Heterotrophs: seo ba leng sona le litšobotsi

likokoana-hloko tsa heterotrophic

Ka tlhaho le tikolohong ea tikoloho ho na le mefuta e mengata ea lintho tse phelang le ho li arola ho latela mofuta oa lijo. E 'ngoe ea tsona ke lintho tse phelang li-heterotrophs. Ke likokoana-hloko tsa bohlokoa haholo makaleng a tikoloho le ketellong ea lijo. Ke tse sa khoneng ho iketsetsa lijo 'me li tlameha ho iphepa ka lintho tse ling tse phelang.

Sehloohong sena re tlil'o u joetsa tsohle tseo u hlokang ho li tseba ka li-heterotrophic organisets, litšobotsi tsa tsona le bohlokoa ba lihloliloeng.

Likokoana-hloko tsa Heterotrophic

Dibokwana tsa dikokonyana

Lefapheng la baeloji, ho bohlokoa ho utloisisa hore na likokoana-hloko tse fapaneng li iphepa joang. Mona ke thuto ea metabolism, lits'ebetso le liphetoho tse hlahisang phetoho ea thepa 'meleng. Lefapheng la metabolism, ha re bua ka mokhoa oa ho fumana limatlafatsi, re ka khetholla mekhoa e 'meli e meholo le mekhoa ea ho arola mefuta e phelang; heterotrophic le likokoana-hloko tsa autotrophic. Hammoho li theha lehae le tikoloho efe kapa efe lefatšeng moo tsohle tse teng li lulang teng.

Hopola hore re ntse re ithuta ka ts'ebetso ea metabolic le mesebetsi ea bohlokoa ea phepo ea mefuta ea bophelo. Re ka fumana mefuta ena ea bophelo mefuteng e fapaneng ea tikoloho le tikoloho, e hlokang matla le khabone e sa fetoheng ho kopanya le ho theha lisele tsa tsona. Likokoana-hloko tsa Heterotrophic ke tse ke keng tsa iketsetsa lijo ka ho lokisa khabone. Kahoo, Lijo tsa bona li tsoa phepong ea limatlafatsi tse tsoang mehloling e meng ea khabone ea manyolo joalo ka semela le phoofolo.

Ts'ebetso ea phepo ea likokoana-hloko tsena e kenyelletsa le ho emela libopuoa tsohle tse kenyelletsang lintho tsa tlhaho tse seng li hlalositsoe ke libopuoa tse ling. Sena se etsa hore ba sitoe ho iketsetsa thepa ea bona ka lintho tse itekanetseng tse sa tloaelehang. Ebile re ka kenyelletsa hoo e batlang e le liphoofolo tsohle tse tsoang ho liphoofolo tse anyesang, litlhapi le linonyana, leha li-fungus, protozoa le libaktheria tse ngata le tsona li kenyelelitsoe sehlopheng sena. U tlameha ho sekaseka ketane ea lijo ho bona hore na li hokae.

Ke bareki ba mathomo, ba mahareng le ba phahameng. Ka ho ja metsoako e fokolitsoeng ea khabone, lintho tsena tse phelang ba khona ho sebelisa matla ohle ao ba a sebelisang bakeng sa kholo le kholo ea bona. Ba e sebelisa hape bakeng sa mesebetsi e meng ea likokoana-hloko le ho ikatisa.

Kemiso ea lintho tse phelang tsa heterotrophic

li-fungus le libaktheria

A re ke re bone hore na tlhophiso ea lintho tsena tse phelang:

  • Likokoana-hloko tsa Saprobian: Ke mahlahana a mantlha a ho bola le ho potoloha hoa lintho tsohle tse teng mobung. Ba na le boikarabello ba ho monya limatlafatsi tsa lintho tse shoeleng ekaba ka mantle kapa karolo efe kapa efe ea tsona. Boholo ba libaktheria, li-fungus, likokoanyana, liboko, jj. Ke ba sehlopha sena.
  • Likokoana-hloko tsa Detritivore: ke tse monya limatlafatsi tse tsoang linthong tse shoeleng, ekaba ka mantle kapa karolo efe kapa efe ea tsona. Phapang ea li-saprobes e bakoa ke taba ea hore kenyelletso ea limatlafatsi e etsoa ka ho anya, li hloka ho koenya kapa ho khaola lisebelisoa tsa phepo. Mona re fumana bo-maleshoane, liboko, liboko tse fofang, likomkomere tsa leoatleng, jj.
  • Lintho tse jang liphoofolo: Ke tsona tse jang likarolo tsohle tsa mmele oa. Mona re fumana litau, lishaka, lintsu, jj. Li ka aroloa ka ho fapana ka mefuta e latelang: litsomi: ke ba bolaeang le ho hapa liphofu tsa bona. Scavengers: ba ikarabella bakeng sa ho ja lintho tse phelang tse shoeleng ka tlhaho kapa tse tšoailoeng ke ba bang. Likokoana-hloko: ke tse monya limatlafatsi tse tsoang ho libaka tse phelang.

