neenjongo zayo zokunciphisa ukukhutshwa kwegesi.

Isicwangciso-qhinga esibonisiweyo sicacisa ukuzibophelela okuqinisekileyo kumandla ahlaziyekayo, kugxininiswa ngokukodwa kwi Iibhayoloji, kunye nokuncipha ngokuthe ngcembe kokusetyenziswa kwezibaso.

Ingca

Ukusukela ngoku ukuya phambili, ulwakhiwo lwezixhobo zamandla ashushu ngokusekwe kwezi zinto zingahluziyo luya kukhubazeka, kwaye ukuziqhelanisa nezixhobo wezityalo zamandla obushushu ngoku ezikhoyo nezisebenzayo ukuze zisebenze ngezinto zokwenza imveliso ngokusekwe kwi-biomass. Xa ufika umhla wokurhoxiswa kwamalahle, isigqeba solawulo sithi Amandla ahlaziyekayo enza iakhawunti ye50% yamandla asetyenzisiweyo ewonke elizweni. Baceba ukufikelela kumanani asondele kwi-100% ngo-2050.
Iinjini zomoya

Ikwajolise ekunciphiseni ngesiqingatha ukusetyenziswa kwezibaso, ezifana nepetroli nedizili, ngowama-2030 xa kuthelekiswa namanqanaba ka-2005 kunye Yandisa ipesenti ye-biofuels ngaxeshanye njenge ethanol ukusuka kwi-13,5% yangoku ukuya kwi-30%.

Ukwenza oku, ucebisa ukugxila Inkuthazo yoluntu yokuxhasa Ukucoca izithuthi kunye nokuxhasa utyalomali kwimizi-mveliso emitsha ye-biofuel.

Ezothutho lelinye lawona macandelo anezona zininzi Ukukhutshwa kweegesi zegreenhouse kwaye ngenxa yesi sizathu ikwayenye yezona zichaphazeleke kakhulu kwisicwangciso esiliqili seSigqeba saseFinland.

Uthutho loluntu oluzinzileyo

Injongo kaRhulumente waseHelsinki kukuba ngo-2030 kubekho iimoto zombane ezingama-250.000 ubuncinci kunye nenye engama-50.000 5,5 ephenjelelwe yirhasi, kwilizwe elinabemi abazizigidi ezi-XNUMX.

INorway ithengisa iimoto zombane

Ikwaceba ukukhuthaza ukuhlaziywa kwezithuthi, okwesibini kunye ezona zithuthi zidala eYurophu, iminyaka eyi-11,7, ngokomphathiswa wezothutho, u-Anne Berner.

indawo yokutshaja imoto yombane

Imizamo yamanye amazwe

Isicwangciso saseFinland sinomdla, kodwa Ayililo lodwa ilizwe elenza iinzame zokunciphisa ukukhutshwa kobushushu ezandisa utshintsho lwemozulu. Umzekelo, iCanada inesicwangciso esifanayo neFinland xa kufikwa kumalahle, kodwa ibhetyebhetye ngakumbi.

ENorway, iipesenti ezingama-25 zeemoto ezithengisiweyo zombane. Ewe ufundile ukuba ngokuchanekileyo, i-25%, 1 kwi-4, ikwangumlinganiso wokwenene wamandla ombane we-hydroelectric kwaye iyakwazi ukuzimela ngokwaneleyo ngamandla ahlaziyekayo. Umzekelo wokulandela, ngaphandle kokuba ngumvelisi weoyile omkhulu. Yiyo kanye le nto abathembele kuyo ukufikelela kula manani. Endaweni yokutshisa i-oyile ukuvelisa umbane, bazinikele ekuthumeleni kwelinye ilizwe kwaye basebenzise imali abayifumeneyo ukwenza izityalo zombane.

ENorway

Kwelinye icala, nangona inokuphazamiseka, Elinye lamazwe elityala imali eninzi kumandla ahlaziyiweyo yi China. Ewe, ilizwe lesibini elona lingcolisayo emhlabeni liye laqonda ukuba kufuneka batshintshe ukuba bafuna ukuqinisekisa impilo yabemi babo kwaye ngo-2013 amandla ahlaziyekayo agqithisile oko kwaveliswa zizibaso zefosili okokuqala.

I-China inethiwekhi evuselelekayo kwihlabathi liphela

Kubonakala ngathi kukho ukukhanya esiphelweni sefossil fuel tunnel kwaye amazwe, ayanda, Bayayiqonda into yokuba imodeli yemveliso kufuneka itshintshwe.


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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.

  1.   UJosep Ribes sitsho

    INorway inokuqhuba kuphela kumbane we-hydroelectric. Okanye nge-biomass.