Liphello tsa tšilafalo ea metsi

liphello tsa tšilafalo ea metsi a leoatle

Lefatše le re hopotsa khafetsa hore ha ho na bophelo ntle le metsi, joalo ka komello e ntseng e eketseha e sokelang phepelo ea metsi a nooang likarolong tse fapaneng tsa lefatše. Mefuta e sa tšoaneng ea tšilafalo ea metsi e etsa hore boleng ba mohloli ona oa bohlokoa bo thefulehe, e leng ho behang tšokelo bophelong bo botle ba polanete. Ka bomalimabe, ka lebaka la mesebetsi ea batho, metsi le tšilafalo ke mantsoe a mabeli a amanang haufi-ufi. Batho ba bangata ha ba tsebe hantle ka taba ena Liphello tsa tšilafalo ea metsi.

Ka lebaka lena, re tla nehela sehlooho sena ho u bolella ka liphello tse ka sehloohong tsa tšilafalo ea metsi le mefuta ea eona.

Mefuta ea tšilafalo ea metsi

dinoka tse silafetseng

Li-Hydrocarbons

Hangata ho qhalana ha oli ho na le tšusumetso ho liphoofolo tse hlaha kapa tse phelang metsing, empa monyetla oa ho hasana o moholo haholo.

Oli e khomarela masiba a linonyana tsa leoatle; e fokotsang bokgoni ba ho sesa kapa ho fofa le ho bolaya ditlhapi. Keketseho ea ho qhala ha oli le ho qhalla ha maoatle ho bakile tšilafalo ea leoatle. Bohlokoa: Oli ha e qhibilihe ka metsing 'me e tla etsa lesela le teteaneng la oli ka metsing, ho bipetsa litlhapi le ho thibela khanya ho tloha limela tsa metsing tsa photosynthetic.

Sebaka sa metsi

Metsi a holim'a metsi a kenyelletsa metsi a tlhaho a fumanehang holim'a Lefatše, joalo ka linoka, matša, matangoana le maoatle. Lintho tsena li kopana le metsi ebe lia qhibiliha kapa li tsoakana le 'ona.

mohanyetsi oa oksijene

Ho na le likokoana-hloko tse phelang metsing. Tsena li kenyelletsa likokoana-hloko tsa aerobic le anaerobic. Hangata metsi a na le likokoana-hloko, ebang ke aerobic kapa anaerobic, ho itšetlehile ka lintho tse ka senyehang habonolo tse fanyehiloeng ka metsing.

Likokoana-hloko tse feteletseng li ja le ho ja oksijene, e lebisang lefung la likokoana-hloko tsa aerobic le tlhahiso ea chefo e kotsi e kang ammonia le sebabole.

Tšilafalo e ka tlas’a lefatše

Metsi a pula a ntša chefo e bolaeang likokoanyana le lik’hemik’hale tse amanang le tsona mobung ebe a li monya fatše, ’me a silafatsa metsi a ka tlas’a lefatše.

Tšilafalo ea likokoana-hloko

Linaheng tse tsoelang pele, batho ba noa metsi a sa hloekisoang ka ho toba a tsoang linōkeng, linōkeng kapa mehloling e meng. ka linako tse ling e etsahala tšilafalo ea tlhaho e bakoang ke likokoana-hloko tse kang likokoana-hloko, libaktheria le protozoa.

Tšilafalo ena ea tlhaho e ka baka mafu a tebileng a batho le ho shoa ha litlhapi le mefuta e meng.

Tšilafalo ea Lintho E Emisitsoeng

Ha se lik'hemik'hale tsohle tse qhibilihang habonolo metsing. Tsena li bitsoa "likaroloana." Mefuta ena ea lintho e ka ntša kotsi kapa ea bolaea lintho tse phelang metsing.

Tšilafalo ea metsi ka lik'hemik'hale

Hoa tsebahala hore na liindasteri tse fapa-fapaneng li sebelisa lik’hemik’hale tse lahleloang ka ho toba mehloling ea metsi joang. Agrochemicals e sebelisoang haholo temong ho laola likokoanyana le mafu li qetella li le linōkeng, li tšela chefo tse phelang metsing, li senya mefuta-futa ea lintho tse phelang le ho beha bophelo ba batho kotsing.

