Mbatya dzinogara: dzakagadzirwa nezvinhu zvakadzokororwa

fashoni yezvipfeko zvakagadzikana

Indasitiri yemachira inozivikanwa nekusvibisa uye kushandiswa kwakashata kwezvinhu, simba, mvura uye ivhu. Mafambiro akapararira ekukurumidza fashoni, anoratidzwa nekukasira kugadzira, kukwanisa kutenga uye kushata kwemhando yepamusoro, anowedzera kukanganisa kwezvakatipoteredza muindasitiri yemachira, ichiramba ichigadzira marara akawanda emachira anozopedzisira apiswa kana kurasirwa ivhu nekuda kwekushomeka kwaro. Kuderedza kukanganisa kwezvakatipoteredza, the zvipfeko zvinogara zviripo.

Muchinyorwa chino tinokuudza zvakanakira zvipfeko zvinogara zviripo uye kuti fashoni yakagadzikana ndeyei.

Kukanganisa kwezvakatipoteredza kweindasitiri yemachira

fashoni yakagadzikana

Kukanganisa kweindasitiri yemachira pakushanduka kwemamiriro ekunze kwakakosha. Indasitiri inosvibisa zvakanyanya iyo ine zvakare kudiwa kwakakosha kwezvinhu. Zvinoenderana neEuropean Environment Agency (EEA), muna 2020 chete kugadzirwa kwembatya, shangu uye machira epamba. Zvaida matani anokatyamadza ane mamiriyoni 175 ezvigadzirwa. Panyaya yekushandiswa kwezviwanikwa, iyo machira chikamu chechitatu mukushandiswa kwemvura uye kutora nyika. Pamusoro pezvo, inotora nzvimbo yechina maererano nemupiro wayo mukushanduka kwemamiriro ekunze.

Dambudziko racho rinowedzerwa neindasitiri yefashoni inokurumidza. Tinozviwana tava kutenga zvipfeko zvakawandisa zvatisingadi chaizvoizvo, uye tinopfeka idzi mbatya kwenguva pfupi uye pfupi. Ichokwadi chinosuruvarisa, asi chisingarambiki. Zvinoenderana neEEA manhamba kubva 2022, munhu wega wega muEurope pagore anowana angangoita 6 kg yezvipfeko, inenge 3 kg yeshangu uye 6 kg yemachira epamba. Zvinotoshamisa ndezvokuti tinopedzisira taregeredza 21% yembatya dzatinadzo uye, kuita kuti zvinhu zvitonyanya kuipa, inenge hafu yezvatinotenga zvinoraswa zvisati zvatombosvika gore ravo rekutanga rekushandisa.

Mabatirwo emarara emarara ari kuramba ari dambudziko guru. Marashi anozadzwa nemirwi yembatya dzakaraswa uye machira asingawanzo kupihwa hupenyu hwechipiri. Zviremera hazvina kutora matanho akakwana ekugadzirisa marara emachira, zvichiita kuti aunganidzwe kwete mumaraini emuno chete asiwo munzvimbo dziri kure dzepasi. Kukurumidzira kwakakosha, kwete chete nekuda kwekukanganisa kwepasi redu, asi zvakare nekuti kutanga muna 2025, Spain ichamanikidza sarudzo yekuunganidza machira.

Yakawanda yekukanganisa kwezvakatipoteredza muzviitiko zvese inonangana panguva yekugadzirwa kwembatya, kunyanya panguva yemaitiro kubva pakubviswa kwezvinhu kusvika pakupera kwefekitori. Kugadzira account ye63% yekukanganisa majuzi uye 65% pamabhuruku. Chikamu chinotevera chakakosha ndechekushandiswa kwembatya, izvo zvinopa 34% yekukanganisa kwepasirese, kupfuura mhedzisiro yekugovera uye kutambisa marara. Kunyangwe machira ekugadzira achiburitsa microplastics, zvimedu izvi hazvisati zvabatanidzwa mukuongorora kutenderera kwehupenyu nekuda kwekushaikwa kwe data.

