Mehloli ea matla Spain

mehloli e nchafatsoang ea matla Spain

Joalokaha re tseba, Spain re na le motsoako oa matla ho fihlela tlhoko ea naha. The mehloli ea matla Spain Li na le tšimoloho e fapaneng mme li arotsoe ka mehloli ea matla e ka nchafatsoang le e sa nchafatsoeng. Ka matla a mantlha re utloisisa mona hobane e fumaneha mohloling oo e tsoang ho ona mme matla a ho qetela ke a sebelisoang sebakeng sa moo o eang teng.

Sehloohong sena re tlil'o u joetsa tsohle tseo u hlokang ho li tseba ka mehloli ea matla Spain le hore na e sebelisa eng e fapaneng.

Mehloli ea matla Spain

motlakase oa motlakase

Ho fihlela hajoale, oli ke mohloli o ka sehloohong oa matla a mantlha a sa nchafatsoeng Spain. Hape ke hore oli e sebelisetsoa ho khotsofatsa tlhoko ea 42% ea litlhoko tsohle tsa naha. Mehloling e latelang ea matla a nchafatsoang re fumana khase ea tlhaho, matla a nyutlelie le mashala. Matla a mang kaofela a fanoa ke matla a nchafatsoang. Ho theosa le nalane ea haufinyane, ho bonahetse hore, ho tloha koluoeng ea moruo e amileng Spain haholoholo lipakeng tsa 2008 le 2014, phokotso ea ts'ebeliso ea matla e ile ea bonahala.

Lihlahisoa tsa Petroliamo

ho fehla motlakase

Re tla bona hore na mehloli ea mantlha ea matla Spain e lokisitsoe joang le hore na e sebetsa joang mabapi le lihlahisoa tsa peterole. Ka ts'ebetso ea ho hloekisa oli, lihlahisoa tse latelang lia fumaneha: khase ea peterole e nang le metsi (LPG), naphtha, peterole, ethylene, propylene, parafini, dizeli, oli ea mafura, sekontiri, coke le oli e tlotsang.

LPG (butane le propane) ke karolo ea pele e ntšitsoeng ho peteroleamo ka distillation. Li sebelisoa e le mafura a ho pheha, metsi a chesang le ho futhumatsa. Naphtha ke karolo ea mantlha ea lihlahisoa tse ngata tse kang peterole le solvents, hape ke sesebelisoa sa lihlahisoa tsa ethylene le propylene. Petroli e sebelisoa e le mafura bakeng sa likoloi.

Ethylene le propylene ke li-hydrocarbon tse sebelisoang ho hlahisa li-plastiki, li-resin, li-solvents, ketone le lihlahisoa. Kerosene ke komporo ea letsoai le bohareng e sebelisoang e le mafura a ho fofa, 'me, kamora ho sebetsa hape, e sebelisoa e le mochini o qhibilihang kapa o futhumatsang. Disele e hloekisoa ka mekhoa e mengata ebe ea sebelisoa ho likoloi, mechini ea temo le ea ho tšoasa litlhapi, liketsoana le likoloi tse lumelletsoeng le lithutong tsa ho futhumatsa, hara tse ling. Ka lehlakoreng le leng, re boetse re na le oli ea peterole, e leng komporo e boima haholo mme ts'ebeliso ea eona e kholo ke mafura a liindasteri.

Kamora nako, lihlahisoa tsa peterole tse sebelisoang mehloling e fapaneng ea matla Spain re na le asphalt. Ke taba ea thepa ea kaho e sebelisetsoang litsela, lipina le lipotoloho. Li sebelisoa hape e le lisebelisoa tse thibelang metsi bakeng sa marulelo le fatše.

Mehloli e sa nchafatsoeng ea matla Spain

mehloli ea matla Spain

Re ntse re tsoela pele ho thathamisa mehloli ea matla e sa keng ea nchafatsoa Spain eo lihlahisoa tsa eona tsa mantlha e leng lihlahisoa tsa peterole. Spain e na le meralo ea motheo ea kabo ea lihlahisoa tsa peterole e e etsang letšoao la lefats'e. Compañía Logística de Hidrocarburos (CLH) e kopanya lihloekiso tse robeli hloahloeng tse hlahisang lihlahisoa tsa peterole tse metsi ho netweke ea eona ka lipeipi tsa oli tse 4.020, Mehala ea polokelo e 40 le meaho ea boema-fofane e 28 Lipeipi tse habeli tsa Repsol le tsona li hokahanya libaka tsa bohloekisi tsa Cartagena le Puertollano.

