Renewable uye risingadzoreke simba

simba remhepo

Isu tinoti sosi yesimba inogona kudzoreredzwa, kana ichibva kune yakasikwa sosi uye haizopere nekufamba kwenguva. Uye zvakare, yakachena, haina kusvibisa uye ine zviwanikwa zvakasiyana siyana. Kune zvinhu zvakasiyana siyana zvinowanikwazve simba zviwanikwa pasirese. Nekufambira mberi kwetekinoroji, vanhu vakawana nzira dzakawanda dzekushandisa simba repasi redu pasina kuchinjira kumafuta epasi uye nekuenderera mberi nekugadzirisa mhedzisiro yeshanduko yemamiriro ekunze. Kune mhando dzakasiyana dze simba rinowedzerwazve uye risingadzoreke uye chimwe nechimwe chazvo chine hunhu hwakasiyana.

Muchikamu chino tichaudza iwe kuti ndedzipi simba guru rinodzokororwa uye risingadzoreke pasi rose.

Renewable uye risingadzoreke simba

mhando dzesimba rinowedzerwazve uye risingadzoreke

Biofuels

Aya ndiwo mafuta kana gasi anokachidzwa kubva kumiti kana mhuka zvipenyu zvigadzirwa. Iyo mhando yesimba rinowedzerwazve iyo isingazopera uye inogona kusangana nezvinodiwa zvekufambisa. Nekushandisa aya mafuta akasvibira, tinogona kudzikamisa kutsamira kwedu pamafuta uye nekudzora kukuvadza kwainoita kunharaunda. Pakati pezvakakosha biofuels, isu takawana biodiesel uye bioethanol.

Biomass

Imwe mhando yesimba rinowedzeredzwa isimba rebiomass. Icho chinhu chinogadzirwa icho chinoshandiswa kugadzira simba. Iyo inounganidza boka rezvinhu zvakasikwa neheterogeneity uye akasiyana masosi maitiro. Biomass inogona kutorwa senge organic chinhu inogadzirwa mune zvehupenyu maitiro iyo inogona kushandiswa sesimba.

Semuenzaniso, isu tinowana iyo organic chikamu chezvekurima uye masango zvisaririra, tsvina, tsvina sludge uye yakashata yemadhorobha tsvina. Kune nzira dzakawanda dzekushandisa biomass simba.

Mhepo

simba rinowedzerwazve uye risingadzoreke

Chaizvoizvo, rudzi urwu rwesimba rwakavakirwa pakuunganidza iyo kinetic simba iro iro remhepo rizere uye nekugadzira magetsi kubva kwariri. Kubva panguva dzekare, Chave chiri sosi yesimba inoshandiswa nevanhu kusimbisa ngarava dzinofamba, kukuya zviyo, kana kupomba mvura.

Nhasi, magetsi emagetsi anoshandiswa kugadzira magetsi kubva kumhepo. Zvichienderana nekuoma kwaunoita iwe, unogona kuwana zvimwe kana zvishoma. Kune mhando mbiri dzesimba remhepo, gungwa nenyika.

Geothermal simba

Isimba rakachengetwa pasi pechiso chenyika muchimiro chekupisa. Nyika yedu izere nesimba uye tinogona kushandisa simba iri kugadzira magetsi. Iyo isingamisike kugadzirwa kwemaawa makumi maviri nemasere, isingagumi, isingagumi, isina kusvibiswa zvachose.

Simba remumvura

Iyo seti yetekinoroji iyo inogona kushandisa simba regungwa. Zvinoenderana nemamiriro ekunze nguva dzese, simba regungwa harimisike, asi zvakare rinoshandisa simba mushe.

Mafungu, mafungu, mafungu egungwa, uye tembiricha misiyano pakati penzvimbo yepasi pegungwa inogona kushandiswa semasimba emagetsi. Uye zvakare, zvakanakira kuti haina kuburitsa zvakatipoteredza kana zvinoonekwa zvatino fanira kufunga nezvazvo.

Simba reHydraulic

Hydraulic simba isimba rinoshandiswa neinetic simba remuviri wemvura. Nekuda kwekudonha kwemvura kunokonzerwa nekusakwana, simba remvura rinogona kusundira ma turbine anogadzira magetsi. Izvo zvakakosha kutaura kuti iyi mhando yesimba rinowedzerwazve yaive sosi huru yekugadzirwa kwemagetsi makuru kusvika pakati pezana ramakore rechiXNUMX.

Basa rake rinofungidzirwa kune zvinomera zvemagetsi, zvinozivikanwa senzvimbo inowanisa magetsi.

