Iko kushanda kwe Windmill

Mashizha emhepo turbine Asi sezvo mhepo inova magetsi? Icho chinongedzo chakananga chezvino turbines emhepo ndeekare zvigayo, iyo nanhasi ichiri kushandiswa, kumabasa akasiyana siyana sekuchera mvura kana kukuya zviyo. A Windmill Iwo muchina une mashizha kana mashizha akasungirirwa kune yakajairwa shaft, iyo inotanga kutenderera kana mhepo ichivhuvhuta.

Iyi shaft inotenderera yakabatana nemhando dzakasiyana dzemuchina, semuenzaniso michina yekukuya zviyo, kupomba mvura kana gadzira magetsi.

Kuwana magetsi, Kufamba kwemapeji kunotyaira jenareta yemagetsi (imwe alternator kana dynamo) inoshandura iyo michina simba yekutenderera mukati magetsi emagetsi. Magetsi anokwanisa kuchengetwa mumabhatiri kana kutumirwa zvakananga kugidhi. Kuvhiya kwacho kuri nyore, chii chiri kunetsa kuongorora uye kuvaka kwe turbines emhepo kuwedzera kushanda.

Mhando dzeMhepo Turbines

Windmill inogona kuva ye chinjikira akabatana, ayo akanyanya kuwanda nhasi, kana ariko zvakare vertical axis.

Kubva kuWikipedia tsananguro ye mira mhepo turbines kana yakatwasuka kunge jenareta yemagetsi iri kumhanya kushandura iyo kinetic simba remhepo mune yemagetsi simba uye kuburikidza nemhepo turbine mune emagetsi simba.

Avo vane axis yakatwasuka vanomira nekuda kwekusada maitiro ekuchinjisa uye chii chinonzi jenareta yemagetsi inogona kurongwa pasi. Kune rimwe divi, avo vane yakatwasuka axis, bvumira kufukidza hwakawanda kubva kumashandisirwo ari ega emagetsi madiki ekuisa mumapurazi makuru emhepo.

Vertical mhepo turbines

Vertical mhepo turbines

Sezvambotaurwa, akamira kana akatwasuka axis mhepo turbines haudi kuitisa mashandiro, uye chii chingave jenareta yemagetsi inogona kuwanikwa iri pasi.

Su kugadzirwa kwesimba kwakaderera uye ine zviremara zvidiki senge inoda mota kuti iende.

Pane matatu matatu emhando yemhepo turbines saSavonius, Giromill naDarrrieus.

Zvipingamupinyi

Rimwe rematambudziko akajairika turbines emhepo ukuru hwayo hukuru, pamusoro pekudengenyeka neruzha rwavanokonzera. Neichi chikonzero, ivo vanowanzo kuwanikwa munzvimbo dziri kure nedzimba. Zvisinei, makambani uye masayendisiti pasi rose vanoramba vachishanda kune kuvaka ma turbine madiki (Unogona kutarisa chinyorwa chakamboitwa pamhepo mini simba), o nyarara iyo inogona kuwanikwa mumadhorobha.

mini mhepo purazi

Asi rimwe rematambudziko anonyanya kunetseka mumunda wechizvarwa cheiyo mhepo ine simba Iko kushanduka kwesosi, ndokuti yemhepo. Iyo turbines kazhinji, vakagadzirira kushanda nemazvo kana mhepo ichivhuvhuta mukati meimwe kumhanya mhando. Kune rimwe divi, imwe nhanho yekumhanyisa inodikanwa kutamisa iwo mashizha, kune rimwe divi kune zvekare muganhu wakanyanya.

Semuenzaniso, chakanyanya kuwanda ndechekuti iyi miganhu ine Mhepo inomhanya pakati pemamita matatu ne3 pasekondi. Iyo shoma inonzi yekumhanyisa mhanyisa, ndiko kuti, iyo diki yekugadzira imwe magetsi, uye iyo yepamusoro inonzi iyo yekucheka-yekumhanyisa mhanyisa, ndiko kuti, kana yatove inopesana, nekuti inogona kutyora mashandiro.

mhepo turbine zvikamu

 

Un Windmill unogona kuva wega kana mukati mapurazi emhepo, Panyika ichiumba iyo mapurazi emhepo onshore, pamhenderekedzo yegungwa kana ivo vanogona kutomisikidzwa pamusoro pemvura pane imwe nhanho kubva kumahombekombe mune inonzi offshore kana offshore mhepo purazi.

turbine yemhepo

Bumbiro remhepo turbine kana yemhepo turbine

Kune zviuru zvemapurazi emhepo azere nemamodeli TEEH (yakatwasuka axis mhepo turbines). Iyi michina inoumbwa nezvikamu zvinotevera.

