Polasi ea pele e fehlang ea moea e se e ntse e tsoela pele ho Leoatle la Leboea

Turbine ea Scotland

Nako le nako ha re na le menyetla e haufi le e eketsehileng ea ho khutlisa matla a mesaletsa ka a nchafatsoang. Sena se bontšoa ke linaha tse ka leboea ho Yuropa, eseng ho phahamisa likoti tsa oli joalo ka ha ba qalile lilemong tsa bo-70, empa ho nka monyetla ka botlalo matla a matla a moea.

Ena ke taba ea Hywind Scotland, polasi ea moea ea pele e phallang kantle ho lefatše, e hahiloeng ke k'hamphani ea oli ea sechaba ea Norway ea Statoil ka ts'ebelisano le feme ea matla a nchafatsoang ho tsoa United Arab Emirates Masdar. Eo, matsatsing a 'maloa a fetileng, e qalileng ho sebetsa metsing a Leoatle la Leboea, Buchan Deep, lik'hilomithara tse 25 ho tloha toropong ea Scottish ea Peterhead.

Polasi ea moea e phaphametseng

Bothata ba matla a moea a mose ho maoatle bo phephetsa botebo ba leoatle. Ho ea ka motsamaisi Statoil, ho fihlela ho 80% ea libaka tse ka bang le moea tse kantle ho leoatle li ka metsing a tebileng ho feta limithara tsa 60. Li-turbine tse tsitsitseng tse tlatsetsang ho mapolasi a tloaelehileng a moea a kantle ho leoatle Li loketse feela botebo bo sa feteng limithara tse 50, empa bakeng sa polasi ea moea e phaphametseng, meaho ena e thusa ho ts'oaroa ha matla libakeng tse nang le botebo ba limithara tse fetang 500. Li-turbine tse hlano tse kentsoeng morerong oa pele ka tiiso ea Hywind li bophahamo ba limithara tse 253, tseo 78 ea tsona e leng ka tlase ho bokaholimo.

Polasi ea moea e phaphametseng

Ho ea ka liofisiri tse 'maloa tsa Statoil, "Kaho le nts'etsopele ea morero, e qalileng lilemong tse leshome le metso e mehlano tse fetileng, e entsoe ka botlalo kamoo ho neng ho reriloe. Khopolo ea Hywind Scotland E ipapisitse le pontšo ea turbine e phaphametseng ea sefofane eo re e kentseng ka 2009 mathomong a Karmøy ka bophirima ho Norway. Re sebedisitse boiphihlelo ba projeke eo, ho fetola sekala sa turbine ea pele ho tloha ho megawatts ea 2,3 ho isa ho 6 MW, e amileng boholo ba eona kaofela ”.

Morero

El morero ka boyona, e feta li-euro tse limilione tse 230, e akaretsa sebaka sa li-kilometara tse 15. Ho fumana mohopolo oa boholo ba litoraHo lekane ho tseba hore kahare ho li-gondola, karolo e ikarabellang bakeng sa ho ts'ehetsa mechini ea turbine le ho potoloha ho latela tataiso ea moea, e lekana libese tse peli mokhabiso o habeli Londoners, le hore li-rotor blades, matsoho a tloaelehileng a turbine, a bolelele ba limithara tse 75 le boima ba lithane tse 25, a na le mapheo a mapheo a Airbus 380.

Li-turbine tsa moea tse tsoang mose ho maoatle

Phephetso e kholo ka ho fetisisa ea kaho e bile ho bokella li-turbine tsa moea, se seng le se seng se boima ba lithane tse 12.000. Bakeng sa kopano ea li-turbine tse hlano tsa moea, tse entsoeng Norway lehlabuleng lena, ho ne ho hlokahala hore o retelehele ho e 'ngoe ea li-cranes marinas kholo ka ho fetisisa lefatšeng, ea Saipem 7000, a laeloa hore a ba hulele sebakeng sa bona sa ho qetela lebopong la Peterhead.

Li-turbine tse kholo

Ka lebaka la boholo ba eona bo boholo, ho tiisa e bile qholotso e 'ngoe. Ho tiisa litora, ho ile ha sebelisoa liankora tse hulang libeke tse peli (tse tharo mochineng o mong le o mong), bolelele ba limithara tse 16 le boima Lithane tse 300, e hokahantsoe le li-turbine tsa moea tse nang le liketane tsa mooring bolelele ba limithara tse 2.400 le boima ba lithane tse 1.200.

Ho aha likarolo tsa turbine ea moea

Polasi ena ea moea e phaphametseng e na le matla a 300 MW, e tla e nolofalletsa ho fepela matla malapeng a 20.000.

Lipheo tsa nako e tlang

Morero oa ba kenyang ts'ebetso, ba rerileng ho fihlela 500 kapa 1000 MW mererong e tlang, ke ho etsa hore matla a moea a be le tlholisano. "Ka 2030 re ka rata hore litšenyehelo tsa matla a polasi ea moea e phaphametseng ea Hywind li fokotsoe ho fihla ho 40-60 hora / megawatt hora. Matla a moea a phaphamang a lebopong a lebelletsoe ho sebetsa karolo ya bohlokwa kgolong ya moya leoatleng nakong e tlang ", ho phatlalalitsoe phatlalatso ea phatlalatso Irene Rummelhoff, motlatsi oa mopresidente ea phahameng oa sebaka sa khoebo sa New Energy Solutions ho Statoil, feme e nkang karolo ho 50% ea polasi ea moea e kantle ho leoatle ea Arkona Jeremane, e tla qala e sebetsa ho 2019, le ho 40% ea kaho ea bokamoso ea ts'ebetso ea letsatsi ea 162MW Apodi naheng ea Brazil.

Letona la Matla a Scotland Nicola Sturgeon o keteka le mmuso ho khakoloa ha polasi e ncha e fehlang moea, e tla ba lumella ho "etella pele ho morabe oa lefatše ho nts'etsapele moloko o latelang oa mahlale a moea a kantle ho leoatle ".

Khanyetso

Le ha ho le joalo, Hywind Scotland e fumane file ea bohanyetsi ea mokhatlo o hlophisitsoeng oa tikoloho ea Bird Charity RSPB Scotland, khahlano le ts'ebetsong ea mapolasi a moea a boholo ba khoebo metsing a ka bochabela a Scotland tse sokelang, ho latela mokhatlo ona, libaka tsa ts'ireletso bakeng sa bophelo ba mefuta e fapaneng ea linonyana tsa leoatle.


Litaba tsa sengoloa sena li latela melao-motheo ea rona ea melao ea boitšoaro ea bongoli. Ho tlaleha phoso tlanya mona.

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aterese ya hao ya imeile ke ke ho phatlalatswa.

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  1. E ikarabella bakeng sa data: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Morero oa data: Laola SPAM, tsamaiso ea maikutlo.
  3. Molao: Tumello ea hau
  4. Puisano ea data: Lintlha li ke ke tsa tsebisoa batho ba boraro ntle le ka tlamo ea molao.
  5. Polokelo ea data: Database e hapiloeng ke Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Litokelo: Nako efe kapa efe o ka fokotsa, oa hlaphoheloa mme oa hlakola tlhaiso-leseling ea hau.