Simba remumvura rinogadzira simba rinowedzerwazve

 

gungwa ecosystem yakaumbwa nemhando dzakasiyana dzemaruva nemhuka

Muchokwadi makungwa ane hunyanzvi hwekugona gadzira simba. Nehurombo, izvi hazvisi kushandiswa nekuda kwezvikonzero zvakasiyana.

Simba remumakungwa kana simba remakungwa ndezve kwakasiyana mavamboZvakadai semasaisai, mafungu, mafungu egungwa, madhiri anopisa uye masaline gradients.

Isu tinogona kuvaparadzanisa mumapoka akati wandei, senge kumisikidzwa kwemhepo kuri mugungwa, pamwe nekushandisa gungwa biomass, kunyangwe nechinangwa cheichi posvo ichave parutivi sezvo asiri iwo mashandisiro akanaka emvura yemunyu.

Mhando dzesimba remumvura

Simba simba

Zvakare zvinonzi "wave mota“Ndiro parizvino rakasimukira zvakanyanya, uye matekinoroji akasiyana akagadzirwa anoratidza kufarira kukuru kwainoita chikamu chemagetsi chinowedzerwazve.

Simba remagetsi rinotsanangurwa semasimba egungwa anowanikwa kuburikidza nekutorwa kwesimba rekinetic iri mukufamba kwemvura yegungwa nemakungwa.

Mafungu ndiwo mhedzisiro yemhedzisiro yemhepo pa pamusoro pemvura. Iyi mhepo inotangira kubva kune yakakosha simba kuisa pasi: simba rinobva kuzuva. Simba riri mukufamba kwescillatory kwemvura yegungwa rakakura. Mune dzimwe nzvimbo uko kuita kwekuzungunusa kuri kuwanda, iyo simba reinetic rakachengetwa mune ino kufamba inodarika 70MW / km2.Iko kuvandudzwa kwesimba rinowedzerwazve kubva mumakungwa haisati yagadziriswa

Tidal simba

Iyo inozivikanwawo se "tidal"Isimba iro rinotora mukana wekumuka nekudonha kwemvura yegungwa inogadzirwa nekukweva kwezuva nemwedzi gadzira magetsi zvakachena. Saka, saka, inovandudzwa uye isingaperi sosi yemagetsi inoshandisa simba remhepo rinogadzirwa mumakungwa edu.

turbine yemagetsi emagetsi inogadzirwa

Mune ino kesi, yakakosha kudzosera inzvimbo yenzvimbo pane musiyano wehurefu hwakakura zvakakwana zvekuti iva unobatsira kubva kunzvimbo yehupfumi yekuona kushandisa nzvimbo.

akavandudzwa ma turbines emvura yesimba

Mafungu egungwa

ari Mafungu egungwa Izvi ndizvo zviitiko zvinoitika mumahombekombe egungwa semhedzisiro yekushandisa kwemvura kubva munzvimbo dzakadzika.

Kwayakatangira kunowanikwawo mukuita kwemhepo pane muviri wemvura, iyo inoderera mukusimba sezvo mvura ichiwedzera. kudzika.

Saline gradients

Pamusoro pe gradients, pane parizvino nzira mbiri dzekushandisa simba ravo.

Kune rimwe divi, mutsauko wetembiricha pakati pemvura yepamusoro uye yakadzika, iyo inogona kuitiswa munzvimbo idzo dzinowanikwa paequator kana munzvimbo dzinopisa, kunyanya nekuda kwekuenderera kwetembiricha pamwe gore rese.

Saline gradients inogona kushandiswa chete munzvimbo mune kusangana kwemarudzi emvura ane munyu wakasiyana. Izvi zvinowanzoitika pamuromo penzizi.

Maitiro ekushandisa simba iri

Kana isu tikatarisa pakushandiswa kwesimba remugungwa zviwanikwa, izvo zviri zvisingaite pasirese.

Isimba remasaisai rave kumberi, kunyangwe izvo zvisingareve kuti iyo simba remvura Haisati yashandiswa nenzira yakakosha kwemakore, asi chete mune dzimwe nzvimbo uko kune mamiriro akasarudzika, nekuti mashandisiro ayo ane chekuita nekukanganisa kwenzvimbo, uye inzvimbo dzine hunhu hwakakosha hwezvakatipoteredza.

Munzvimbo dzine zviwanikwa zvemugungwa, dambudziko rinogona kunge riri rimwe, uye ndiro rakakura traffic kuwanda yegungwa inogona kuve nenzvimbo idzi, kunyangwe iine kukwana kwakadzika kwenzvimbo, dambudziko rinogona kunge riri shoma.

Iko kushandiswa kwema maradi gradients, parizvino, hazvibatsiri. Kunyangwe, kwete nekuda kwechikonzero icho chakamira kuferefeta.

Europe yanga iri nzvimbo yemapiyona mukushandisa masaisai, kunyanya dunhu re Scotland y Putugaro, kunyangwe gare gare dzimwe nyika dzakawedzerwa, pakati padzo pane España, kunyanya maAutonomous Communities egungwa reCantabrian, pamwe neGalicia.

Kune akawanda mapurojekiti akatangwa kusvika parizvino, aine mhedzisiro dzakasiyana, asi kutsigirwa kwakasimba kweakasiyana manejimendi kusimudzira kwe chikamu ichi. Uye zvakare, pane kufarira kukuru kubva kuindasitiri hombe inodzokororwa, chinova chikonzero chekubudirira mune yepakati term, kuverengera kune imwezve simba rinowedzerwazve musanganiswa wemagetsi wenyika.


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  1. Inotarisira iyo data: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Chinangwa cheiyo data: Kudzora SPAM, manejimendi manejimendi.
  3. Legitimation: Kubvuma kwako
  4. Kutaurirana kwedata
  5. Dhata yekuchengetedza: Dhatabhesi inobatwa neOccentus Networks (EU)
  6. Kodzero: Panguva ipi neipi iwe unogona kudzora, kupora uye kudzima ruzivo rwako