Pompo ea mocheso oa mocheso

Lipompo tsa mocheso oa mocheso

Lihloohong tse fetileng re buile ka tsona futhumatsang geothermal. Ho eona, re buile ka e 'ngoe ea likarolo tse hlokahalang ho sebelisa mofuta ona oa ho futhumatsa pompo ea mocheso oa mocheso. Ts'ebetso ea eona e ts'oana le ea pompo e tloaelehileng ea mocheso. Leha ho le joalo, matla a mocheso ao e a sebelisang a ntšoa fatše.

Na u batla ho tseba ka botebo ts'ebetso le litšobotsi tsa pompo ea mocheso oa geothermal? Tlhahisoleseling ena e ka ba molemo haholo haeba o tla kenya lintho tse futhumatsang ka tlung ea hau

Pompo ea mocheso oa mocheso

Ho kenya lipompo tsa mocheso oa geothermal

Ho khatholla mehopolo hanyane le ho sebetsa sengoloa se seng hantle, re tla lekola tlhaloso ea ho futhumatsa ha geothermal. Ke sistimi e futhumatsang eo ho eona re sebelisang metsi a chesang ho futhumatsa bokahare ba moaho. Mocheso oo o tsoa mafikeng kapa metsing a ka tlase ho lefatše mme o khona ho tsamaisa jenereithara ea motlakase. Ke mohopolo, ka hona, ka har'a tšimo ea matla a futhumetseng.

Pompo ea mocheso oa geothermal e ka sebetsa kae kapa kae. Ts'ebeliso ena e ntse e hasana ho pholletsa le sechaba, ho isa boemong ba hore e ntse e eketseha ka 20% selemo le selemo. Ha re ama methapo e ka morao ho sehatsetsi, rea bona hore mocheso o ntse o kenella ka hare ho sesebelisoa ebe o o ntšetsa ka kichineng kaofela. Pompo ea mocheso e sebetsa ka tsela e ts'oanang, empa e fapane. E khona ho nka mocheso o kantle ebe oa e lokolla kahare. Ho tšoana le ha o leka ho pholisa bokantle.

Tshebetso

Kamoo pompo ea geothermal e sebetsang kateng

Ka bobeli sehatsetsing le pompong ea mocheso, ho na le lipeipi tse tsamaisang mokelikeli oa sehatsetsi. Mokelikeli ona o khona ho futhumala ha o petelitsoe ebile o pholile ha o hola. Haeba re batla ho futhumatsa ntlo hore e lule hantle mariha, mokelikeli o chesang o petelitsoeng o tla potoloha ka mocheso oa mocheso o futhumatsang moea o fepisang sistimi e tsamaisang lintho.

U ka re mokelikeli o se o "sebelisitsoe". Kamora moo, ea phola le ho hola, e kopane le mohloli oa mocheso o futhumatsang moea o "o nchafatsang" ka mocheso. Ts'ebetso ena e phetoa khafetsa bakeng sa ho futhumatsa ho tsoelang pele.

Ntho e 'ngoe eo u lokelang ho e boloka kelellong ke hore ho pompa mokelikeli ho hloka motlakase. Pompo ea mocheso oa geothermal e sebetsa hantle ho feta lipompo tse ling kapa mekhoa e meng ea ho futhumatsa. Litsamaiso tse teng hona joale Ba khona ho hlahisa mocheso oa 4 kW bakeng sa motlakase o mong le o mong o hlahisoang. Sena se li etsa hore li sebetse hantle haholo, hobane ha li hloke ho hlahisa mocheso, empa ho li ntša ka tlas'a lefatše.

Ho fapana le moo, ha ho na lipompo feela tse futhumatsang ntlo. U ka etsa sehatsetsi ntlo hore e pholile nakong ea lehlabula. Lipompo tsena li bitsoa lipompo tsa mocheso tse khutlisoang. Tabeng ena, sephahla ke sona se laolang moo metsi a lebileng teng. Ka hona, mocheso o ka potoloha ka mahlakore a mabeli.

Litsela tsa ho ntša matla a futhumatsang lefatše

Ho futhumatsa ka mocheso oa lefatše

Batho ba bangata ba sebelisang mofuta ona oa ho futhumatsa ba se ba ntse ba tloaelane le lipompo tsa mocheso oa mocheso. Molemo o moholo ke ho sebelisa moea o tsoang kantle ho futhumatsa ntlo. Mocheso oa lefatše ha o na moeli, ka hona e nkoa e le mofuta oa matla a nchafatsoang. U ka ba le ho futhumatsa neng kapa neng ha u ho hloka le ka tsela e mabothobotho ebile e theko e tlase. Ntle le moo, o tla be o thusa ho hlokomela tikoloho le ho fokotsa tlhahiso ea khase e futhumatsang sepakapaka. Ka tsela ena re tla be re fokotsa litlamorao tse mpe tsa phetoho ea maemo a leholimo le ho futhumala ha lefatše.

