Simba remhepo munyika

Simba remhepo rakaiswa kutenderera pasirese 17% kuwedzera mukati megore ra2015Kuti usvike, zvinoenderana nedhata kubva kuGlobal Wind Energy Council (GWEC), ingangoita hafu yemiriyoni MW (432.419 MW), nhamba iyi ichapfuurwa muna2016. China, US, Germany, India neSpain ndivo vanogadzira varidzi vepasirese, kunyanya isu tiri panhamba 5. Zvinosuruvarisa, Spain yakangoisa nezve 20 MW gore iro, ichiwedzera kumira kwesimba rakaiswa mumakore apfuura.

Nesimba rakaiswa ratingaone mune yapfuura girafu uye chizvarwa chegore negore che 48 109 GWh muna 2015, iyo yaigadzira ingangoita 20% yesimba rinoshandiswa nenyika yese yenyika. Chikamu icho pachacho chinopa basa rakanangana nevanhu vanopfuura zviuru makumi maviri uye zvinogadzira kunze kwenyika kweanosvika 20000 bhiriyoni euros. Parizvino nharaunda dzine magetsi akaiswa kwazvo ndiCastilla la Mancha, Andalusia neGalicia.

Simba remhepo rakaiswa muSpain

Simba remhepo rakaiswa muSpain

Zvinogona kuonekwa kuti chokwadi chepamutemo chinopihwa nenyika pamusoro pesimba rinowedzerwazve hachibatsiri chero chinhu kuwedzera simba rakaiswa munyika medu.

Muna 2005, hurumende yakabvumidza mutemo mutsva wenyika nechinangwa chekusvitsa 20 MW yekugadzirwa muna 000. Chirongwa chesimba reSpanish chakatarisira kugadzira 2010% yesimba rese kuburikidza nesimba rakachena, richisvika 30 GW muna 20,1 uye 2010 GW muna 36. Chirongwa vaitarisira kuti hafu yesimba iri yaizobva muchikamu chemhepo, nokudaro ichidzivirira kuburitswa kwematani emamirioni makumi manomwe nemanomwe ekabhoni dhayokisaidhi mumhepo Neraki chirongwa ichi chakazadzikiswa, zvakasiyana neicho chitsva. Muna 2020, hurumende yakabvuma mu Sangano reNyika Renewable Energy Mhepo inonongedzera yeiyo 2011-2020 nguva ye35 MW yakaiswa na000 mune onshore mhepo uye 2020 MW mumahombekombe mhepo. Tichifunga izvo zvakaonekwa, ichi chinangwa hachimbofi chakazadzikiswa.

Yepagore simba remhepo rakaiswa munyika. 2000-2015

Yepagore yakaisirwa simba remhepo munyika

Sezvatinogona kuona mumakore maviri apfuura ekuvandudza hupfumi hwenyika mushure medambudziko reprime yakabatsira kuwedzera simba rakaiswa. Pamusoro pekubheja kusanyara kwerudzi urwu rwehunyanzvi kubva kunyika dzakaita seIndia neChina muAsia, neGerman kuEurope.

Kuwedzera akaisirwa simba remhepo munyika. 2000-2015

Kuwedzera akaisirwa simba remhepo munyika

Muna 2016 tichapfuura 500000 MW

Simba remhepo rakaiswa pagore muEU (GW)

Simba remhepo rakaiswa pagore muEU

Girafu yakafanana chaizvo neiyo yakaiswa simba remhepo munyika, unogona kuona iyo maitiro akanaka yemakore maviri apfuura, izvo zvichaenderera mberi mumakore anotevera.

Kugoverwa kwesimba nyowani yemagetsi emhepo munyika dzeEU kubva 31/12/2015

Yese approx. 12.800 MW

Kugoverwa kwesimba nyowani remhepo

Nehurombo isu tinogona kuona kuti huremu hweSpain mune nyowani yekumisikidza yemhepo mapurazi zvakasara. Germany inotarisisa ingangoita 50% yesimba rese rakaiswa, nemakambani akaita seNordex, Siemens, Plambeck, Energiekontor kana Enercon iri pamberi. Zvakare kurova kushanduka kudiki kwemaitiro muFrance kana UK neinenge 1000 MW yakaiswa imwe neimwe, nedzimwe nyika pachinyakare dzinovimba nesimba renyukireya.

Vagadziri veinjini yemhepo munyika medu

Parizvino variko vagadziri vakasiyana siyana yemahombe-saizi emagetsi emagetsi muSpain anowedzera 50 GW yemagetsi akaisirwa pasirese.

Mumwe wavo ndiAcciona Windpower, aripo munyika gumi nesere. Parizvino ine mafekitori muSpain, United States neBrazil, kwaakagadzira anopfuura 18 MW emagetsi. Iyi kambani yakazvipira mukugadzira, kugadzira, kushambadzira, kuisa nekushandisa maturbine emhepo akagadzirirwa kupa anovandudza mhepo nehupamhi hwekuita muhupenyu hwavo hwese hunobatsira.

Imwe ndeye Alstom Mhepo, ine simba rakaisirwa rinopfuura 6500 MW. Basa rayo rinosanganisira dhizaini, kugadzira, kumisikidza uye kugadzirisa einjini dzemhepo, zvese zviri kumahombekombe emahombekombe emhepo uye nekuisirwa kumahombekombe.

Pakupedzisira kambani hombe ndeye Gamesa. Makumi maviri nemaviri emakore eruzivo muchikamu chemhepo uye kuisirwa zvinopfuura 35.800 MW kusimbisa Gamesa semumwe wevatungamiriri vehunyanzvi hwepasirese mune indasitiri yemagetsi epasirose, iine hunyanzvi munyika makumi mashanu neshanu. Iyo kambani ine nzvimbo dzekugadzira mumisika mikuru yemhepo pasi: Spain neChina zvakagadziriswa senzvimbo yepasi rese yekugadzira uye yekupa nzvimbo nzvimbo, ichichengetedza huvepo hwemaindasitiri mumisika senge India neBrazil.


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  1. Inotarisira iyo data: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Chinangwa cheiyo data: Kudzora SPAM, manejimendi manejimendi.
  3. Legitimation: Kubvuma kwako
  4. Kutaurirana kwedata
  5. Dhata yekuchengetedza: Dhatabhesi inobatwa neOccentus Networks (EU)
  6. Kodzero: Panguva ipi neipi iwe unogona kudzora, kupora uye kudzima ruzivo rwako