Hunhu carcinogenic toxicity inomira pachena seyakanyanya kukosha mhedzisiro mu kugadzirwa kwembatya, kuverengera 53% yezvakakanganiswa, ukuwo zvichikanganisa shanduko yemamiriro ekunze, kupera kwezviwanikwa, kushandiswa kwemvura uye kushandiswa kwevhu.

Zvinhu zvakagadziriswa mumafashoni

zvipfeko zvinogara

Donje rakagadzirwazve

Kurimwa kwedonje kwakakura kunokanganisa zvakanyanya pasi rose nekuda kwekushandisa kwayo mvura yakawandisa, kuvimba nemishonga yezvipembenene nemafetireza, uye kushandiswa kwemakemikari akadai sedhayi anokonzera kusvibiswa kwezvakatipoteredza. Mukupindura dambudziko iri, zvirongwa zvakawanda zvakamuka nechinangwa chekushandisazve donje rakaraswa kuti rideredze tsoka yaro. Nekutora nheyo dze "circular economy", a Nhamba inowedzera yemakambani ari kushandisazve mbatya dzakasakara kugadzira mbatya itsva vachishandisa donje rakagadzirwazve.

Mapurasitiki akashandiswa zvakare

Kusvibiswa kwegungwa kunonyanya kukonzerwa nekuwanda kwekuraswa kwemapurasitiki. Sangano Romubatanidzwa Wenyika Dzepasi Pose rinoshuma kuti matani anoshamisa ane mamiriyoni 13 epurasitiki anopinda mugungwa gore negore, izvo zvakaenzana nerori remarara rinodurura zviri mariri mumasekonzi 30 oga oga.

Kune makambani akati wandei akagadzira zvipfeko uye zvigadzirwa nekushandisa zvakare tsvina yepurasitiki. Muenzaniso unozivikanwa ndiEcoalf, kambani yeSpain yakavambwa naJavier Goyeneche. Muna 2015, Goyeneche akatanga chirongwa che "Upcycling the Oceans", chinotarisa pane zano re "upcycling," kushandura marara kuita zvinhu zvakakosha.

Zvimwe zvitsva zvingasarudzwa

Matayi haachashandi

Zvinoenderana neblog yeSignus, sangano rinotarisira kudzokorodza matayi muSpain, Pane maitiro ari kukura ekushandisa matai akaraswa kugadzira zvinhu zvakasiyana-siyana zvefashoni.. Zvigadzirwa izvi zvinosanganisira mabhegi, mabhegi, wallet, fanny mapaketi, beach flip-flops, shangu, bhutsu, uye T-shirts. Zvigadzirwa zveSpanish zvine mukurumbira zvakaita seEcoalf, Producciones Pikulinas uye Nukak vari kutungamira munzira iyi yekuvandudza fashoni.

Pineapples

Imwe nzira yakagadzikana inonzi Piñatex yakagadzirwa naCarmen Hinojosa, muvambi weAsturian. Iyi fiber yemucheka inotorwa kubva mushinda dzinowanikwa mumashizha epineapple akaraswa, ichipa mhinduro ine eco-friendly kune huwandu hukuru hwemarara anogadzirwa nenyika dzinogadzira chinanazi seCosta Rica nePhilippine. Iko kudiwa kwePiñatex kuri kuwedzera uye ane mukurumbira mabhureki akadai saHugo Boss naBourgeois Boheme vanotora iyi yemhando yepamusoro zvinhu.