E 'ngoe ea litšitiso tsa lipompo tse tloaelehileng tsa mocheso ke hore tšebetso ea tsona ea fokotseha ha mocheso o kantle o bata haholo. Sena se bolela hore ha mocheso o hlile o hlokahala haholo ka tlung, pompo ha e sebetse hantle. Leha ho le joalo, sena ha se etsahale ka pompo ea mocheso oa geothermal, kaha e ntša mocheso o tsoang kahare ho lefats'e. Ka tlas'a lefatše mocheso o tsitsitse mme thempereichara e lula e ts'oana le ha ho bata ho feta. Ka hona, ha e lahleheloe ke tšebetso ka nako efe kapa efe.

Pompo ea mocheso o futhumetseng oa mocheso o futhumetseng

Lipotoloho tsa mocheso oa mocheso

Mokhoa o tsebahalang haholo oa ho ntša mocheso ke pompo ea mocheso o futhumetseng. Hangata e kentsoe limithara tse 150 ho isa ho tse 200 ka tlase holimo. Liphaepe li kentsoe haufi le li-grooves tse chekiloeng ka tlas'a lefatše. Metsi a potoloha ka tsona ka mokelikeli o mong oa antifreeze o khonang ho phahamisa mocheso ho futhumatsa mokelikeli o pholileng.

Ntho e 'ngoe e ka sebelisoang ke pompo ea mocheso o futhumetseng ka mocheso. Maemong ana, methapo e tlatsoa ka metsi 'me e patoa ka maoto a ka bang 6 tlasa mobu. Ke litsamaiso tse hlokang katoloso e kholo ho khona ho hlahisa mocheso o loketseng ho futhumatsa moaho o boholo bo mahareng. Leha ho le joalo, theko ea eona e tlase haholo ho feta pompo e emeng.

Batho ba bangata ba belaella katleho ea eona libakeng tse haufi le mehloli ea tlhaho ea metsi joalo ka matša, linoka le matangoana. Sena ha se joalo. Pompo ea mocheso oa geothermal e sebetsa hantle haufi le libaka tsena kamoo u ka e sebelisang e le mohloli oa mocheso o kantle.

Phapanyetsano ea mocheso le sebaka se kantle e etsoa ka pokello ea geothermal, e ka bang ea mefuta e 'meli: babokelli ba geothermal e emeng le e otlolohileng. Boemong ba pele, potoloho ea methapo (2 kapa 4) e beoa kahare ho pente ho 50-100 m botebo le 110-140 mm bophara. Tabeng ea bobeli, marang-rang a liphaephe a holimo a behiloe botebo ba limithara tse 1,2-1,5.

Peeletso ea pele ea moruo

Tšitiso e kholo e emeng tseleng ea ts'ebeliso ea matla a nchafatsoang ke letsete la pele la moruo. Joalo ka mafapheng a mangata, ho a hlokahala ho tsetela chelete e kholo qalong ebe oe fokotsa butle ha nako e ntse e tsamaea. Litsenyehelo tsa pele tsa ho futhumatsa ka mocheso oa mocheso ho feta tsa lits'ebetso tse futhumatsang tsa setso.

Haeba e reretsoe ho aha ho lehae la lelapa le ka bitsa lipakeng tsa li-euro tse 6.000 le 13.000. Hona ke bosaoana ho batho bohle bao mosebetsi oa bona o sa ba fumaneleng meputso e meholo. Ka chelete eo u ka reka koloi! Leha ho le joalo, lipompo tsa mocheso oa geothermal li na le molemo qetellong. Li lumella ho fokotsa tšebeliso ea bili ea matla lipakeng tsa 30 le 70% molemong oa ho futhumatsa le 20-50% ha ho bata.

Ke tšepa hore ka tlhaiso-leseling ena u se u loketse ho sebelisa mofuta ona oa ho futhumatsa le ho qala ho boloka hona joale.


Litaba tsa sengoloa sena li latela melao-motheo ea rona ea melao ea boitšoaro ea bongoli. Ho tlaleha phoso tlanya mona.

E-ba oa pele ho fana ka maikutlo

Siea maikutlo a hau

aterese ya hao ya imeile ke ke ho phatlalatswa.

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  1. E ikarabella bakeng sa data: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Morero oa data: Laola SPAM, tsamaiso ea maikutlo.
  3. Molao: Tumello ea hau
  4. Puisano ea data: Lintlha li ke ke tsa tsebisoa batho ba boraro ntle le ka tlamo ea molao.
  5. Polokelo ea data: Database e hapiloeng ke Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Litokelo: Nako efe kapa efe o ka fokotsa, oa hlaphoheloa mme oa hlakola tlhaiso-leseling ea hau.