Phetoho e nchafatsoang ea Chile le baahisani ba eona

Chile

Letona la Matla a Chile, Andrés Rebolledo e hlahisitse ba ratang maemo Moralo oa tlhabollo ho lebisa ho matla a nchafatsoang naheng ea heno, moo sepheo e leng hore sechaba se be le 70% ea mofuta ona oa phepelo ka 2050.

Mmuso o netefalitse hore, "Lilemong tse 'ne tse fetileng, naha e qalile phetoho ea matla e fetotseng mofuta oa tlhahiso, ho e etsa tsitso, e hloekile, e na le chelete ebile e mosa tikolohong ».

Ka tsela ena, Chile e se e le moetapele oa Latin America ho Matla a sa Reroang a Matlafatsoang (NCRE). Ho ea ka tse kaholimo, 17% ea palo yohle ya bokgoni Naheng e tsamaelana le matla a hloekileng mme ho lebelletsoe hore ka 2020 20% ea matrix e tla be e phethetsoe, e neng e reriloe qalong bakeng sa 2025.

Empa re ka botsa, NCRE ke eng? Ka hare ho tsona ho na le mocheso oa lefatše, letsatsi, moea, matla a leoatle le limela tsa motlakase oa hydraulic. Senotlolo sa sehlopha sena ke hore ba silafatsa tlase ho feta mehloli e meng e tloaelehileng ea matla mme ka hona ba fokotsa moea o tsoang ho CO2.

Ebile, matla ana ho tloha ka Hlakubele 2014 a ne a lekana feela le 7% ea kakaretso ea matrix, e fihla ho 15% qetellong ea 2017.

Chile

Kahoo, ba boholong ba ile ba totobatsa file ea liphetoho tse tebileng e kentsoeng tšebetsong lilemong tsa morao tjena e arabela melaoana ea sechaba e raliloeng ka kopanelo le baetsi ba sechaba le ba poraefete, ho netefatsa hore "lekala la eneji le etella pele matsete mme le atlehile ho theola litheko tsa lona haholo, ke sepheo sa ho hohela likhoebo tse ncha mme le na le tlholisano ea boemo bo holimo".

O boetse a netefatsa hore ho na le setsi sa tikoloho se nang le melao e hlakileng le e tsitsitseng bakeng sa matsete a kantle ho naha.

Motsamaisi e Moholo oa Imagen de Chile, Myriam Gómez, oa tiisa hore "ntle le pelaelo, re na le matrix e shebaneng le matla a nchafatsoang le ho sebelisa lisebelisoa tsa rona tsa tlhaho ka boikarabello, mehato e tsitsitseng nakong e tlang, ke lintlha tsa bohlokoa bakeng sa setšoantšo sa naha ea rona. Ebile, ho latela tlaleho ea 2017 ea boeletsi ba machabeng Ernst & Young, Renewable Energy Country Attractiveness Index, naha e maemong a botšelela lefats'eng har'a linaha tse nang le menyetla e metle ka ho fetisisa nts'etsopele ea NCRE ".

Ntle le Chile, ho na le linaha tse ling Amerika tse ntseng li becha ho tse nchafatsoang

Argentina

Argentina le eona ea neng a ntse a iphapantse ebile a sa tsotelle phetoho e nchafatsoang, o se a qalile ho roba leqhoa le ho khothaletsa matla a letsatsi. Ka mohlala, Jujuy, ho na le toropo ea 100% ea matla a letsatsi e bonts'itseng phetoho e etsahalang Argentina. Naha e lebelletse ho hlahisa 8% ea matla a eona a matla a naha ho sebelisa mehloli e ka nchafatsoang lilemong tse 'maloa.

