Ipurazi idzva remhepo kumahombekombe mumvura yeBritish inosimudzirwa naIberdrola

Wind purazi mugungwaIberdrola akagamuchira mvumo dzose dzakakodzera kubva kuUK Ministry of Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS) yekuvaka iyo East Anglia Nhatu mhepo yekumahombekombe purazi. Ichave iine simba rakaisirwa rinosvika 1.200 megawatts (MW).

Nenzira iyi, iyo kambani yeBasque ichakwanisa kuvaka izvi inogadziriswazve megaproject, chinzvimbo chinonyanya kufarira chakaitwa kusvika parizvino nekambani yeSpanish muchikamu chinowedzerwazve chesimba.

East Anglia kumahombekombe kwemhepo purazi

Iyi purazi nyowani yemhepo yekumahombekombe inobatana neiyo yave kutogadzirwa naIberdrola munzvimbo imwechete, inonzi East Anglia One, iine 714 MW yesimba. Nenzira iyi, iyo ramangwana East Anglia yakaoma ichasvika 2.000 megawatts yesimba, ichiva chimwe chezvivakwa zvikuru zvinowanikwazve munyika.

Mahombekombe makuru

East Anglia Vatatu ichave iri makiromita 69 kubva kumahombekombe kubva kuNorfolk mhenderekedzo, padyo padyo neguta reguta re London, uye vachakwanisa kuendesa magetsi kudzimba dzinosvika miriyoni imwe yeChirungu.

Chinangwa cheIberdrola kutanga kuvaka mu2022, nechinangwa chekutanga kugadzira mu2025. Kuisirwa uku kuchafukidza nzvimbo inosvika 305 mativi emakiromita uye inoda kuiswa pakati pe100 ne120 turbines emhepo kuti ipe izere simba.

Kufanotaura kuri kuisa michina mitsva yemagetsi mupaki yekumahombekombe, hombe uye inoshanda kwazvo pamusika, iine hurefu hunosvika pamamita makumi maviri nemaviri, akaenzana nekapetwa kaviri nehafu saBig Ben (247 metres).

Muchokwadi, munzvimbo imwechete kune purazi remhepo rakakura kwazvo rakavakwa panguva ino, London Array

Yakakura kwazvo paki yegungwa pasi

Muna 1991, yekutanga furazi yemhepo yekumhiri kwepasi yakasikwa, iyo ye Vindeby. Iyo yakaiswa muDenmark, mumvura dzeGungwa reBaltic, uye yaive neanegumi nemagetsi emhepo. Pakupera kwa2016, iyo yakaisirwa simba remhepo yekumahombekombe yakasvika pamusoro pe9000 (MW). Nhasi, simba remhepo yekumhiri kwemakungwa inoenderera mberi kuva imwe yemabheji emangwana anowoneka ezvimutsidzirwa, kunyange hazvo isiri tekinoroji inobatsira chose.

Parizvino, purazi remhepo hombe kumahombekombe egungwa riri pamhenderekedzo yeKent (England). Kunyangwe iri paki hombe pasi rese, vanosimudzira vacho vanoronga kuwedzera simba rayo kusvika pamazana masere nemakumi masere nemasere eMW muchikamu chechipiri kumirira kubvumidzwa.

Mhepo

London rondedzero

Kubva aimbova Mutungamiriri weBritain, David Cameron, paakaparura purazi remhepo riri kumahombekombe mu London rondedzero kubva pamuromo weRwizi Thames muna Chikunguru 2013, ino zvivakwa inoonekwa seyekurima kwemhepo kumahombekombe epurazi iyo yakavakwa kusvika zvino.
Akaurayiwa panguva yekutanga kwemubatanidzwa wemakambani akaumbwa neGerman Eon, chiDanish Dong uye nzanga yeruzhinji yekusimudzira simba rinowedzerwazve Masdar yakavakirwa muAud Dhabi, parizvino iri kushanda izere nekugadzira simba rakaringana rekupa inoshamisa nhamba ye hafu yemiriyoni dzimba, ine chinzvimbo chakaiswa che 630 MW.

Mushure memakore mana ekuvaka uye mari yekudyara inopfuura2.200 mamiriyoni euros, paki yakaumbwa ne 175 Vestas SWT turbines emhepo, Aya anotambanudzira kugungwa kunotora nzvimbo inosvika zana zana mativi emakiromita pachinhambwe chemakiromita makumi maviri kubva kuKent coast, kumaodzanyemba kwakadziva kumabvazuva kweEngland.

Avhareji ye Makiromita 450 tambo dzepasi pegungwa uye nzvimbo mbiri dzekumahombekombe, iyo inoisa pakati simba rinogadzirwa nemhepo turbines usati waendesa kune iyo pasi mukati.

London Array Offshore

Kuunganidza mhepo turbines

Zvekugadzwa kweiri yega turbine yemhepo kumahombekombe, zvave zvakafanira kuvaka yakajairwa mesh yemapira yakachinjika kune chaiwo maitiro egungwa, nehupamhi hunosiyana pakati pe5 kusvika 25 metres zvichienderana nenyaya. Izvi zvinotsigira zvinobvumidza yega yega turbini kusimudzwa Vestas SWT-3.6MW-120 pamusoro pegungwa, uye kune rimwe divi, ita senheyo yekuendesa huremu hwayo kusvika 225 toni kuguruva.

Marine mhepo purazi gungano

Imwe yeane 175 turbines emhepo ane kureba kwe 147 mamita, 90 mamita rotor dhayamita uye blade kureba kwe 58,5 mamita. Zvekufambisa kwesimba rinogadzirwa nemumwe wavo, pane 210? km yetambo yepasi pegungwa inobatanidza yega yega ma turbine neaya maviri ekumahombekombe echiteshi, uye izvi zvinobva zvabatana nekumisikidza Cleve chikomo panyika yakaoma kuburikidza 4 tambo dze150 kV izvo zvinosvika iyo 220? km zvehurefu.

Zvinoenderana nekufungidzira kwevanosimudzira, mu2012 iyo iripo mhepo yekumahombekombe purazi kusvika zvino yakapihwa nezve a 1,5% yemagetsi, asi neLondon Array nhamba iyi inotarisirwa kukwira pamusoro pe 5% nekudaro kudzivirira kuburitswa kwe 925.000 toni pagore CO2.

Kuzivikanwa kwesimba remhepo seimwe yeasina kusvibisa uye akachengeteka munzvimbo yesimba reEuropean iri kutanga kutamba chinhanho chakakosha mukugadzirwa kwesimba rinowedzerwazve pasirese yepasirese. Panyaya yemhepo yekumahombekombe, simba rinogadzirwa nema turbines rine hushoma mhedzisiro pa nzvimbo, haidi kurasa kana kufambisa ivhu, uye kuve iri kumahombekombe, zvine zvazvinoita zvishoma hasha pane mhuka uye zvinomera zvichienzaniswa nemhepo yakajairika.


Izvo zviri muchinyorwa zvinoomerera pamisimboti yedu ye tsika dzekunyora. Kuti utaure chikanganiso tinya pano.

Iva wekutanga kutaura

Siya yako yekutaura

Your kero e havazobvumirwi ichibudiswa.

*

*

  1. Inotarisira iyo data: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Chinangwa cheiyo data: Kudzora SPAM, manejimendi manejimendi.
  3. Legitimation: Kubvuma kwako
  4. Kutaurirana kwedata
  5. Dhata yekuchengetedza: Dhatabhesi inobatwa neOccentus Networks (EU)
  6. Kodzero: Panguva ipi neipi iwe unogona kudzora, kupora uye kudzima ruzivo rwako