Amandla ombane eYurophu

Europe Ngummandla wehlabathi kunye Umthamo omkhulu ofakelwayo wokuveliswa kombaneNgokwengxelo yamva nje yamanani akhoyo Umbutho waMazwe ngaMazwe weHydropower. Ingxelo ithi i-EU ibala malunga ne-260 GW yeqikelelo eliqikelelweyo lehlabathi le-860-950 GW yokuveliswa kombane.

Eminye imimandla ibalasele kule ngxelo, kubandakanya neMpuma Yurophu. Kugxilwe kakhulu kulo mmandla, ophuhlisa ngokukhawuleza imithombo yawo yamanzi kwaye kulindeleke ukuba ube lihlabathi elilelona nqanaba liphezulu lokuthunyelwa kule minyaka mithathu izayo. Ngapha koko, i-China, ekhokela i-East Asia kuphuhliso lwe-hydroelectric, igqitha i-US njengelizwe elinamandla amakhulu afakiweyo. Umzantsi Melika nawo ukhula ngokukhawuleza. Ukongeza, i-IHA iqikelela ukuba zikhona I-127 ukuya kwi-150 ye-GW umthamo Ukuqokelelwa kwempompo kwihlabathi liphela, kwaye intengiso yokuqokelela kulindeleke ukuba izakonyuka ngama-60% kule minyaka mihlanu izayo.

Ngokubanzi, izityalo ezikhulu zokukhupha umbane zikhule ngokuthozamileyo ngokweepesenti ngo-2009, ngokokugqibela Ingxelo ye-REN-21 yemeko zehlabathi zamandla ahlaziyekayo. Olu lwandiso lwe-3% luphawuleka ngenxa yokuvuthwa kwamandla ombane kunye nesiseko esinobukhulu. Ngelixa ii-odolo zezixhobo zombane zawa ngo-2009 nango-2010 ukusukela ngo-2008, ii-odolo zangaphambili zika-2011 zikhuphele kulindelo lwamafutha ukuba ii-odolo eziphakathi zika-2010 ziya kudlula ezo ze-2000s.

Nangona kunjalo, ingxelo ye-REN-21 ibonisa ukuba i-31 GW yombane ophehlwa ngamanzi owongezwa ngo-2009, wenza ukonyuka komthamo opheleleyo kuwo onke amacandelo ombane ohlaziyekayo. okwesibini kuphela kumandla omoya. Ukongeza, e-US 40-45 yezigidigidi zeedola zazityalwe kwizityalo ezinkulu zombane unyaka wonke.

Kwiimarike eziphuhlileyo, ezinje ngeYurophu, apho uninzi lwezityalo zombane zineminyaka engama-30 okanye engama-40 ubudala, umsebenzi ugxile ekuvuseleleni iilayisensi nasekuxhobiseni ngamandla, kunye nokongezwa kokuveliswa kwamadama akhoyo, ingxelo iqukumbela. Lo mkhwa uxhaswa ngokucacileyo yimisebenzi yentengiso ebonwe ngo-2009 nango-2010, kwaye njengoko le ngxelo ibonisa, iimarike ezininzi ziba ziindawo eziphambili zalapha.

Umthombo: hayi 21


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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.

  1.   ICristòbal Del cid sitsho

    Kungenxa yokuba ukuba sineminye imithombo, ayisetyenziswanga kwaye ngenxa yokuba iibhanki ezizimali zingacingi ngezi zinto zingenziwa, iPanama iphuhlisa iiprojekthi apho amahlathi acociwe kwaye yonke i-biomass ilahlwa kude okanye ingcwatywa, oko kukuthi, akukho njongo le nto ngamawaka eetoni (namhlanje kukho ubuchwepheshe obuvumela ukuba sisebenzise eli thuba) ukanti sinoMphathiswa Wezendalo. Kufuneka sibe neenkqubo zokukhawulezisa (izikhukula, imililo) iinkqubo zezolimo (izichumisi) ngamafutshane, ndicinga ukuba sisebenzisa eyona ndlela ilula.

  2.   Kleber sitsho

    IPanama, ililizwe elincinci ekwandiseni indawo kwaye inkulu kuqoqosho nakuphuhliso olunamathuba ambalwa amandla ombane we-hydroelectric, inokuba sesichengeni kulo mbandela xa kuthelekiswa namazwe angabamelwane akuMbindi Merika, kodwa ndicinga ukuba banesisombululo ezandleni zabo, Awudingi ukwakha iziseko zophuhliso ukuze uvelise amandla ombane, ngengcinga encinci kwaye ujonge kwikamva ngokuzimisela, banokungenisa umbane we-hydroelectric ngexabiso eliphantsi ukusuka e-Ecuador ukuya eColombia kuba ndiqonda ukuba kukho unxibelelwano phakathi kwePanama neColombia naphakathi kwe-Ecuador neColombia. ukusebenzisa uthungelwano lombane Colombian -Ecuadorian amandla ombane ahamba ngokutyibilika ukuya ePanama kwaye yiyo loo nto iPanama iya kuba nokhuseleko lokuba namandla ombane ngokwaneleyo kwiminyaka emininzi, ndicinga ukuba ngombono omncinci, amandla ombane anokunikwa lonke elakuMbindi Merika: Ixabiso eliphantsi nelingangcolisiyo elinceda iplanethi kunye nophuhliso lwamazwe akuMbindi Merika.