Hydropower muEurope

Europe inharaunda yenyika ine yakakura yakaisirwa kugona kwehydroelectric chizvarwa, maererano neshumo razvino rezviverengero zviripo kubva ku International Hydropower Sangano. Chirevo chinoti iyo EU inoverenga nezve 260 GW yeinofungidzirwa pasi rose huwandu hwe860-950 GW yekugadzira magetsi.

Mamwe matunhu anoratidzira zvakanyanya mumushumo, kusanganisira Eastern Europe. Kwakanyanya kutariswa kwakatariswa kudunhu rino, iro riri kukurumidza kusimudzira zviwanikwa zvemvura uye rinotarisirwa kuve repasirese rine huwandu hwepamusoro hwekuendesa mumakore matatu anotevera. Muchokwadi, China, iyo inotungamira East Asia mukugadzira magetsi, inodarika iyo US senyika ine hukuru hwakakura hwakaiswa. South America iri kusimukirawo nekukurumidza. Uye zvakare, IHA inofungidzira kuti kune 127 kusvika ku150 GW kugona kuunganidza kupomba pasi rose, uye musika wepumped yekuunganidza unotarisirwa ku ichawedzera ne60% kwemakore mashanu anotevera.

Kazhinji, makuru emagetsi emagetsi akamera zvine mwero muzvikamu zvemazana muna 2009, zvinoenderana neazvino REN-21 Chirevo yemamiriro epasirese emagetsi anovandudzwa. Uku kuwedzera kwe3% kunozivikanwa nekuda kwemagetsi emagetsi emagetsi uye hwaro hwakakura. Ipo mahydroelectric michina mirairo yakadonha muna2009 na2010 kubva muna2008, pre-maodha egore ra2011 akwira kuita mafuta tarisiro yekuti avhareji odha dzegore ra2010 dzichapfuura idzo dzemuma2000.

Kunyangwe zvakadaro, iyo REN-21 chirevo chinoratidza kuti 31 GW yemagetsi emagetsi yakawedzerwa muna 2009, yakagadzira kuwedzera kwehuwandu hwehuwandu pakati pezvikamu zvese zvemagetsi zvinogadziriswa. yechipiri chete kune simba remhepo. Uye zvakare, muUS 40-45 bhiriyoni emadhora akaiswa muzvirimwa zvikuru zvemagetsi gore rese.

Mumisika yakasimukira, senge Europe, uko michero yakawanda yemagetsi ine makore makumi matatu kana makumi mana ekuberekwa, chiitiko chakanangana nekumiswazve kwemalayisensi uye kupa simba, pamwe nekuwedzerwa kwechizvarwa mumadhamu aripo, mushumo unopera. Maitiro aya anotsigirwa zviri pachena nemabasa emusika anoonekwa muna 30 na40, uye sezviri kuratidzwa nemushumo uyu, misika yakati wandei yave kuva nzvimbo dzekunze.

mabviro: ren 21


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  1. Inotarisira iyo data: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Chinangwa cheiyo data: Kudzora SPAM, manejimendi manejimendi.
  3. Legitimation: Kubvuma kwako
  4. Kutaurirana kwedata
  5. Dhata yekuchengetedza: Dhatabhesi inobatwa neOccentus Networks (EU)
  6. Kodzero: Panguva ipi neipi iwe unogona kudzora, kupora uye kudzima ruzivo rwako

  1.   Christopher Del Cid akadaro

    Nekuti kana isu tiine zvimwe zvekushandisa, hazvishandiswe uye nekuti mabhanga ane mari haafunge nezve idzi dzimwe nzira, Panama iri kuvandudza mapurojekiti umo masango anocheneswa uye zvese biomass zvinokandwa kana kuvigwa, ndiko kuti, hapana chinangwa nezvose ichi chinyorwa icho chiri zviuru zvematani (nhasi kune matekinoroji anotibvumidza isu kutora mukana weizvi) uye zvakadaro isu tine Ministry yezvakatipoteredza. Tinofanira kunge tiine zvirongwa zvezviitiko (mafashama, moto) zvirongwa zvekurima (mafetiraiza) muchidimbu, ndinofunga tinongoshandisa nzira iri nyore.

  2.   Kleber akadaro

    Panama iri nyika diki munzvimbo yekuwedzera uye yakakura muhupfumi nekusimudzira ine mikana mishoma yemagetsi emagetsi inogona kunge iri parumananzombe panyaya iyi zvichienzaniswa nenyika dzakavakidzana dzeCentral America, asi ndinofunga vane mhinduro pazviri, havana inoda kuvaka zvivakwa kuti ibudise simba remagetsi, iine fungidziro shoma uye ichitarisa kune ramangwana nekutsunga, vanogona kuendesa yakachipa magetsi emagetsi magetsi kubva kuEcuador kuburikidza neColombia sezvo ini ndinonzwisisa kuti kune hukama pakati pePanama neColombia uye pakati peEcuador neColombia nekudaro vachishandisa magetsi emagetsi eColombian -Ecuadorian magetsi emagetsi anoyerera achienda kuPanama uye nekudaro Panama yaizove nekuchengetedzeka kwekuve nemagetsi emagetsi akakwana kwemakore mazhinji, ndinofungidzira kuti nechiratidzo chidiki, simba remagetsi rinogona kupihwa kuCentral America yese: yakachipa uye isiri-kusvibisa inobatsira kupasi uye nekusimudzira kwenyika dzeCentral America.