Tšilafalo ea limatlafatsi

Hangata re re metsi a na le limatlafatsi tse phetseng hantle bophelong, kahoo ha ho hlokahale ho a hloekisa. Empa ho fumana manyolo a mangata a temo le a indasteri metsing a nooang ho ile ha fetola setšoantšo sohle.

Metsi a mangata a litšila, manyolo le likhoerekhoere li na le limatlafatsi tse ngata tse ka khothalletsang bolele le lehola ka metsing, tsa etsa hore a se ke a nooa, esita le ho koala lihloela.

Mokelikeli o phallang o tsoang litšileng tsa masimong metsi a tsoang linōkeng, melapong le matšeng ho ea fihla leoatleng. Manyolo a na le limatlafatsi tse ngata tse fapaneng tse hlokoang ke bophelo ba limela, 'me metsi a hloekileng a hlahang a senya tekano ea tlhaho ea limatlafatsi tse hlokahalang bakeng sa limela tsa metsing.

Liphello tsa tšilafalo ea metsi

tshenyo ya polasetiki

Metsi a silafalitsoe ke moriana oo re o ntšang ka ntloana kapa oli eo re e thetsang ka sinki. Litšila tse lahleloang ka leoatleng le linōkeng ke mehlala e meng. Ho etsahala se tšoanang le microplastics, eo mahloriso a eona a leoatle a ntseng a eketseha ka potlako. Ho ea ka Machaba a Kopaneng, lipolasetiki tse limilione tse 8 li qetella li le leoatleng selemo le selemo, li fetola bophelo ba tikoloho e phelang ho lona.

Hantle-ntle, mokhatlo ona oa machaba o hlalosa tšilafalo ea metsi e le tšilafalo ea metsi ao motsoako oa oona o fetohang ho fihlela o fetoha o sa sebelisoeng. Metsi a silafetseng a bolela hore batho ba ke ke ba sebelisa mohloli ona oa bohlokoa. Ho senyeha hona ho tšoantšetsa tšokelo e tebileng lefatšeng ’me ho tla mpefatsa bofutsana ba batho ba tlokotsing ka ho fetisisa.

Tšilafalo ea metsi e na le liphello tse senyang tšireletsong ea tikoloho le bophelo bo botle ba polanete. Tse ling tsa liphello tsa bohlokoa ka ho fetisisa tsa mefuta e fapaneng ea tšilafalo ea metsi ke: timetso ea mefuta-futa ea lihloliloeng, ho silafala ha ketane ea lijo, ho kenyeletsa ho ata ha lintho tse chefo lijong le khaello ea metsi a nooang.

Libaka tsa polokelo ea metsi a ka tlas'a lefatše li fana ka 80% ea baahi ba lefatše. 4% ea libaka tsena tsa polokelo e silafalitsoe. Har'a mefuta eohle ea tšilafalo ea metsi, tse ka sehloohong li amana le mosebetsi oa indasteri ka mor'a Ntoa ea II ea Lefatše le ho fihlela kajeno. Ka mohlala, selemo le selemo metsi a litšila a fetang li-cubic kilometer tse 450 a lahleloa ka leoatleng. Ho hlapolla tšilafalo ena, ho ile ha sebelisoa metsi a hloekileng a lik’hubiki-kilomitara tse 6.000 XNUMX tse eketsehileng.

Ho ea ka Machaba a Kopaneng, lithane tse limilione tse 2 tsa likhoerekhoere li phallela metsing a lefatše letsatsi le leng le le leng. Mohloli oa bohlokoa ka ho fetisisa oa tšilafalo ke khaello ea tsamaiso e lekaneng le ho lahla litšila tsa batho, tsa indasteri le tsa temo.

