Zvakanakira nekukanganisa kwesimba geothermal

Maindasitiri maitiro

Simba rinowedzerwazve hapana mubvunzo ramangwana munguva yepakati nepakati, kudiwa kwekutsvaga mamwe marudzi esimba kutsiva zvisaririra zvinoramba zvichishomeka zvezvisaririra

Kana isu tikataura nezve geothermal simba, isu tinoreva kune rese rinogona kudzoreredza mhando yesimba, asi kana iko kushandiswa kunanga kwakakwirirandiko kuti, kugona kwekumutsiridzwa kwedhipoziti kwakaderera pane kwekuburitsa, akadaro kuvandudzwa kucharasika.

Chii chinonzi geothermal energy?

Geothermal simba isimba rinogona kudzorerwa iyo inotora mukana wekupisa kwenzvimbo yepasi kuenda kumhepo-mamiriro uye kuwana mvura yehutsanana inopisa nenzira yezvakatipoteredza. Kunyangwe iri imwe yemagetsi anovandudzwa zvishoma kuzivikanwa, mhedzisiro yaro inoshamisa kuyemura mune zvakasikwa. Zvirokwazvo isu tese tinogona kurangarira mifananidzo yeEtna volcano muSicily mukuputika kwakazara, isu takamboedza izvo zvinozorodza mhedzisiro yemvura inopisa kana kuyemura fumaroles uye mageys, senge iwo ari mupaki yeTimanfaya muLanzarote, semuenzaniso.

Anenge nguva dzose, kushandiswa kwayo kwakananga kwekugadzirwa kwesimba remagetsi kunoitika chete mune dzimwe nzvimbo pasi pano, uko kune mamwe mamiriro. kunyanya, nepo kana iwe uchida kutora mukana nazvo kune zvinodziya, iwo mikana akawedzera zvakanyanya.

Applications

Zvishandiso zve geothermal zvinoenderana nehunhu hwesosi imwe neimwe. Kupisa kwakanyanya geothermal zviwanikwa (pamusoro pe100-150ºC) zvinonyanya kushandiswa kune iyo kugadzirwa kwemagetsi. Kana tembiricha yedura isina kukwana kuti ibudise magetsi, mashandisiro ayo makuru anopisa mumahofisi emaindasitiri, masevhisi nenzvimbo dzekugara.

Historia

Sweden ndiyo yaive nyika yekutanga yekuEurope kushandisa iyo geothermal simba, semhedzisiro yedambudziko remafuta ra1979. Mune dzimwe nyika dzakaita seFinland, United States, Japan, Germany, Holland neFrance, simba remhepo inopisa isimba rinozivikanwa rakaitwa kwemakumi emakore.

Zvakanakira nekuipira

Kana tikataura nezve zvakanakira nekuipira izvi inogadziriswazve sosizvinotevera zvinotevera.

Kubatsirwa

  1. Izvo zvachose mahara uye emunharaunda, nekuti hazvitsamire kune vechitatu kushandisa kwayo.
  2. Inogona kudzoreredzwa muchimiro, nezvazvinoreva maererano nemweya unobuda kubva greenhouse effect, uye kunyanya, carbon dioxide.
  3. Iyo inofarira kuvandudzwa kwemaindasitiri emuno, pamusoro pekugadzira mhando ye basa rinokwanisa.

Zvipingamupinyi

  1. Performance thermodynamic yezvivakwa haina kunyanya kukwirira.
  2. Mari hombe inowanzo fanirwa kutora mukana zvemagetsi ichi sosi, apo mukuwedzera simba rekubvisa harina kukwirira.
  3. Iko kushandiswa kweiyo dhipoziti kunogara kunosanganisira imwe nhanho yekusava nechokwadi, kunyanya nekuda kwemusiyano wezvaunogona panguva yekutsvaga uye kushandiswa. Izvi ndizvo zvinokonzeresa musiyano wakakosha mukubatsira kwemapurojekiti.
  4. Iko kushandiswa kwesosi kunofanirwa kuitiswa padyo nenzvimbo yekutangira, kuti dzimwe nguva zvivakwa zvive kure nemaguta, zvakanyanya kana paine kugadzirwa kwemagetsi.

Geothermal simba muSpain

MuSpain kushandiswa kwesimba remagetsi iri kunenge kuri, kunyangwe izvo hazvireve kuti haina mukana. Nezve kugadzirwa kwemagetsi, chete iyo Canary Islands Nekuda kwekubva kwavo kwemakomo, vaizowana pekutanga mukana wakaringana wekumisikidza kumisikidza, nepo mashandisiro avo echinangwa chekupisa anogona kutogona kushandiswa munzvimbo zhinji.

Nhau dzichangoburwa dzinotitungamira kune chokwadi chekuti Galicia inogona kuve rimwe remaguta emapiyona mukushandisa iyo geothermal simba rekudziya, mhepo kutonhodza nemvura inopisa muzvivakwa. Pakave paine kutaura nezveye yekutanga kupisa pombi inogadzira kambani

Izvi zvinopesana neicho chaicho chemamwe nyika, ndizvo zvakaita Chile, uko iyo yekutanga geothermal chirimwa muSouth America , nemari yekudyara inodarika mamirioni mazana matatu nemakumi matatu emadhora, inozopa simba kumhuri dzinosvika zana nemakumi manomwe nemashanu.

Iyo 48 MW yakaisirwa magetsi nzvimbo iyo ichagadzira ingangoita 340 GWh pagore.

Kuburitswa kwetembiricha yakaderera kubva mukati mePasi uye kurishandisa, semuenzaniso, pakupisa maturusi, inofunga kubatsirwa pane horticultural kugadzirwa, sezvo ichibvumidzwa kurima kunze kwemwaka horticultural marudzi ayo aisagona kuitiswa neimwe nzira.

Muchikamu chekugara nemasevhisi, ino sosi inogona zvakare kushandiswa nekuti inoda simba kubva low enthalpy.

Yakatanhamara mienzaniso yekushandisa uku inogona kuve yekugadzirisa mhepo chirongwa chemapuratifomu, makamuri ehunyanzvi uye nzvimbo yekutengesa yeiyo Pacífico Metro chiteshi muguta reMadrid.


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  1. Inotarisira iyo data: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Chinangwa cheiyo data: Kudzora SPAM, manejimendi manejimendi.
  3. Legitimation: Kubvuma kwako
  4. Kutaurirana kwedata
  5. Dhata yekuchengetedza: Dhatabhesi inobatwa neOccentus Networks (EU)
  6. Kodzero: Panguva ipi neipi iwe unogona kudzora, kupora uye kudzima ruzivo rwako