Khokahano ea meralo ea Enagás e nolofalletsa tšebeliso ea khase ea tlhaho. E na le lijalo tse nchafatsang tsa LNG tse supileng, matlo a polokelo a mane a ka tlasa lefatše, liteishene tse 19 tsa khatello, marangrang a lipeipi tsa khase ea tlhaho ea km ea 11.000 km le likhokahano tse tšeletseng tsa machabeng tse lumellang ho kenya le ho rekisa kantle ho sesebelisoa sena. Ho boetse ho na le likhokelo tse tsoang hloahloeng le lihlekehlekeng tsa Balearic.

Liphetoho tsa morao-rao ts'ebelisong li bontša koluoa ​​ea moruo e amileng naha ea rona ho tloha ka 2008 ho isa ho 2014. Lilemong tse peli tse fetileng, ts'ebeliso ea peterole e theohile ho tloha ho lithane tse 6,3 ho isa ho lithane tse limilione tse 4,6 mme ts'ebeliso ea disele e theohile ho tloha ho litone tse 35,4 ho isa ho lithane tse 28, lithane tse limilione tse 4. Ka 2015, ha ts'ebeliso e ntse e eketseha, maemo a fetoha.

Har'a lihlahisoa tsohle tsa peterole, parafini ke eona e fokotsehileng haholo ts'ebelisong, hobane lilemong tsa morao tjena Spain e bile le kholo ea bohahlauli ba kantle ho naha mme mokhoa oa eona oa mantlha oa lipalangoang ke lipalangoang tsa moeeng.

Khathatso ea phepelo lekaleng la mesebetsi ea kaho le ea sechaba e bile le tšusumetso ho tlhahiso ea asphalt. Khase ea peterole e nang le metsi (butane le propane) e ntse e tsoela pele ho sebelisoa ke matlo kapa ho futhumatsa libakeng tseo khase ea tlhaho e sa fihleleng ho eona.

Matla a motlakase a Spain

Karolo ea tlhahiso ea motlakase Spain e hlalosoa e le ts'ebetsong ea limela tsa motlakase sebakeng sa eona le phapang ea mehloli ea tlhahiso ka lebaka la ho hlahisoa ha khase ea tlhaho le matla a nchafatsoang e le lisebelisoa tsa mantlha ho tloha qalong ea lekholo lena la lilemo.

Semela sa motlakase o fehloang ka metsi se ka har'a libeisine tsa linoka tse kholo tsa Spain. Phepelo ea metsi le eona ke karolo ea kaho ea libaka tsa motlakase le matla a nyutlelie. Limela tsa pele tsa mashala li ne li le ka libeseng tsa mashala tsa peninsular leboea-bophirima le profinseng ea Teruel, hamorao li ile tsa kenngoa lebopong. Oli ea mafura e phethile karolo ea bohlokoa mme e nyametse hloahloeng, empa ke mohloli oa mantlha oa phepelo ea Ceuta, Melilla le Lihlekehleke tsa Balearic.

Ho fumaneha ha marangrang a phala ea lipeipi tsa khase ho lumella ho aha limela tsa potoloho tse kopaneng Phuleng ea Ebro. Mechini ea matla a nyutlelie e kentsoe libakeng tse haufi le litsi tsa tšebeliso e kholo. Ka tsela ena, lipalangoang tsa eneji li nyane.

Sebopeho sa phepelo ea motlakase ea selemo le selemo ho tsoa ho matla a nchafatsoang hangata sea fetoha hobane se angoa ke metsi le moea. Ho joalo ka 2015: matla a moea (51,4%), matla a haeteroliki (29,7%), matla a letsatsi a photovoltaic (8,4%), matla a futhumatsang a letsatsi (5,5%) le mehloli e meng ea matla e nchafatsoang (5%). Red Eléctrica de España e aba tlhahiso ea limela tse kholo tsa motlakase Spain ho libaka tsa ts'ebeliso ka marang-rang a mela e fetang e koahelang Spain eohle ka bolelele ba lik'hilomithara tse 43.660.

Ke tšepa hore ka tlhaiso-leseling ena u ka ithuta ho eketsehileng ka mehloli ea matla Spain le litšobotsi tsa bona.


Litaba tsa sengoloa sena li latela melao-motheo ea rona ea melao ea boitšoaro ea bongoli. Ho tlaleha phoso tlanya mona.

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Siea maikutlo a hau

aterese ya hao ya imeile ke ke ho phatlalatswa.

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  1. E ikarabella bakeng sa data: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Morero oa data: Laola SPAM, tsamaiso ea maikutlo.
  3. Molao: Tumello ea hau
  4. Puisano ea data: Lintlha li ke ke tsa tsebisoa batho ba boraro ntle le ka tlamo ea molao.
  5. Polokelo ea data: Database e hapiloeng ke Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Litokelo: Nako efe kapa efe o ka fokotsa, oa hlaphoheloa mme oa hlakola tlhaiso-leseling ea hau.