Amandla olwandle nawo avelisa amandla ahlaziyekayo

 

I-ecosystem yaselwandle eyenziwe ziindidi ezahlukeneyo zezityalo nezilwanyana

Ngapha koko iilwandle zinomthamo omkhulu woku ukuvelisa amandla. Ngelishwa, oku akuxhaphazwa ngezizathu ezahlukeneyo.

Amandla elwandle okanye amandla olwandle ngawase imvelaphi eyahlukeneyoNjengamaza, amaza, amaza olwandle, iigradients ezishushu kunye neethayile zetyuwa.

Singahlulahlula ngokwamaqela aliqela, njengokufakwa komoya elwandle, kunye nokusetyenziswa kwe-biomass yaselwandle, nangona kungenxa yale post izakuba ecaleni kuba ayilulo usetyenziso olufanelekileyo lwamanzi anetyuwa.

Iindidi zamandla olwandle

Amandla amaza

Ikwabizwa ngokubanzi "Imoto yamaza“Ngaba yeyona iphuhlileyo ngoku, kwaye ubuchwepheshe obuhlukeneyo obuvelisiweyo bubonisa umdla omkhulu onawo kwicandelo lezamandla ahlaziyekayo.

Amandla e-Wave achazwa njengamandla aselwandle afunyanwa ngokubanjwa kwamandla e-kinetic aqulethwe kukuhamba kwamanzi olwandle kunye nolwandle.

Amaza sisiphumo somoya umphezulu wamanzi. Lo moya uvela kwigalelo lamandla amakhulu kwiplanethi: amandla avela elangeni. Amandla aqulethwe kukuhambahamba kwamanzi olwandle kukhulu kakhulu. Kwiindawo ezithile apho umsebenzi wamaza ugcwele, amandla e-kinetic agcinwe kule ntshukumo angaphezu kwe-70MW / km2.Ukuphuhliswa kwamandla ahlaziyekayo ovela elwandle kusafuneka kuphuhlisiwe

Amandla eTidal

Kwaziwa njenge "Amaza olwandle"Ngamandla lawo athabatha ithuba lokunyuka kunye nokuwa kwamanzi olwandle aveliswa ngumxhuzulane welanga nenyanga ukuya ukuvelisa umbane ngokucocekileyo. Ngoko ke, ingumthombo wamandla ohlaziyekayo nonokuphela osebenzisa amandla ombane aveliswa kwiilwandlekazi zethu.

Iinjini ephehla umbane wamanzi iyaphuculwa

Kule meko, eyona nto iphambili kukufumana indawo apho kukho umahluko kubude obukhulu ngokwaneleyo ukuze ube nenzuzo ngokwembono yezoqoqosho yokusebenzisa indawo.

iiturbines eziphuculweyo zamandla olwandle

Imisinga yolwandle

Las Imisinga yolwandle Ezi ziziganeko ezenzeka kubuninzi baselwandle njengesiphumo sokusetyenziswa kwamanzi okuvela kwiindawo ezinzulu.

Imvelaphi ikwafumaneka kwisenzo somoya emzimbeni wamanzi, owancipha kubunzulu njengoko amanzi esonyuka. ubunzulu.

Iigradients zetyuwa

Malunga ne gradientsOkwangoku zimbini iindlela zokusebenzisa amandla abo.

Kwelinye icala, umahluko kumaqondo obushushu phakathi kobunzima bamanzi aphezulwana kunye nobunzulu, obunokuthi ngokwasemthethweni buqhutyelwe kwezo ndawo zikwi-ikhweyitha okanye kwiindawo ezishushu, ngakumbi ngenxa yokuqhubekeka kwamaqondo obushushu ecaleni kwendawo unyaka wonke.

Iigradients zeSaline zinokusetyenziswa kuphela kwiindawo apho kukho ukudibana kweentlobo zamanzi ezinetyuwa eyahlukileyo. Oku kwenzeka jikelele kwimilambo yemilambo.

Ungawasebenzisa njani la mandla

Ukuba sigxila ekusetyenzisweni kwezixhobo zamandla olwandle, eziphantse zibe nengenasiphelo kwihlabathi liphela.

Amandla amaza aqhubela phambili, nangona oko kungathethi ukuba amandla olwandle Ayikasetyenziswa ngendlela ebalulekileyo iminyaka, kodwa kuphela kwezinye iindawo apho kukho iimeko ezizodwa kakhulu, kuba ukusetyenziswa kwayo kunxulunyaniswa nefuthe eliphezulu kwindalo esingqongileyo, kwaye ziindawo ezinexabiso eligqwesileyo lokusingqongileyo.

Kwiindawo ezinemithombo yolwandle yangoku, ingxaki isenokuba yenye, kwaye inkulu Ukuxinana kwezithuthi Ulwandle olunokuba nazo ezi ndawo, nangona zinobunzulu obaneleyo bendawo, ingxaki inokuba ncinane.

Ukusetyenziswa kwegradients zaselwandle, okwangoku, ayincedi nganto. Nangona kunjalo, hayi ngenxa yeso sizathu iyekile ukuphanda.

IYurophu ibingummandla woovulindlela ekusebenziseni amaza, ngakumbi ingingqi ye EScotland y Photshugo, nangona kamva kuye kwongezwa amanye amazwe, phakathi kwawo kukho España, ikakhulu uLuntu oluZimeleyo lonxweme lwaseCantabrian, kunye neGalicia.

Zininzi iiprojekthi ezisungulwe ukuza kuthi ga ngoku, ezineziphumo ezahlukeneyo, kodwa inkxaso eyomeleleyo yolawulo olwahlukeneyo kuphuhliso lwe eli candelo. Ukongeza, kukho umdla omkhulu ovela kumzi mveliso omkhulu ohlaziyekayo, osisandulela sempumelelo kwixesha eliphakathi, ukukwazi ukubala umbane omnye ohlaziyekayo kumxube wombane welizwe.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
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