I-UK iyeka ukusebenzisa amalahle ukuvelisa umbane kwiminyaka eli-135 kamva

amalahle Kwakusisizwe sokuqala ukusebenzisa amalahle ukwenza umbane, Kwiminyaka eli-135 kamva, lelokuqala kuqoqosho olukhulu lwehlabathi kwi yiphume (Kancinci kancinci kodwa ngaphandle kwekhefu).

NgoLwesihlanu ophelileyo, okokuqala ukusukela kwi-Industrial Revolution, i-United Kingdom yaphila usuku olupheleleyo ngaphandle kokutshisa ikhilo yamalahle ukuvelisa umbane. Nangona kunjalo ayisosiphelo salo mthombo wamandla efosili, onegalelo ngamandla kutshintsho lwemozulu, nangona uninzi lwabaphembeleli bendalo bevuma ukuyibhiyozela njengembali eyimbali.

Kwenzeke phakathi kwentsimbi yeshumi elinanye ngoLwesine nango-23.00 ngokuhlwa ngoLwesihlanu weveki ephelileyo. Iiyure ezingamashumi amabini anesine apho iSikhululo saMandla saseNtshona Burton 23.00, esona sixhobo sisebenza ngombane esisebenza kuphela, wayeka ukuhambisa umbane kwigridi yesizwe. Ngosuku olulandelayo emva kwemini, izityalo zegesi zibonelele nge-47% yombane welizwe; izityalo zamandla enyukliya kunye noomatshini bomoya, i-18% nganye; iipaneli zelanga, iipesenti ezili-10 kunye ne-6% kwavela kwi-biomass.

Umhla awukho ngengozi. Vula primavera, xa iintsuku zikhona yandisa kwaye amakhaya ayeke ukusebenzisa ukufudumeza / iimpompo zokufudumeza, kwaye awusebenzisi isixhobo somoya (ndiyaqonda ukuba e-UK ayisetyenziswa ngokufanayo frequency kune-Andalusia). Imfuno yombane ithande ukuba sezantsi, ukongeza, ngooLwezihlanu ziqhele ukuba ziintsuku zeveki ngokusetyenziswa kancinci, kwaye ukuwugqiba usuku lwaluku ixesha leholide I-Ista (iifektri ezininzi zavalwa).

Kodwa ayisosiqendu sodwa (iingcali zithi), endaweni yoko yinxalenye ye umendo ngaphezulu kokucacileyo. Sele zikhona ezinye iziqendu akukho namalahle, nangona imfutshane, kunyaka ophelileyo, kwaye yonke into ibonisa ukuba iintsuku ezinje ngolwesiHlanu ziya kuphindwa rhoqo ngomsindo ngakumbi.

Kunyaka ophelileyo, amalahle abe negalelo "kuphela" kwi-9% ye amandla avelisiweyo elizweni, xa kuthelekiswa nama-23% ngowama-2015 nama-40% ngowama-2012. Kule minyaka mihlanu idlulileyo, isibini kwisithathu somthamo ofakiweyo wokuvelisa umbane kumalahle ususiwe. Izicwangciso zikaRhulumente kukuvala Isityalo sokugqibela samalahle ngo-2025.

Isityalo samalahle

Kwiiveki ezikhokelela kulungiso ngokuchasene ne Utshintsho lwemozulu ngoDisemba 2015 eParis, uRhulumente wase-Bhritane wabhengeza injongo yakhe thonela amalahle kude kube ngo-2025 (umhla wokugqibela). Izityalo zamalahle ziye zavalwa ngelixa amandla elanga nawomoya bezisanda kwilizwe liphela, liqhutywa ziipremiyamu ezaziswa nguRhulumente ukuhlangabezana nezibophelelo zakhe zokunciphisa Igesi yendlu eluhlaza.

Akunjalo wagxeka Utshintsho lwesimo sengqondo sikaTheresa May malunga namandla ahlaziyekayo likwazile ukuthintela imeko ebeke i-United Kingdom njenge ilizwe lesithandathu emhlabeni kubungakanani obufakelweyo bamandla elanga (Ngubani onokuthi).

Ngomhla wakhe, amalahle yayiyinjini yobudala bemizi-mveliso yase-United Kingdom, apho Isityalo sokuqala eLondon ngo-1882. Yayikukuzondla kwezoqoqosho kunye nobomi bamakhulu Iidolophu zemigodi zihanjisiwe kwilizwe liphela kwaye igalelo kwezo zinto zinempawu zenkungu Imozulu yaseBrithani.

Umzi mveliso wamalahle

Ngethamsanqa kungekudala iya kuba phezulu edlulileyo e-UK, njengoko sele kunjalo kumazwe afana neSwitzerland, iBelgium okanye iNorway. “Usuku lokuqala ngaphandle kwamalahle e-UK ukusukela KwiShishini loPhuculo iphawula ukutshintsha kwi Utshintsho lwamandlaUtshilo uHannah Martin waseGreenpeace UK. “Kwiminyaka elishumi eyadlulayo, usuku ngaphandle kwamalahle belunokucinga, kwaye kwiminyaka elishumi eyongezelelweyo inkqubo yethu yamandla iya kuthi uya kuguqulwa ngokutsha kwakhona".

 

 


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.

  1.   Josep sitsho

    Ngentwasahlobo nangePasika ukusetyenziswa kombane kuyehla, …………………………………………………………… nokwanda kwiindawo zeholide zaseBritane.

  2.   UTomàs Bigordà sitsho

    Wonke umntu uza eSpain