Simba rezuva

Inoshandisa mapaneru ezuva kushandura zvakananga chiitiko chezuva mwenje mumagetsi. Kutenda kune maseru emagetsi, mwenje wezuva unowira pamusoro pavo unogona kufadza maerekitironi uye kugadzira musiyano ungangoitika. Izvo zvakanyanya mapaneru ezuva aunobatanidza, iyo yakakura mutsauko ungangoitika.

Kune zvekare mamwe marudzi esimba rezuva kunze kweiyo photovoltaic senge rezuva rinopisa simba uye rezuva thermoelectric simba. Solar thermal simba rakasiyana simba rezuva uye rakanangana nekusangana nezvinodiwa zvekupisa zveyakavaka, maindasitiri uye ekurima zvikamu. Izvi inzira inoshanda kwazvo yekushandisa simba rezuva.

Kune rimwe divi, thermoelectric simba rezuva rinoshandisa lenzi kana magirazi anokwanisa kutarisisa mwaranzi yezuva pane madiki madiki. Aya ndiwo maitiro avanogona kusvika kwakawanda tembiricha uye nekudaro vanoshandura kupisa kuita magetsi kuburikidza nemvura.

Renewable uye risingadzoreke simba: fossil fuels

mafuta

Parizvino, mhando dzakasiyana dzemafuta anoshandiswa musimba. Imwe neimwe ine hunhu hwakasiyana uye mavambo. Nekudaro, zvese zvine simba rakawanda pazvinangwa zvakasiyana.

Heano makuru acho:

  • Mineral kabhoni. Imarasha anoshandiswa muma locomotives. Inonyanya kuve kabhoni inowanikwa munzvimbo hombe dzepasi pevhu. Kuti uibvise, mugodhi unovakwa panotorwa zviwanikwa.
  • Mafuta. Iko kusanganiswa kwemahydrocarbon akati wandei muchikamu chemvura. Iyo inoumbwa nezvimwe zvakasviba zvakakura uye inoshandiswa kuwana mafuta akasiyana siyana uye ne-zvigadzirwa.
  • Gasi rechisikigo. Iyo inoumbwa zvakanyanya nemethane gasi. Iyi gasi inoenderana nechidiki chikamu chemhydrocarbon. Naizvozvo, vamwe vanhu vanoti gasi rechisikigo rine tsvina shoma uye yakachena kwazvo. Inotorwa kubva kuminda yemafuta nenzira yegasi chaiyo.
  • Sandi yetara nemafuta emafuta. Izvo zvinhu zvinoumbwa nevhu rakaenzana nevhu rine hushoma idiki yezvinhu zvakasikwa. Iyi organic chinhu inoumbwa nezvinhu zvakaora zvine chimiro chakada kufanana neicho chemafuta.
  • La simba renyukireya inoonekwawo semhando yemafuta echisaririra. Inoburitswa semhedzisiro yenyukireya inonzi inonzi fission yenyukireya. Iko kupatsanurwa kwema nuclei emaatomu anorema senge uranium kana plutonium.

Ivo vanoonekwa sevasinga dzorerwe sezvo oiri inowanikwa mune sedimentary zvinyorwa. Izvi zvinoreva kuti icho chinhu chakagadzirwa chiri chakaumbwa uye chakafukidzwa nedutu. Yakadzika uye yakadzika, pasi pechiito chekumanikidza kwevhu, inoshandurwa kuita mahydrocarbon.

Maitiro aya anotora mamirioni emakore. Naizvozvo, kunyange hazvo mafuta achigadzirwa achienderera, anogadzirwa padiki padiki pane munhu. Chii chimwe, mwero wekushandisa kwemafuta unokurumidza zvekuti zuva rekushandisa rakarongedzwa. Mukugadzirwa kwemafuta, mabhakitiriya eerobic anotanga kuita uye anaerobic bacteria anoonekwa mumashure, zvakadzika. Aya maitiro anoburitsa oxygen, nitrogen, uye nesarufa. Izvi zvinhu zvitatu chikamu chemakemikari asingachinji ehydrocarbon.

Ndinovimba kuti neruzivo urwu unogona kudzidza zvakawanda pamusoro pesimba rinowedzerwazve uye risingadzoreke.


Izvo zviri muchinyorwa zvinoomerera pamisimboti yedu ye tsika dzekunyora. Kuti utaure chikanganiso tinya pano.

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  1. Inotarisira iyo data: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Chinangwa cheiyo data: Kudzora SPAM, manejimendi manejimendi.
  3. Legitimation: Kubvuma kwako
  4. Kutaurirana kwedata
  5. Dhata yekuchengetedza: Dhatabhesi inobatwa neOccentus Networks (EU)
  6. Kodzero: Panguva ipi neipi iwe unogona kudzora, kupora uye kudzima ruzivo rwako