Mekelikeli e meng e ka silafatsa libaka tse kholo tsa metsi maemong a tlase. Ka mohlala, lilithara tse 4 feela tsa peterole li ka silafatsa lilithara tse fihlang ho limilione tse 2,8 tsa metsi. Liphoofolo tse phelang metsing a hloekileng li fela ka lebelo le imenneng hahlano ho feta liphoofolo tse phelang naheng.

Liphello tsa tšilafalo ea metsi leoatleng

Liphello tsa tšilafalo ea metsi

Sebaka sa leoatle se silafetseng ka ho fetisisa ke Leoatle la Mediterranean. Mabopo a Fora, Spain le Italy ke a mang a libaka tse silafetseng ka ho fetisisa Lefatšeng. E latelang lethathamong lena ke Leoatle la Caribbean, Celtic le North Sea. lebaka? Litšila tsa metsing, e 'ngoe ea mathata a tebileng a tšilafalo leoatleng. Ho feta 60% ea litšila tse fihlang ke polasetiki. Lithane tse limilione tse 6,4 tsa polasetiki Ba qetella ka leoatleng selemo le selemo.

Haeba re sa rate polanete ea rona mme re nka khato ea ho felisa tšilafalo ea metsi, maoatle a ka feta ho tsoa ho balekane ba rona ho fokotsa litlamorao tsa phetoho ea maemo a leholimo ho lira tsa rona. Metsi ana a maholo a sebetsa e le lithako tsa tlhaho tsa carbon dioxide sepakapakeng. Sena se etsa hore ho khonehe ho fokotsa likhase tse futhumatsang lefatše le litlamorao tse mpe tsa koluoa ​​​​ea boemo ba leholimo.

Hona joale, bo-rasaense le litsebi lefatšeng ka bophara ba ntse ba re lemosa hore haeba re sa fetole mekhoa ea rōna ’me ra khaotsa ho ntša khase ena e silafatsang, bophelo maoatleng bo ke ke ba phela ka lebaka la ho phahama ha mocheso, ’me seo e tla ba ntlha e ’ngoe eo re lokelang ho e ela hloko. akhaonte.

Ka lehlakoreng le leng, khaello ea metsi le khatello ea metsi ke mathata a mang ao re tlamehang ho tobana le ona. Ho ea ka likhakanyo tsa Lenaneo la Machaba a Kopaneng la Tikoloho, ka 2025, halofo ea baahi ba polanete ena e tla tobana le khaello ea mohloli ona oa bohlokoahali. Lerotholi le leng le le leng la metsi a silafetseng kajeno le bolela metsi a lahlehileng hosane.

Mokhoa oa ho qoba litlamorao tsa tšilafalo ea metsi

Ho qoba ho silafala ha metsi ho matsohong a rona. Tsena ke tse ling tsa lintho tseo re ka li etsang ho felisa boteng ba litšila metsing a rona:

  • Fokotsa tlhahiso ea carbon dioxide
  • Felisa tšebeliso ea chefo e bolaeang likokoanyana le mefuta e meng ea lik'hemik'hale tse sokelang tlhaho ea rona
  • Ho hloekisa metsi a litšila
  • U se ke ua nosetsa lijalo ka metsi a silafetseng
  • Khothatso ea ho ts'oasa litlhapi tse tsitsitseng
  • Felisa lipolasetiki tse sebelisoang hang feela

Ke tšepa hore ka boitsebiso bona u ka ithuta ho eketsehileng ka liphello tsa tšilafalo ea metsi.


Litaba tsa sengoloa sena li latela melao-motheo ea rona ea melao ea boitšoaro ea bongoli. Ho tlaleha phoso tlanya mona.

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Siea maikutlo a hau

aterese ya hao ya imeile ke ke ho phatlalatswa.

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  1. E ikarabella bakeng sa data: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Morero oa data: Laola SPAM, tsamaiso ea maikutlo.
  3. Molao: Tumello ea hau
  4. Puisano ea data: Lintlha li ke ke tsa tsebisoa batho ba boraro ntle le ka tlamo ea molao.
  5. Polokelo ea data: Database e hapiloeng ke Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Litokelo: Nako efe kapa efe o ka fokotsa, oa hlaphoheloa mme oa hlakola tlhaiso-leseling ea hau.