Mexico

Mexico e tsebisitse selemong sena karolo ea ho qetela ea se seng sa limela tse kholo ka ho fetisisa tsa letsatsi ho Latin America. Aura Solar I e kentsoe Baja California Sur ka nako ea likhoeli tse supileng feela mme ho tloha ka Loetse 2013 e ile ea qala ho fetola mahlaseli a letsatsi hore e be a maqhubu a morao-rao, a seng a ntse a fihla karolong ea naha.

matla a letsatsi le theko e bobebe

Selemong sena, semela se tla buloa ka botlalo, se hlahisa matla a hloekileng ho fepa batho ba Mexico ba limilione. Mehaho ea eona e lula Lihekthere tse 100 tsa La Paz Industrial Park. Mmuso oa Mexico o totobatsa hore semela sa Aura Solar se nang le lisele tse 131.800 se tla fokotsa tšilafalo ka lithane tse likete tse 60 tsa CO2 ka selemo.

Perú

Hape linaha tse kang Peru li khothaletsa tšebeliso ea matla a letsatsi. Phephetso ea lekala lena ke ho tlisa matla ho MaPeru a limilione tse 2,2 libakeng tsa mahaeng ka katoloso ea marang-rang le tharollo e sa lumellaneng joalo ka liphanele tsa letsatsi, tseo ho tla fuoang projeke ea lichelete, ho kenya, ts'ebetso le tlhokomelo. .

Linaha tse ling

En Panama, Likhamphani tse 31 li nkile karolo ho thenda ea pele ea phumants'o ea matla a letsatsi a maholo selemong se fetileng. Morero o ntse o qala ho theola 66 MW ka letsete ea lidolara tse ka bang limilione tse 120

Guatemala E na le e 'ngoe ea limela tse kholo ka ho fetisisa tsa photovoltaic tikolohong eo e nang le 5 MW ea matla le liphanele tse ka bang 20 tse likete tsa letsatsi. Bekeng ena Eduardo Font, Motsamaisi Kakaretso oa indasteri ea pampiri ea Painsa, o re ba rera ho tsetela ho lidolara tse limilione tse 12 mochining oa letsatsi oa 8MW.

Banka ea Nts'etsopele ea Jeremane (KFW) e filoe moputso El Salvador mokoloto oa lidolara tse limilione tse 30 bakeng sa mekoloto ho lik'hamphani tse nyane le tse mahareng tsa eneji e nchafatsoang, haholo-holo letsatsi. Mmuso oa El Salvador le lik'hamphani tse tharo tsa motlakase li saenetse likonteraka tse 'ne bakeng sa tlhahiso le phepelo ea li-megawatts tse 94 tsa matla a letsatsi ka chelete e ka bang lidolara tse limilione tse 250.

Honduras Ke naha e etelletseng pele ka letsatsi ho la Central America le la boraro ho kholo Latin America. Ka nako e khuts'oane, e se e thehile limela tsa letsatsi tse XNUMX Choluteca le libaka tse ling tsa naha.

Ka 2013 China le Costa Rica e saenetse tumellano ea lidolara tse limilione tse 30 ho tšehetsa lichelete tsa ho kenya li-panels tsa letsatsi tse likete tse 50. Hape qalong ea selemo sena Setsi sa Motlakase sa Costa Rica (ICE) se phatlalalitse tsoelo-pele ea leano la mofofisi bakeng sa ts'ebeliso ea matla a letsatsi a bolulo a ikemiselitseng ho fihlela bareki ba likete tse 600. Lilemong tse 7 tse fetileng, lidolara tse libilione tse 1,700 li KENETSOE mererong e fapaneng ea matla a nchafatsoang (letsatsi, moea, motlakase oa metsi, hara tse ling).

costa-rica-only-uses-renewable-energy-to-product-motlakase


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  1. E ikarabella bakeng sa data: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Morero oa data: Laola SPAM, tsamaiso ea maikutlo.
  3. Molao: Tumello ea hau
  4. Puisano ea data: Lintlha li ke ke tsa tsebisoa batho ba boraro ntle le ka tlamo ea molao.
  5. Polokelo ea data: Database e hapiloeng ke Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Litokelo: Nako efe kapa efe o ka fokotsa, oa hlaphoheloa mme oa hlakola tlhaiso-leseling ea hau.