Abantu base-Ecuador bathi Hayi xa kukhutshwa ioyile eAmazon

Iphondo laseOrellana

Kwiiveki ezimbalwa ezidlulileyo, abantu base-Ecuador bathetha ukunciphisa indawo yokukhutshwa kweoyile kwaye ube nakho ukwandisa indawo ekhuselweyo kwiYasuní National Park, ebekwe kwingingqi yeAmazon yaseEcuador.

UMongameli uLenín Moreno ubize udliwanondlebe oludumileyo apho abemi baphendule ngokufanelekileyo kumbuzo wesi-7, owawusithi; Ngaba uyavuma ukunyusa ummandla ongaphathekiyo ngehektare ezingama-50.000 ubuncinci kunye nokunciphisa indawo yokuxhaphaza ioyile egunyaziswe yiNdlu yoWiso-mthetho kwiYasuní National Park ukusuka kwiihektare ezili-1.030 ukuya kwiihektare ezingama-300?

Iziphumo ezifunyenweyo bezicace gca nge I-67,3% yeevoti ziphendula "Ewe" kwaye kuphela i-32,7% yeevoti eziphendula "Hayi". Ukubala ngepesenti engama-99,62% yeerekhodi eziqhutywe liBhunga loNyulo leSizwe (CNE).

En UPastaza no-OrellanaKumaphondo apho iYasuní ikhoyo, iivoti ezifumene u "Ewe" zaziphezulu nangaphezulu. Kowokuqala, i-83,36% yabavoti inike uqinisekiso lwabo kwaye kowesibini, i-75,48% yabemi inike u "Ewe" kulo mbuzo.

Ipaki yeSizwe yaseYasuní, kwiNdawo yokuGcina izinto eziphilayo

IPaki yeSizwe yaseYasuní yenye yezona ndawo zinemvelo eyahlukileyo emhlabeni.

Inokuchongwa kweentlobo zeentyatyambo ezingaphezu kwama-2.100 3.000, nangona kuqikelelwa ukuba zingaphezulu kwama-598. Ukongeza, ezinye iintlobo zeentaka ezingama-200, ezingama-150 zezilwanyana ezanyisayo, ezili-121 zezinto eziphila emhlabeni nasemanzini kunye neentlobo eziyi-XNUMX zezirhubuluzi zichongiwe.

Le paki yadalwa kwi1979, ifikelela gubungela indawo eyi-1.022.736 ha kwaye, kwiminyaka eli-10 kamva, UNESCO (Umbutho weZizwe eziManyeneyo wezeMfundo, iNzululwazi kunye neNkcubeko) ibhengeze yonke le ndawo njengoGcino lwezifo.

IYasuní, ngaphandle kokuba likhaya kwinani elikhulu leentlobo, Likhaya leentlanga ezahlukeneyo zomthonyama njenge: Waorani, Shuar, Kichwa, Tagaeri kunye Taromenane. Ezokugqibela ezi-2 zikwizixeko ezizimeleyo zodwa.

Ukucandwa kwemida yommandla

Sele ngo-1999, iTagaeri-Taromenane Intagible Zone (ZITT) yenziwa ngummiselo walowo wayesakuba ngumongameli uJamil Mahuad.

Nangona kunjalo, ngexesha lika-2005-2007, ixesha lesigunyaziso sika-Alfredo Palacios, ummandla wanqunyanyiswa, wafikelela kuma-758.773 eehektare, indawo ekhuselekileyo yezinyanya kwaye ingenakho nakuphi na ukukhutshwa, okubandakanya inkampani yeoyile.

Ke ngoko, eyona ntsingiselo kunye nomda wombuzo ekuboniswene nawo apho abantu bavote khona Yandisa i-ZITT kwaye inciphise indawo yokusetyenziswa kweoyile.

Yandisa iZITT

Kwi-758.773 ha, bafuna ukongeza ubuncinci enye i-50.000 ha.

UCarlos Pérez, umphathiswa wehydrocarbons, sele echazile ukuba baya kuba njalo 62.188 iihektare ezongezelelweyo.

Amaqela aliqela okusingqongileyo, kubandakanya i-YASunidos, abize ivoti "Ewe" kuthethwano phantsi kwesiqubulo esithi "Akukho namnye kakuhle." Nangona kunjalo, baqonde ukuba bekukho amanye amanqaku angachazwanga kakuhle kwi-plebiscite kulo mbandela.

UPedro Bermeo, ilungu le-YASunidos wabonisa ukuba:

"Nangona ingacacanga, ayitsho ukuba nini okanye njani, inyani yokuba uRhulumente uyabuqonda ubukho baBantu abaQhelekileyo - okanye abantu abembombo - intle kakhulu ekusindeni kwaba bantu, nangakumbi ukwandisa iZITT.

Ukunciphisa ukuxhaphaza ioyile ePakini

Kwisahlulo sesibini sombuzo wokubonisana apho wathi "ukunciphisa indawo yokuxhaphaza ioyile egunyaziswe yiNdlu yoWiso-mthetho kwiYasuní National Park ukusuka kwiihektare ezili-1.030 ukuya kwiihektare ezingama-300", ayibhekiseli kwenye into ngaphandle kweehektare ezili-1.030 ukuba iNdlu yoWiso-mthetho iwavumile ukuba abe yindawo yokukhutshwa kweoyile eYasuní, ngakumbi kwindawo ebizwa ngokuba yiIshpingo, Tambococha kunye neTiputini (ITT) axis, eyaqala ukusetyenziswa kakubi kwi2016. Indawo equlathe ama-42% oovimba belizwe abangafunekiyo.

Isicelo senziwe ngokucela kuka-Mongameli welo xesha u-Rafael Correa, emva kokuba inyathelo le-Yasuní ITT lingaphumelelanga, elalifuna Umrhumo wamanye amazwe wezigidi ezingama-3.600 zeerandi, enegalelo ngaphezulu kweminyaka eli-12, endaweni yokuyishiya ioyile kwindawo ephantsi komhlaba.

IBermeo, enezifundo zobuchwephesha ezisekwe kwiingxelo ezivela kwiPetroamazonas uqobo, isebenza kwindawo enye kwaye ibonisa ukuba ngaphezulu kwe-300 yehektare sele zixhatshazwa eYasuní ecetywa nguRhulumente, ibonisa ukuba baya kunika konke okusemandleni ukwenza umlo uqhubeke yima apho.

ibinzana nabantu

Ngakolunye uhlangothi, URamiro Avila Santamaría, igqwetha, ingcali kumalungelo oluntu kunye nokusingqongileyo, kunye nonjingalwazi eUniversidad Andina Simón Bolívar, ojonga ukuba akukho kucaca ngento urhulumente afuna ukuyenza eYasuní.

“Akwaziwa ukuba ulwandiso lommandla ongaphathekiyo usemantla, emazantsi, empuma okanye entshona kwaye akwaziwa ukuba ihektare ezingama-300 zizakuba phi.

Okwangoku, sele isaziwa into yokuba ikhomishini yezobuchwephesha eyenziwe zii-Hydrocarbons, ezobulungisa kunye neenkonzo zezendalo ziya kujongana nokuvavanya iindawo ezizakufakwa kwi-ZITT ”.


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