Likokoana-hloko tsa Heterotrophic le tsona li ka aroloa ho latela mofuta oa lijo tseo ba nang le tsona:

  • Lihlahisoa: ke bona bareki ba jang lijo tsa limela le tsa liphoofolo. Li-omnore li ka ja eng kapa eng, ka hona ha li na bothata ba ho fumana limatlafatsi.
  • Lijo tsa liphoofolo: ba ja nama feela. Matla a fumanoa ka likokoana-hloko tse ling 'me a sebelisa lipids tse bolokiloeng' meleng oa hau.
  • Lihlahisoa tsa liphoofolo: ja feela limela le limela. Ke bona bareki ba mantlha moketjaneng oa lijo.

Moketjana oa lijo

heterotroph

Re boletse ka ketane ea lijo pejana mme e bohlokoa haholo ha ho aroloa likokoana-hloko tsa heterotrophic. Methati ea trophic e ipapisitse le tlhophiso ea lintho tse phelang ho ipapisitsoe le tšimoloho ea taba eo ba fepang ho eona. Ba boetse ba ipapisitse le sebaka seo ba lulang ho sona. Kabo ea mantlha e latela maemo a tropiki mme e nahanela bareki. Ha re boneng moo liphoofolo tsa heterotrophic li fumanoang le tlhophiso ea tsona:

  • Basebelisi ba mantlha: ke liphoofolo tse jang tse jang tse ling li iphelisa ka mmele o ikemetseng.
  • Bareki ba mahareng: Ke liphoofolo tse jang nama tse fepuoang ke moreki oa mantlha.
  • Bahlomphehi: Li tsejoa hape e le li-decomposers mme li na le boikarabello ba ho fepa lintho tse shoeleng. Li kenyelletsa saprophagi le saprophyte.

Bohlokoa litsing tsa tikoloho

Joalokaha re boletse qalong ea sengoloa, likokoana-hloko tsa heterotrophic li bohlokoa haholo tikolohong. Ke tsona tse etsang hore polanete e fapane haholo le hore mefuta ea bohlokoa ea mefuta-futa ea lihloliloeng e ka ba teng litsing tse fapaneng tsa tikoloho le libakeng tsa tlhaho. Ke karolo ea ketane ea lijo le li sebetsa ka phapanyetsano ea lintho tse phelang le matla.

Ho fepa ha eona ho etsahala ha sele e ja ntho e seng e entsoe. Leha ho le joalo, e lumella phetoho ea lijo hore e be taba ea eona ea lisele. Ke lintho tse phelang tse fumanang lijo ho kenyelletso ea libopuoa tse ling, likarolo tsa tsona tse shoeleng kapa mantle a tsona. Sena sohle se ipapisitse le tlhophiso e fetileng eo re e boneng.

Ho tloha moo re ka arola mefuta e fapaneng ea phepo e nepahetseng:

  • Phepo ea Holozoic: Ke e hlokomeloang ka ho ts'oara taolo ea ka e otlolohileng ea mefuta e meng ea bophelo. Mohlala, batho, linkoe, lintsu le litau ba na le phepo e ntle ea holozoic.
  • Phepo ea Saprophytic: ke tsona lintho tse ikarabellang bakeng sa ho fepa ka lintho tse bolileng tsa manyolo. Mona re fumana sehlopha sa li-mushroom, libaktheria, li-larvae, jj.
  • Phepo ea likokoana-hloko: E tsejoa ka lebitso la parasitism mme ke bona ba fumanang lijo tsa bona ka libopuoa tse ling.

Joalokaha u ka bona, lintho tse phelang heterotrophic na le karolo ea bohlokoa ka ho tikoloho. Ke tšepa hore ka tlhaiso-leseling ena u ka ithuta ho eketsehileng ka li-heterotrophs le litšobotsi tsa tsona.


Litaba tsa sengoloa sena li latela melao-motheo ea rona ea melao ea boitšoaro ea bongoli. Ho tlaleha phoso tlanya mona.

E-ba oa pele ho fana ka maikutlo

Siea maikutlo a hau

aterese ya hao ya imeile ke ke ho phatlalatswa.

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  1. E ikarabella bakeng sa data: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Morero oa data: Laola SPAM, tsamaiso ea maikutlo.
  3. Molao: Tumello ea hau
  4. Puisano ea data: Lintlha li ke ke tsa tsebisoa batho ba boraro ntle le ka tlamo ea molao.
  5. Polokelo ea data: Database e hapiloeng ke Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Litokelo: Nako efe kapa efe o ka fokotsa, oa hlaphoheloa mme oa hlakola tlhaiso-leseling ea hau.