Café y té

Muna 2009, Jason naAmy Chen, vaviri vanobva kuTaiwan, vakagadzira mhando yeS.Café nechinangwa chekushandisa zvakare tsvina yekofi mumhando dzakasiyana dzezvinhu zvitsva. Zvinhu izvi zvakabva zvashandiswa kugadzira zvipfeko izvo Vane zvimiro zvakasarudzika, sekudzora kunhuwa, UV ray kusefa, kufema uye kudzivirira mvura. Saizvozvo, muna 2016, Young-A Lee, muongorori wepaIowa State University kuUnited States, akabudirira kugadzira chinhu chakaita seganda remhuka achishandisa tsvina yekombucha tii, rudzi rwetii yakaviriswa. Gare gare, chinhu ichi chakashandiswa mukugadzira zvipfeko, shangu uye mabhegi.

Inotungamira mabhureki mune inoenderera fashoni

zvipfeko zvinogara zviripo

Patagonia

Kwemakore, Patagonia yanga iri pamberi pesangano rekusimudzira, ichiratidza kuzvipira kwayo kuchengetedza pasi. Vanoratidza kuzvipira uku nekushandisa zvinhu zvakadzokororwa, kuchengetedza zviyero zvebasa zvakaringana uye kupa chikamu chepurofiti yako kumatanho ezvakatipoteredza. Chidimbu chega chega chePatagonia chipfeko chinogadzirwa nehupenyu hurefu mupfungwa, kuderedza kudiwa kwekugara kuchitsiva.

Stella McCartney

Stella McCartney ndiye piyona mumunda wezvemhando yepamusoro fashoni. Inozivikanwa nemagadzirirwo ayo etsitsi uye kushandiswa kusingazungunuke kwezvinhu zvevegan, mhando yaMcCartney inoenzanisira musanganiswa unowirirana wefashoni yepamusoro uye kusimba. Nokudzivisa zvakasimba kushandiswa kweganda nemvere, zvinoratidza kuzvipira kusingazununguki kune hutano hwemhuka.

Eileen Fisher

Kana zvasvika pakusimba kusingagumi uye kuzvipira kune zvakatipoteredza, Eileen Fisher ndiro zita rinobva rauya mupfungwa. Ichi chiziviso chine mukurumbira hachingokoshese kushandiswa kwezvinhu zvakasikwa sekotoni nerineni asiwo inobatanidza nzira dzakagadzikana mune dzose dzekugadzira maitiro. Imwe yematanho ayo anocherechedzwa chirongwa chekudzosera kumashure, icho chinokurudzira vatengi kuti vatore zvidimbu zvawo zvasakara, zvichivabvumira kuti vazvishandure kuita zvinyowani uye dhizaini nyowani kuburikidza nemaitiro ekudzokorodza.

Zvakanakira zvipfeko zvinogara

Zvipfeko zvakagadzikana zvinowanzogadzirwa nezvinhu zvehupenyu kana zvakagadziriswa, izvo zvinoderedza kuwanda kwezvinhu zvakasikwa uye simba rinodiwa pakugadzirwa kwayo. Zvipfeko izvi zvinowanzoburitsa tsvina shoma panguva yekugadzira uye zvine yakaderera kabhoni tsoka, iyo inobatsira mukuchengetedza kwepasi redu.

Mabrand anozvipira kugarisika anowanzo kukoshesa uye akachengeteka mamiriro ekushanda evashandi pamatanho ese ekutengesa. Uyezve, Zvipfeko zvakagadzikana zvinowanzova zvepamusoro uye zvinogara. Kunyange zvazvo pakutanga inogona kuva nemutengo wakakwirira kudarika zvipfeko zvakajairika, munguva yakareba inowedzera hupfumi, sezvo zvipfeko izvi zvinodzivisa kufamba kwenguva zviri nani uye kuchengetedza chitarisiko chavo chepakutanga kwenguva refu. Izvi zvinodzikisira kudiwa kwekugara uchitsiva zvipfeko zvakasakara, izvo zvinozodzikisa huwandu hwemarara emachira anozopedzisira ave mumarara.

Ndinovimba kuti neruzivo urwu unogona kudzidza zvakawanda nezvezvipfeko zvinogara uye maitiro ayo.


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