Ngano dzemvura osmosis

ngano dzemvura osmosis

Mvura osmosis inzira yechisikigo inoitika kana mhinduro mbiri dzine huwandu hwakasiyana hwema solutes dzakapatsanurwa ne semipermeable membrane. Iyi membrane inobvumira mamorekuru emvura kuti apfuure akasununguka, asi haabvumiri mahombe solute particles kupfuura. Nekuda kweizvozvo, mamorekuru emvura anowanzo famba kubva pane yakanyanya kunyura mhinduro kuenda kune yakanyanya kuwanda mhinduro kusvika kuenzana kwasvika. Iyi nzira inoshandiswa kusefa mvura uye kuwedzera kunaka kwemvura inobuda mupombi. Zvisinei, kune dzakawanda ngano dzemvura osmosis izvozvo zvinofanira kurambwa.

Muchikamu chino tichakuudza kuti ndedzipi nhema dzemvura osmosis, maitiro ayo uye nezvimwe zvakawanda.

Sefa yeosmosis inoshandiswa nei?

pombi mvura

Kuravira kwepombi yemvura mune dzimwe nzvimbo dzemudhorobha kunogona kuve kwakasimba, kunyanya nekuda kweiyo yakakwira mineral content, inozivikanwawo se "lime." Izvi zvinowanzoita kuti vanhu vakawanda vasarudze mvura yemubhodhoro. Munguva pfupi yapfuura, maitiro ari kubuda anosanganisira kushandiswa kweosmosis filtration zvishandiso seimwe nzira, asi zvakakosha kungwarira. Midziyo iyi inogona kusashanda kana kubatsira sekushambadzwa. Muchokwadi, mune zvimwe zviitiko, vanogona kutowedzera kunaka kwemvura pane kuivandudza. Uyezve, zvishandiso izvi zvinogona kuparadza mvura yakawanda.

Kumba reverse osmosis masisitimu anowanikwa ekutenga anogara pasi pesingi ane diki pombi inoshanda zviri nyore. Kazhinji, Iwo anoongororwa maererano ne4 kana 5 nhanho mafirita, iyo inomiririra matanho akasiyana-siyana ekusefa kwemvura.

Osmosis process mune sefa yemvura

mukadzi anonwa mvura

Sefa ye<em>osmosis inogona kufananidzwa nesefa, ine maburi maduku zvikuru zvokuti mvura bedzi inogona kupfuura, nepo mamwe matsvina, akadai somunyu nezvimwe zvinhu, achibatwa. Kunyangwe iyo nzira yakaoma kupfuura kusefa kuri nyore, Hapana chikonzero chekunyura mumatambudziko akadaro. Izvi zvakafanana nekuona atomu, apo musimboti iPasi uye maerekitironi anotenderera pairi sesatellite. Kunyangwe izvi zvisiri izvo zvakakwana, zvinopa pfungwa yakajairika yeiyo pfungwa.

Zvikamu zvekutanga zvekugadzirisa chinangwa chekubvisa chero tsvina inogona kunge iripo mumvura pamwero mukuru, iyo inogona kubviswa mune zvehupfumi isati yasvika kune osmosis membranes. Izvi zvinoderedza basa rinodiwa uye rinowedzera hupenyu hwema membrane.

Sefa iri kutariswa pano sediment sefa rinonyanya kushandiswa kubvisa jecha zvidimbu kana tsanga dzeraimu dzinogona kunge dziri mumvura. Kusefa kwayo kunogumira kune zvimedu zvakakura kudarika 5 microns, izvo zvakaenzana ne0,005 millimeters. Activated kabhoni, zvese mune granular uye block fomu, inoshandiswa muchikamu chechipiri uye chechitatu chemaitiro aya.

Iyo nzira yekuwana zvinhu zvinokwanisa kubvisa zvakatemwa zvinorimwa zvinoda kurapwa kwezvinosara senge walnut shells, huni kana kokonati bark nemusanganiswa wemagasi ekupisa uye mhute yemvura pakupisa kwakanyanya. Uchishandisa nzira iyi, chinhu chinogadzirwa chine huwandu hwakakosha hwema pores uye mitswe. Aya maitiro ane kugona kubvisa zvimwe zvikamu kuburikidza ne adsorption phenomenon.

Chinangwa chikuru chekushandiswa kwayo ndechekubvisa kunhuhwirira kusingafadzi. Uyezve, mumamiriro ezvinhu emvura yekunwa, ivo vanoshandiswawo kubvisa chlorine. Kuderedza kuoma kwemvura, A cation exchange resin inowanzobatanidzwa mukuita, iyo inoita basa rakafanana nemafuta emunyu anowanikwa mumadhishi. Ichi chikamu chine basa rekudzikisa kuoma kwemvura.

Mukati mejagi remasefa rinozivikanwa mune katuriji inoshanda inoumbwa nekabhoni neresin. Kuburikidza nekubatanidzwa uku, cartridge inokwanisa kubudirira kubvisa chlorine (kubva ku carbon) uye kuderedza kuoma kwemvura (kubva kune resin).

