Gel mabhatiri

gel mabhatiri

ari gel mabhatiri Ndivo shanduko yakakwana munyika yemabhatiri. Iwo imhando yeakavharwa lead-asidhi yemhando bhatiri uye saka inochajwa. Ivo vanoshandisa iwo akafanana electrochemical nheyo dzinoitika mukuita redox (oxidation uye kudzikisira) iyo inoshanda kushandura kemikari simba kuita simba remagetsi uye zvichipesana.

Muchikamu chino tichakuudza zvose zvaunoda kuziva pamusoro pemabhatiri egel, maitiro avo uye kukosha kwavo.

Chii chinonzi gel mabhatiri

rechargeable bhatiri

Gel mabhatiri imhando yeVRLA bhatiri (Valve Regulated Lead Acid Battery), imhando yeakavharirwa lead acid bhatiri, saka anochajwazve. Kufanana nemabhatiri eAGM, Gel mabhatiri ishanduro yakavandudzwa yemabhatiri e-lead-acid nekuti anoshandisa imwechete electrochemical musimboti (redox reaction) kushandura simba remakemikari kuita simba remagetsi uye zvichipesana.

Gel masero ndiwo anonyanya kukurudzirwa mune solar photovoltaic systems / zvishandiso zvekushandisa pachako nokuti zvine hutano hwakanaka, izvo zvinoita kuti zvive zvakanyanya kudhura zvichienzaniswa nemamwe marudzi emasero. Kana ichienzaniswa nemabhatiri echinyakare, ine zvinhu zvishoma zvekugadzira uye iri nyore kudzokorora, ichiita kuti ive yakachena uye inoshamwaridzana nenharaunda.

Gel Battery Zvikamu

Kufanana nemabhatiri e-lead-acid, mabhatiri egel anoumbwa nemabhatiri ega, bhatiri rimwe nerimwe rinenge 2v, Yakabatanidzwa munhevedzano uye voltage iri pakati pe6v ne12v.

Pakati pehunhu hukuru hwemabhatiri egel, tinoawana panguva yekugadzira kwavo. Aya mabhatiri ane maelectrolyte mufomu yegel (naizvozvo zita), rinowanikwa nekuwedzera silica kune yega yega asidi-mvura musanganiswa.

Kuti vachengetedzeke, vakaisa valve. Kana mamwe gasi akaumbwa mukati kupfuura zvakajairika, vharuvhu inovhurika. Aya mabhatiri haadi kuchengetedza (kuzadza nemvura yakasvibiswa) nokuti mvura inogadzirwa mukati mebheteri negesi inogadzirwa panguva yekuchaja. Naizvozvo, ivowo havasunungure gasi, vachivabvumira kuiswa chisimbiso uye kuiswa munzvimbo inenge chero ipi zvayo (kunze kwekukwira pasi terminal).

Mhando huru

Kazhinji tinoona kuti magetsi emabhatiri aya 6v uye 12v, uye kushandiswa kwavo kwakanyanya kune zviduku uye zvepakati zvekuzviparadzanisa zvinoda mabhatiri anogara kwenguva refu.

Iyo yakanyanya ikozvino yavanogona kupa ndeye 3-4 Ah kusvika pamusoro pe100 Ah. Kuenzaniswa nemamwe marudzi emabhatiri, ivo havana bhatiri rakakura rekuita (Ah), asi vanogona kubhadharwa nenhamba huru yekuchaja uye kuburitsa mitsara. Kubatsira kwebhatiri rejeri ndeyekuti inokwanisa kuwana nhamba huru yekuchaja uye kuburitsa mitsara, iyo inogona kusvika 800-900 cycles mukati mehupenyu hwesevhisi.

Iyo yakadzika yekubuda kwebhatiri yegel haisi dambudziko sezvairi haizokanganiswe kunyangwe iyo chiyero ichidzokororwa isingasviki 50%. Kana vasingasviki 100% yekugona kwavo pavanenge vachichaja, uye vanogona kutopedza nguva yakareba pa80% kana kushoma simba, havazokuvadzwa. Pakati pemabhatiri e-lead-acid, bhatiri rejeli rine yakaderera-yega yekuzviburitsa, kuchengetedza 80% yekugona kwayo kweinopfuura hafu yegore. Ndivo zvakare vanonyanya kukanganiswa netembiricha yekuzviburitsa nekuti vanopisa zvishoma.

