Ndeapi nyika dzeEuropean dziri vatungamiriri mukugadziriswazve kugadzirwa?

kuisa mari mumagetsi anovandudzwa kuchawedzera GDP yepasi roseParizvino, sekureva kweazvino data reEurostat, mugove wesimba kubva kunovandudzwa sosi muEuropean Union yakasvika paavhareji 17% ye yekupedzisira kudyiwa. Icho chakakosha chimiro, kana iyo 2004 data ikafungidzirwa, kubvira panguva iyoyo yaingosvika 7%.

Sezvatakataura kakawanda, chinosungirwa chinangwa cheEuropean Union ndechekuti panosvika 2020 20% yesimba inobva matsimba anovandudzwa uye simudzai chikamu ichi kusvika pa27% muna2030. Kunyangwe paine zano rekuti dzokorore iyi nhamba yekupedzisira kumusoro.

Nenyika, Sweden ndiyo nyika inogadziriswazve simba pamusoro pekushandisa kwekupedzisira, iine 53,8%. Inoteverwa neFinland (38,7%), Latvia (37,2), Austria (33,5%) uye Denmark (32,2%). Nehurombo kune vamwe zvakare vari kure nezvinangwa zveEU, zvakaita seLuxembourg (5,4%), Malta neNetherlands (zvese ne6%). Spain iri pakati petafura, ine vangori pamusoro pe17%.

Nyika

Peresenti yesimba kubva kunovandudzwa sosi (% yekupedzisira kushandiswa)

1 Sweden

53,8

2 Finland

38,7

3. Latvia

37,2

4 Austria

33,5

5 Denmark

32,2

6 Estonia

28,8

7. Putugaro

28,5

8. Croatia

28,3

9. Lithuania

25,6

10. Romania

25

14 Spain

17,2

Tevere tichaenda kunoona akati wandei matanho enhengo dzenhengo, neizvo zvavanoda kana kuti vatozadzisa zvinangwa zveEuropean Union

Renewable zvirongwa kubva kunyika dzakasiyana siyana

Mapurazi emhepo ekuMahombekombe muPortugal

Yokutanga offshore mhepo purazi yeIberian Peninsula yatove chokwadi asi iri pamhenderekedzo ye Viana do Castelo, munharaunda yePortugal, makiromita makumi matanhatu chete kubva kumuganhu neGalicia. Ndiyo bheji nyowani uye yakatsunga yenyika yakavakidzana yesimba rinowedzerwazve, munda urimo Portugal ine mukana mukuru pamusoro pedu, kunyangwe hazvo Spain iri simba repasirese maererano ne - simba-remhepo simba.

Aeolian Denmark

Zvinopesana neSpain

Panyaya yemhepo yemhepo yekumahombekombe, chirevo cheSpanish chakazara. Munyika yedu hamuna "offshore" mhepo mapurazi, ingori mimwe mienzaniso yekuyedza. Y Zvisinei, makambani edu vatungamiri venyika zvakare mune iyi teknolojia. Hapana megawatt imwe inopinda netiweki yeSpain kubva kugungwa kana iri muUnited Kingdom Iberdrola yakavhura mapurazi emhepo akati wandei, akadai seWest kubva kuDuddon Sands (389 MW), ave kuvakwa kuGerman uye akapa (zvakare kuUnited Kingdom) iyo East Anglia One (714 MW), iro rakakura chirongwa cheSpanish munhoroondo muchikamu che zvinowedzerwazve. Mukuwedzera kune Iberdrola, makambani akadai saOrmazabal kana Gamesa zvakare mabhenji.

France inopa hurongwa hwekuwedzera simba remhepo ne2023

France yakaratidza chirongwa chine chinangwa chekurerutsa nzira dzese dzehutungamiriri uye nekukurumidza kusimudzira kweese mapurojekiti emagetsi emhepo kuwedzera simba rayo rakachena kubva muchikamu ichi kusvika pamaviri ne2023.

Wind purazi mugungwa

Denmark matambudziko

Chirevo cheDenmark ndeche bvisa marasha mumakore masere, pasina kukahadzika chinangwa chikuru chiri pamberi. Kuverenga kuDenmark kwave kuri mutungamiri wesimba remhepo kwemakumi emakore kubvira paakaisa mari muiyi tekinoroji kubvira 1970 nedambudziko repasi rose remafuta.

Zvinangwa zveDenmark zvinopfuura:

  • 100 muzana simba rinowedzerwazve ne2050
  • 100 muzana simba rinowedzerwazve mumagetsi uye kupisa ne 2035
  • Chizere chikamu chekubvisa kwe marasha na2030
  • 40 muzana kuderedzwa mukati greenhouse gasi kubuda kubva 1900 kusvika 2020
  • 50 muzana ye kudiwa kwemagetsi inopihwa nemhepo simba na2020

Belgium

Finland inoda kurambidza marasha munguva pfupi iri kutevera

Finland zvidzidzo zvinorambidza, nemutemo, marasha kugadzira magetsi pamberi pe2030. Ndichiri mumatunhu akaita seSpain, kupisa marasha kwakawedzera 23% gore rapfuura, Finland inoda kutsvaga dzimwe nzira dzakasvibirira, ichifunga nezveramangwana renyika.

Finland

Gore rapera, hurumende yeFinland yakaratidza chirongwa chitsva chenyika chezvemagetsi icho chinofungidzira, pakati pezvimwe matanho, kurambidza nemutemo kushandisa marasha yekugadzira magetsi kubva 2030.

Magetsi emagetsi eNorway

MuNorway, 25% yemotokari dzakatengeswa magetsi. Ehe, iwe waverenga izvo nenzira kwayo, 25%, 1 mu4, kuvawo mabhenji echokwadi mune simba remagetsi uye vanokwanisa kuzviriritira chete nesimba rinowedzerwazve. Muenzaniso wekutevera, kunyangwe hazvo iri hombe inogadzira mafuta. Chaizvoizvo pane izvi ivo vakavakirwa kuti vasvike manhamba akadaro. Panzvimbo pekutsva mafuta ekugadzira magetsi, vazvipira kuzvitengesa kunze uye kushandisa mari yakawanikwa kugadzira michina yemagetsi.

Norway

 

 


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  1. Inotarisira iyo data: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Chinangwa cheiyo data: Kudzora SPAM, manejimendi manejimendi.
  3. Legitimation: Kubvuma kwako
  4. Kutaurirana kwedata
  5. Dhata yekuchengetedza: Dhatabhesi inobatwa neOccentus Networks (EU)
  6. Kodzero: Panguva ipi neipi iwe unogona kudzora, kupora uye kudzima ruzivo rwako