Danho rechina rinosanganisira kubviswa kwezvisara zvakasimba, chlorine uye munyu. Mushure meizvi, mvura inopinda osmosis membrane filtration, iyo inonyatsobvisa zvinenge zvese zvakasvibiswa zvaive mumvura.

Kuti ukurumidze kuita izvi zvishoma nezvishoma, pane mudziyo unounganidza mvura, uchibvumira kuti ishandiswe pakarepo pasina kumirira. Chigaba ichi chinowanzonzi tangi.

Chikamu chechishanu uye chekupedzisira chekugadzirisa Inosanganisira kuwedzera kwediki activated kabhoni sefa kana dhipoziti yaitwa. Iyi sefa inoshandiswa kuisa iyo yekupedzisa kubata pachigadzirwa.

Ngano dzemvura osmosis

ngano dzepombi dzemvura osmosis

Pakurangarira zvakanakira nekuipira zvemusoro wakapihwa, zvakakosha kuyera mativi ese enharo. Nepo panogona kunge paine mabhenefiti pakuita uku, panewo zvimhingamupinyi zvinogona kutariswa. Nekunyatsoongorora zvese zvakanakira nezvayakaipira, Sarudzo ine ruzivo inogona kuitwa iyo inofunga nezvezvinhu zvese zvinoenderana.

Kutanga, tichaongorora mabhenefiti echokwadi nekuipa kwezviridzwa izvi.

Kubatsirwa

  • Deredza mari pakushanyira chitoro chikuru sezvekufambisa, inogona kuunza mari yakawanda. Ichokwadi kuti kana munhu akarega kutenga mvura yemumabhodhoro, munhu haafaniri kuenda kuchitoro chemvura chete.
  • Kuenzaniswa nemutengo wemvura yemamineral, unogona kuchengetedza mari.
  • Kubatsira kwekuedza uku kunoenderana nemutengo wekutanga wechishandiso, pamwe nemari inowanikwa pakutenga masipari uye kuita ongororo inodiwa. Kuongorora kwemari kwakadzama kunokurudzirwa kuona kushanda kwemari iyi. Zvakadaro, hazvirambike kuti kushandisa iyi chiyero chekuchengetedza mari, sekumisa kutenga mvura yemubhodhoro, kunogona kutungamirira kune zvakakosha mari.
  • Nzira inoshanda yekuderedza kugadzirwa kwemapurasitiki ndiko kudzivisa kutenga mvura yemubhodhoro.
  • Kana mvura ine yakawanda yakanyungudika munyu, kunyanya calcium uye magnesium, zvichikonzera chiyero, inonzi "mvura yakaoma." Kuwedzerwa kweklorini kumvura yakaoma ndiyo inokonzera kuravira kwakasiyana kunowanzobatanidzwa nayo, semugumisiro wekusanganiswa kwemaitiro maviri. Ichi ndicho chikonzero mafirita pitchers anoshanda pakuvandudza kuravira kwese kwemvura yakaoma.

payakaipira

Kushandiswa zvisina kunaka kwemvura inyaya huru yezvakatipoteredza. Kurasa kusina hanya kwechinhu ichi chinokosha idambudziko rinoramba riripo rinoda kutariswa nokukurumidza.

Munguva yekupfuura nepakati peiyo osmosis sefa, chikamu chimwe chete chemvura chinokwanisa kupfuura nemu membrane. Chikamu chemvura chinogona kucheneswa chine huwandu hwakaderera hwemaminerari uye ndicho chauchadya, nepo imwe yakasara yemvura ine zvicherwa zvese zvinogara uye zvakanyanya kunyura, zvichizoraswa. Vagadziri vanogona kutaura kuti pane chiyero chechikamu chimwe chakasefa kusvika kuzvikamu zvina zvakaraswa, asi kutaura zvazviri, nhamba iyi inowanzokwira uye yakaoma kuwana. Hazvishamisi kuva nenhamba dzinotangira pa1 kusvika pa10, uye kana midziyo isina kunyatsosarudzwa kana kuti network network haina kukwana, nhamba idzi dzinogona kuwanzwa nembiri kana nhatu.

Zvinogona kuenda zvisingaoneki kuti mvura yakarasika inoenda yakananga pasi mugero uye, nekuda kwemutengo wakaderera wepombi yemvura, hainawo kuratidzwa pabhiri. Nekudaro, chokwadi chinosuruvarisa ndechekuti nekuda kwekushomeka kwemvura, mvura inoraswa inenge yakafanana neyemvura yemupombi.

Ndinovimba kuti neruzivo urwu unogona kudzidza zvakawanda nezve ngano dzemvura osmosis.


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  1. Inotarisira iyo data: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Chinangwa cheiyo data: Kudzora SPAM, manejimendi manejimendi.
  3. Legitimation: Kubvuma kwako
  4. Kutaurirana kwedata
  5. Dhata yekuchengetedza: Dhatabhesi inobatwa neOccentus Networks (EU)
  6. Kodzero: Panguva ipi neipi iwe unogona kudzora, kupora uye kudzima ruzivo rwako