Nokuda kwekushanda kwakarurama kwebheteri yejeri, inofanira kuchengetwa munzvimbo iyo tembiricha haina kusiyana zvakanyanya sezvinobvira. Tichikwanisa, tichavadzivirira kubva kumamiriro ekunze. Kana tichida kuwedzera hupenyu hwemabhatiri, hatizozviratidzi kune kutonhora kwakanyanya, nokuti sezvo kupisa kunowedzera, gel mukati richawedzera muhuwandu uye rinogona kukuvadza mudziyo.

Kune rumwe rutivi, kutonhora kuchavawo nemigumisiro yakaipa pamabhatiri ejeri. Kana tembiricha inodonha (-18C), inokonzeresa kuwanda kwegel, izvo zvinoita kuti iwedzere. kupikisa kwemukati, nokudaro kukanganisa kubuda ikozvino.

Kuchaja sei

gel mabhatiri ane acid

Gel bhatiri yekuchaja inogara ichiitwa kuburikidza neyakajairwa / yekuchaja controller. Zvakanaka, uye zvakanyanya kugadzikana, iwe unowana regulator, unogona kugadzirisa rudzi rwebhatiri, kuitira kuti Ingoseta maparameter anodiwa kuchaja bhatiri regel.

Kana iwe usina otomatiki regulator, gara uchiyeuka kuti gel bhatiri rinofanira kubhadhariswa pa low voltage kudzivirira matambudziko ekubuda. Kuenzaniswa nemamwe marudzi emabhatiri e-lead-acid, mabhatiri egel anoda yakaderera yekuchaja voltage. Ingo chenjera, kana uchichaja mabhatiri egel, hupenyu hwavo hunenge makore gumi nemaviri.

Paunenge uchitsvaga mabhatiri emahara emagetsi ezuva, makaravhani, mabhoti, kana chero hurongwa huzhinji hunoda kuchengetedza uye pasina kuburitsa gasi, tine sarudzo mbiri, kunyanya mabhatiri egel uye mabhatiri eAgm. Munguva pfupi yapfuura, Tekinoroji nyowani dzakabuda kuvandudza hunhu, senge kabhoni gel mabhatiri, izvo zvine kuramba zviri nani kutenderera uye chikamu chemutoro wematunhu.

Ungasarudza sei pakati peimwe tekinoroji kana imwe? Tichatsanangura hunhu hwetekinoroji yega yega uye zvakanakira ese ari maviri matekinoroji. Bhatiri reAGM ibhatiri rakavharwa rine electrolyte inotorwa mugirazi fiber separator (absorbent glass material). Iko kune liquid sulfuric acid mukati, asi yakanyoroveswa mufiberglass yekuparadzanisa.

Gel bhatiri imhando yebhatiri rakavharwa, iro electrolyte yayo Iyo isiri-liquid silica gel uye iyo diaphragm zvinhu zvakafanana neAgm uye fiberglass.

Zvakanakira uye zvisingabatsiri zvemabhatiri egel

Zvadaro tichanyora zvakanakira gel mabhatiri:

  • Yakareba nguva
  • Kunyanya kupikisa kudzika kwekubuda
  • Havadi kuchengetedzwa

Izvi ndizvo zvakaderera:

  • Mutengo wakakwira
  • Yakaderera simba kana ichienzaniswa nemamwe marudzi emabhatiri

Pakupedzisira, unofanira kuziva kutenga mabhatiri. Panguva ino, iwe unofanirwa kuve wakajeka pamusoro pezvauchabatanidza nazvo. Zvakanaka, iwe unofanirwa kufungidzira mashandisirwo emagetsi emidziyo yaunoda kubatanidza nebhatiri uye nemaawa ekushanda mukati mezuva. Iwe unofanirwa kuwedzera 35% kune iyi kukosha, zvinoreva kuti kusati kwaita kurasikirwa kwekuiswa, iwe unenge uchitova nemazuva ese emagetsi kudiwa. Paunenge uchisarudza bhatiri kana bhatiri pack, zvinokurudzirwa kuti vave ne-self-containing capacity kwemazuva maviri kusvika matatu.

Ndinovimba kuti neruzivo urwu unogona kudzidza zvakawanda nezve gel mabhatiri uye maitiro avo.


Izvo zviri muchinyorwa zvinoomerera pamisimboti yedu ye tsika dzekunyora. Kuti utaure chikanganiso tinya pano.

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  1. Inotarisira iyo data: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Chinangwa cheiyo data: Kudzora SPAM, manejimendi manejimendi.
  3. Legitimation: Kubvuma kwako
  4. Kutaurirana kwedata
  5. Dhata yekuchengetedza: Dhatabhesi inobatwa neOccentus Networks (EU)
  6. Kodzero: Panguva ipi neipi iwe unogona kudzora, kupora uye kudzima ruzivo rwako