Shongwe uye hwaro: Nheyo dzeshongwe dzinogona kuve dzakapetana kana dzakadzika, ichivimbisa mune ese ari maviri kugadzikana kweturbine yemhepo, iko kusungwa kweiyo nacelle uye emagetsi mashizha. Iyo hwaro inofanirwa zvakare kutora iyo yekukonzera kunokonzerwa nekusiyana uye simba remhepo.

Shongwe dzinogona kuve dzemhando dzakasiyana zvichienderana nehunhu hwavo:

  • Simbi tubular: Mazhinji turbine emhepo anovakwa netubular simbi simbi.
  • Concrete shongwe: Dzakavakwa munzvimbo imwechete, zvichibvumira kukwirira kunodiwa kuti kuverengerwe.
  • Precast kongiri shongwe: Iwo akaunganidzwa nezvidimbu zvakagadzirwa-zvidimbu uye zvikamu zvavo zvakaiswa munzvimbo imwechete.
  • Zvivakwa zveLatin: Ivo vanogadzirwa vachishandisa simbi profiles.
  • Mbeu dzakauchikwa: Ivo vanogona kuve nehunhu uye zvigadzirwa zvemhando dzakasiyana dzeshongwe.
  • Tensioned mast shongwe nemhepo: Ivo vanozivikanwa nekuve iwo emhepo turbine e diki saizi.

Minieolica Imba

Rotor: Rotor ndiyo "moyo" yemhepo yega yega, sezvo ichitsigira turbine mashizha, ichivafambisa nemagetsi uye kutenderera kuita shanduko yemhepo ive simba.

hwindimiri zvikamu

Gondola: Ndiwo unoonekwa zvakanyanya musoro turbine yemhepo, ngowani inovanza nekuchengetedza michina yese ye turbine. Iyo gondola inobatana neshongwe uchishandisa mabheyaringi kukwanisa kuteedzera kunodzorwa nemhepo.

Wedzera bhokisi: Pamusoro pekukwanisa kumira mukusiyana kwemhepo, bhokisi regear rine basa rekubatanidza kumhanya kutenderera kweiyo rotor uye kumhanya kwakanyanya kwejenareta. Sekutaura kweshoko rake; inokwanisa kuwedzera iyo 18-50 rpm inogadzirwa neyakaitika mafambiro erotor mune angangoita 1.750 rpm painosiya jenareta.

rotor

Jenareta: Iri mukutarisira kwekushandura michina simba kuita simba remagetsi. Kune epamusoro-magetsi turbines, maviri-anodyiwa asynchronous jenareta anoshandiswa, kunyange zvakajairika zvinowirirana zvinowirirana uye asynchronous jenareta zvakare akawandisa.

Mabhureki: Mechiki mabhureki anoshandiswa mune simba chitima, zvichidikanwa mavari mwero wekukwirana wakakwira mukumira uye kukuru kuramba kudzvinyirira.

Magetsi zvigadzirwa zvemhepo turbine kana mhepo yekumhepo

Turbines emhepo zvazvino Izvo hazvina kungogadzirwa nemashizha uye jenareta kuunza yakachipa simba kudzimba. Mhepo turbines inofanirwa zvakare kuve ne yega magetsi magetsi system uye akawanda maseru. Iyo yekupedzisira inokwanisa kuongorora uye kuyera tembiricha, mafambiro emhepo, kumhanya kwayo uye mamwe ma parameter anogona kuoneka mukati megondola kana munharaunda.

Simba remhepo

 


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  1. Inotarisira iyo data: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Chinangwa cheiyo data: Kudzora SPAM, manejimendi manejimendi.
  3. Legitimation: Kubvuma kwako
  4. Kutaurirana kwedata
  5. Dhata yekuchengetedza: Dhatabhesi inobatwa neOccentus Networks (EU)
  6. Kodzero: Panguva ipi neipi iwe unogona kudzora, kupora uye kudzima ruzivo rwako